Parbat District

Parbat District (Nepali: पर्वत जिल्ला [pʌɾbʌt] (listen), is a hilly area of Nepal. It is a part of Gandaki Province and one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Kusma as its district headquarters, covers an area of 494 km2 (191 sq mi) and has a population (2001) of 157,826. It is the fourth smallest district of Nepal with 47 VDCs currently (before Kushma Municipality was formed, total VDCs remained 55.). It is mainly known for the Gupteshwar Cave, which is visited by thousands of pilgrims during Shivaratri. Patheshwari Temple a notable temple in Kushma located at Katuwa Chaupari of Kushma-09. Patheshwori Mandir has many sub-temples inside like Ram Janaki Mandir, Bhagwati, Devi, Hanuman, and others. Alapeshwar cave is a cave in this district. It is also noted for the Dahere Deurali Temple, which is visited by thousands of pilgrims during Balachaturdanshai. Kamadhenu Mandir is another temple of Parbat district which is located in Khurkot development committee. Recently the Modi hydro project of 10 M.W. has been constructed in this district. Parbat's biggest playground lies in Phalewas village named Majhi Chour and Indra Chour.[citation needed]

Parbat District
Location of Parbat (dark yellow) in Gandaki Province
Location of Parbat (dark yellow) in Gandaki Province
Country   Nepal
ProvinceGandaki Province
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Parbat
 • Total494 km2 (191 sq mi)
 • Total145,586
 • Density290/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
Telephone Code067

Geography and climateEdit

Parbat district has diversified geographical features.[citation needed] It extends from 280 00’ 19" N to 280 23’ 59" N latitude and 830 33’ 40" E to 830 49’ 30" E longitude

Climate Zone[1] Elevation Range % of Area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.


At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Parbat District had a population of 146,590. Of these, 91.6% spoke Nepali, 4.1% Magar, 3.0% Gurung and 0.6% Newari as their first language.[2]

Historical population
Census yearPop.±% p.a.
1981 128,400—    
1991 143,547+1.12%
2001 157,826+0.95%
2011 146,590−0.74%
2021 132,703−0.99%
Source: Citypopulation[3]

Political divisionEdit

Entire Parbat district which had earlier 55 VDCs is now divided into 2 municipalities and 5 rural municipalities (gaunpalika) as listed below:

  1. Kushma Municipality
  2. Phalewas Municipality
  3. Jaljala rural municipality [1]
  4. Paiyun Rural Municipality
  5. Mahashila Rural Municipality
  6. Modi Rural Municipality
  7. Bihadi Rural Municipality

Village development committees (VDCs) and municipalitiesEdit

Map of the VDCs in Parbat District

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  2. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  3. ^ "NEPAL: Administrative Division".
"Districts of Nepal". Statoids.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 28°14′0″N 83°31′0″E / 28.23333°N 83.51667°E / 28.23333; 83.51667