Minister of Home Affairs (India)
The Minister of Home Affairs (or simply, the Home Minister, short form HM) is the head of the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most officers in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Home Minister is the maintenance of India's internal security; the country's large police force comes under its jurisdiction. Occasionally, he/she is assisted by the Minister of State of Home Affairs and the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of Home Affairs.
|Minister of Home Affairs|
|Ministry of Home Affairs|
|Member of||Union Cabinet|
|Reports to||Prime Minister,|
Parliament of India
|Seat||North Block, Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi|
|Appointer||President on the advice of the Prime Minister|
|Term length||5 years|
|Inaugural holder||Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel|
|Formation||15 August 1947|
Ever since the time of independent India's first Home Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the office has been seen as second in seniority only to the Prime Minister in the Union Cabinet. Like Patel, several Home Ministers have since held the additional portfolio of Deputy Prime Minister. As of February 2020, three Home Ministers have gone on to become the Prime Minister: Lal Bahadur Shastri, Charan Singh and P. V. Narasimha Rao. L.K. Advani, serving from 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004, has held the office of the Home Minister for the longest continuous period, as of February 2020.
From 26 May 2014 to 30 May 2019, the Home Minister of India was Rajnath Singh of the Bharatiya Janata Party, taking over the reins from Sushilkumar Shinde. On 31 May 2019, following the swearing-in of the Second Modi Ministry Amit Shah assumed the office as its 31st occupant.
List of Home Ministers
Ministers of State of Home Affairs
|№||Name||Term of office||Political Party||Prime Minister||Minister of Home Affairs|
|1||Subodh Kant Sahay||23 April 1990||21 June 1991||Janata Dal
|V. P. Singh||Mufti Mohammed Sayeed|
|2||Shriprakash Jaiswal||23 May 2004||22 May 2009||Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
|Manmohan Singh||Shivraj Patil|
|3||R. P. N. Singh||28 October 2012||26 May 2014||Sushilkumar Shinde|
|4||Kiren Rijiju||26 May 2014||30 May 2019||Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
|Narendra Modi||Rajnath Singh|
|5||G. Kishan Reddy||30 May 2019||Incumbent||Amit Shah|
- "Fifteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Sahai, Shri Subodh Kant". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Fifteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Jaiswal, Shri Sriprakash". Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Fifteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Singh, Shri Ratanjit Pratap Narain". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.