Neratovice

Neratovice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈnɛratovɪtsɛ]; German: Neratowitz) is a town in Mělník District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 16,000 inhabitants. The town is a part of the Prague metropolitan area.

Neratovice
Aerial view
Aerial view
Flag of Neratovice
Flag
Coat of arms of Neratovice
Coat of arms
Neratovice is located in Czech Republic
Neratovice
Neratovice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°15′34″N 14°31′4″E / 50.25944°N 14.51778°E / 50.25944; 14.51778Coordinates: 50°15′34″N 14°31′4″E / 50.25944°N 14.51778°E / 50.25944; 14.51778
Country Czech Republic
RegionCentral Bohemian
DistrictMělník
First mentioned1227
Government
 • MayorRoman Kroužecký
Area
 • Total20.00 km2 (7.72 sq mi)
Elevation
162 m (531 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total16,138
 • Density810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
277 11
Websitewww.neratovice.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Villages of Byškovice, Horňátky, Korycany, Lobkovice and Mlékojedy are administrative parts of Neratovice.

HistoryEdit

 
Lobkovice Castle

The first written mention of Neratovice is from 1227, at that time known as Neradice. It was a serf village of Chapter of St. Wenceslaus at the Prague Castle and of St. George's Convent in Prague. In the second half of the 14th century, it became a property of the Archbishopric of Prague. At the beginning of the 15th century, Neratovice was purchased by Lobkowicz family and remained their owners for most of the time in the following centuries.[2]

Thanks to the industrial revolution, Neratovice developed significantly in the second half of the 19th century. In 1865, the first train passed through the village along the TurnovKralupy line. In 1872, a line from Prague connected to it and a railway station was built. In 1874, a post office was established in Neratovice. In 1880, Neratovice separated from Lobkovice and became an independent municipality. In 1898, the railway to Brandýs nad Labem was put into operation. In 1900, a factory for the production of oil, degrass, soap and candles (later Lachema) was established. In 1905, a chemical factory focused especially on ammonia production (later Spolana) was established. Villas are built and the Neratovice region is becoming a recreational area, especially for the inhabitants of Prague.[2]

Until 1918, Neratovice was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the Karolinenthal (Karlín) district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[3]

In 1950, an independent national enterprise Spolana Neratovice was established. In 1957, Neratovice officially became a town and the villages of Libiš, Byškovice, Lobkovice, Horňátky, Mlékojedy and Korycany were gradually associated with them. In cooperation with Spolana, a new "modern" panel-type town with abundant social facilities was intensively built. The population grew up as people were coming to Neratovice for work and housing. In 1990, Libiš became an independent municipality again.[2]

DemographyEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18691,517—    
18801,789+17.9%
18901,974+10.3%
19002,205+11.7%
19102,698+22.4%
YearPop.±%
19212,880+6.7%
19304,183+45.2%
19505,267+25.9%
19617,719+46.6%
19708,982+16.4%
YearPop.±%
198015,025+67.3%
199115,685+4.4%
200116,318+4.0%
201116,426+0.7%
202116,138−1.8%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic[4]

EconomyEdit

 
Spolana Neratovice factory

The town is known as an industrial centre. The main company is Spolana chemical plant.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Neratovice is twinned with:[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ a b c "Historie a současnost města" (in Czech). Město Neratovice. Retrieved 2021-07-08.
  3. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  4. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Mělník" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 7–8.
  5. ^ "Město Neratovice" (in Czech). Město Neratovice. Retrieved 2019-08-23.

External linksEdit