Qalyubia Governorate (Arabic: محافظة القليوبية Moḥāfaẓat El Qalyubiyya Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [elʔæljoˈbejjæ]) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Located in Lower Egypt. It is situated north of Cairo in the Nile Delta region. Its capital is Banha.
|Coordinates: 30°25′N 31°13′E / 30.41°N 31.21°ECoordinates: 30°25′N 31°13′E / 30.41°N 31.21°E|
|• Governor||Alaa Abdul-Halim Mohammed Marzouk|
|• Total||1,001 km2 (386 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
The name of Qalubiyya governorate is derived from Qalyub city in it. Qalyub is derived from Calliope. Calliope is an ancient Greek goddess,the Muse of epic poetry.
Banha and several other settlements blend into the neighboring Cairo Governorate; as a result, parts of Qalyubia (particularly Shubra El Kheima) are generally considered to form part of the Greater Cairo metropolitan area (along with Cairo governorate, Giza city and 6 October city).
|1937–2006, 2015 is an estimate|
The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 5,647,716. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.
|Anglicized name||Native name||Arabic transliteration||Population
(July 2017 Est.)
|Khanka||قسم الخانكه||Al-Khānkah||76,744||Kism (fully urban)|
|Khusus||قسم الخصوص||Al-Khuṣūṣ||459,586||Kism (fully urban)|
|El Qanater El Khayreya||مركز القناطر الخيرية||Al-Qanāṭir al-Khayriyah||507,179||Markaz|
|El Ubour||قسم العبور||Al-'Ubūr||130,654||Kism (fully urban)|
|Banha 1||قسم اول بنها||Banhā 1||106,815||Kism (fully urban)|
|Banha 2||قسم ثان بنها||Banhā 2||64,493||Kism (fully urban)|
|Kafr Shukr||مركز كفر شكر||Kafr Shukr||188,858||Markaz|
|Qaha||قسم قها||Qahā||47,898||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|Qalyub||قسم قليوب||Qalyūb||146,987||Kism (fully urban)|
|Shubra El Kheima 1||قسم أول شبرا الخيمة||Shubrā al-Khaymah 1||483,762||Kism (fully urban)|
|Shubra El Kheima 2||قسم ثان شبرا الخيمة||Shubrā al-Khaymah 2||682,152||Kism (fully urban)|
|Shibin El Qanater||مركز شبين القناطر||Sibīn al-Qanāṭir||540,112||Markaz|
According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 44.7%. Out of an estimated 5,105,972 people residing in the governorate, 2,825,045 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 2,280,927 in urban areas.
The cities in the Qalyubia Governorate are:
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
- Al Shorouk
- Al Safa
- Al Aqrasha
- (New urban community) Al Obour industrial zone
Qalyubia is known for its agricultural production of crops, fruits and vegetables. The most important of these crops include maize, cotton, wheat, citrus fruits, bananas, oranges and apricots. Qalyubia is also the leading Egyptian governorate in the production of poultry and eggs.
Programs and projectsEdit
In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS) had several water projects going on in the Qalyubia Governorate.
In a program that began on August 28, 2012 (through 2018), the European Union invested 40 million Euros on upgrading the infrastructure of informal areas in Qalyubia Governorate.
- ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
- ^ a b "Al-Qalyūbiyyah GOVERNORATE, EGYPT". britannica.
- ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- ^ a b c "Calliope | Greek Muse". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-06-15.
- ^ "Population History (Al Qalyūbīyah)Population, 1966–2006". Statoids. Archived from the original on 2016-10-14. Retrieved October 16, 2016.
- ^ "Qalyubia Governorate Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
- ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
- ^ "Markaz Kafr Shukr". Google Map.
- ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
- ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-10-19. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
- ^ "Upgrading Informal Areas in the Greater Cairo Region". European Union External Action. Archived from the original on 2017-01-02. Retrieved 2017-01-02.