Open main menu

List of Prime Ministers of Romania

AffiliationsEdit

The political stance of prime ministers prior to the development of a modern party system is given by:

     C (Conservative)      MC (Moderate Conservative)
     RL (Radical Liberal)      ML (Moderate Liberal)

The political stance of prime ministers after the development of a modern party system is given by:

     PNL = National Liberal Party (historical)/(contemporary)      PC = Conservative Party
     PNR/PNȚ/PNȚCD = Romanian National Party/National Peasants' Party/Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party      PP = People's Party
     PCD = Conservative-Democratic Party      Ind. = Independent
     PND = Democratic Nationalist Party      PNC = National Christian Party
     FRN = National Renaissance Front
(from 1940 PN; Party of the Nation)
     FP = Ploughmen's Front
     PMR = Romanian Workers' Party
(from 1965 PCR; Romanian Communist Party)
     FSN/PD-L = National Salvation Front/Democratic Liberal Party
     PDSR = Party of Social Democracy in Romania
(from 2001 PSD; Social Democratic Party)
     Mil. = Military
     PSDR = Romanian Social Democratic Party

Interim officeholders are denoted by italics.

List of officeholdersEdit

From 1859 to 1862, the two Principalities had each its own Government, and a Cabinet, seated in Iași and Bucharest respectively. In 1862 Alexandru Ioan Cuza changed the Constitution and there appeared a single Government and Cabinet, seated in Bucharest.

PM
Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Election Term of office Party Cabinet Cab.
Took office Left office Time in office
United Principalities
Presidents of the Council of Ministers
1862–1881
1 Barbu Catargiu
(1807–1862)
  ? 15 February 1862 8 June 1862 113 days C B. Catargiu 1
Apostol Arsache
(1789–1869)
Acting Prime Minister
  8 June 1862 23 June 1862 15 days C
2 Nicolae Crețulescu
(1812–1900)
  24 June 1862 11 October 1863 1 year,

108 days

ML Crețulescu I 2
3 Mihail Kogălniceanu
(1817–1891)
  1864 11 October 1863 26 January 1865 1 year,

106 days

ML Kogălniceanu 3
4 Constantin Bosianu
(1815–1882)
  26 January 1865 14 June 1865 139 days ML Bosianu 4
(2) Nicolae Crețulescu
(1812–1900)
(2nd time)
  14 June 1865 11 February 1866 242 days ML Crețulescu II 5
5 Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
  Apr.1866 11 February 1866 10 May 1866 88 days ML I. Ghica I 6
6 Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
  11 May 1866 13 July 1866 63 days C L. Catargiu I 7
(5) Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
(2nd time)
  Nov.1866 15 July 1866 21 February 1867 221 days ML I. Ghica II 8
7 Constantin A. Crețulescu
(1809–1884)
  1 March 1867 4 August 1867 156 days RL C.A. Crețulescu 9
8 Ștefan Golescu
(1809–1874)
  26 November 1867 12 May 1868 168 days RL Ș. Golescu 10
9 Nicolae Golescu
(1810–1877)
  1 May 1868 15 November 1868 198 days RL N. Golescu 11
10 Dimitrie Ghica
(1816–1897)
  16 November 1868 27 January 1870 1 year,

71 days

MC D. Ghica 12
11 Alexandru G. Golescu
(1819–1881)
  1869 2 February 1870 18 April 1870 75 days ML A.G. Golescu 13
12 Manolache Costache Epureanu
(1823–1880)
  20 April 1870 14 December 1870 238 days C Epureanu I 14
(5) Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
(3rd time)
  18 December 1870 11 March 1871 83 days ML I. Ghica III 15
(6) Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
(2nd time)
  11 March 1871 30 March 1876 5 years,

19 days

C L. Catargiu II 16
13 Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
  4 April 1876 26 April 1876 22 days C Florescu I 17
(12) Manolache Costache Epureanu
(1823–1880)
(2nd time)
  6 May 1876 5 August 1876 91 days PNL Epureanu II 18
14 Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
  5 August 1876 24 November 1878 4 years,

