Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden
|Grand Duke of Baden|
|Reign||22 January 1858 – 28 September 1907|
|Born||9 September 1826|
|Died||28 September 1907 (aged 81)|
Princess Louise of Prussia (m. 1856)
|Father||Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden|
|Mother||Sophie of Sweden|
Frederick was born in Karlsruhe on 9 September 1826. He was the third son of Grand Duke Leopold (1790–1852) and of his wife, Grand Duchess Sophie (1801–1865), who was born Princess of Sweden, daughter of King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden.
He became the heir presumptive to the Grand Duchy upon the death of his father in 1852 and the accession of his brother as Grand Duke Louis II. Due to his brother's mental ill-health, he was regent ad interim of Baden in 1852–1855, and took the title of Grand Duke in 1856. His brother, Louis II, died in 1858. He was considered a relatively liberal supporter of a constitutional monarchy. During his reign the option of civil marriages was introduced in Baden as well as direct elections to the Lower House of the Parliament of Baden in 1904.
The Grand Duke had a pivotal role in the history of the Zionist movement. In 1896 the Grand Duke met Theodor Herzl (the founder of political Zionism) via their mutual acquaintance the reverend William Hechler, and helped Herzl in obtaining an audience with his nephew, Wilhelm II, German Emperor. After some persuasion on the part of the Grand Duke, the Emperor accepted the appeal for an audience. It took place in Palestine on 2 November 1898, during the Kaiser's visit to inaugurate the Church of the Redeemer, Jerusalem.
Frederick I was present at the proclamation of the German Empire at Versailles in 1871, as he was the only son-in-law of the Emperor and one of the reigning sovereigns of Germany. He died at his summer residence at the island of Mainau in southern Germany on 28 September 1907. Today, Mainau is owned by the Lennart Bernadotte Foundation, created by Frederick's great-grandson Count Lennart Bernadotte, (1909–2004).
- 9 September 1826: His Grand Ducal Highness Prince Frederick of Baden
- 24 April 1852: His Grand Ducal Highness The Prince Regent of Baden
- 22 January 1858: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Baden
- Austria: Grand Cross, Order of St. Stephen of Hungary, 1849
- Bavaria: Knight of St. Hubert
- Belgium: Grand Cordon, Royal Order of Leopold, 1845
- Denmark: Knight of the Elephant, 24 April 1877
- Italy: Knight of the Annunciation
- Prussia: Knight of the Black Eagle
- Spain: Knight of the Golden Fleece, 1878
- Siam: Knight, Order of the Royal House of Chakri, 1899
- United Kingdom: Knight of the Garter, 20 September 1906
- The Statesman's year-book. Palgrave. Harvard University. 1868. pp. 201–202.
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- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
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- Jørgen Pedersen (2009). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559–2009 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. p. 463. ISBN 9788776744342.
- "Toison Espagnole (Spanish Fleece) – 19th century" (in French), Chevaliers de la Toison D'or. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
- "440 (Sveriges statskalender / 1905)". runeberg.org (in Swedish). Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "595-596 (Norges Statskalender / 1890)". runeberg.org (in Norwegian). Retrieved 6 January 2018.
- "525 (Sveriges statskalender / 1905)". runeberg.org (in Swedish). Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "The London Gazette, Issue: 27959 Page: 7015". The London Gazette. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
Frederick I, Grand Duke of BadenBorn: 9 September 1826 Died: 28 September 1907
| Grand Duke of Baden