Monday, November 1Edit
- Dr. Alfredo Zayas was elected President of Cuba, defeating the Liberal candidate, former president José Miguel Gómez.
- On the eve of the U.S. presidential election, the father of candidate Warren G. Harding went to the press to deny rumors that candidate Harding had African-American ancestry. Dr. George Tryon Harding went into downtown Marion, Ohio, and angrily confronted Probate Judge William S. Spencer, accusing him of circulating a photo and literature that said that Dr. Harding's father was African-American. Judge Spencer executed an affidavit, denying that he had contributed to the rumor, before Dr. Harding apologized.
- Employees of the Faxton Hospital in Utica, New York, made a desperate search of sewer lines near the serving the institution, hoping to find one milligram of radium that Dr. George Fletcher had applied, in a small vial under a bandage, to a female patient as a means of treating breast cancer". The unidentified patient was irritated by the burning of the radium, went into a bathroom and flushed the vial and its radioactive material, valued at $13,000 at the time, down a toilet. Despite the excavation of the sewer system, there was no subsequent report of the recovery of the radium.
- Born: James J. Kilpatrick, American journalist and conservative TV commentator for 60 Minutes; in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 2010)
- Died: Kevin Barry, 18, Irish republican convicted in a military tribunal for the September murder of three British soldiers, was hanged at Mountjoy Jail in Dublin, sparking outrage in Ireland over the execution of a teenager. Barry's hanging, shortly after 7:00 in the morning, was "the first execution that has taken place in connection with Sinn Fein disturbances."; in 14 attacks across Ireland later in the day, six policemen were killed in reprisal for Barry's death. In a ceremony in Dublin almost 80 years later, Barry and nine other celebrated martyrs in the Irish War of Independence, would be disinterred from the grounds of Mountjoy and buried with full state honors at Glasnevin Cemetery.
Tuesday, November 2Edit
- Ohio U.S. Senator Warren G. Harding, the Republican nominee, was elected President of the United States in a landslide, winning more than 60% of the vote and 404 electoral votes compared to 127 for Ohio Governor James M. Cox, and almost 17 million popular votes to Cox's 9 million. Although Governor Cox did not make a comment, the newspaper that he owned, the Dayton News, printed an extra edition at 11:00 pm with the headline "Republican Landslide; Harding Wins". In the U.S. House of Representatives, the balance was 307 Republicans against only 127 Democrats, and the Republicans' slim 49 to 47 majority in the U.S. Senate increased to 59 to 37.
- The first licensed commercial radio station in the U.S., KDKA-AM of Pittsburgh, made its debut by broadcasting news updates of the presidential and other elections with a speed unmatched by printed news. "Those results were borrowed from a newspaper but", a historian would later write, "for individuals with a radio receiver, managed to arrive much more rapidly." The Westinghouse Electric Company, owner of KDKA, had been transmitting instructions for two weeks before the election With Leo Rosenberg as the anchorman for the broadcast, the results could be picked up by wireless receivers within a 500 miles (800 km) radius of Pittsburgh Although KDKA would be the lone U.S. radio station for ten months, 30 stations would be broadcasting by 1922 and over 500 by 1924.
- Alice Robertson of Oklahoma, a Republican, was elected as the U.S. Representative for 2nd congressional district in the northeastern part of that state, defeating incumbent Democrat William W. Hastings. Robertson was only the second woman to serve in Congress, after Jeannette Rankin had been elected in Montana in 1916.
- Referenda were held in towns across Scotland on the issue of whether to ban the sale of liquor, with 18 districts banning the sale, 24 restricting sale of certain types of alcohol, and 149 staying "wet".
- The Ocoee massacre began at the black community of Ocoee, Florida, when a white mob carried out the murder of six African Americans after two white men were shot to death while trying to arrest Jules Perry, a black man who had attempted to vote earlier in the day but was denied on grounds that he hadn't paid the poll tax. The white mob then burned down the house from which the shots had been fired to kill the white vigilantes, killing the five men inside. Perry was then taken from the city jail and lynched.
- Born: Rocco Morabito, Pulitzer Prize-winning photographer; in Port Chester, New York (d. 2009)
- Louise Imogen Guiney, 58, American poet
- James Daly, 22, Irish nationalist and British Army lieutenant with the Connaught Rangers in British India, was executed by a firing squad after his court-martial conviction of mutiny. Private Daly remains the last of member of the British armed forces to be executed for mutiny.
Wednesday, November 3Edit
- After the initial killing of six African-Americans, the Ocoee massacre continued as the Ku Klux Klan returned to burn the homes of other black residents of the town of Ocoee, Florida, near Orlando. Estimates range from 50 to 65 additional murders of black residents in the northern section of town until dawn. In the aftermath, black residents in the southern section were intimidated into moving away.
- With a 75 percent vote necessary to continue plans for a strike, British coal miners fell short, rejecting a proposed settlement by only a small majority.
- The Inter-Allied Control Commission met at Munich to request that Bavaria disarm its militia detachments.
- Born: Oodgeroo Noonuccal, aboriginal Australian poet and activist; as Kathleen Jean Mary Ruska on Stradbroke Island, Queensland (d. 1993)
- Died: U.S. Navy Commander Warren Terhune, 51, Governor of American Samoa, committed suicide by shooting himself in the chest at his residence in the Government House at Tutuila, after a formal complaint was filed with the U.S. Secretary of the Navy regarding his administration of the American territory.
Thursday, November 4Edit
- The capsizing of the Philippines steamer San Basilio killed 44 of the 64 people on board as the ship was trying to anchor off of the island of Leyte during a typhoon. Although some of the 44 drowned while trying to swim to one of the lifeboats of San Basilio, others were killed by sharks before they could reach safety.
- Deutsche Bank announced that its capital had increased from 275 million to 400 million marks in the two years since the end of World War One, and that it would use the capital to buy three other banks in Germany, the Gothaer Privatbank, Hannoversche Bank and Braunschweigische Bank
- Former Vermont Governor Horace F. Graham, convicted of embezzlement of state funds while he had served as State Auditor, was sentenced to five years at hard labor in the state penitentiary. Two hours later, incumbent Governor Percival W. Clement issued Graham a pardon for all crimes.
