|Grand Duke of Baden|
|Reign||23 January 1858 – 28 September 1907|
|Born||9 September 1826|
Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden
|Died||28 September 1907 (aged 81)|
Mainau, Grand Duchy of Baden
|Father||Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden|
|Mother||Princess Sophie of Sweden|
Frederick was born in Karlsruhe, Baden, on 9 September 1826. He was the third son of Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden and Princess Sophie of Sweden. He became the heir presumptive to the grand duchy upon the death of his father in 1852 and the accession of his brother as Grand Duke Louis II. Due to his brother's mental ill-health, he was regent ad interim of Baden in 1852–1855, and took the title of grand duke in 1856. His brother, Louis II, died in 1858. He was considered a relatively liberal supporter of a constitutional monarchy. During his reign the option of civil marriages was introduced in Baden as well as direct elections to the Lower House of the Parliament of Baden in 1904.
Frederick I had a pivotal role in the history of the Zionist movement. In 1896 he met Theodor Herzl (the founder of political Zionism) via their mutual acquaintance the reverend William Hechler, and helped Herzl in obtaining an audience with his nephew Wilhelm II, German Emperor. After some persuasion on the part of the grand duke, the emperor accepted the appeal for an audience. It took place in Palestine on 2 November 1898, during the emperor's visit to inaugurate the Church of the Redeemer, Jerusalem.
Frederick I was present at the proclamation of the German Empire at Versailles in 1871, as he was the only son-in-law of the emperor and one of the reigning sovereigns of Germany. He died at his summer residence at the island of Mainau in southern Germany on 28 September 1907. Today, Mainau is owned by the Lennart Bernadotte Foundation, created by Frederick's great-grandson Count Lennart Bernadotte, (1909–2004).
- German honours
- Anhalt: Grand Cross of the Order of Albert the Bear, 1889
- Bavaria: Knight of St. Hubert, 1852
- Brunswick: Grand Cross of the Order of Henry the Lion
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, September 1844
- Hesse and by Rhine: Grand Cross of the Ludwig Order, 24 September 1843
- Hohenzollern: Cross of Honour of the Princely House Order of Hohenzollern, 1st Class
- Nassau: Knight of the Gold Lion of Nassau, June 1860
- Oldenburg: Grand Cross of the Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, with Golden Crown, 17 May 1852
- Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Grand Cross of the White Falcon, 6 August 1853
- Saxony: Knight of the Rue Crown, 1853
- Schaumburg-Lippe: Military Merit Medal
- Württemberg: Grand Cross of the Württemberg Crown, 1846
- Foreign honours
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold, 12 May 1845
- Brazil: Grand Cross of the Southern Cross
- Denmark: Knight of the Elephant, 24 April 1877
- France: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, September 1846
- Greece: Grand Cross of the Redeemer
- Hawaii: Grand Cross of the Order of Kamehameha I
- Italy: Knight of the Annunciation, with Collar, 9 November 1864
- Japan: Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum, 5 June 1906
- Monaco: Grand Cross of St. Charles, 19 October 1869
- Montenegro: Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Danilo I
- Siam: Knight of the Order of the Royal House of Chakri, with Collar, 5 October 1897
- Tunisia: Husainid House Order, in Diamonds
- United Kingdom: Stranger Knight of the Garter, 20 September 1906
|Ancestors of Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden|
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