Zeynep Tufekci

Zeynep Tufekci (Turkish: Zeynep Tüfekçi; /ˈznɛp tʊˈfɛki/ ZAY-nep tuu-FEK-chee) is a sociologist who focuses on technology, censorship, and the social implications of emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence and big data in the context of politics and corporate responsibility.[1][2]

Zeynep Tufekci
Zeynep Tufekci.jpg
Zeynep Tufekci
Born
OccupationSociologist
Writer
Professor
Years active1999-present
Academic background
EducationIstanbul University
Bosphorus University
University of Texas at Austin
Academic work
DisciplineSociology
Sub-disciplineSocial media
Technology
InstitutionsUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
The New York Times
Websitetechnosociology.org

Early life and educationEdit

Tufekci was born in Istanbul, Turkey, near Taksim Gezi Park in Istanbul's Beyoğlu district.[3]

In 1995, Tufekci received a B.A. in sociology from Istanbul University, as well as an undergraduate degree in computer programming from Bosphorus University. In 1999, Tufekci received an M.A. from the Radio-Television-Film Department at the University of Texas at Austin. Her thesis was called "Mental Deskilling in the Age of the Smart Machine". In 2004, Tufekci earned a Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Austin. Her thesis was titled "In Search of Lost Jobs: The Rhetoric and Practice of Computer Skills Training”.

CareerEdit

Tufekci worked as a computer programmer before becoming an academic and turning her attention to social science.

From 2005 to 2008, Tufekci was a visiting assistant professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC). From 2008 to 2011, she was an assistant professor at UMBC.

In 2011, Tufekci moved to North Carolina and became an adjunct assistant professor at the Department of Sociology at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill as well as an assistant professor at UNC School of Information and Library Science.

In 2012, Tufekci became a faculty associate at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society research facility at Harvard University.[4]

In 2012, Tufekci was one of the first to express concern about political campaigns impacted by and driven by big data in the form of "Smart Campaigns".[5] This early warning was eventually recognized as prescient after Donald Trump was elected in 2016.[2] Tufekci's research and publications include topics such as the effect of big data on politics and the public sphere,[6] how social media affects social movements, and the privacy and security vulnerabilities exposed by the coming Internet of Things. In general, she has sought to outline the potential negative societal consequences of social media and big data, while not rejecting these phenomena outright. Tufekci's work has often emphasized examining business models of these technologies. She often speaks about their use of engagement algorithms.[7][8]

Also from 2012, Tufekci has focused on explaining social contagion and mass shootings and its direct relation to social media.[9][10][11] She has repeatedly urged — both online and in op-ed[12]s — that outlets should avoid repetition of the killer's name and face and steer clear of step-by-step discussions of their methods.[13][14] The phenomenon of suicide contagion via social media and news coverage is part of Tufekci's analytical work.[15]

Tufekci has written on pandemic planning and social responses. In 2014 she wrote on Ebola and pandemic preparedness.[16]

In 2016, Tufekci was featured in a special report by The Economist on technology and politics in which she argues that the increasingly individualized targeting of voters by political campaigns is leading to a reduction of the "public sphere" in which civic debate takes place publicly.[17]

In May 2017, Tufekci's first book, Twitter and Tear Gas: The Power and Fragility of Networked Protest, was published by Yale University Press.[18][19] The book is freely available under a Creative Commons license.

In the fall of 2017, Tufekci delivered a talk entitled Democracy vs. Clickbait at Dartmouth's Neukom Institute's Donoho Colloquium, where she stated that she'd done "all the calculations" and "read their FCC filings" and discovered that Facebook is only making about $10 to $20 USD per year per person. "Charge me that," she suggested, "and make me the customer."[20]

In January 2018, Tufekci wrote a cover story for Wired titled "It's the (Democracy-Poisoning) Golden Age of Free Speech."[21] She was a regular contributed at Wired.[22]

In March 2018, Tufekci wrote in The New York Times that "YouTube may be one of the most powerful radicalizing instruments of the 21st century." She cited the rise of conspiracy videos during the Trump administration and especially after the shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida.[23] Tufekci was a monthly contributor for The New York Times op-ed page on topics related to technology's social impact.