- Died: Ludwig von Struve, 62, German astronomer
Friday, November 5Edit
- At a press conference at the crowded ballroom of the Hotel Claridge in New York City, world heavyweight boxing champion Jack Dempsey and world light heavyweight champion and European heavyweight champ Georges Carpentier formally signed a contract to face each other in an eagerly-anticipated "Fight of the Century". Each fighter would receive an unprecedented amount of money — $500,000 (equivalent to $6.8 million in 2020). The date and location of the bout remained to be negotiated, but it would eventually take place on July 2, 1921, in Jersey City, New Jersey.
- Born: Douglass North, American economist and 1993 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences laureate; in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2015)
Saturday, November 6Edit
- The Princeton University Tigers, who claim a share of the mythical college football championship for 1920, suffered the only blemish in a season of six wins and no losses after the unbeaten Harvard Crimson overcame a 14–7 deficit in the final minute to tie the game, 14 to 14. Princeton finished with a 6-0-1 record and outscored its opponents, 144 points to 23. The other claimant, the California Golden Bears, scored 510 points to its opponents 14, had a record of 9-0-0 with six shutouts, including its postseason Rose Bowl win against unbeaten Ohio State University.
Sunday, November 7Edit
- Under the command of General Mikhail Frunze, 135,000 Soviet troops began a 10-day final offensive to end the Southern Front of the Russian Civil War and driving the rebel White Army from the Crimean peninsula. By November 13, General Pyotr Wrangel and most of his other White Army subordinates and soldiers began a desperate evacuation of from Sevastopol, Yalta and other ports before the Soviets arrived on November 16.
- The Soviet Union celebrated the third anniversary of the October Revolution with the first staging of mass theatrical production, The Storming of the Winter Palace (Vziatie zhmnego dvorsta), with 8,000 participants directed by Nikolai Evreinov for an audience of 100,000 spectators in at the square in front of the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg.
- Died: Samuel Meltzer, 69, American physiologist
Monday, November 8Edit
- After the clubs within the two 8-team major baseball leagues could not agree on whether to have a powerful executive to control the sport, the peaceful coexistence of baseball's American League and National League came to an end. Three AL teams (the Red Sox, White Sox and Yankees), opposed to AL President Ban Johnson, broke with the other five and agreed a plan to organize a new 12-team National League— composed of two franchises each in Boston (Braves and Red Sox), New York (Giants and Yankees), Chicago (Cubs and White Sox), the remaining five other NL teams (Brooklyn Dodgers, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, St. Louis Cardinals and Philadelphia Phillies), as New York, Chicago and Boston AL franchises jumped to the National League. A 12th team was to be selected before the 1921 baseball season. The American League announced that it would operate in 1921 as a six team circuit, consisting of the Cleveland Indians, Detroit Tigers, Philadelphia Athletics, St. Louis Browns, Washington Senators and a new Boston Americans franchise.
- The popular British comic strip Rupert Bear, by Mary Tourtel, made its debut as a feature in the London newspaper, the Daily Express
- The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that private stocks of liquor could be moved and stored by their owners without violating the 18th Amendment.
- Saint Nectarios of Aegina (Anastasios Kephalas), 74, Eastern Orthodox Metropolitan bishop. He was recognized as a saint in 1961. "Patriarchate of Alexandria: Year 2020 will be dedicated to St. Nectarios"
- Abraham Kuyper, 83, Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1901 to 1905
Tuesday, November 9Edit
- At Paris, representatives of the Poland and the Free City of Danzig (created for the predominantly German-speaking residents of Poland by the Treaty of Versailles) signed an agreement recognizing the semi-autonomous state under the authority of a League of Nations Commissioner, belonging to neither Poland nor Germany. In return for the recognition, Poland received the free use and service of the railway system, waterways and seaports within the Danzig state.
- Died: Alberto Blest Gana, 90, Chilean novelist and former ambassador to France and the United Kingdom
Wednesday, November 10Edit
- Cecil L'Estrange Malone, an Englishman and a liberal M.P. in the House of Commons (and later the first member of the Communist Party of Great Britain to serve in the Commons), was arrested outside Trinity College Dublin, where he had been invited to speak. Malone was charged with sedition for a November 6 speech in London Albert Hall, specifically his statement that "I hope the day will soon come when we shall meet here to pass a blessing on the British revolution... When that day comes, woe to all those people who get in our way." Referring to two British politicians by name as persons who might be hanged in public, Malone had stated "What are a few Churchills or a few Curzon lamp posts compared with the misery of thousands of human beings?" and was picked up before he could encourage similar sentiments in Ireland. He would later be sentenced to six months imprisonment under the Defence of the Realm Act 1914.
- Died: U.S. Navy Admiral Thomas B. Howard, 65, former commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet
Thursday, November 11Edit
- France and the United Kingdom both interred the remains of a casualty of World War One whose remains could not be identified, creating the first monument of a Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. In simultaneous ceremonies on the second anniversary of the Armistice of 11 November 1918 that ended the Great War, the British dedicated The Unknown Warrior at Westminster Abbey while France's La tombe du Soldat inconnu was consecrated beneath the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. The person buried at Westminster Abbey had been one of four unidentified British Army soldiers, each exhumed from a different battlefield in France, and transported to Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise. On November 7, Brigadier General Louis J. Wyatt selected the remains of a soldier at random and then transported by HMS Verdun to Britain. In all, there 517,773 unidentified combatants who fought for the United Kingdom. The soldier selected for the Arc de Triomphe was picked at random from eight oak caskets, each drawn from a site in eastern France of a major battle during the Great War, and placed in the Citadelle of Verdun. August Thin, a veteran of the war from the Verdun unit, who laid a bouquet of violets on the sixth of the eight caskets.
- By a vote of 183 to 52, the Irish Home Rule bill passed its third and final reading in the UK House of Commons, with a provision for a dual parliament and religious freedom, while Ireland's foreign affairs, coinage, defense, taxation and wireless and cable communications would remain under British control.
