In March 2016, the personal Gmail account of John Podesta, a former White House chief of staff and the chairman of Hillary Clinton's 2016 U.S. presidential campaign, was compromised in a data breach, and a collection of his emails, many of which were work-related, were stolen. Cybersecurity researchers as well as the United States government attributed responsibility for the breach, which was accomplished via a spear-phishing attack, to the hacking group Fancy Bear, allegedly affiliated with Russian intelligence services.
Some or all of the Podesta emails were subsequently obtained by WikiLeaks, which published over 20,000 pages of emails, allegedly from Podesta, in October and November 2016. Podesta and the Clinton campaign have declined to authenticate the emails. Cybersecurity experts interviewed by PolitiFact believe the majority of emails are probably unaltered, while stating it is possible that the hackers inserted at least some doctored or fabricated emails into the collection. An investigation by U.S. intelligence agencies reported that the files obtained by WikiLeaks during the U.S. election contained no "evident forgeries."
Researchers from the Atlanta-based cybersecurity firm Dell SecureWorks reported that the emails had been obtained through a data theft carried out by the hacker group Fancy Bear, a group of Russian intelligence-linked hackers that were also responsible for cyberattacks that targeted the Democratic National Committee (DNC) and Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC), resulting in WikiLeaks publishing emails from those hacks.
SecureWorks concluded Fancy Bear had sent Podesta an email on March 19, 2016 that had the appearance of a Google security alert, but actually contained a misleading link—a strategy known as spear-phishing. (This tactic has also been used by hackers to break into the accounts of other notable persons, such as Colin Powell). The link—which used Bitly, a URL shortening service—brought Podesta to a fake log-in page where he entered his Gmail credentials. The email was initially sent to the IT department as it was suspected of being a fake but was described as "legitimate" in an e-mail sent by a department employee, who later said he meant to write "illegitimate." 
SecureWorks had tracked the activities of Fancy Bear for more than a year before the cyberattack, and in June 2016 had reported the group made use of malicious Bitly links and fake Google login pages to trick targets into divulging their passwords. However, the hackers left some of their Bitly accounts public, allowing SecureWorks to trace many of their links to e-mail accounts targeted with spear-phishing attacks. Of this list of targeted accounts, more than one hundred were policy advisors to Clinton, or members of her presidential campaign, and by June, twenty staff members had clicked on the phishing links.
A declassified report by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and National Security Agency (NSA) noted that, "Moscow most likely chose WikiLeaks because of its self-proclaimed reputation for authenticity. Disclosures through WikiLeaks did not contain any evident forgeries."
Cybersecurity experts interviewed by PolitiFact believe that while most of the emails are probably unaltered, it is possible the hackers inserted some doctored or fabricated material into the collection.
Jeffrey Carr, CEO of the cybersecurity company Taia Global, stated: "I've looked at a lot of document dumps provided by hacker groups over the years, and in almost every case you can find a few altered or entirely falsified documents. But only a few. The vast majority were genuine. I believe that's the case with the Podesta emails, as well." Jamie Winterton of the Arizona State University Global Security Initiative stated, "I would be shocked if the emails weren't altered," noting the longstanding Russian practice of promoting disinformation.
Cybersecurity expert Robert Graham described the contents of some of the emails as authentic by using the DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) contained in these emails' signatures. However, not all of the emails have these keys in their signature, and thus could not be verified with this method.
On October 7, 2016, WikiLeaks began publishing thousands of emails from Podesta's Gmail account. Throughout October, WikiLeaks released installments of these emails on a daily basis. On December 18, 2016, John Podesta stated in Meet the Press that the FBI had contacted him about the leaked emails on October 9, 2016, but had not contacted him since.
On October 17, 2016 the government of Ecuador severed the internet connection of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange at the Ecuadorian embassy in London. The Ecuadorian government stated that it had temporarily severed Assange's internet connection because of WikiLeaks' release of documents "impacting on the U.S. election campaign," although it also stated this was not meant to prevent WikiLeaks from operating. WikiLeaks continued releasing installments of the Podesta emails during this time.
Some of the emails provide some insight into the inner workings of the Clinton campaign. For example, the emails show a discussion among campaign manager Robby Mook and top aides about possible campaign themes and slogans. Other emails revealed insights about the internal conflicts of the Clinton Foundation. The BBC published an article detailing 18 "revelations" revealed from their initial review of the leaked emails, including excerpts from Clinton's speeches and politically-motivated payments to the Clinton Foundation.