221 days

PNL I. Brătianu I 19
25 November 1878 10 July 1879 I. Brătianu II 20
11 July 1879 13 March 1881 I. Brătianu III 21
Kingdom of Romania
Presidents of the Council of Ministers
1881–1947
14 Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
  13 March 1881 9 April 1881 27 days PNL I. Brătianu III 21
15 Dimitrie Brătianu
(1818–1892)
  10 April 1881 8 June 1881 59 days PNL D. Brătianu 22
(14) Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
(2nd time)
  9 June 1881 20 March 1888 6 years,

284 days

PNL I. Brătianu IV 23
16 Theodor Rosetti
(1837–1923)
  23 March 1888 11 November 1888 364 days PC Rosetti I 24
12 November 1888 22 March 1889 Rosetti II 25
(6) Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
(3rd time)
  29 March 1889 3 November 1889 219 days PC L. Catargiu III 26
17 Gheorghe Manu
(1833–1911)
  5 November 1889 15 February 1891 1 year,

101 days

PC Manu 27
(13) Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
(2nd time)
  2 March 1891 29 December 1891 302 days PC Florescu II 28
(6) Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
(4th time)
  29 December 1891 15 October 1895 3 years,

289 days

PC L. Catargiu IV 29
18 Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
  15 October 1895 2 December 1896 1 year,

47 days

PNL Sturdza I 30
19 Petre S. Aurelian
(1833–1909)
  2 December 1896 12 April 1897 131 days PNL Aurelian I 31
(18) Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
(2nd time)
  12 April 1897 23 April 1899 2 years,

11 days

PNL Sturdza II 32
20 Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino
(1833–1913)
  23 April 1899 19 July 1900 1 year,

86 days

PC Cantacuzino I 33
21 Petre P. Carp
(1837–1919)
  19 July 1900 13 February 1901 209 days PC Carp I 34
(18) Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
(3rd time)
  27 February 1901 4 January 1906 4 years,

312 days

PNL Sturdza III 35
(20) Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino
(1833–1913)
(2nd time)
  4 January 1906 24 March 1907 1 year

80 days

PC Cantacuzino II 36
(18) Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
(4th time)
  24 March 1907 9 January 1909 1 year,

289 days

PNL Sturdza IV 37
22 Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
  9 January 1909 4 March 1909 1 year,

353 days

PNL I.I.C. Brătianu I 38
4 March 1909 28 December 1910 I.I.C. Brătianu II 39
(21) Petre P. Carp
(1837–1919)
(2nd time)
  29 December 1910 28 March 1912 1 year,

88 days

PC Carp II 40
23 Titu Maiorescu
(1840–1917)
  28 March 1912 14 October 1912 1 year,

276 days

PC Maiorescu I 41
14 October 1912 31 December 1913 Maiorescu II 42
(22) Ion I. C. Brătianu[a]
(1864–1927)
(2nd time)
  4 January 1914 10 December 1916 4 years,

24 days

PNL I.I.C. Brătianu III 43
11 December 1916 28 January 1918 I.I.C. Brătianu IV 44
24 Alexandru Averescu[a]
(1859–1938)
  29 January 1918 4 March 1918 34 days Mil. Averescu I 45
25 Alexandru Marghiloman[a]
(1854–1925)
  5 March 1918 23 October 1918 232 days PC Marghiloman 46
26 Constantin Coandă[a]
(1857–1932)
  24 October 1918 29 November 1918 36 days Mil. Coandă 47
(22) Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
(3rd time)
  29 November 1918 26 September 1919 301 days PNL I.I.C. Brătianu V 48
27 Artur Văitoianu
(1864–1956)
  27 September 1919 30 November 1919 64 days Mil. Văitoianu 49
28 Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
  1919 1 December 1919 12 March 1920 102 days PNR Vaida I 50
(24) Alexandru Averescu
(1859–1938)
(2nd time)
  1920 13 March 1920 16 December 1921 1 year,

276 days

PP Averescu II 51
29 Take Ionescu
(1858–1922)
  17 December 1921 19 January 1922 33 days PCD Ionescu I 52
(22) Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
(4th time)
  1922 19 January 1922 29 March 1926 4 years,

70 days

PNL I.I.C. Brătianu VI 53
(24) Alexandru Averescu
(1859–1938)
(3rd time)
  1926 30 March 1926 4 June 1927 1 year,