- Born: Lt. General Walter Krupinski, German fighter ace pilot credited with 197 downed aircraft in World War II; in Domnau, East Prussia (now Domnovo, Poland); (d. 2000)
Friday, November 12Edit
- The longest hunger strike in history ended on its 94th day at the Cork County Gaol in Ireland, after the nine surviving Irish nationalists agreed to receive food at the request of Sinn Féin founder Arthur Griffith. Eleven prisoners had not eaten since August 11 after joining the cause of Cork Mayor Terence MacSwiney, and two had died in October. MacSwiney had died on October 24 in Brixton Prison in London.
- The current organization of Major League Baseball, with the National League and American League being under the authority of a single executive, rather than operating as two organizations, began as the owners of the 16 teams in the two leagues voted unanimously to hire federal Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis as the first MLB Commissioner. Since 1905, Landis had presided over the U.S. District Court for the Northern Illinois in Chicago. After coming under criticism for presiding over baseball and the federal district court during the 1921 baseball season, Landis would step down from the federal court on March 1, 1922.
- Italy and Yugoslavia signed a treaty to settle their territorial claims on islands in the Adriatic Sea separating the two nations and land on the eastern side of the Adriatic that had been captured by Italy from Austria-Hungary during World War One. The pact executed at the Italian seaside resort of Rapallo, near Genoa. Under the agreement, Dalmatia (Dalmacija), Longatico (Logatec), Sebenico (Šibenik) went to Yugoslavia and 11 square miles (28 km2) of former Croatian territory was created as a semi-independent buffer state as the Free State of Fiume. Italy received the islands of Cherso, Lussino and Unie (now Cres, Lošinj and Unije off the coast of Croatia).
- Austria applied for admission to the League of Nations.
- Film actress Mildred Harris was granted a divorce from film comedian Charlie Chaplin after two years, following a finding by a Los Angeles court that grounds existed to dissolve the marriage on grounds of "cruelty", the basis for the vast majority of uncontested divorces in California at the time. Harris and Chaplin had agreed to a property settlement of payment to her of US$200,000 (roughly $1.3 million in 2020) in return for her agreement not to use the Chaplin name professionally.
- U.S. President Woodrow Wilson announced that he would not sign the execution warrant for former U.S. Army Sergeant Anthony F. Tamme, who had been convicted in a court-martial of espionage, desertion and violations of the Articles of War of the United States. The court-martial at Camp Travis, Texas, had recommended a sentence of death by firing squad for Tamme, whose real name was Antonio Tuminia.
- Villa Maria College was founded as Philadelphia's first Catholic college for women, in the town of Malvern, Pennsylvania, with the granting of a charter by Pennsylvania to the sisters of the Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. In 1929, it would change its name to Immaculata College and, since 2002, Immaculata University. Immaculata would admit its first male students in 2005.
- Born: Josip Boljkovac, Croatian Interior Minister from 1990 to 1991 who was later charged for war crimes; in Vukova Gorica, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (d. 2014)
Saturday, November 13Edit
- A group of teenagers carried out the largest train robbery in U.S. history, up to that time, after breaking into a rail car on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad after it was loaded with a United States Mint shipment of currency, bonds and gold at Omaha, Nebraska. The U.S. Post Office charter was part of a transfer of monies from San Francisco to Chicago. At the train's first stop outside of Omaha, the robbers emptied the bags from the car and loaded them into a waiting automobile, unaware that the mailbags were carrying more than the normal amount of money orders and cash. The amount stolen, originally thought to be one million dollars was soon revealed to be more than $3,500,000 (equivalent to almost $46 million in 2020). The ringleader was 17 years old and aided by his younger brother and another young accomplice. Much of the money was burned, and only a small amount was recovered.
- Died: Luc-Olivier Merson, 74, French illustrator known for his designs of France's currency and postage stamps
Sunday, November 14Edit
- Parliamentary elections were held in Greece for the 370 seats of the National Assembly. The result was a surprising loss for the Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos and his Liberal Party, who had expected to win easily.
- Defeated by the Soviet Army, Russian White Army General Pyotr Wrangel fled from the Crimea on the French warship Sebastopol. Wrangel's Prime Minister of the rebel government arrived at Constantinople and conceded that the Soviets had won the Russian Civil War.
- Hungary's Constituent Assembly voted to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, under threat of an invasion by the armies of Britain, France and Italy. The deputies reportedly "rose and sang the National anthem and then voted for ratification amid absolute silence." Many of the legislators then walked out of the chamber. Prime Minister Karl Huszar "ordered that the black flag of mourning should fly over public buildings during the application of the treaty... lamenting the crushing weight of the terms imposed."
- Banks in the U.S. state of North Dakota began failing; within 10 days, 13 had closed their doors to depositors.
- Six children between the ages of 3 and 10 years old were killed in New York City, and 12 other children seriously injured, in a panic at the Catheirne Theatre when a clogged furnace sent smoke into the auditorium during a movie. Although there was no fire, smaller children were trampled during the panic to flee the theater.
- Born: Mary Greyeyes, Canadian Women’s Army Corps officer and the first indigenous woman in the Canadian Armed Forces; at the Muskeg Lake Cree Nation reserve at Marcelin, Saskatchewan (d. 2011)
Monday, November 15Edit
- The Assembly of the League of Nations held its first session at its new headquarters in Geneva, with 41 nations represented. Paul Hymans of Belgium was elected as the permanent President of the Assembly. All of the major nations of the world except for the United States, Russia, Germany and Mexico were members at the first session. Reporter Edwin L. James of The New York Times wrote, "For the first time in the history of mankind forty-one nations of the world sat together in common council... White, black and brown men sat beneath the same roof and under the same roof and under the same providing officer." Paul Hymans, formerly the Foreign Minister of Belgium, was selected as the first permanent President of the League of Nations, with 35 of the delegate votes.
- Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos claimed victory in the parliamentary elections held the previous day, but was forced to concede defeat later in the day.
- Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, was evacuated as Turkish troops and Soviet troops approached.