One of the emails released on October 12, 2016 included Podesta's iCloud account password. His iCloud account was hacked, and his Twitter account was then briefly compromised. Some were emails that Barack Obama and Podesta exchanged in 2008.
Clinton's Wall Street speechesEdit
One of the emails contained 25 excerpts from Clinton's paid Wall Street speeches that a staffer had flagged as politically problematic. In the October 2016 presidential debate, Clinton voiced her support for a "no-fly" zone in Syria. In a 2013 speech, Clinton had discussed the difficulties involved. In particular, she noted that in order to establish a no-fly zone, Syria's air defenses would need to be destroyed. Because the Assad government had located these anti-aircraft batteries in populated civilian areas, their destruction would cause many collateral civilian deaths. Another leaked document included eighty pages of Clinton's Wall Street speeches.
The excerpts came up in two of the presidential debates between Clinton and Trump. In one of the debates, the moderator Martha Raddatz quoted an excerpt saying that politicians "need both a public and a private position" and asked Clinton if it was okay for politicians to be "two-faced." Clinton replied, "As I recall, that was something I said about Abraham Lincoln after having seen the wonderful Steven Spielberg movie called Lincoln. It was a master class watching president Lincoln get the Congress to approve the 13th amendment, it was principled and strategic. I was making the point that it is hard sometimes to get the Congress to do what you want to do." In the third presidential debate, the moderator Chris Wallace quoted a speech excerpt where Clinton says, "My dream is a hemispheric common market with open trade and open borders," and asked if she was for open borders. Clinton replied, "If you went on to read the rest of the sentence, I was talking about energy. We trade more energy with our neighbors than we trade with the rest of the world combined. And I do want us to have an electric grid, an energy system that crosses borders."
Discussions of Catholic religious activitiesEdit
Sandy Newman wrote to Podesta: "I have not thought at all about how one would 'plant the seeds of the revolution', or who would plant them." Podesta agreed that this was necessary to do as Newman suggested and wrote back to note that they had created groups like Catholics in Alliance for the Common Good and Catholics United to push for a more progressive approach to the faith, change would "have to be bottom up."
Raymond Arroyo responded: "It makes it seem like you're creating organizations to change the core beliefs of the church," he said. "For someone to come and say, 'I have a political organization to change your church to complete my political agenda or advance my agenda', I don't know how anybody could embrace that." Professor Robert P. George added that "these groups are political operations constructed to masquerade as organizations devoted to the Catholic faith".
The leak revealed an email sent by John Halpin, a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress. The email discussed conservative media mogul Rupert Murdoch's decision to raise his kids in the Catholic Church. He wrote, "Many of the most powerful elements of the conservative movement are all Catholic (many converts) ... It's an amazing bastardization of the faith. They must be attracted to the systematic thought and severely backwards gender relations and must be totally unaware of Christian democracy." Palmieri responded: "I imagine they think it is the most socially acceptable, politically conservative religion — their rich friends wouldn't understand if they became evangelical." Supporters and members of Donald Trump's campaign called the email exchange evidence of anti-Catholic sentiment in the Democratic Party. Halpin confirmed that he had written the email, though he contested claims that it was "anti-Catholic" and said that it was taken out of context and that he had sent the email to his Catholic colleagues "to make a fleeting point about perceived hypocrisy and the flaunting of one's faith by prominent conservative leaders."
On October 11, 2016, WikiLeaks released the text of an email sent by Donna Brazile on March 12, 2016 to Clinton communications director Jennifer Palmieri with the subject header "From time to time I get questions in advance." The email included a question about the death penalty. The following day Clinton received a similar question from the Townhall host, Roland Martin. Brazile denied coordinating with the Clinton campaign and a CNN spokesperson said "CNN did not share any questions with Donna Brazile, or anyone else for that matter, prior to the town hall" and that "we have never, ever given a town hall question to anyone beforehand". According to CNNMoney, the debate moderator Roland Martin did not deny that he shared questions with Brazile. In another leaked email, Brazile wrote: "One of the questions directed to HRC tomorrow is from a woman with a rash. Her family has lead poison and she will ask what, if anything, will Hillary do as president to help the ppl of Flint." At a debate in Flint the following day, a woman whose "son had developed a rash from the contaminated water" asked Clinton: "If elected president, what course will you take to regain my trust in government?" In a third email, Brazile added: "I'll send a few more."
