Logatec (pronounced [lɔˈɡaːtəts] (listen); German: Loitsch, Italian: Longatico) is a town in Slovenia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Logatec. It is located roughly in the centre of Inner Carniola, between the capital Ljubljana and Postojna. The town of Logatec has seen rapid industrial development and immigration since the completion of the nearby A1 motorway to the coast.
|Traditional region||Inner Carniola|
|Statistical region||Central Slovenia|
|• Total||39.50 km2 (15.25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||476.5 m (1,563.3 ft)|
The name Logatec is of Celtic origin, probably derived from Celtic *longatis 'ferryman, boatman', from the Proto-Celtic word *longā 'ship', thus meaning 'ferrymen's settlement'. The name became Longaticum in Latin, which was borrowed into Slavic as *Lǫgatьcь. Early attestations of the Slavic name include Logach in 1265 (and Logatzc in 1296, Logatsch in 1307, Logacz in 1319, and de Logas in 1354).
The earliest mentions of the settlement are from Roman times (Roman way station Mansio Longatico). The vicinity of trade routes between the interior and the coast has always played an important part in the region. First the Roman road from Aquileia to Emona, and later the road to Trieste and the Southern Railway. Before the construction of railway line, the majority of the population made a living as teamsters.
The town of Logatec was formed by combining a number of former villages:
- Blekova Vas (Blekova vas, German: Fleckdorf): 14
- Brod. The name of the settlement was changed from Brod to Brod–Logatec in 1955. It was joined to Logatec in 1972.
- Čevica (German: Tscheuze),: 14 joined to Logatec in 1972.
- Dolenja Vas (Slovene: Dolenja vas)
- Dolenji Logatec (German: Unterloitsch),: 15 joined to Logatec in 1972.
- Gorenja Vas (Slovene: Gorenja vas, German: Oberdorf). The name of the settlement was changed from Gorenja vas to Gorenja vas pod Režišami in 1953. It was joined to Logatec in 1972.
- Gorenji Logatec (German: Oberloitsch), formerly Cerkovska Vas (German: Kirchdorf),: 14 joined to Logatec in 1972.
- Martinj Hrib, joined to Logatec in 1972.
Logatec is the site of three known mass graves from during or after the Second World War. The Šemon Shaft Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče Šemonovo brezno) lies on the southern slope of Strmica Hill north of the town. The entrance to the 27-meter (89 ft) shaft is marked by two pine trees. The grave contains the remains of civilians from the nearby village of Rovte that were murdered in May or June 1945. The Košovec Shaft Mass Grave (Grobišče Brezno na Košovcu) is a 45-meter (148 ft) shaft located in the middle of a woods about 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) south of Logatec. In addition to human remains, investigators have found German identification tags, gold dentures, a ring, ammunition, and remains of military and civilian footwear in the shaft. The Gradišnica Cave Mass Grave (Grobišče Jama Gradišnica) lies south of Logatec. It contains the remains of two to five unknown victims.
Because Logatec is made of what were originally separate settlements, there are a number of churches in what is now the town. The parish church is in the Dolenji Logatec area and is dedicated to Saint Nicholas. It was first mentioned in written documents dating to 1526. From 1795 to 1803 a new church was built on the site. The church in the Čevica area is dedicated to Saint Joseph, and in Gorenji Logatec to the Virgin Mary.
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna. 1906. pp. 120, 128.
- Logatec municipal site Archived 2009-03-22 at the Wayback Machine
- Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 243.
- Milan Trobič, Furmani - po cesarskih cestah skozi Postojnska vrata, Logatec: Občina Logatec 2003.
- "Uebersicht der in Folge a. h. Entschließung vom 26. Juli 1849 genehmigten provisorischen Gerichtseintheilung des Kronlandes Krain". Intelligenzblatt zur Laibacher Zeitung. No. 141. November 24, 1849.
- Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.
- "Logatec Brass Orchestra - Culture of Slovenia". Retrieved 2011-11-09.
- Ferenc, Mitja (December 2009). "Grobišče Šemonovo brezno". Geopedia (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Služba za vojna grobišča, Ministrstvo za delo, družino in socialne zadeve. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
- Ferenc, Mitja (December 2009). "Grobišče Brezno na Košovcu". Geopedia (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Služba za vojna grobišča, Ministrstvo za delo, družino in socialne zadeve. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
- Ferenc, Mitja (December 2009). "Grobišče Jama Gradišnica". Geopedia (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Služba za vojna grobišča, Ministrstvo za delo, družino in socialne zadeve. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
- Logatec parish site