- The U.S. Census Bureau released figures to show that the year 1919 had the lowest death rate— 12.9 per 1,000 people— ever recorded. Primarily because of the Spanish influenza epidemic, the death rate in 1918 was 18 per 1,000 people.
- The city of Sugar Creek, Missouri, was incorporated.
- Born: Wayne Thiebaud, American pop artist; in Mesa, Arizona, living in 2020)
Tuesday, November 16Edit
- Qantas, now the national airline of Australia, was founded by aviators Hudson Fysh, Paul McGinness, Fergus McMaster and Arthur Baird, aviators operating an airstrip in the remote town of Winton, Queensland in order to provide service to villages in the Outback. The name is an acronym for Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services.
- The use of the postage meter as an alternative to postage stamps was approved by the U.S. Post Office Department, after lobbying by inventor Arthur Pitney and entrepreneur Walter Bowes, creators of the Pitney Bowes Postage Meter Company. The original machine for applying postage was the Model M. The Postmaster General had previously approved, on September 1, the official imprint used by the meter to show the amount of the postage purchased from the post office.
- The Western Union company announced that it would not send messages by cable for the U.S. government without being paid in advance. Newcomb Carlton, the president of the company, said that the U.S. State Department had not paid for its service since August, 1919. Two days later, Western Union reversed its policy after retired Admiral William S. Benson, the director of the United States Shipping Board announced that the federal government would use another private cable operator, the Postal Telegraph Company for all future business.
- Sul Ross State University began its first classes, serving 77 students as the two-year Sul Ross State Normal College in Alpine, Texas, in the far western part of the state. SRSU now has 2,000 students on two campuses. The college was named in honor of the late Lawrence Sullivan Ross, a former Governor of Texas.
- Born: Eric P. Hamp, British-born American linguist; in London (d. 2019)
Wednesday, November 17Edit
- Dimitrios Rallis formed a cabinet as the new Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Greece.
- The Talang Tuo inscription, dating from the year 684 CE, was discovered by Dutch explorer Louis Westernenk on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, near Palembang.
- Born: George Dunning, Canadian-born British film animator and director known for the 1968 psychedelic Beatles film Yellow Submarine (d. 1979)
Thursday, November 18Edit
- By government decree, the Soviet Union became the first nation to legalize abortion, its main purpose being "to reduce the high mortality rate associated with illegal abortions". Under the law, repealed by a second decree in 1936, abortion was available during the first trimester of pregnancy at the request of the woman.
- Sixteen members of a work crew of 33 lumberjacks were drowned in Maine's Chesuncook Lake, after a boat chartered by their employer caught fire while taking the men to the lumber camp of Great Northern Paper Company. While none were injured by the fire, the survivors were those who were able to swim to shore in icy waters
- Born: Mustafa Khalil, prime minister of Egypt from 1978 to 1980 and negotiator of the Camp David Accord treat between Egypt and Israel; in the Qalyubiyya Governorate (d. 2008)
Friday, November 19Edit
- At the city of Amapala in Guatemala, representatives of Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras and Costa Rica signed a boundary agreement as the first step toward a reunification of Central America.
- Died: Mahlon M. Garland, U.S. Representative for Pennsylvania, 64
Saturday, November 20Edit
- An ukase, an ecclesiastical decree by Tikhon, Patriarch of Moscow and the leader of the Russian Orthodox Church, created the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia, directing the organization of the church for those bishops and adherents who had been forced to flee the Soviet Union. Ukase Number 362 gave a set of 10 instructions to bishops in exile on what to do if they were unable to communicate with the Patriarch himself.
Sunday, November 21Edit
- "Bloody Sunday" took place in Dublin, with the simultaneous morning killing of 14 members of the British intelligence unit, nicknamed "The Cairo Gang" by the Irish Republican Army; followed in the afternoon by a reprisal from the Royal Irish Constabulary that killed 14 people watching a game of Gaelic football at the Croke Park stadium; and closing with the arrest and murder of three IRA officials by local police at Dublin Castle in the evening. At 9:00 in the morning, under the command of Michael Collins, groups of 6 to 8 IRA members made simultaneous home invasions around Dublin and shot members of the Cairo Gang. In the afternoon, 16 trucks carrying members of the Black and Tans drove into Croke Park, where 5,000 people were watching Dublin's match against Tipperary, and the soldiers fired into the crowd, killing 11 outright and injuring dozens of others, including three who died of their wounds later. In the evening, three of the IRA members who had assisted in the morning killings were tortured and then beaten to death at Dublin Castle.
- Born: Stan Musial, American major league baseball outfielder, three-time National League MVP, and Hall of Fame enshrinee; in Donora, Pennsylvania (d. 2013)
Monday, November 22Edit
- The DuPont chemical company made a successful move to acquire a large portion of auto manufacturer General Motors Corporation and helped relieve "one of the most violent Stock Market declines in recent years" that had started ten days earlier. Pierre S. du Pont and his associates bought all three million of the shares owned by GM founder and CEO William C. Durant for a reported US$40,000,000 (equivalent to $523 million a century later). Durant was replaced as CEO on November 30.
- Outgoing U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, acting as arbitrator for the League of Nations in delineating the boundary between the new Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Turkey, submitted his decision to the League's Supreme Council. Only 10 days later, Wilson's work became a moot point with Armenia's surrender of the western half of its territory to Turkey in the December 2 Treaty of Alexandropol.
- What was an apparent hoax was reported nationwide from the hamlet of Howesville, West Virginia, where (the news item from Morgantown said) the residents "were thrown into a panic tonight when a large meteor fell at Howesville.. according to reports received here." The news story added that "The meteor struck in the business section of Howesville, near the railroad station. It exploded as it buried itself in the earth. The force of the blast was heard for several miles. An automobile standing near the railroad station was damaged by the explosion and the occupants of the machine were dazed, but escaped injury." The dispatch added "There are no telephones in Howesville and detailed information as to the meteor could not be obtained tonight.
