Zeynep Tufekci (Turkish: Zeynep Tüfekçi; [zejˈnep tyˈfektʃi]; zay-NEP tuu-FEK-chee) is a Turkish-American sociologist, and the Henry G. Bryant Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs[1] at Princeton University. She is also a columnist for The New York Times. Her work focuses on social media, media ethics, the social implications of new technologies, such as artificial intelligence and big data, as well as societal challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic using complex and systems-based thinking. According to The Chronicle of Higher Education, she is one of the most prominent academic voices on social media and the new public sphere.[2][3] In 2022, Tufekci was a Pulitzer Prize finalist for her "insightful, often prescient, columns on the pandemic and American culture", which the committee said "brought clarity to the shifting official guidance and compelled us towards greater compassion and informed response."[4]

Zeynep Tufekci
Tufekci in 2019
Istanbul, Turkey
Years active1999–present
Academic background
EducationIstanbul University
Boğaziçi University
University of Texas at Austin
Academic work
Sub-disciplineComplex Systems
Science and Technology
InstitutionsUniversity of Maryland Baltimore County
Princeton University
Columbia University
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
The New York Times
The Atlantic

Before becoming a regular columnist, she was a frequent contributor to The New York Times and The Atlantic. She has also written columns for Wired and Scientific American. Prior to Princeton, she was a professor at Columbia University's Craig Newmark Center for Journalism Ethics and Security, a faculty associate at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University,[5][6][7] and an associate professor at the School of Information and Library Science at the University of North Carolina and Associate Professor at the University of Maryland Baltimore County.

Early life and education edit

Tufekci was born in Istanbul, Turkey, near Taksim Gezi Park in Istanbul's Beyoğlu district.[8] In 1995, Tufekci received a B.A. in sociology from Istanbul University, as well as an undergraduate degree in computer programming from Boğaziçi University.[9] Tufekci earned an M.A. and a Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Austin.[9][10]

Career edit

Tufekci worked as a computer programmer before becoming an academic and turning her attention to social science.[3]

Tufekci was a Visiting Assistant Professor at the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Maryland Baltimore County from 2005 to 2008 and Assistant Professor from 2008 to 2011.[11]

In 2012, Tufekci became a faculty associate at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University.[12] During this time, Tufekci expressed concern about political campaigns impacted by and driven by big data in the form of "Smart Campaigns".[13] This early warning was eventually recognized as prescient after Donald Trump was elected in 2016.[6] At this time, Tufekci also focused on explaining social contagion and mass shootings and its direct relation to social media.[14][15][16] She has repeatedly urged both online and in op-eds[17] that outlets should avoid repetition of the killer's name and face as well as step-by-step discussions of their methods.[18][19] The phenomenon of suicide contagion via social media and news coverage is part of Tufekci's analytical work.[20]

In 2016, Tufekci was featured in a special report by The Economist on technology and politics in which she argues that the increasingly individualized targeting of voters by political campaigns is leading to a reduction of the "public sphere" in which civic debate takes place publicly.[21] In May 2017, Tufekci's first book, Twitter and Tear Gas: The Power and Fragility of Networked Protest, was published by Yale University Press.[22]

In 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic, Tufekci was critical of the mainstream media for failing to explain the importance of mask wearing, and is often cited as one of the first to take up the importance of mask wearing in the mainstream media.[23][24] This led to Tufekci becoming one of the academics who advised the WHO on adopting a mask recommendation.[25][26] In addition to her mainstream media writing during the COVID-19 pandemic, Tufekci has co-authored articles published in peer reviewed academic journals reviewing evidence that the SARS-CoV-2 virus is airborne, with British medical professor Trisha Greenhalgh[27] and environmental engineering professor Linsey Marr.[28]

Tufekci has given a series of TED talks on online social change, technology, the role of artificial intelligence and machine learning, and the role of social media and tech companies.[29] She has also been a regular contributor at Wired.[30]

Honors and awards edit

Works edit

Books edit

  • Tufekci, Zeynep (2017). Twitter and Tear Gas: The Power and Fragility of Networked Protest. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780274756650.

Theses edit

  • Tufekcioglu, Zeynep S (1999). Mental Deskilling in the Age of the Smart Machine (M.A.). University of Texas at Austin, Department of Radio-Television-Film. [38]
  • Tufekci, Zeynep (2004). In Search of Lost Jobs: The Rhetoric and Practice of Computer Skills Training (Ph.D.). University of Texas at Austin. [39]