In 2018, Tufekci was interviewed as part of the PBS series, Frontline, on issues of disinformation and Russian interference with Ukraine on Facebook.[7]

As of February 2019, Tufekci has written for Scientific American, including one on sociological versus psychological storytelling about season 8 of Game of Thrones titled "The Real Reason Fans Hate the Last Season of Game of Thrones.[24]

In May 2019, Tufekci was featured as a speaker at the Craig Newmark Center for Journalism Ethics and Security Symposium at the Columbia Journalism School on the subject of "Reporting from the Front Lines of the Information Wars".[25]

In 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic, Tufekci wrote numerous articles explaining the importance of flattening the curve,[26] the importance of mask wearing,[27][28] and academic articles covering the evidence for mask wearing.[29]

Tufekci was critical of the mainstream media for failing to explain the importance of mask wearing, and is often cited as one of the first to take up the importance of mask wearing in the mainstream media.[30][31] This led to Tufekci becoming one of the academics who advised the WHO on adopting a mask recommendation.[32]

Tufekci has also written articles advocating for the importance of outdoor spaces, and encouraging beaches and parks to stay open during the COVID-19 pandemic.[33][34]

Tufekci has given a series of TED talks on online social change, technology, the role of artificial intelligence and machine learning, and the role of social media and tech companies.[35]

Honors and awardsEdit

Selected works and publicationsEdit

Selected worksEdit

  • Tufekci, Zeynep (1999). Mental Deskilling in the Age of the Smart Machine (M.A.). University of Texas at Austin.
  • Tufekci, Zeynep (2004). In Search of Lost Jobs: The Rhetoric and Practice of Computer Skills Training (PhD). University of Texas at Austin.
  • Straubhaar, Joseph D.; Spence, Jeremiah; Tufekci, Zeynep; Lentz, Roberta G., eds. (2012). Inequity in the Technopolis Race, Class, Gender, and the Digital Divide in Austin. Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-72871-4. OCLC 951973487.
  • Tufekci, Zeynep (2017). Twitter and Tear Gas: The Power and Fragility of Networked Protest. New Haven, London: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-21512-0. OCLC 1156747307.

