Old Stock Americans
Old Stock Americans, Old Pioneer Stock, or Anglo-Americans are people who are descended from the original settlers of the Thirteen Colonies, of mostly Northwestern European ancestry, who immigrated in the 17th and the 18th centuries.
|Regions with significant populations|
|Christianity (primarily Protestantism)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Old Stock Canadians, British, French, Dutch, Germans, and Irish|
An American identity was formed in the Thirteen Colonies because of intermarriage between different ethnic groups, such as the English, French Huguenots, Ulster Scots, Dutch, Swedes, Welsh, and Germans and its distance from Britain.
Up until the late 20th century, Old Stock Americans dominated American culture and politics. Thousands of Germans and Irish immigrated to the United States during the 19th century and were met with strong opposition from the majority Protestant Old Stock, who were anti-immigration and anti-Catholic. The famous Know Nothing Party and the Ku Klux Klan were dominated by Old Stock Americans who believed Catholic immigrants were a threat to traditional American republican values and were loyal to the Papacy. Many Old Stock Americans supported Prohibition in the early 20th century.
Old Stock Americans were major proponents of eugenics, as they believed that they were part of a genetically superior "Nordic race". Many Old Stock believed in racial suicide, as thousands of European immigrants were coming in droves to the United States and they feared they would be out-bred.
Regardless of ancestral origin, English-speaking, native-born White Americans, were referred to as Anglos or Native Americans (not to be confused with Indigenous Americans). American settlers arriving in droves to the newly acquired, formerly Spanish, French, and Mexican colonies, whether they were native born or immigrants from the British Isles, were labelled as "Anglos", especially if they did not assimilate into the cultures that inhabited the area for centuries.
- Greenblatt, Alan. "The End Of WASP-Dominated Politics". npr.org. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- "Boundless U.S. History: Immigration". Boundless.com. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- Brookhiser, Richard. "Way of the Wasp: How It Made America, and How It Can Save It, So to Speak". Free Pr. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- "English Immigration to America". Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- McClymer, John F. "The KKK in the 1920s". Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- Limerick, Patricia Nelson. "The Legacy of Conquest: The Unbroken Past of the American West". W.W. Norton Company. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- Hirschman, C. "Immigration and the American century". Demography. 42: 595–620. PMID 16463913. doi:10.1353/dem.2005.0031.
- Khan, Razib. "Don't count old stock Anglo-America out". Discover Magazine. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- "What Is the American?". U.S. History. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- "The Middle Colonies". ushistory.org. The Independence Hall Association.
- de Crevecoeur, J. Hector St. John. "Letters from an American Farmer". Davies and Davis. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- Oyangen, K. "Immigrant Identities in the Rural Midwest, 1830--1925". Iowa State University. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Lichtman, Alan J. "Prejudice and the Old Politics: The Presidential Election of 1928". Lexington Books. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Byrne, Julie. "Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America". National Humanities Center. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Bill. "AN ANTI-CATHOLIC LAW’S TROUBLING LEGACY". Catholic League. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- "The Know Nothing Party". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Berkin; Miller; Cherny; Gormly. Making America (6th ed.). Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Endres, Fr. David J. "Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones: The History of Anti-Catholic Violence in the U.S.". Homiletic and Pastoral Review. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Lichtman, Alan J. "Prejudice and the Old Politics: The Presidential Election of 1928". Iowa University Press. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- Hochman, Adam. "Race suicide". Eugenics Archive.
- "Anglo-Americans - Know Louisiana".