Critical studies and reviews of Tufekci's work edit

Twitter and tear gas

References edit

  1. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep. "Zeynep Tufekci". sociology.princeton.edu/. Retrieved August 22, 2023.
  2. ^ Brown, Sarah. "Meet the Professor Who's Warning the World About Facebook and Google". www.chronicle.com. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  3. ^ a b Smith, Ben (August 23, 2020). "How Zeynep Tufekci Keeps Getting the Big Things Right". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  4. ^ "Finalist: Zeynep Tufekci". www.pulitzer.org. Retrieved August 31, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Abbruzzese, Jason (November 3, 2017). "Zeynep Tufekci tried to warn us about Facebook and politics back in 2012". Mashable.
  6. ^ Columbia Journalism School. "Dr. Zeynep Tufekci to Join Columbia Journalism School's Craig Newmark Center for Journalism Ethics and Security". March 25, 2021.
  7. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (June 9, 2015). "Opinion: How Hope Returned to Turkey". The New York Times.
  8. ^ a b "Zeynep Tufekci UNC bio". sils.unc.edu. University of North Carolina. Archived from the original on April 22, 2022. Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  9. ^ "Zeynep Tufekci Columbia bio". journalism.columbia.edu. Columbia University School of Journalism. Retrieved April 26, 2023.
  10. ^ "Zeynep Tufekci, CV Princeton".
  11. ^ "Zeynep Tufekci, Faculty Associate". Berkman Klein Center. Harvard University. March 24, 2020.
  12. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (November 16, 2012). "Opinion: Beware the Smart Campaign". The New York Times.
  13. ^ Frank, Russell (February 16, 2018). "The media need to think twice about how they portray mass shooters". The Conversation.
  14. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (December 19, 2012). "The Media Needs to Stop Inspiring Copycat Murders. Here's How". The Atlantic.
  15. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (August 27, 2015). "Opinion: The Virginia Shooter Wanted Fame. Let's Not Give It to Him". The New York Times.
  16. ^ Lopez, German (August 28, 2015). "Mass shooters want fame. Here's why we should stop giving it to them". Vox.
  17. ^ "Texas police stop naming killer in aftermath of shootings, hoping to discourage copycats". CBC News. Associated Press. November 7, 2017.
  18. ^ Schulman, Ari N. (November 17, 2017). "How Not to Cover Mass Shootings". Wall Street Journal.
  19. ^ Lopatto, Elizabeth (August 27, 2015). "How do we stop killers from exploiting social media?". The Verge.
  20. ^ "Special report: Politics by numbers: Voters in America, and increasingly elsewhere too, are being ever more precisely targeted". The Economist. March 23, 2016.
  21. ^ Heller, Nathan (August 14, 2017). "Is There Any Point to Protesting? We turn out in the streets and nothing seems to happen. Maybe we're doing it wrong". The New Yorker.
  22. ^ Meylan, Phillip (March 31, 2020). "Did the Media Miss the Mark on Masks?". The Factual.
  23. ^ Witte, Griff; Cha, Ariana Eunjung; Dawsey, Josh (July 28, 2020). "At the heart of dismal U.S. coronavirus response, a fraught relationship with masks". The Washington Post.
  24. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep [@zeynep] (July 29, 2020). "I forgot to add yes, I pointed all of this out to the WHO in two meetings with the mask committee, some of the same studies and the logic of why we would not expect a false sense of security like that. This is a review article, so the evidence was already available back in March<" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  25. ^ Smith, Ben (August 23, 2020). "How Zeynep Tufekci Keeps Getting the Big Things Right". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  26. ^ Greenhalgh, Trisha; Jimenez, Jose L; Prather, Kimberly A; Tufekci, Zeynep; Fisman, David; Schooley, Robert (May 2021). "Ten scientific reasons in support of airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2". The Lancet. 397 (10285): 1603–1605. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(21)00869-2. ISSN 0140-6736. PMC 8049599. PMID 33865497.
  27. ^ Wang, Chia C.; Prather, Kimberly A.; Sznitman, Josué; Jimenez, Jose L.; Lakdawala, Seema S.; Tufekci, Zeynep; Marr, Linsey C. (August 27, 2021). "Airborne transmission of respiratory viruses". Science. 373 (6558): eabd9149. doi:10.1126/science.abd9149. ISSN 0036-8075. PMC 8721651. PMID 34446582. S2CID 237308712.
  28. ^ Abbruzzese, Jason (November 3, 2017). "Zeynep Tufekci tried to warn us about Facebook and politics back in 2012". Mashable.
  29. ^ "Zeynep Tufekci". WIRED Magazine. 2019.
  30. ^ "Top Eight Papers in Communication and Technology, Part 2". International Communication Association. May 29, 2005.
  31. ^ "Berkman Center Announces 2011-2012 Fellows". The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. June 12, 2018.
  32. ^ "Fellows: Zeynep Tufekci (2012-2014)". Center for Information Technology Policy. Princeton University. 2012.
  33. ^ Borison, Rebecca (April 14, 2014). "Presenting: The 100 Most Influential Tech People On Twitter; 99. Zeynep Tufekci". Business Insider.
  34. ^ "Section on Communication, Information Technologies, and Media Sociology Past Award Recipients". American Sociological Association. 2014.
  35. ^ "2015 Andrew Carnegie Fellows Recipient: Zeynep Tufekci". Carnegie Corporation of New York. 2015.
  36. ^ Clark, Brian E. "Brown to confer nine honorary degrees during Commencement and Reunion Weekend". News from Brown. Brown University. Retrieved May 24, 2022.
  37. ^ Santillana, Melissa; Sraubhaar, Joe; Schrubbe, Alexis; Choi, Jaewon; Strover, Sharon (2020). "Digital inequalities: Homework gap and techno-capital in Austin, Texas". First Monday. 25 (7). doi:10.5210/fm.v25i7.10860.
  38. ^ Correa, Teresa; Straubhaar, Joseph D; Chen, Wenhong; Spence, Jeremiah (2015). "Brokering new technologies: The role of children in their parents' usage of the internet". New Media & Society. 17 (4): 483–500. doi:10.1177/1461444813506975. S2CID 19798104.
  39. ^ Online version is titled "Is there any point to protesting?"

External links edit