Selected publicationsEdit

TED talksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Abbruzzese, Jason (3 November 2017). "Zeynep Tufekci tried to warn us about Facebook and politics back in 2012". Mashable.
  2. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (9 June 2015). "Opinion: How Hope Returned to Turkey". The New York Times.
  3. ^ "Zeynep Tufekci, Faculty Associate". Berkman Klein Center. Harvard University. 24 March 2020.
  4. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (16 November 2012). "Opinion: Beware the Smart Campaign". The New York Times.
  5. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (7 July 2014). "Engineering the public: Big data, surveillance and computational politics". First Monday. 19 (7). doi:10.5210/FM.V19i7.4901.
  6. ^ a b Jacoby, James (22 May 2018). "The Frontline Interview: Zeynep Tufekci". Frontline.
  7. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (17 December 2018). "Yes, Big Platforms Could Change Their Business Models". Wired.
  8. ^ Frank, Russell (16 February 2018). "The media need to think twice about how they portray mass shooters". The Conversation.
  9. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (19 December 2012). "The Media Needs to Stop Inspiring Copycat Murders. Here's How". The Atlantic.
  10. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (27 August 2015). "Opinion: The Virginia Shooter Wanted Fame. Let's Not Give It to Him". The New York Times.
  11. ^ Lopez, German (28 August 2015). "Mass shooters want fame. Here's why we should stop giving it to them". Vox.
  12. ^ "Texas police stop naming killer in aftermath of shootings, hoping to discourage copycats". CBC News. Associated Press. 7 November 2017.
  13. ^ Schulman, Ari N. (17 November 2017). "How Not to Cover Mass Shootings". Wall Street Journal.
  14. ^ Lopatto, Elizabeth (27 August 2015). "How do we stop killers from exploiting social media?". The Verge.
  15. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (30 October 2014). "Ebola: The Real Reason Everyone Should Panic". Medium.
  16. ^ "Special report: Politics by numbers: Voters in America, and increasingly elsewhere too, are being ever more precisely targeted". The Economist. 23 March 2016.
  17. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (2017). Twitter and Tear Gas: The Power and Fragility of Networked Protest. New Haven, London: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-21512-0. OCLC 1156747307.
  18. ^ Heller, Nathan (14 August 2017). "Is There Any Point to Protesting? We turn out in the streets and nothing seems to happen. Maybe we're doing it wrong". The New Yorker.
  19. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (Fall 2017). "Democracy vs. Clickbait". Fall 2017 Donoho Colloquium. The Neukom Institute at Dartmouth.
  20. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (16 January 2018). "It's the (Democracy-Poisoning) Golden Age of Free Speech". Wired.
  21. ^ "Zeynep Tufekci". WIRED Magazine. 2019.
  22. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (10 March 2018). "Opinion: YouTube, the Great Radicalizer". The New York Times.
  23. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (17 May 2019). "The Real Reason Fans Hate the Last Season of Game of Thrones". Scientific American.
  24. ^ Coll, Steve; Folkenflik, David; Ressa, Maria; Schachtman, Noah; Green, Yasmin; Bell, Emily; McBride, Kelly; Tufekci, Zeynep (9 May 2019). "Reporting from the Front Lines of the Information Wars". Craig Newmark Center for Journalism Ethics and Security Symposium. Columbia Journalism School.
  25. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (27 February 2020). "Preparing for Coronavirus to Strike the U.S." Scientific American.
  26. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (17 March 2020). "Opinion: Why Telling People They Don't Need Masks Backfired". The New York Times.
  27. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep; Howard, Jeremy; Greenhalgh, Trisha (22 April 2020). "The Real Reason to Wear a Mask". The Atlantic.
  28. ^ Howard, Jeremy; Huang, Austin; Li, Zhiyuan; Tufekci, Zeynep; Zdimal, Vladimir; van der Westhuizen, Helene-Mari; von Delft, Arne; Price, Amy; Fridman, Lex; Tang, Lei-Han; Tang, Viola; Watson, Gregory L.; Bax, Christina E.; Shaikh, Reshama; Questier, Frederik; Hernandez, Danny; Chu, Larry F.; Ramirez, Christina M.; Rimoin, Anne W. (12 July 2020). "Face Masks Against COVID-19: An Evidence Review". Preprints. doi:10.20944/PREPRINTS202004.0203.V3.
  29. ^ Meylan, Phillip (31 March 2020). "Did the Media Miss the Mark on Masks?". The Factual.
  30. ^ Witte, Griff; Cha, Ariana Eunjung; Dawsey, Josh (28 July 2020). "At the heart of dismal U.S. coronavirus response, a fraught relationship with masks". The Washington Post.
  31. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep [@zeynep] (29 July 2020). "I forgot to add yes, I pointed all of this out to the WHO in two meetings with the mask committee, some of the same studies and the logic of why we would not expect a false sense of security like that. This is a review article, so the evidence was already available back in March<" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  32. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (7 April 2020). "Keep the Parks Open: Public green spaces are good for the immune system and the mind—and they can be rationed to allow for social distancing". The Atlantic.
  33. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (4 July 2020). "Scolding Beachgoers Isn't Helping". The Atlantic.
  34. ^ a b Abbruzzese, Jason (3 November 2017). "Zeynep Tufekci tried to warn us about Facebook and politics back in 2012". Mashable.
  35. ^ "Top Eight Papers in Communication and Technology, Part 2". International Communication Association. 29 May 2005.
  36. ^ "Berkman Center Announces 2011-2012 Fellows". The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. 12 June 2018.
  37. ^ "Fellows: Zeynep Tufekci (2012-2014)". Center for Information Technology Policy. Princeton University. 2012.
  38. ^ Borison, Rebecca (14 April 2014). "Presenting: The 100 Most Influential Tech People On Twitter; 99. Zeynep Tufekci". Business Insider.
  39. ^ "Section on Communication, Information Technologies, and Media Sociology Past Award Recipients". American Sociological Association. 2014.
  40. ^ "2015 Andrew Carnegie Fellows Recipient: Zeynep Tufekci". Carnegie Corporation of New York. 2015.

External linksEdit