Order of Carol I

The Order of Carol I (Romanian: Ordinul Carol I) was the highest ranking of the Romanian honours of the Kingdom of Romania until the abolition of the monarchy in 1947. It was instituted on 10 May 1906[1] by King Carol I to celebrate the Ruby Jubilee of 40 years of his reign.

Order of Carol I
Ordinul Carol I
Order of Carol I grand cross badge (Romania 1920-1930) - Tallinn Museum of Orders.jpg
Badge and sash of the order
Awarded by the King of Romania
TypeDynastic Order
Royal houseHouse of Romania
Religious affiliationRomanian Orthodox
RibbonPale blue with gold edges bearing a narrow red stripe
MottoPRIN STATORNICIE LA IZBÂNDĂ
("To Victory Through Steadiness")
Awarded forConspicuous and special merit
StatusCurrently constituted
GradesCollar, Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander
Precedence
Next (higher)None (highest)
Next (lower)Order of the Crown
OrderofCarolI.ribbon.gif
Ribbon of the order

During its time as a national order, it was widely used to reward members of the Romanian royal family, Romanian Prime Ministers, Romanian politicians, foreign monarchs and heads of state, selected consorts and heirs, and other people thought to be worthy of receiving the order by the King of Romania.

It is currently a dynastic order of the former Romanian royal family. It is the highest-ranking award among all the decorations of the Romanian Royal House and is administered by its head. There are currently no foreign knights or dames of the order, except for members of the Romanian royal family.

ClassesEdit

The order has only the superior classes, each of them with limited numbers:[2]

  • Collar (limited to 10)
  • Grand Cross (limited to 20)
  • Grand Officer (limited to 30)
  • Commander (limited to 40)

InsigniaEdit

CollarEdit

The Collar is in Gold and consists of 8 links of the emblems of the Danubian Principalities of The: Principality of Wallachia, Principality of Moldavia, Principality of Oltenia and Principality of Dobruja, 4 emblems on either side of the collar with 2 of the emblems of the House of Hohenzollern between each two Principalities; between each emblem is the monogram of King Carol I. At the back of the collar is the lock which is an Eagle with open wings which suspends in half to wear. At the front of the collar is the Steel Crown of Romania which the badge of the order suspends from.

BadgeEdit

  • The Badge is the Romanian Eagle on top of a square Gold sunray on top of a Red Maltese cross. The Eagle wears the Crown of Romania, holds the Orthodox cross in its beak, holds the Sword of King Carol I in its left claw, holds the Royal Mantle in its right claw and supports the ribbon inscribed "PRIN STATORNICIE LA IZBÂNDĂ" by both its claws whilst on its chest is a small Gold effigy of King Carol I.[3]

On the obverse is the Red Maltese cross on top of the Gold sunray, in the middle of the Maltese Cross is a small Gold monogram of King Carol I.

  • The Badge is featured on: The Collar, The Sash, The Medal and The Necklet.

StarsEdit

There are two types of stars of the order: 1st which is for the Grand Cross with Collar/Grand Cross and the 2nd which is for the Grand Officer; both are to worn on the left stomach.

  • The 1st Star is in Gold which is 8-pointed, set in sunray's and is similar in shape of the Swedish Royal Order of the Seraphim; the Eagle which is on the Badge is on top of the star and set in Silver.
  • The 2nd Star is also in Gold and also in sunray's, it is set in a Rhombus shape and is similar in shape of the Dutch Order of the Crown; the Eagle which is on the Badge is on top of the star and set in Gold.

SashEdit

The Sash is pale Blue with Gold edges bearing a narrow Red stripe; at the bottom of the sash is a bow which joins both sides together and where the badge hangs from; It is worn from the right shoulder.[4]

RecipientsEdit

Grand Cross with CollarEdit

Romanian royal family
Romania
Foreign

Grand CrossEdit

Romanian Royal Family
Romania
Foreign

Grand OfficerEdit

Romanian Royal Family
Romania

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ODM of Romania: Order of Carol I". medals.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  2. ^ "Cancelaria Ordinelor". canord.presidency.ro. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  3. ^ "Image: Order_of_Carol_I.jpg". commons.m.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  4. ^ "Image: Order-of-Carol-I-2.jpg, (402 × 455 px)". paulfrasercollectibles.com. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  5. ^ "Carol, the first King of Romania". robinsonlibrary.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  6. ^ Familia Regala
  7. ^ "Regina Maria catre printul Carol si capetele incoronate au slabiciuni | Romania Libera". romanialibera.ro. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  8. ^ "National Portrait Gallery - Large Image - NPG x121560; Prince Nicholas of Romania". npg.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  9. ^ a b c d e f , Current Recipients of the order
  10. ^ "Demnitari în cortegiul funerar | Fototeca Ortodoxiei Românești". fototecaortodoxiei.ro. Archived from the original on 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  11. ^ "Antique Photos - Antique Photos". antique-photos.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  12. ^ "Passenger List, White Star Line, Republic, 14 August 1907". gjenvick.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  13. ^ "The Royal House of Norway - The Decorations of King Haakon". royalcourt.no. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  14. ^ "Banca Naţională a României - Theodor Rosetti". bnr.ro. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  15. ^ "Duke Georg Alexander | House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz". mecklenburg-strelitz.org. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  16. ^ "Umberto II : Who, What, Where, When". servinghistory.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  17. ^ "https://www.ww2incolor.com/d/409882-4/1_002". ww2incolor.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06. External link in |title= (help)
  18. ^ Acović, Dragomir (2012). Slava i čast: Odlikovanja među Srbima, Srbi među odlikovanjima. Belgrade: Službeni Glasnik. p. 153.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  19. ^ "A patra zi a Jubileului 90 | Familia Regală a României / Royal Family of Romania". romaniaregala.ro. Retrieved 2015-09-06.

External linksEdit