- New Mexico's Governor Octaviano A. Larrazolo issued pardons to 16 Mexican followers of Pancho Villa, all of whom were serving sentences of life in prison for accompanying Villa on his attack on Columbus, New Mexico, on March 9, 1916. Villa's forces killed 15 American civilians and 10 U.S. Army soldiers in the battle that followed. Governor Larrazolo declared that the 16 convicts had no direct involvement with the killings, that they acted under duress of being killed if they disobeyed an order to accompany Villa, and that they had ridden into Columbus in the belief that they were attacking a garrison in the Mexican town of Palomas, a border town a few miles from Columbus. Of the other Mexican attackers who were captured after the raid, six were executed by hanging in 1916.
- Born: Baidyanath Misra, Indian economist
- Died: George Breck, 57, American mural painter
Tuesday, November 23Edit
- Anchorage, Alaska, now the largest city in the U.S. state of Alaska, was incorporated, a little more than five years after it was first settled. Leopold David took office as the new city's first Mayor.
Wednesday, November 24Edit
- The unbeaten Ohio State Buckeyes football team, which had completed its schedule unbeaten and untied (7-0-0) and won the Big Ten Conference title, was selected by a committee in Pasadena, California, to represent the best Eastern U.S. college football team in the Rose Bowl. Their opponent was the Pacific Coast Conference champion, the unbeaten and untied (8-0-0) California Golden Bears. At the time, the Rose Bowl game was the only post-season college football game in the United States. On New Year's Day, California, would beat Ohio State, 28 to 0.
- U.S. President Wilson pardoned Franz von Rintelen, a German national who had been imprisoned for espionage and war conspiracy. Rintelen was released from prison upon posting a bond on condition that he leave the United States by January 1.
Thursday, November 25Edit
- Gimbels Department Store in Philadelphia held the first ever Thanksgiving Day parade, four years before the first annual Macy's parade in New York City. The annual parade has been held ever since, produced by Philadelphia's WPVI-TV ("6 ABC") with the financial aid of various sponsors.
- In the final event of the 1920 U.S. auto racing series, a 250-mile event at California's Beverly Hills Speedway on Thanksgiving Day, Indianapolis 500 winner Gaston Chevrolet was killed when his Frontenac racer was struck by the Duesenberg driven by Eddie O'Donnell, who had lost control on a turn on the 162nd of 200 laps. At the time, race drivers were accompanied by their mechanics in competition, and O'Donnell's mechanic, Lyall Jolls died at the scene as well. Chevrolet's mechanic, John Bresnahan, was thrown clear of the wreckage and had only minor injuries. O'Donnell died the next day in a hospital. After the race ended, American Automobile Association officials determined that Chevrolet had accumulated more points (1,030) during the season than any other driver and announced that he had won the title of "Speed King of 1920".
- The only occasion in the 20th century, of the full moon coinciding with the U.S. Thanksgiving Day, took place. The juxtaposition is rare because, as explained by one author "November's full Moon can occur on any one of the month's 30 days. At the same time, those dates play hopscotch with the date of Thanksgiving, which runs on its own cycle from as early as November 20th to as late as November 30th." The next occasion would be 98 years later, on November 29, 2018, and the juxtaposition will happen again on November 27, 2042, and November 28, 2069.
- Ricardo Montalbán, Mexican-born American film and television actor; in Mexico City (d. 2009)
- Syed Putra, Raja of Perlis and the elected monarch of Malaysia as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 1960 to 1965; in Arau (d. 2000)
- Noel Neill, American television and film actress, best known for her portrayal of Lois Lane in the TV series The Adventures of Superman (d. 2016)
- Died: Madeline McDowell Breckinridge, 48, American feminist and suffragist; from a stroke
Friday, November 26Edit
- What is now listed as "The deadliest earthquake in Albania" killed 200 people, mostly in the town of Tepelenë in the southern portion of the country. According to seismological data, the 6.2 magnitude tremor struck at 8:51 UTC (9:51 in the morning local time) and lasted seven seconds, collapsing buildings.
- Queen Mother Olga, the 69-year old widow of King George I, mother of the former King Constantine I and grandmother of the late King Alexander, took the oath of office as Regent of Greece at the opening of the new Greek Parliament, pending the selection of a new monarch.
- The Catholic Syrian Bank, one of the oldest banks in India, was incorporated in Thrissur (now in the Kerala state) under the Indian Companies Act 1913.
Saturday, November 27Edit
- The Mark of Zorro, a silent film starring Douglas Fairbanks as the original film hero with a cape and mask, was shown for the first time, beginning with an invitation-only premiere at the Capitol Theatre in New York City. Among those influenced by Fairbanks was Bob Kane, the creator of Batman, would later say that was a "profound influence" that had given him "the idea of the dual identity" for character.
- Eighteen warehouses in the English city of Liverpool and its suburb, Bootle, were set fire to in one evening in what was suspected by police to be an Irish attack. Most of the buildings were cotton warehouses, torched with gasoline and paraffin shortly before 9:00 in the evening.
- Italy's Chamber of Deputies voted, 221 to 12, to approve the Treaty of Rapallo with Yugoslavia.
- Born: Buster Merryfield, English television comedian known for his role as "Uncle Albert" in Only Fools and Horses; in Battersea, London (d. 1999)
- Died: Alexius Meinong, 67, Austrian philosopher
Sunday, November 28Edit
- The Kilmichael Ambush was carried out in County Cork, in retaliation for the Croke Park Massacre, as the Irish Republican Army attacked two truckloads of British officers who were members of the paramilitary Auxiliary Division that assisted the Royal Irish Constabulary. Part of a convoy, the trucks had been patrolling the area. and were returning from Macroom to Dunmanway, when they came under attack at Shana Cashel near Kilmichael.
- The first legislative elections in the new Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes— soon to become known as Yugoslavia — for the 419-member Constituent Assembly.
- FIDAC (French: Fédération Interalliée Des Anciens Combattants, English: The Interallied Federation of War Veterans Organisations) was established in Paris, at the initiative of the veterans from World War I predominant pacifists. At the founding meeting on 28 November 1920, FIDAC was joined by associations of veterans from France (6 associations, including UNC - National Combatants' Union and UF), United Kingdom (British Empire Service League and then British Legion), US (American Legion), Belgium (FNC), Romania (National Union of Former Combatants), Czechoslovakia (Druzina Association), Italy and Serbia.
