This list includes notable predictions by world organizations and figures of ideal goals set. It also includes scheduled events as of the present year that include treaties and/or deals with expiration dates. The information provided below comes with uncertainty as predictions and events are almost always changing with up to date information.
Notable predictions and known eventsEdit
- France plans to ban the sale of all new diesel and petrol cars by this year.
- Japan will have shut down the last of its nuclear power plants.
- Projected completion date for the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T) rail corridor running from Germany to southern Italy.
- Amsterdam aims to be fossil fuel-free, powering its electric cars, trucks, boats, and buildings with energy generated by wind, solar, and biomass.
- Completion of the Northeast Corridor high-speed rail route, running from Boston to Washington, D.C.
- NASA predicts that by this year it will cost only tens of dollars per pound to launch humans or cargo into space.
- The Antarctic treaty will come under review.
- Scheduled completion of the proposed project to create a railroad connecting Moscow to New York.
- The joint venture partnership between Volkswagen Group China and SAIC Motor is due to end.
- April 30 – A Nickelodeon time capsule, sealed in April 1992, will be opened.
- September 17 – A common computing representation of date and time on IBM mainframe systems will overflow with potential results similar to the year 2000 problem.
- The Trident D5 submarine-launched nuclear missile will be phased out.
- According to the United States Census Bureau, U.S. residents who identify themselves as being Hispanic or Latino, African American, Asian, Pacific Islander and Native American will collectively outnumber those who identify as being white of non-Hispanic origin.
- May – A METI message Cosmic Call 2 sent from the 70-meter Evpatoria Planetary Radar arrives at its destination, 55 Cancri star.
- September – Another METI message Cosmic Call 2 sent from the 70-meter Evpatoria Planetary Radar arrives at its destination, HD 10307 star.
- Futurist Ray Kurzweil predicts a technological singularity for 2045, i.e. a runaway cycle of self-improvement by intelligent machines, resulting in explosive technological development.
- Based on Ray Kurzweil's ideas, Time magazine predicts humans will be immortal by this year.
- Demographic projections "foresee the population of Egypt overtaking that of Russia by 2045," according to Niall Ferguson.
- Two of Japan's largest cities - Tokyo and Osaka - will be connected by a direct high-speed maglev route.
- According to a 2003 NASA study, a manned mission and subsequent colonization of Jupiter's moon Callisto may become possible around this year.
- The 2045 Initiative ends.
- July - A METI message called Teen Age Message sent from the 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar will arrive at its destination, 47 UMa star.
- July 1 – The present "one country, two systems" in Hong Kong may end, as it was guaranteed for 50 years starting from July 1, 1997, provided under the Hong Kong Basic Law. The agreement was raised by Deng Xiaoping to deal with Hong Kong's reunification with the People's Republic of China in 1997, and stipulated in the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984. What will be done is not stated in any document.
- December 31 – After this date, works published between January 1, 1978, and December 31, 2002, have the possibility of entering the public domain in the United States. The existing copyright law specifically prohibits any work created during that period from automatically entering the public domain before this date.
- January 14 – The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty will come up for review.
- February 29 – There will be a rare full moon on a leap day, this event happens roughly once every hundred years.
- December 20 – The present "One country, two systems" with Macau, guaranteed for 50 years starting from December 20, 1999, provided under the Basic Law, will expire.
- Stated completion of the Belt and Road Initiative, coinciding with the 100th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.
- Full time job hours may be shorter than at start of 21st century. People may work full time only 2 days for week (instead of current 5 in 2019).
Predicted astronomical eventsEdit
- September 8 – Planetary alignment of Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn and the crescent Moon.
- The Great Red Spot on Jupiter's atmosphere will become circular according to calculations based on its reduction rate at present. 
- Most meat will not come from slaughtered animals, but instead will be cultured meat or plant-based.
- Space-based solar power will be commercially viable.
