Constantin Coandă

Constantin Coandă (4 March 1857 – 30 September 1932)[1][2] was a Romanian soldier and politician.

Constantin Coandă
Constantin Coanda.jpg
Prime Minister of Romania
In office
24 October 1918 – 29 November 1918
MonarchFerdinand I of Romania
Preceded byAlexandru Marghiloman
Succeeded byIon I. C. Brătianu
President of the Senate of Romania
In office
22 June 1920 – 22 January 1922
MonarchFerdinand I of Romania
Preceded byPaul Bujor
Succeeded byMihail Pherekyde
In office
18 July 1926 – 5 June 1927
Preceded byConstantin I. Nicolaescu
Succeeded byConstantin I. Nicolaescu
Personal details
Born(1857-03-04)4 March 1857
Craiova, Wallachia
Died30 September 1932(1932-09-30) (aged 75)
Bucharest, Kingdom of Romania
SpouseAïda Danet
Children7 children (among them Henri Coandă)
Military service
Branch/serviceRomanian Land Forces
RankGeneral de corp de armată


Constantin Coandă was born in Craiova. He reached the rank of general in the Romanian Army, and later became a mathematics professor at the National School of Bridges and Roads in Bucharest. Among his seven children was Henri Coandă, the discoverer of the Coandă effect.

During World War I, for a short time (24 October – 29 November 1918), he was the Prime Minister of Romania[3] and the Foreign Affairs Minister. He participated in the signing of the Treaty of Neuilly between the Allies of World War I and Bulgaria.

On 8 December 1920, during his term as President of the Senate of Romania (representing Alexandru Averescu's People's Party), he was badly wounded by a bomb set up by the terrorist and anarchist Max Goldstein.

Military functionsEdit

  • Platoon commander in the 1st Artillery Regiment (1877 – 1883)
  • Positions in military education at the Bucharest School of Artillery, Engineering and Naval Officers and at the Superior School of War
  • Command and staff functions
  • Commander of the 2nd Artillery Regiment
  • Commander of the 5th Army Corps
  • Secretary General of the Ministry of War
  • Commander of the Bucharest Citadel
  • Military attaché in Berlin, Vienna and Paris
  • Director of the Artillery Department of the Ministry of War
  • Head of department in the General Staff
  • Inspector General of Artillery.

Other positionsEdit

  • Teacher at the Bucharest Bridge and Roads School
  • Delegate to the International Conference in The Hague
  • Military and diplomatic attaché near the Quarter of Tsar Nicholas II (1916 – 1918)
  • Minister of Industry (March 20 – July 14, 1926)
  • Minister Secretary of State (August 10, 1926 – June 4, 1927) .


  • Artillery Course (1884 – 1885)
  • Projectiles and Missiles (1884).


Constantin Coandă died on 30 September 1932, aged 75, in Bucharest.


  1. ^ Schimbam, Uniti (29 November 2018). "Evenimentele Zilei de 29 noiembrie în Istorie". Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  2. ^ Nicolae Titulescu (1994). Romania's foreign policy: 1937. Encyclopaedic Publishing House. p. 305. ISBN 978-973-45-0092-5.
  3. ^ Kurt W. Treptow; Centrul de Studii Românești̦ (1999). Romania During the World War I Era. Center for Romanian Studies. ISBN 9789739432016.