Monday, November 29Edit
- The Kedukan Bukit inscription— a "roundish stone" written in the Pallava script of the Malay language and dated May 1, 683 AD— was unearthed on the banks of the Tatang River on Indonesia's island of Sumatra at Palembang. Significant as the earliest use of a symbol for the number zero (it referred to the year "604" of the local calendar) it was also the oldest example of the Malay language.
- The Army of the Soviet Union invaded the remaining territory of the short-lived Republic of Armenia, which had lost a disastrous war with Turkey. The Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic would exist as one of the constituent parts of the U.S.S.R. for more than 70 years.
- The Republic of Estonia completed three days of voting to elect the 100 deputies for its first parliament, the Riigikogu. The Estonian Social Democratic Workers' Party won a plurality, with 41 seats.
- Mingo County, West Virginia, was placed under martial law as fighting between striking coal miners and strikebreakers continued.
- Newspapers across America revealed that George Gipp, the star halfback for the Notre Dame football team was hospitalized with pneumonia following complications from tonsilitis that developed after his final game on November 20. Gipp, immortalized in sports lore and in film with the phrase "Win one for the Gipper!", died on December 14 at the age of 25.
Tuesday, November 30Edit
- France's National Assembly voted, 387 to 195, to renew diplomatic relations with the Vatican after 47 years. In a separate vote, the re-establishment of a French Embassy in Vatican City was approved, 397 to 209. France had severed relations with Vatican in 1873 after the Franco-Prussian War.
- Charles Ponzi, known for defrauding investors in a practice which would thereafter bear his name as a "Ponzi scheme", pleaded guilty to one of two federal indictments for using the U.S. mail for the purpose of fraud. Ponzi was sentenced to five years in prison, the maximum sentence allowed, at Plymouth, Massachusetts. A fine, also part of the maximum sentence, was waived because Ponzi had gone bankrupt and had no resources to repay the money lost by his investors. Under federal law, Ponzi would be eligible for parole after 20 months, one-third of his sentence.
- W.C. Durant resigned as President of General Motors, 10 days after his large share of stock in GM was purchased by a consortium led by Pierre S. DuPont. DuPont was then made President of GM.
- The U.S. Navy Board of Inquiry delivered its final report on alleged Navy killings in Haiti, and determined that 1,142 Haitians had died in 298 separate skirmishes with U.S. forces.
- A "war for supremacy in the control of golf in America" was announced by the Western Golf Association, which announced that at its meeting on January 15, it would change its name to the American Golf Association and then challenge the United States Golf Association (USGA). Under an unwritten agreement between the WGA and the USGA, the USGA had 400 member clubs from coast, while the WGA had limited its membership "to clubs west of a line just east of Pittsburgh, Buffalo and Atlanta".
- Born: Virginia Mayo (stage name for Virginia Clara Jones), American film actress and dancer; in St. Louis (d. 2005)
- "Dr Zayas Elected President of Cuba", Boston Daily Globe, November 4, 1920, p12
- "Record of Current Events", The American Review of Reviews Volume 62 (December, 1920), pp585-589
- "Dr Harding Goes on the Warpath— Accepts Judge's Denial of 'Negro Blood' Story", Boston Daily Globe, November 2, 1920, p1
- "Hunt for Radium Valued at $13,000— Woman at Utica Hospital Threw It Away", Boston Daily Globe, November 2, 1920, p9
- "Looking for Radium in a Hospital Sewer!", La Crosse (WI) Tribune and Leader-Press, November 17, 1920, p16
- "News Items", New York Medical Journal, April 6, 1921, p546
- "British Execute Boy, 18, For Sinn Fein Slaying", Washington Times, November 1, 1920, p1
- "Kill 6, Wound 8 in Fourteen Raids by Sinn Feiners— Kevin Barry Dies in Dublin Jail, While Thousands Recite Prayers in the Countryside", The New York Times, November 2, 1920, p1
- "10 IRA men reburied 80 years on", CNN.com, October 14, 2001
- "Harding Wins; Million Lead Here; Big Republican Gains in Congress", The New York Times, November 3, 1920, p1
- "Harding Victory Keeps Growing; Senate Majority 22, House 150— His Electoral Vote 404", Boston Daily Globe, November 5, 1920, p1
- "Cox Paper Concedes Landslide to Harding; Defeated Owner Mum", Pittsburgh Gazette Times, November 3, 1920, p1
- Mitchell Stephens, Beyond News: The Future of Journalism (Columbia University Press, 2014) p56
- "Radio Phones to Flash Election Vote in Danville", Washington Herald, November 2, 1920, p12
- Ed Salamon, Pittsburgh's Golden Age of Radio (Arcadia Publishing, 2010) p7
- "Will Use Wireless— Election Returns to be Sent Out From Pittsburgh", South Bend (IN) Tribune, November 2, 1920, p5
- Steve J. Wurtzler, Electric Sounds: Technological Change and the Rise of Corporate Mass Media (Columbia University Press, 2007) p24
- "Woman Elected to Congress by Oklahoma", Boston Daily Globe, November 4, 1920, p1
- "Scotland Goes Wet in Ratio of 36 to 10", Boston Daily Globe, November 4, 1920, p20
- "Burn Five Negroes and Hang Another— Florida Mob Inflicts Severe Reprisals in Raid", Boston Daily Globe, November 4, 1920, p3
- "We must pardon Private Daly, the last man shot for mutiny", by Fergal Keane, The Irish Independent, January 9, 1999
- David F. Krugler, 1919, The Year of Racial Violence: How African Americans Fought Back (Cambridge University Press, 2014) p300