CNN severed ties with Brazile on October 14, 2016. Brazile later said that CNN did not give her "the ability to defend myself" after the email release and referred to WikiLeaks as "WikiLies". Brazile stated repeatedly that she did not receive the question on death penalty in advance from CNN and has claimed that the documents released by WikiLeaks were "altered". In an essay for Time written on March 17, 2017, Brazile wrote that the emails revealed that "among the many things I did in my role as a Democratic operative and D.N.C. Vice Chair [...] was to share potential town hall topics with the Clinton campaign." She wrote, "My job was to make all our Democratic candidates look good, and I worked closely with both campaigns to make that happen. But sending those emails was a mistake I will forever regret."
Saudi Arabia and QatarEdit
One leaked email from August 2014, addressed to Podesta, identifies Saudi Arabia and Qatar as providing "clandestine," "financial and logistic" aid to ISIS and other "radical Sunni groups." The email outlines a plan of action against ISIS, urges putting pressure on Saudi Arabia and Qatar to end their alleged support for the group. Whether the email was originally written by Hillary Clinton, her advisor Sidney Blumenthal, or another person is unclear.
The contents of some of Podesta's emails have been cited by promoters of the debunked Pizzagate conspiracy theory to support claims that Podesta, other members of the Democratic Party, and a number of restaurants in the United States were allegedly involved in a child-sex ring. The theory was discredited by a wide array of organizations, including the District of Columbia Police Department.
Sociology professor Zeynep Tufekci criticized how WikiLeaks handled the release of these emails, writing, "Taking one campaign manager's email account and releasing it with zero curation in the last month of an election needs to be treated as what it is: political sabotage, not whistle-blowing." Glen Caplin, a spokesman for the Clinton campaign, said, "By dribbling these out every day WikiLeaks is proving they are nothing but a propaganda arm of the Kremlin with a political agenda doing [Vladimir] Putin's dirty work to help elect Donald Trump." When asked to comment on the emails release, president Vladimir Putin replied that Russia was being falsely accused. He said, "The hysteria is merely caused by the fact that somebody needs to divert the attention of the American people from the essence of what was exposed by the hackers."
The American public's interest in WikiLeaks in October roughly coincided with a tightening presidential race between Trump and Clinton. According to an analysis of opinion polling by Harry Enten of FiveThirtyEight, the release of the emails roughly matched Clinton's decline in the polls, though it did not seem to have an effect on public perceptions of her trustworthiness. Enten concluded that WikiLeaks' activities were "among the factors that might have contributed to [Clinton's] loss."
In an op-ed for The Intercept, James Risen chided the media for its lopsided reporting on emails, saying that the hacking of the e-mails was a more significant story than the content of the e-mails themselves.
- Franceschi-Bicchierai, Lorenzo (October 20, 2016). "How Hackers Broke Into John Podesta and Colin Powell's Gmail Accounts". Motherboard. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- Stein, Jeff. "What 20,000 pages of hacked WikiLeaks emails teach us about Hillary Clinton". Vox. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- "Leaked emails show slogans Clinton campaign considered". CBS News. October 19, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- Carroll, Lauren (October 23, 2016). "Are the Clinton WikiLeaks emails doctored, or are they authentic?". PolitiFact. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Miller, Greg; Entous, Adam (January 6, 2017). "Declassified report says Putin 'ordered' effort to undermine faith in U.S. election and help Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- Geller, Eric (October 20, 2016). "Russian hackers infiltrated Podesta's email, security firm says". Politico. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- Perlroth, Nicole; Shear, Michael D. (October 20, 2016). "Private Security Group Says Russia Was Behind John Podesta's Email Hack". New York Times.
- Podesta, John. "Fwd: Sоmeоne has your passwоrd". WikiLeaks. Retrieved December 31, 2016.
- Murnane, Kevin (October 21, 2016). "How John Podesta's Emails Were Hacked And How To Prevent It From Happening To You". Fortune.
- Norton, Ben (October 21, 2016). "Clinton campaign chair John Podesta gave his email login info to hackers after clicking on phishing link". Salon.
- Krieg, Gregory; Kopan, Tal. "Is this the email that hacked John Podesta's account?". CNN.
- Oremus, Will (December 14, 2016). ""Is This Something That's Going to Haunt Me the Rest of My Life?"". Slate.
- Harding, Luke (December 14, 2016). "Top Democrat's emails hacked by Russia after aide made typo, investigation finds". The Guardian.
- Adam Entous, Ellen Nakashima and Greg Miller (December 9, 2016), "Secret CIA assessment says Russia was trying to help Trump win White House", The Washington Post, retrieved December 10, 2016
- Chris Sanchez and Bryan Logan (December 9, 2016), "The CIA says it has evidence that Russia tried to help Trump win the US election", Business Insider, retrieved December 10, 2016
- Sommerfeldt, Chris (December 9, 2016), "Russia intervened in the 2016 election to help Donald Trump win the White House: report", New York Daily News, retrieved December 10, 2016
- "Background to "Assessing Russian Activities and Intentions in Recent US Elections": The Analytic Process and Cyber Incident Attribution" (PDF). Office of the Director of National Intelligence. January 6, 2017. p. 3. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
- Miller, Greg; Entous, Adam (January 6, 2017). "Declassified report says Putin 'ordered' effort to undermine faith in U.S. election and help Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- Dilanian, Ken (January 6, 2017). "Report: Putin, Russia Tried to Help Trump By 'Discrediting' Clinton". NBC News. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- "Highlights From DNI Report on Russia and Election Hacking". Associated Press via ABC News. January 6, 2017. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- "Tech blogger finds proof DNC chief's emails weren't 'doctored' despite claims". Fox News. October 24, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Sharockman, Aaron. "It's True: WikiLeaks dumped Podesta emails hour after Trump video surfaced". PolitiFact. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- Sankin, Aaron (October 18, 2016). "Ecuador Says It Cut Julian Assange's Internet Access For Trying to Influence U.S. Election". The Daily Dot. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- Johnstone, Liz (December 18, 2016). "John Podesta: FBI Spoke to Me Only Once About My Hacked Emails". NBC News. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
- Couts, Andrew. "WikiLeaks publishes more Podesta emails after Ecuador cuts Assange's internet". The Daily Dot. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
- Bennett, Cory. "Ecuador admits restricting internet access for WikiLeaks over election meddling". Politico. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
- Cheney, Kyle; Wheaton, Sarah. "The most revealing Clinton campaign emails in WikiLeaks release". Politico. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
- Berman, Dan; Merica, Dan (October 10, 2016). "WikiLeaks posts more John Podesta emails". CNN. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Vogel, Kenneth P. (October 11, 2016). "Chelsea flagged 'serious concerns' about Clinton Foundation conflicts". Politico. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
- "18 revelations from Wikileaks' hacked Clinton emails". BBC. October 27, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
- Goodin, Dan (October 13, 2016). "Clinton campaign chief's iPhone was hacked and wiped, photos suggest". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 16, 2016.
- Johnson, Tim (October 13, 2016). "For Clinton campaign chief, it was literally a day to erase from memory". McClatchyDC.com. The McClatchy Company. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
- Javers, Eamon (October 20, 2016). "WikiLeaks reveals Barack Obama's personal email address". CNBC. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- Goldman, Julianna (October 7, 2016). "Podesta emails show excerpts of Clinton speeches to Goldman". CBS News. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
- Gearan, Anne; Wagner, John (October 8, 2016). "Clinton's Wall Street remarks are tempered by time, supporters say". Washington Post. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
- In Secret Goldman Sachs Speech, Hillary Clinton Admitted No-Fly Zone Would “Kill a Lot of Syrians". Jiliani, Zaid. The Intercept, October 10, 2016
- Cheney, Kyle (October 12, 2016). "Hacked 80-page roundup of paid speeches shows Clinton 'praising Wall Street'". Politico. Retrieved October 16, 2016.
- Sanger, David E. (October 16, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Liked Covert Action if It Stayed Covert, Transcript Shows". The New York Times.