65 days

PP Averescu III 54
30 Barbu Știrbey
(1873–1946)
  4 June 1927 20 June 1927 16 days Ind. Știrbey 55
(22) Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
(5th time)
  1927 21 June 1927 24 November 1927 156 days PNL I.I.C. Brătianu VII 56
31 Vintilă Brătianu
(1867–1930)
  24 November 1927 9 November 1928 351 days PNL V. Brătianu 57
32 Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
  1928 10 November 1928 6 June 1930 1 year,

209 days

PNȚ Maniu I 58
33 Gheorghe Mironescu
(1874–1949)
  7 June 1930 12 June 1930 5 days PNȚ Mironescu I 59
(32) Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
(2nd time)
  13 June 1930 9 October 1930 118 days PNȚ Maniu II 60
(33) Gheorghe Mironescu
(1874–1949)
(2nd time)
  10 October 1930 17 April 1931 189 days PNȚ Mironescu II 61
34 Nicolae Iorga
(1871–1940)
  1931 18 April 1931 5 June 1932 1 year,

48 days

PND Iorga 62
(28) Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
(2nd time)
  1932 6 June 1932 10 August 1932 135 days PNȚ Vaida II 63
11 August 1932 19 October 1932 Vaida III 64
(32) Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
(3rd time)
  20 October 1932 13 January 1933 85 days PNȚ Maniu III 65
(28) Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
(3rd time)
  14 January 1933 13 November 1933 303 days PNȚ Vaida IV 66
35 Ion G. Duca
(1879–1933)
  1933 14 November 1933 29 December 1933 45 days PNL Duca 67
Constantin Angelescu
(1870–1948)
Acting Prime Minister
  29 December 1933 3 January 1934 5 days PNL
36 Gheorghe Tătărescu
(1886–1957)
  4 January 1934 1 October 1934 3 years,

359 days

PNL Tătărescu I 68
2 October 1934 28 August 1936 Tătărescu II 69
29 August 1936 14 November 1937 Tătărescu III 70
17 November 1937 28 December 1937 Tătărescu IV 71
37 Octavian Goga
(1881–1938)
  1937 29 December 1937 10 February 1938 43 days PNC Goga 72
38 Patriarch Miron Cristea
(1868–1939)
  11 February 1938 29 March 1938 1 year,

23 days

Ind. Cristea I 73
30 March 1938 31 January 1939 Cristea II 74
1 February 1939 6 March 1939 Cristea III 75
39 Armand Călinescu
(1893–1939)
  1939 7 March 1939 21 September 1939 198 days FRN Călinescu 76
40 Gheorghe Argeșanu
(1883–1940)
  21 September 1939 28 September 1939 7 days Mil. Argeșanu 77
41 Constantin Argetoianu
(1871–1955)
  28 September 1939 23 November 1939 56 days FRN Argetoianu 78
(36) Gheorghe Tătărescu
(1886–1957)
(2nd time)
  24 November 1939 10 May 1940 222 days FRN Tătărescu V 79
11 May 1940 3 July 1940 Tătărescu VI 80
42 Ion Gigurtu
(1886–1959)
  4 July 1940 4 September 1940 62 days FRN Gigurtu 81
43 Ion Antonescu[b]
(1882–1946)
  4 September 1940 14 September 1940 3 years,

353 days

Mil. Antonescu I 82
14 September 1940 24 January 1941 Antonescu II 83
27 January 1941 23 August 1944 Antonescu III 84
44 Constantin Sănătescu
(1885–1947)
  23 August 1944 3 November 1944 104 days Mil. Sănătescu I 85
4 November 1944 5 December 1944 Sănătescu II 86
45 Nicolae Rădescu
(1874–1953)
  6 December 1944 28 February 1945 84 days Mil. Rădescu 87
46 Petru Groza
(1884–1958)
  6 March 1945 30 November 1946 2 years,

296 days

FP Groza I 88
1946 1 December 1946 29 December 1947 Groza II 89
Romanian People's Republic/Socialist Republic of Romania
Presidents of the Council of Ministers (informally Prime Ministers)
1947–1989
46 Petru Groza
(1884–1958)
  30 December 1947 14 April 1948 4 years,

155 days

FP Groza III 90
1948 15 April 1948 2 June 1952 Groza IV 91
47 Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
(1901–1965)
  2 June 1952 28 January 1953 2 years,