- "Samoan Governor Commits Suicide— Was to Face an Inquiry", The New York Times, November 6, 1920, p1
- "Storm Wrecked Sailor Is Eaten By Big Sharks", Oakland (CA) Tribune, November 4, 1920, reprinted in sharkattackfile.net
- "Shark Attacks Wreck Victims— Survivor Tells How 64 Persons Struggled in Sea as Typhoon Raged", Washington Post, November 12, 1920, p1
- "Deutsche Bank Forges Ahead", Vancouver Daily Province, November 4, 1920, p7
- "Gov Clement Gives Graham Full Pardon— Vermont Ex-Governor Freed Two Hours After Being Sentenced to From Five to Eight Years", Boston Daily Globe, November 5, 1920, p1
- "Carpentier Signs to Meet Dempsey", The New York Times, November 6, 1920, p1
- "Harvard, in Last Ditch Pull-up, Battles Princeton to 14-14 Tie", Boston Sunday Globe, November 7, 1920, p1
- Stephen Kotkin, Stalin: Paradoxes of Power, 1878-1928 (Penguin, 2014) p379
- Birgit Beumers, Pop Culture Russia!: Media, Arts, and Lifestyle (ABC-CLIO, 2005) p1
- Richard Stites, Revolutionary Dreams: Utopian Vision and Experimental Life in the Russian Revolution (Oxford University Press, 1991)
- "At a Meeting to Depose Ban Johnson as the American League President a New 12-team National League Is Proposed", This Day in Baseball
- "League Baseball Ripped Wide Open— New National Circuit Formed by 11 Clubs Including Both in Boston— One More to be Admitted", Boston Daily Globe, November 9, 1920, p1
- "American League Plans Boston Club", Boston Daily Globe, November 9, 1920, p7
- Mark I. West, A Children's Literature Tour of Great Britain (Scarecrow Press, 2003) p121
- "Orders Liquor Agent to Act— Owners May Take Their Liquor Home", Boston Daily Globe, November 9, 1920, p1
- Raphael Lemkin, Axis Rule in Occupied Europe: Laws of Occupation, Analysis of Government, Proposals for Redress (The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 2008) p155
- "Member of Parliament Arrested As Red in Dublin", Pittsburgh Gazette-Times, November 11, 1920, p1
- "Parliament Man Held for Sedition— Lieut. Col. L'Estrange Accused of Expressing Hope for Coming of 'British Revolution.'", Barre (VT) Daily Times, November 12, 1920, p1
- Laurence V. Moyer, Victory Must be Ours: Germany in the Great War, 1914–1918 (Pen and Sword, 1995)
- Brian Joseph Martin, Napoleonic Friendship: Military Fraternity, Intimacy, and Sexuality in Nineteenth-century France (University Press of New England, 2011) p271
- "The day that Ted helped Unknown Warrior to his rest", by Karen Dunne, Crawley Observer, June 1, 2016
- "11/11/18: The significance of the Unknown Soldier", Queensland Country Life, November 12, 1918
- "Commemorating France’s Unknown Soldier", by Robert Korengold, Bonjour Paris, November 7, 2012
- "Irish Home Rule Bill Is Adopted— Motion to Reject Lost by Vote of 183 to 52", Boston Daily Globe, November 12, 1920, p1
- "Cork Hunger Strikers Fed— All Likely to Recover, Say Physicians— Strike Called Off by Decision of Arthur Griffith", Boston Daily Globe, November 13, 1920, p1
- "Judge Landis Accepts to Save Game for Kids", Boston Daily Globe, November 13, 1920, p1
- "Italy and Serbia Sign Adriatic Pact", Boston Daily Globe, November 13, 1920, p1
- "Austria Applies to Enter League", Boston Daily Globe, November 13, 1920, p8
- "Divorce Reform in California: The Governor's Commission on the Family and Beyond", by Philip L. Hammer, Santa Clara Law Review (1969)
- "Charley Chaplin's Wife Gets Divorce— Mildred Harris Accused Him of Cruelty", Boston Daily Globe, November 13, 1920, p1
- "Wilson Refuses to Let Spy be Shot", Boston Daily Globe, November 14, 1920, p1
- "Train Robbers Get $1,000,000— Record Looting of Fast Mail in Iowa", Boston Post, November 15, 1920, p1
- "Train Robbers Get $3,500,000— Amount First Reported Lost Trebled", Boston Post, November 17, 1920, p4
- "How 3 Boys Accomplished the World's Biggest Robbery", San Francisco Examiner, December 19, 1920
- "Greek Throne Is the Real Prize In Elections to Be Held Today", Washington Post, November 14, 1920, p1
- "Reds Wipe Out Wrangel's Army— Beaten Generla Refugee on French Warship", Boston Daily Globe, November 15, 1920, p1
- "Red Victory Admitted by Wrangel's Premier", Boston Daily Globe, November 15, 1920, p8
- "Hungary Ratifies Treaty Amid Silence— Mourning Flag to Fly for Duration of Pact", Boston Daily Globe, November 15, 1920, p8
- "Record of Current Events", The American Review of Reviews Volume 63 (January, 1921), pp24-28
- "Six Children Die in Needless Panic", Boston Daily Globe, November 15, 1920, p1
- "League Assembly Opens, Hails Wilson", by Edwin L. James, The New York Times, November 16, 1920, p1
- "Hymans League Head— Belgian is Elected Permanent President at Geneva", Washington Post, November 16, 1920, p1
- "Victory Claimed by Venizelos in Greek Election", Ottawa Citizen, November 15, 1920, p1
- "Constantine Party Wins in Greece Over Venizelos", The New York Times, November 16, 1920, p1
- "Death Rate in 1919 Lowest on Record", Boston Daily Globe, November 16, 1920, p4
- Richard N. Piland, Images of America: Sugar Creek (Arcadia Publishing, 2010)
- "Our History", Qantas Airlines website
- "Flashback Friday: 94 Years of Qantas", Airways Magazine online, November 16, 2014
- "#114 Pitney-Bowes Model M Postage Meter"
- "W. U. Declines to Trust State Dept— Company Refuses to Handle Any But Prepaid Messages", Boston Daily Globe, November 17, 1920, p2
- "Shipping Board Telegram Charged— Western Union Quickly Changes Order", Boston Daily Globe, November 19, 1920, p24
- Sul Ross website
- "Queen Mother Olga to Be Greek Regent— Rhallis Takes Oath as Premier", Boston Daily Globe, November 19, 1920, p21
