Qalyubiyya Governorate

Qalyubia Governorate (Arabic: محافظة القليوبية Moḥāfaẓat El Qalyubiyya  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [elʔæljoˈbejjæ]) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Located in Lower Egypt. It is situated north of Cairo in the Nile Delta region. Its capital is Banha.

Al-Qalyubiyya Governorate
Flag of Al-Qalyubiyya Governorate
Official logo of Al-Qalyubiyya Governorate
Qalyubia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Qalyubia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 30°25′N 31°13′E / 30.41°N 31.21°E / 30.41; 31.21Coordinates: 30°25′N 31°13′E / 30.41°N 31.21°E / 30.41; 31.21
Country Egypt
SeatBenha (capital)
 • GovernorAlaa Abdul-Halim Mohammed Marzouk[2]
 • Total1,001 km2 (386 sq mi)
 (January 2018)
 • Total5,703,000[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.698[4]


The name of Qalubiyya governorate is derived from Qalyub city in it. Qalyub is derived from Calliope.[5] Calliope[5] is an ancient Greek goddess,the Muse of epic poetry.[5]


Banha and several other settlements blend into the neighboring Cairo Governorate; as a result, parts of Qalyubia (particularly Shubra El Kheima) are generally considered to form part of the Greater Cairo metropolitan area (along with Cairo governorate, Giza city and 6 October city).

Historical population
1937 610,157—    
1947 693,908+13.7%
1957 758,000+9.2%
1966 1,212,000+59.9%
1976 1,674,006+38.1%
1986 2,514,244+50.2%
1996 3,302,860+31.4%
2006 4,237,003+28.3%
2015 5,105,972+20.5%
1937–2006, 2015 is an estimate[6]

Municipal divisionsEdit

The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 5,647,716. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[7][8]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
Khanka قسم الخانكه Al-Khānkah 76,744 Kism (fully urban)
Khanka مركز الخانكة Al-Khānkah 574,569 Markaz
Khusus قسم الخصوص Al-Khuṣūṣ 459,586 Kism (fully urban)
El Qanater El Khayreya مركز القناطر الخيرية Al-Qanāṭir al-Khayriyah 507,179 Markaz
El Ubour قسم العبور Al-'Ubūr 130,654 Kism (fully urban)
Banha مركز بنها Banhā 482,959 Markaz
Banha 1 قسم اول بنها Banhā 1 106,815 Kism (fully urban)
Banha 2 قسم ثان بنها Banhā 2 64,493 Kism (fully urban)
Kafr Shukr[9] مركز كفر شكر Kafr Shukr 188,858 Markaz
Qaha قسم قها Qahā 47,898 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Qalyub قسم قليوب Qalyūb 146,987 Kism (fully urban)
Qalyub مركز قليوب Qalyūb 561,254 Markaz
Shubra El Kheima 1 قسم أول شبرا الخيمة Shubrā al-Khaymah 1 483,762 Kism (fully urban)
Shubra El Kheima 2 قسم ثان شبرا الخيمة Shubrā al-Khaymah 2 682,152 Kism (fully urban)
Shibin El Qanater مركز شبين القناطر Sibīn al-Qanāṭir 540,112 Markaz
Tukh مركز طوخ Ṭūkh 593,694 Markaz


According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 44.7%. Out of an estimated 5,105,972 people residing in the governorate, 2,825,045 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 2,280,927 in urban areas.[10]


The cities in the Qalyubia Governorate are:

Industrial zonesEdit

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[11]

  • Al Shorouk
  • Al Safa
  • Al Aqrasha
  • (New urban community) Al Obour industrial zone


Qalyubia is known for its agricultural production of crops, fruits and vegetables. The most important of these crops include maize, cotton, wheat, citrus fruits, bananas, oranges and apricots. Qalyubia is also the leading Egyptian governorate in the production of poultry and eggs.[3]

Programs and projectsEdit

In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS) had several water projects going on in the Qalyubia Governorate.[12]

In a program that began on August 28, 2012 (through 2018), the European Union invested 40 million Euros on upgrading the infrastructure of informal areas in Qalyubia Governorate.[13]


  1. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  3. ^ a b "Al-Qalyūbiyyah GOVERNORATE, EGYPT". britannica.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  5. ^ a b c "Calliope | Greek Muse". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-06-15.
  6. ^ "Population History (Al Qalyūbīyah)Population, 1966–2006". Statoids. Archived from the original on 2016-10-14. Retrieved October 16, 2016.
  7. ^ "Qalyubia Governorate Subdivisions". Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  8. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Markaz Kafr Shukr". Google Map.
  10. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  11. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-10-19. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  13. ^ "Upgrading Informal Areas in the Greater Cairo Region". European Union External Action. Archived from the original on 2017-01-02. Retrieved 2017-01-02.

External linksEdit