Old Stock Americans
Old Stock Americans, Old Pioneer Stock, or Anglo-Americans are people who are descended from the original settlers of the Thirteen Colonies, of mostly Northwestern European ancestry, who immigrated in the 17th and the 18th centuries.
|Regions with significant populations|
|Christianity (primarily Protestantism)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Old Stock Canadians, British, French, Dutch, Germans, and Irish|
An American identity was formed in the Thirteen Colonies because of intermarriage between different ethnic groups, such as the English, French Huguenots, Ulster Scots, Dutch, Swedes, Welsh, and Germans and its distance from Britain.
Up until the late 20th century, Old Stock Americans dominated American culture and politics. Thousands of Germans and Irish immigrated to the United States during the 19th century and were met with strong opposition from the majority Protestant Old Stock, who were anti-immigration and anti-Catholic. The famous Know Nothing Party and the Ku Klux Klan were dominated by Old Stock Americans who believed Catholic immigrants were a threat to traditional American republican values and were loyal to the Papacy. Many Old Stock Americans supported Prohibition in the early 20th century.
Old Stock Americans were major proponents of eugenics, as they believed that they were part of a genetically superior "Nordic race." Many Old Stock believed in racial suicide, as thousands of European immigrants were coming in droves to the United States and they feared they would be out-bred.
Regardless of ancestral origin, English-speaking, native-born White Americans, were referred to as Anglos or Native Americans (Not to be confused with Indigenous Americans). American settlers arriving in droves to the newly acquired, formerly Spanish, French, and Mexican colonies, whether they were native born or immigrants from the British Isles, were labelled as "Anglos", especially if they did not assimilate into the cultures that inhabited the area for centuries.
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