- Global energy consumption will have increased by 56 percent from 2010, from 524 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) to 820 quadrillion Btu.
- Pollen counts will be more than double today's level, due to climate change.
- ""High Power MPD Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP) for Artificial Gravity HOPE Missions to Callisto" trajectory.grc.nasa.gov" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 2, 2012. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- "New diesel and petrol vehicles to be banned from 2040 in UK - BBC News". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
- Justin McCurry (September 19, 2012). "Japan plans to end reliance on nuclear power within 30 years | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- Jim Baumann. "Development of Alpine Rail Link using GIS". Archived from the original on March 6, 2012. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
- "Top EV-Friendly Cities: What Are They Doing Right?". Retrieved August 30, 2015.
- Falk, Tyler (July 9, 2012). "On Amtrak, Philadelphia to New York in 37 minutes | ZDNet". Smartplanet.com. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "The Amtrak Vision for the Northeast Corridor : 2012 Update Report" (PDF). Amtrak.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 30, 2015. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "JSC Celebrates 40 Years of Human Space Flight". NASA. September 3, 2002. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- Jagadish Khadilkar (2017). Antarctica: The Frozen Continent's Environment, Changing Logistics and Relevance to India. Bloomsbury Publishing.
- "13 Indians take the harshest route in the world to save Antarctica". economictimes.indiatimes.com. March 16, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Bering Strait crossing BBC News
- "VW extends co-operation with Chinese JV partner FAW Group for another 25 years". www.autocarpro.in.
- Crezo, Adrienne (June 25, 2012). "Every item inside time capsule Nickelodeon buried in 1992". Mental Floss. Mental Floss, Inc. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
- "U.S. Nuclear Modernization Programs". Arms Control Association. August 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
- Ortman, Jennifer M.; Guarneri, Christine E. (2009), "United States Population Projections: 2000 to 2050" (PDF), 2009 National Population Projections (PDF), United States of America: United States Census Bureau, archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2017, retrieved February 16, 2010.
- Lamb, Gregory M. (December 10, 2005). "Progress at light speed: Ray Kurzweil". USA Today. Retrieved January 28, 2008.
- Grossman, Lev (February 10, 2011). "Singularity: Kurzweil on 2045, When Humans, Machines Merge - TIME". Content.time.com. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "The Year the World Really Changed," Newsweek, November 16, 2009
-  Archived November 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "High Power MPD Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP) for Artificial Gravity HOPE Missions to Callisto" (PDF). Trajectory.grc.nasa.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 2, 2012. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- See also the transcript Archived April 15, 2005, at the Wayback Machine of Deng's dialogue with Margaret Thatcher.
- "Duration of Copyright" (PDF). United States Copyright Office. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Brady, Anne-Marie (2017). China as a Polar Great Power. Cambridge University Press. p. 225. ISBN 9781316844670.
- Bart Broks. "Re: When is the next time in which a full moon falls on a leap day, Feb. 29". www.madsci.org. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
- "10 fascinating facts about Europe's last colony in Asia – and the most crowded place on Earth". The Telegraph. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- "CrowdReviews Partnered with Strategic Marketing & Exhibitions to Announce: One Belt, One Road Forum". PR.com. March 25, 2019. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
- "Planets for Dessert - NASA Science". Science.nasa.gov. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- Siegel, Ethan (July 10, 2017). "Jupiter's Great Red Spot Gets Its First-Ever Close Up Today". Forbes. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
- editor, Damian Carrington Environment (June 12, 2019). "Most 'meat' in 2040 will not come from dead animals, says report" – via www.theguardian.com.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Nancy Owano (November 15, 2011). "IAA says 'Yes We Can' to power plants in orbit". Physorg.com. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
- "EIA projects world energy consumption will increase 56% by 2040 - Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)". Eia.gov. July 25, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "The Year 2040: Double the Pollen, Double the Allergy Suffering?". NewsWise/American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI). October 30, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2013.