123 days

PMR Gheorghiu-Dej I 92
1952 28 January 1953 4 October 1955 Gheorghiu-Dej II 93
48 Chivu Stoica
(1908–1975)
  4 October 1955 19 March 1957 5 years,

168 days

PMR Stoica I 94
1957 20 March 1957 20 March 1961 Stoica II 95
49 Ion Gheorghe Maurer
(1902–2000)
  1961 21 March 1961 17 March 1965 12 years,

340 days

PCR Maurer I 96
1965 18 March 1965 20 August 1965 Maurer II 97
21 August 1965 8 December 1967 Maurer III 98
9 December 1967 12 March 1969 Maurer IV 99
1969 13 March 1969 27 February 1974 Maurer V 100
50 Manea Mănescu
(1916–2009)
  27 February 1974 18 March 1975 5 years,

33 days

PCR Mănescu I 101
1975 18 March 1975 30 March 1979 Mănescu II 102
51 Ilie Verdeț
(1925–2001)
  30 March 1979 29 March 1980 3 years,

50 days

PCR Verdeț I 103
1980 29 March 1980 20 May 1982 Verdeț II 104
52 Constantin Dăscălescu
(1923–2003)
  21 May 1982 28 March 1985 7 years,

214 days

PCR Dăscălescu I 105
1985 29 March 1985 22 December 1989 Dăscălescu II 106
Romania since 1989
Council of the National Salvation Front
de facto
  22 December 1989 26 December 1989 4 days FSN Provisional
53 Petre Roman[c]
(born 1946)
  26 December 1989 28 June 1990 1 years,

325 days

FSN Roman I 107
1990 28 June 1990 30 April 1991 Roman II 108
30 April 1991 16 October 1991 Roman III 109
54 Theodor Stolojan
(born 1943)
  16 October 1991 19 November 1992 1 year,

3 days

Ind. Stolojan I 110
55 Nicolae Văcăroiu
(born 1943)
  1992 19 November 1992 11 December 1996 4 years,

22 days

PDSR Văcăroiu I 111
56 Victor Ciorbea
(born 1954)
  1996 12 December 1996 30 March 1998 1 year,

109 days

PNȚCD Ciorbea I 112
Gavril Dejeu
(born 1932)
Acting Prime Minister
  30 March 1998 17 April 1998 18 days PNȚCD
57 Radu Vasile
(1942–2013)
  17 April 1998 13 December 1999 1 year,

239 days

PNȚCD Vasile I 113
Alexandru Athanasiu
(born 1955)
Acting Prime Minister
13 December 1999 22 December 1999 9 days PSDR
58 Mugur Isărescu
(born 1949)
  22 December 1999 28 December 2000 1 year,

6 days

Ind. Isărescu I 114
59 Adrian Năstase
(born 1950)
  2000 28 December 2000 21 December 2004 3 years,

358 days

PSD Năstase I 115
Eugen Bejinariu
(born 1959)
Acting Prime Minister
  21 December 2004 28 December 2004 7 days PSD
60 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
(born 1952)
  2004 29 December 2004 5 April 2007 3 years,

358 days

PNL Tăriceanu I 116
5 April 2007 22 December 2008 Tăriceanu II 117
61 Emil Boc
(born 1966)
  2008 22 December 2008 23 December 2009 3 years,

45 days

PDL Boc Cabinets 118
23 December 2009 6 February 2012 119
Cătălin Predoiu
(born 1968)
Acting Prime Minister
  6 February 2012 9 February 2012 3 days Ind.
62 Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu
(born 1968)
  9 February 2012 7 May 2012 88 days Ind. Ungureanu 120
63 Victor Ponta
(born 1972)
  7 May 2012 21 December 2012 3 years,

45 days

PSD Ponta I 121
2012 21 December 2012 26 February 2014 Ponta II 122
5 March 2014 17 December 2014 Ponta III 123
17 December 2014 22 June 2015 Ponta IV 124
Gabriel Oprea
(born 1961)
Acting Prime Minister
  22 June 2015 9 July 2015 17 days UNPR
(63) Victor Ponta
(born 1972)
  9 July 2015 29 July 2015 20 days PSD
Gabriel Oprea
(born 1961)
Acting Prime Minister
  29 July 2015 10 August 2015 12 days UNPR
(63) Victor Ponta
(born 1972)
  10 August 2015 5 November 2015 87 days PSD
Sorin Cîmpeanu
(born 1968)
Acting Prime Minister
  5 November 2015 17 November 2015 12 days ALDE
64 Dacian Cioloș
(born 1969)
  17 November 2015 4 January 2017 1 year,

