Order of Michael the Brave

The Order of Michael the Brave (Romanian: Ordinul Mihai Viteazul) is Romania's highest military decoration, instituted by King Ferdinand I during the early stages of the Romanian Campaign of the First World War, and was again awarded in the Second World War. The Order, which may be bestowed either on an individual or on a whole unit, was named in honor of Michael the Brave (Mihai Viteazul), a late 16th-century Prince of Wallachia, Transylvania, and Moldavia.

Order of Michael the Brave
Ordinul Mihai Viteazul
Keerzijde van een modern kruis van de Orde van Michael de Dapppere.jpg
Awarded by The King of the Romanians
(1916 – 1947)
The President of Romania
(since 2000)
TypeMilitary Award
EligibilityMilitary personnel on active service
StatusAwarded only in time of war
Established1916, re-instituted 2000
First awarded1916
Last awarded1944 and disbanded in 1947
Next (higher)None (Highest)
Next (lower)Order of the Star of Romania
Order of Michael the Brave ribbon.svg
Ribbon of the Order of Michael the Brave


Requirements: Awarded to officers only for exceptional deeds on the battlefield. It is the highest ranking Romanian military order.
Classes: 3rd, 2nd and 1st
Date Instituted: September 26, 1916
Number awarded: 2184
During WW1:
1st class: 16
2nd class: 12
3rd class: 336 (of which 43 awarded to military units)
During WW2:
1st class: 15
2nd class: 76 (of which 13 awarded to military units)
3rd class: 1628 (of which 118 awarded to military units)
A 1941 war flag of the Knights of the Military Order "Mihai Viteazu" (Romania)


First ClassEdit

The First Class Insignia is referred to as a Grand Commander of the Order.

  • Special Class - During its time as an order of the Kingdom of Romania, this grade was only reserved for the Sovereign, who would receive the insignia of: Collar, Necklet, Medal and Star. Since the revival of the Order, the Grand Master (President of Romania) does not wear the Collar.
  • First Class - During the institution of the Order, this grade was awarded to members of the Romanian Royal Family who took part in active service within the military, Foreign Monarchs, Members of the Romanian Government and also people at the Sovereigns pleasure. Since its revival this grade has rarely been awarded.

Second ClassEdit

The Second Class Insignia of the Order is referred to as a Commander of the Order.

Third ClassEdit

The Third Class Insignia of the Order is referred to as an Officer of the Order. This grade was widely awarded rather than the higher grades.


Obverse of the modern (2000) third class order

During the Second World War, at a time when Romania was allied with Germany, the Order was awarded to several members of the military forces of other Axis Powers, many in the Wehrmacht:

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit