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United Kingdom transport modal share from 1952-2014, Department for Transport

A modal share (also called mode split, mode-share, or modal split) is the percentage of travelers using a particular type of transportation or number of trips using said type.[1] In freight transportation, this may be measured in mass.

Modal share is an important component in developing sustainable transport within a city or region. In recent years, many cities have set modal share targets for balanced and sustainable transport modes, particularly 30% of non-motorized (cycling and walking) and 30% of public transport. These goals reflect a desire for a modal shift, or a change between modes, and usually encompasses an increase in the proportion of trips made using sustainable modes.[2]

Comparability of dataEdit

Modal share data is usually obtained by travel surveys, which are often conducted by local governments, using different methodologies. Sampling and interviewing techniques, definitions, the extent of geographical areas and other methodological differences can influence comparability. Most typical surveys refer to the main mode of transport used during trips to work.[3] Surveys covering entire metropolitan areas are preferred over city proper surveys which typically cover only the denser inner city.

Modal split of journeys to workEdit

The following tables present the modal split of journeys to work. Note that it is better to use a measure of all trips on a typical weekday, but journey to work data is more readily available. It would also be beneficial to disaggregate private motor vehicles figures to car driver and car passenger.

Cities with over 1,000,000 inhabitantsEdit

City walking cycling public transport private motor vehicle year Survey Area
  Adelaide 3% 1% 11% 85% 2016[4] GCCSA
  Atlanta 1% 0% 3% 86% 2016[5] UA
  Athens 8% 2% 37% 53% 2006 [6]
  Auckland 4% 1% 9% 85% 2011-2014[7] MUA
  Baltimore 3% 0% 7% 84% 2016[8] UA
  Barcelona 32% 2% 39% 27% 2013[9]
  Beijing 21% 32% 26% 21% 2005/2011[10]
  Belgrade 23% 1% 49% 27% 2015
  Berlin 29% 15% 26% 30% 2012
  Brisbane 4% 1% 14% 81% 2016[11] GCCSA
  Brussels 25% 2.5% 28% 43% 2010[12]
  Bogota 15% 2% 64% 19% 2008[10]
  Boston 5% 1% 14% 73% 2016[13] UA
  Budapest 32% 1% 47% 20% 2011
  Calgary 4.7% 1.5% 14.4% 79.4% 2016
  Chicago 3% 1% 13% 77% 2016[14] UA
  Dallas 1% 0% 2% 90% 2016[15] UA
  Daejeon 26% 2% 28% 44% 2012[16]
  Delhi 21% 12% 48% 19% 2008/2011[10]
  Detroit 1% 0% 2% 92% 2016[17]
  Edmonton 3.7% 1.0% 11.3% 84% 2016
  Hamburg 28% 12% 18% 42% 2008[18]
  Houston 1% 0% 2% 91% 2016[19] UA
  Indianapolis 1% 0% 1% 91% 2016[20] UA
  Las Vegas 1% 0% 4% 90% 2016[21] UA
  London 24% 2% 37% 37% 2016[22]
  Los Angeles 3% 1% 5% 85% 2016[23] UA
  Madrid 36% 0% 34% 30% 2006[10]
  Manila 9% 2% 44% 45% 2019[10]
  Melbourne 4% 2% 19% 76% 2016[11] GCCSA
  Miami 2% 1% 4% 87% 2016[24] UA
  Milan 17% 6% 41% 36% 2007 [25]
  Minsk 13% 1% 63% 20% 2016 [26]
  Montreal 5% 2% 22% 70% 2016[27] CMA
  Mumbai 27% 6% 52% 15% 2008/2011[10]
  Munich 28% 17% 21% 37% 2011[28]
  New York City 6% 1% 33% 55% 2016[29] UA
  Osaka 27% 21% 34% 18% 2000[30]
  Ottawa 8% 2% 18% 72% 2016[31] CMA
  Paris 15% 5% 59% 20% 2010[32]
  Perth 3% 1% 12% 84% 2016[11] GCCSA
  Philadelphia 4% 1% 10% 80% 2016[33] UA
  Phoenix 2% 1% 2% 87% 2016[34] UA
  Portland 3% 3% 7% 78% 2016[35] UA
  Prague 23% 1% 43% 33% 2009[36]
  Rome 4% 1% 29% 66% 2014[37]
  San Antonio 2% 0% 3% 90% 2016[38] UA
  San Diego 3% 1% 3% 85% 2016[39] UA
  San Francisco 5% 2% 20% 64% 2016[40] UA
  San Jose 2% 2% 5% 84% 2016[41] UA
  Seattle 4% 1% 10% 77% 2016[42] UA
  Seoul N/A 4% 66% 23% 2014[43]
  Shanghai 27% 20% 33% 20% 2009/2011[10]
  Singapore 22% 1% 44% 33% 2011[10]
  Sydney 5% 1% 27% 67% 2016[11] GCCSA
  Taipei 13% 4% 43% 40% 2016[44]
  Tokyo 23% 14% 51% 12% 2008/2009[10]
  Toronto 5% 1% 24% 68% 2016[45] CMA
  Vancouver 7% 2% 20% 69% 2016 CMA
  Vienna 26% 7% 39% 28% 2014[46]
  Warsaw 18% 3% 47% 32% 2015[47]
  Washington, D.C. 4% 1% 16% 72% 2016[48] UA

Cities with over 250,000 inhabitantsEdit

City walking cycling public transport private motor vehicle year
  Aarhus 7% 27% 19% 43% 2004
  Alicante 18% 0% 13% 69% 2004
  Amsterdam 4% 40% 29% 27% 2014
  Bari 13% 1% 14% 72% 2001
  Bern 11% 11% 54% 24% 2001
  Bilbao 23% 0% 34% 43% 2004
  Birmingham 1% 1% 25% 66% 2001
  Bologna 8% 4% 21% 67% 2001
  Bonn 9% 13% 21% 57% 2004
  Bratislava 4% 0% 70% 26% 2004
  Brno 5% 2% 57% 32% 2012 [49]
  Buffalo 6% 1% 14% 79% 2012
  Bremen 7% 19% 24% 50% 2004
  Bristol 19% 8% 12% 55% 2011 [50]
  Canberra 5% 3% 8% 85% 2016[11]
  Christchurch 4% 5% 4% 87% 2011-2014 [7]
  Cologne 7% 15% 28% 50% 2013
  Copenhagen 10% 30% 36% 26% 2012
  Córdoba 18% 1% 10% 71% 2004
  Dortmund 7% 3% 23% 67% 2004
  Dresden 24% 17% 21% 38% 2008
  Dublin 19% 3% 13% 64% 2014[51]
  Düsseldorf 11% 5% 31% 53% 2004
  Eindhoven 3% 24% 8% 65% 2004
  Essen 9% 2% 20% 69% 2004
  Florence 8% 4% 21% 69% 2001
  Frankfurt 11% 15% 30% 44% 2015
  Freiburg im Breisgau 11% 13% 12% 63% 2004
  Gdańsk 20.8% 5.9% 32.1% 41.2% 2016[52]
  Gijón 24% 0% 17% 59% 2004
  Gothenburg 12% 14% 21% 52% 2004
  Hanover 9% 13% 29% 49% 2004
  Helsinki 37% 10% 30% 22% 2016
  Las Palmas 12% 0% 24% 64% 2004
  Lisbon 10% 0% 46% 40% 2001
  Málaga 12% 0% 11% 77% 2004
  Malmö 6% 25% 18% 51% 2011
  Murcia 18% 1% 7% 74% 2004
  Naples 13% 0% 26% 60% 2001
  Nuremberg 11% 7% 30% 52% 2004
  Oslo 29% 6% 30% 34% 2013
  Palermo 12% 1% 9% 78% 2001
  Rotterdam 5% 14% 25% 56% 2004
  Stockholm 15% 7% 43% 33% 2004
  Tel Aviv 16% 13% 28% 43% 2015[53]
  The Hague 5% 22% 30% 43% 2004
  Seville 13% 7% 18% 62% 2014
  Stuttgart 13% 4% 32% 51% 2004
  Tallinn 11% 2% 35% 48% 2017[54]
  Turin 12% 3% 5% 79% 2004
  Utrecht 3% 34% 24% 39% 2015
  Valencia 16% 1% 21% 62% 2004
  Valladolid 22% 1% 20% 57% 2004
  Vigo 19% 0% 13% 68% 2004
  Vilnius 36% 0% 26% 38% 2011[55]
  Wellington 10% 1% 23% 62% 2011-2014[7]
  Victoria (CMA) 10% 7% 11% 70% 2016
  Winnipeg 5% 2% 14% 79% 2016[56]
  Zaragoza 17% 0% 29% 54% 2004
  Zürich 36% 6% 32% 25% 2010[57]
Mean ± SD 13±8% 8±9% 24±13% 55±17%

Notes: European data is based on the Urban Audit,[58]

Modal share targetsEdit

The Charter of Brussels, signed by 36 cities including Brussels, Ghent, Milan, Munich, Seville, Edinburgh, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Gdansk, and Timisoara, commits the signatories to achieve at least 15% of bicycling modal share by 2020, and calls upon European institutions to do likewise.[59]. The cycling modal share is strongly associated with the size of local cycling infrastructure [60]

The Canadian city of Hamilton adopted a similar modal share target plan in 2005.[61]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Glossary (Engineering Services - Transportation, City of Vancouver website. Accessed 2009-06-04.) Archived June 3, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ http://www.ramblers.org.uk/Walking/policy/transport/transportleisure
  3. ^ Singapore Land and Transport Authority: Journeys, issue 7, November 2011
  4. ^ "Trends in journey to work mode shares in Australian cities to 2016 (second edition)". Charting Transport. 2017-10-24. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
  5. ^ "Census profile: Atlanta, GA Urbanized Area". Census Reporter. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  6. ^ http://www.epomm.eu/tems/result_city.phtml?city=221
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  11. ^ a b c d e Charting Transport, retrieved 27 October 2017
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  18. ^ Page 7 in Infas: Mobilität im Großraum Hamburg
  19. ^ "Census profile: Houston, TX Urbanized Area". Census Reporter. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  20. ^ "Census profile: Indianapolis, IN Urbanized Area". Census Reporter. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  21. ^ "Census profile: Las Vegas--Henderson, NV Urbanized Area". Census Reporter. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  22. ^ Transport for London: "Travel in London" Report 10, 2017
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  35. ^ "Census profile: Portland, OR--WA Urbanized Area". Census Reporter. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
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  37. ^ FGM-AMOR. "ENDURANCE :: Countries/Cities". www.epomm.eu. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
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  39. ^ "Census profile: San Diego, CA Urbanized Area". Census Reporter. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  40. ^ "Census profile: San Francisco--Oakland, CA Urbanized Area". Census Reporter. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  41. ^ "Census profile: San Jose, CA Urbanized Area". Census Reporter. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  42. ^ "Census profile: Seattle, WA Urbanized Area". Census Reporter. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
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  44. ^ Taipei City Hall. "市政統計週報". Retrieved 19 October 2018.
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  49. ^ http://www.brno.cz/fileadmin/user_upload/sprava_mesta/magistrat_mesta_brna/OD/dokumenty_OKD/delba_prepravni_prace/Delba_prepravni_prace_2012.pdf
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  52. ^ "Gdańskie Badania Ruchu 2016".
  53. ^ (PDF) http://civitas.eu/sites/default/files/tel_aviv-yafo_evolution_of_cycling_patterns_in_tel_aviv_benjamin_maor_haggai_yaron.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  54. ^ url=https://www.tallinn.ee/eng/g2677s113615
  55. ^ Naujų transporto rūšių diegimo Vilniaus mieste specialusis planas Archived 2013-12-03 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 2013-07-03
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  57. ^ "Transport (Statistical Yearbook of the City of Zurich 2017, Chapter 11)" (PDF).
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  61. ^ http://www2.hamilton.ca/NR/rdonlyres/4929A56F-4222-4A62-B399-5E3860F7A764/0/AppendixB.pdf