|Etymology: "Fir forest" in German|
|District||Jablonec nad Nisou|
|• Mayor||Vladimír Vyhnálek|
|• Total||12.45 km2 (4.81 sq mi)|
|Elevation||455 m (1,493 ft)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Town part of Šumburk nad Desnou and village of Žďár are administrative parts of Tanvald.
The first written mention of Tanvald is from 1586, when it was described as a lumbering settlement. In 1895 the village was promoted to a market town and in 1905 to a town. In 1848 Žďár was joined to Tanvald.
The first written mention of Šumburk nad Desnou is from the 17th century, it was probably founded between 1565 and 1581. In 1906 it was promoted to a market town and in 1925 to a town. In 1942 Tanvald and Šumburk nad Desnou were merged into one municipality.
From 1938 to 1945 Tanvald was one of the municipalities in Sudetenland, a region incorporated by Nazi Germany. The majority Sudeten German population was expelled in 1945. The town was then resettled with Czechs.
The town has direct rail connection with Prague. Traffic on the railway line to Jelenia Góra in Poland was restricted in 1945 (the trains terminated in Harrachov, see cog railway Tanvald–Harrachov) and reinstated in 2010. Koleje Dolnośląskie D21 line runs from Szklarska Poręba to Liberec via the town.
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
- "Historie města v datech" (in Czech). Město Tanvald. Retrieved 2021-02-02.
- "Historie města a okolí" (in Czech). Město Tanvald. Retrieved 2021-02-02.
- "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Tanvald. Retrieved 2020-08-16.
- Media related to Tanvald at Wikimedia Commons
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