48 days

Ind. Cioloș 125
65 Sorin Grindeanu
(born 1973)
  2016 4 January 2017 29 June 2017 176 days PSD Grindeanu 126
66 Mihai Tudose
(born 1967)
  29 June 2017 16 January 2018 201 days, PSD Tudose 127
Mihai Fifor
(born 1970)
Acting Prime Minister
  16 January 2018 29 January 2018 13 days PSD
67 Viorica Dăncilă
(born 1963)
  29 January 2018 4 November 2019 1 year, 236 days PSD Dăncilă 128
68 Ludovic Orban
(born 1963)
  4 November 2019 present PNL Orban 129

Romania used the Julian calendar prior to 1919, but all dates are given in the Gregorian calendar.

TimelineEdit

19th centuryEdit

Petre P. CarpGheorghe Grigore CantacuzinoDimitrie SturdzaPetre S. AurelianDimitrie SturdzaLascăr CatargiuIon Emanuel FlorescuGheorghe ManuLascăr CatargiuTheodor RosettiIon BrătianuDimitrie BrătianuIon BrătianuManolache Costache EpureanuIon Emanuel FlorescuLascăr CatargiuIon GhicaManolache Costache EpureanuAlexandru G. GolescuDimitrie GhicaNicolae GolescuȘtefan GolescuConstantin A. CrețulescuIon GhicaLascăr CatargiuIon GhicaNicolae CrețulescuConstantin BosianuMihail KogălniceanuNicolae CrețulescuApostol ArsacheBarbu Catargiu 

20th centuryEdit

Adrian NăstaseMugur IsărescuAlexandru AthanasiuRadu VasileGavril DejeuVictor CiorbeaNicolae VăcăroiuTheodor StolojanPetre RomanConstantin DăscălescuIlie VerdețManea MănescuIon Gheorghe MaurerChivu StoicaGheorghe Gheorghiu-DejPetru GrozaNicolae RădescuConstantin SănătescuIon AntonescuIon GigurtuGheorghe TătărescuConstantin ArgetoianuGheorghe ArgeșanuArmand CălinescuMiron CristeaOctavian GogaGheorghe TătărescuConstantin AnghelescuIon G. DucaAlexandru Vaida-VoevodIuliu ManiuAlexandru Vaida-VoevodNicolae IorgaGheorghe MironescuIuliu ManiuGheorghe MironescuIuliu ManiuVintilă BrătianuIon I. C. BrătianuBarbu ŞtirbeyAlexandru AverescuIon I. C. BrătianuTake IonescuAlexandru AverescuAlexandru Vaida-VoevodArtur VăitoianuIon I. C. BrătianuConstantin CoandăAlexandru MarghilomanAlexandru AverescuIon I. C. BrătianuTitu MaiorescuPetre P. CarpIon I. C. BrătianuDimitrie SturdzaGheorghe Grigore CantacuzinoDimitrie SturdzaPetre P. Carp 

21st centuryEdit

Ludovic OrbanViorica DăncilăMihai FiforMihai TudoseSorin GrindeanuDacian CioloșSorin CîmpeanuVictor PontaMihai Răzvan UngureanuCătălin PredoiuEmil BocCălin Popescu-TăriceanuEugen BejinariuAdrian Năstase 

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Due to World War I, served in refuge at Iași, 3 December 1916 – 29 November 1918
  2. ^ From 14 September 1940, styled Conducător
  3. ^ Interim until 20 June 1990, following elections

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Nicolae C. Nicolescu, Șefii de stat și de guvern ai României (1859–2003), Editura Meronia, Bucharest, 2003
  • Stelian Neagoe, Istoria guvernelor României de la începuturi – 1859 până în zilele noastre – 1995, Editura Machiavelli, Bucharest, 1995

External linksEdit