- Didik Pradjoko, Atlas Pelabuhan-Pelabuhan Bersejarah di Indonesia (Historical Atlas of Indonesia), (Indonesian Directorate of History and Culture, 2013) p161
- "Abortion in the Soviet Union: why it is so widely practiced", by Shalvia Ben-Barak, in The Soviet Union: Party and Society, ed. by Peter J. Potichnyj (Cambridge University Press, 1988) p201
- Henry P. David, From Abortion to Contraception: A Resource to Public Policies and Reproductive Behavior in Central and Eastern Europe from 1917 to the Present (Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999) p7
- "Sixteen Drown in Maine Lake— Motor Boat Carrying 33 Woodsmen Burns", Boston Daily Globe, November 20, 1920, p1
- "1,000 Words on the Four Generations of ROCOR", Orthodox England, St. John's Orthodox Church, Colchester
- "Ukase No. 362", Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia
- "Nov 21, 1920 CE: Bloody Sunday", This Day in Geographic History, National Geographic magazine online
- "How Michael Collins tracked down a deadly informer after Bloody Sunday", by Dermot McEvoy, IrishCentral.com, February 5, 2020
- "Dublin Raiders Murder 14; Police at Game Kill Many", Boston Daily Globe, November 22, 1920, p1
- "Headstones erected at unmarked graves of 1920 Bloody Sunday victims", by Rebecca Black, Belfast Telegraph, November 21, 2019
- "DuPont Relieves Durant of $40,000,000 in Stock— Transfer of 3,000,000 Shares of General Motors Followed by Sharp Recovery in Wall St", Boston Daily Globe, November 23, 1920, p1
- Alfred D. Chandler, Jr., Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of the American Industrial Enterprise (Beard Books, 2003) p114
- "A Guide to the United States’ History of Recognition, Diplomatic, and Consular Relations, by Country, since 1776: Armenia", Office of the Historian, Foreign Service Institute, United States Department of State
- "The Arbitral Award on Turkish-Armenian Boundary by Woodrow Wilson, the President of the United States of America", by Ara Papian, Tchobanian Institute, October 16, 2007
- "Meteor at Kingwood Puts Town in Panic— Occupants of Auto Stunned as Astral Body Crashes to Earth", Pittsburgh Gazette-Times, November 23, 1920, p1
- "Meteor Falls in Village— Howesville, W. Va., Is Thrown in Panic as it Explodes With Terrific Blast", The New York Times, November 23, 1920, p3
- "Meteor Plunges to Town Street in West Virginia", Chicago Tribune, November 23, 1920, p1
- "Large Meteor Falls in West Virginia Town", San Francisco Examiner", November 23, 1920, p1
- "Pardons 16 Raiders on Columbus, N M— Governor Ends Life Terms of Old Villa Followers", Boston Daily Globe, November 23, 1920, p12
- Anchorage Chaber of Commerce— Timeline
- "Anchorage History", Cook Inlet Historical Society
- "Ohio State Chosen for Pasadena Game", Boston Daily Globe, November 25, 1920, p7
- "Chevrolet, Jolls Killed; O'Donnell Is Hurt", Los Angeles Times, November 26, 1920, p1
- "Chevrolet, Though Dead, Is Speedway Champion", Los Angeles Times, November 26, 1920, pS-1
- "Gaston Chevrolet Killed in Race", The New York Times, November 26, 1920
- "Gobble up a Rare Thanksgiving Full Moon", by Bob King, Sky & Telescope magazine website, November 21, 2018
- "Death toll in Albania earthquake rises to 35", Business Standard, November 28, 2019
- "National Centers for Environmental Information", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
- "Queen Mother Olga to Be Greek Regent", Boston Daily Globe, November 19, 1920, p21
- "Disclosures", CSB Bank financial disclosure statement for 2018
- The Mark of Zorro 1920 , by Barbara Mitchell, "The Hispanic Almanac" online
- "In Picture Theaters", in New York Tribune, November 28, 1920, pIII-2; in announcing the public premiere for Sunday, the Tribune reported that the film "comes to the big theater for the second time since its opening."
- John C. Tibbetts and James M. Welsh, Douglas Fairbanks and the American Century (University Press of Mississippi, 2014)
- "Big Liverpool Fires Laid to Sinn Fein— Torch Put to Cotton Warehouses in Dock Area", Boston Daily Globe, November 29, 1920, p1
- "Italy Approves Adriatic Treaty", Boston Sunday Globe, November 28, 1920, p17
- "Sinn Feiners Kill 16 Police Cadets; New Reprisals Near Scent of Attack; England and Scotland Under Guard", The New York Times, November 30, 1920, p1
- Peter Cottrell, The Anglo-Irish War: The Troubles of 1913–1922 (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2014)
- "Today in Irish History, November 28 1920 – The Kilmichael ambush", by John_Dorney, 28 November 2014
- John R. Lampe, Yugoslavia as History: Twice There Was a Country (Cambridge University Press, 2000) p121
- F.I.D.A.C. (Fédération Interalliée des Anciens Combattants) – Historique. Statuts. Règlement intérieur. Carte d’Identité FIDAC. La Médaille Scolaire FIDAC | History. Constitution. By-Laws. FIDAC Identity Card. FIDAC Educational Medal; Paris, 1933, p. 2-3
- Amir D. Aczel, Finding Zero: A Mathematician's Odyssey to Uncover the Origins of Numbers (St. Martin's Press, 2015) p96
- Edmond Y. Azadian, History on the Move: Views, Interviews and Essays on Armenian Issues (Wayne State University Press, 1999) pp108-109
- "Notre Dame Star Back Ill with Pneumonia", Boston Globe, November 29, 1920, p7
- "France Makes Up With Vatican", Boston Daily Globe, December 1, 1920, p1
- "Ponzi Gets Five Years— To Serve Sentence in Plymouth Jail", Boston Daily Globe, December 1, 1920, p1
- "Du Pont Chosen Head of General Motors", Boston Daily Globe, December 1, 1920, p1
- "War Promised for Control of Golf", Boston Daily Globe, December 1, 1920, p9