- Fernholz, Tim (October 9, 2016). "The leaked email behind Hillary Clinton's mid-debate reference to Steven Spielberg's Abraham Lincoln biopic". Quartz. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
- Pierce, Charles P. (October 21, 2016). "New Friday Rule: Less Election, More Dylan". Esquire. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
- Sherman, Amy (October 19, 2016). "Donald Trump says Hillary Clinton wants to have open borders". PolitiFact. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
- Pulliam Bailey, Sarah. "WikiLeaks emails appear to show Clinton spokeswoman joking about Catholics and evangelicals". Washington Post. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
- "Clinton campaign chief helped start Catholic organisations to create a 'revolution' in the Church". Catholic Herald. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- Dias, Elizabeth. "Hillary Clinton Campaign Pushes Back on 'Anti-Catholic' Charge". Time. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
- George, Robert P. "Non-Catholics for Church 'Reform'". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- Staff, Reporter. "14 revelations from Wikileaks' hacked Clinton emails". BBC. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- Collins, Eliza. "Four of the juiciest leaked Podesta emails". USA Today. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- Bash, Dana; Diaz, Daniella. "First on CNN: Religious leaders slam Clinton campaign over emails". CNN. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
- Dias, Elizabeth (October 12, 2016). "Hillary Clinton WikiLeaks: John Podesta Catholic Email". TIME.com. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- Jenkins, Jack (October 13, 2016). "John Halpin speaks on Wikileaks email about Catholicism". ThinkProgress. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- Wemple, Erik (October 11, 2016). "Then-CNN contributor Donna Brazile to Clinton camp: Sometimes 'I get the questions in advance'". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
- Stelter, Brian (October 12, 2016). "Wikileaks mystery: How did town hall question get to Clinton campaign?". CNN. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
- Stelter, Brian (October 11, 2016). "Wikileaks mystery: How did town hall question get to Clinton campaign?". CNNMoney. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Darcy, Oliver (October 31, 2016). "Hacked email suggests Donna Brazile leaked question to Hillary Clinton campaign ahead of CNN primary debate". Business Insider. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
- "CNN fires commentator for 'giving debate questions to Hillary Clinton in advance'". The Independent. October 31, 2016. Retrieved November 1, 2016.
- Grynbaum, Michael M. (October 31, 2016). "CNN Parts Ways With Donna Brazile, a Hillary Clinton Supporter". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 1, 2016.
- Sutton, Kelsey. "Donna Brazile says CNN should have let her 'defend myself' following Wikileaks email". Politico. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- Schwartz, Ian (October 19, 2016). "Megyn Kelly vs. Donna Brazile: Did You Receive Debate Question Beforehand?; Brazile: I Will Not Be "Persecuted"". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
- Brazile, Donna. "Donna Brazile: Russia DNC Hack Played Out Exactly As Hoped". Time. Retrieved March 20, 2017.
- Shaw, Adam (March 17, 2017). "Brazile admits she forwarded town hall questions to Clinton camp". Fox News. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
- "Clinton Foundation donors Saudi Arabia and Qatar give Isis clandestine financial and logistic support, says Hillary Clinton in leaked emails". Belfast Telegraph. October 11, 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- McKernan, Bethan (October 11, 2016). "Hillary Clinton emails leak: Wikileaks documents claim Democratic nominee 'thinks Saudi Arabia and Qatar fund Isis'". The Independent. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Norton, Ben (October 11, 2016). "Leaked Hillary Clinton emails show U.S. allies Saudi Arabia and Qatar supported ISIS". Salon.com. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Schwartz, Mattathias (October 12, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Acknowledges Saudi Terror Financing in Hacked Email, Hinting at Tougher Approach". The Intercept. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Goodwin, Liz; Isikoff, Michael (October 11, 2016). "In leaked email, Clinton claims Saudi and Qatari governments fund ISIS". Yahoo! News. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "Podesta leaks show Clinton email linking Saudi Arabia, Qatar to ISIS". FoxNews.com. October 11, 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Huang, Gregor Aisch, Jon; Kang, Cecilia (December 10, 2016). "Dissecting the #PizzaGate Conspiracy Theories". The New York Times.
- Gillin, Joshua (December 6, 2016). "How Pizzagate went from fake news to a real problem". PolitiFact.
- LaCapria, Kim (December 2, 2016). "A detailed conspiracy theory known as "Pizzagate" holds that a pedophile ring is operating out of a Clinton-linked pizzeria called Comet Ping Pong". Snopes.com.
- Alam, Hannah (December 5, 2016). "Conspiracy peddlers continue pushing debunked 'pizzagate' tale". Miami Herald.
- Tufekci, Zeynep (November 4, 2016). "WikiLeaks Isn't Whistleblowing". The New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- Healy, Patrick; David E., Sanger; Haberman, Maggie (October 12, 2016). "Donald Trump Finds Improbable Ally in WikiLeaks". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
- "CIA Reportedly Preparing Major Cyber Assault Against Russia In Wake Of Hack Attacks". Fox News. October 15, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
- Enten, Harry (December 23, 2016). "How Much Did Wikileaks Hurt Hillary Clinton?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- Risen, James (2018-02-16). "Is Donald Trump a Traitor?". The Intercept. Retrieved 2018-02-16.