Mexico City Metro Line 3

Mexico City Metro Line 3 is one of the 12 metro lines built in Mexico City, Mexico.[2][3]

Line 3 / Línea 3
MetroDF Línea 3.svg
Metro zapata.jpg
Overview
LocaleMexico City
TerminiIndios Verdes
Universidad
Stations21
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemMexico City Metro
Operator(s)Sistema de Transporte Colectivo (STC)
Rolling stockNM-79, NM-83A
Ridership609,228 passengers per day (2019)[1]
History
Opened20 November 1970
Technical
Line length21.278 km (13 mi)
Track length23.609 km (15 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
with roll ways along track
ElectrificationGuide bars
Operating speed36 km/h (22 mph)
Route map

Ticomán workshops
Indios Verdes
Deportivo 18 de Marzo
Mexico City Metro Line 6
Potrero
La Raza
Mexico City Metro Line 5
Tlatelolco
Guerrero
Mexico City Metro Line B
Hidalgo
Mexico City Metro Line 2
Juárez
Balderas
Mexico City Metro Line 1
Niños Héroes / Poder Judicial CDMX
Hospital General
Centro Médico
Mexico City Metro Line 9
Etiopía / Plaza de la Transparencia
Eugenia
División del Norte
Zapata
Mexico City Metro Line 12
Coyoacán
Viveros / Derechos Humanos
Miguel Ángel de Quevedo
Copilco
Universidad

Line 3 is the longest line, its color is olive green and it runs from north to south of the city covering almost all of it.

It is built under Avenida de los Insurgentes, Guerrero, Zarco, Balderas, Cuauhtémoc, Universidad, Copilco and Delfín Madrigal avenues. It interchanges with Line 6 at Deportivo 18 de Marzo, Line 5 at La Raza, Line B at Guerrero, Line 2 at Hidalgo, Line 1 at Balderas, Line 9 at Centro Médico. and Line 12 at Zapata.[4][5]

ChronologyEdit

Rolling stockEdit

Line 3 has had different types of rolling stock throughout the years.

The NM-79 trains were made in Mexico in 1979 by Concarril and the NM-83A trains were made in México by Concarril between 1983 and 1991.

Currently, out of the 390 trains in the Mexico City Metro network, 50 are in service in Line 3, more than in any other line.[7]

Station listEdit

No. Station Date opened Level Distance (km) Transfers Location
Between
stations
Total
01 Indios Verdes December 1, 1979 Ground-level,
underground access.
- 0.0
  •     Metrobús Line 1
  •     Metrobús Line 7
  • CETRAM (Bus platforms)
  • Mexibús Line 4 (under construction)
  • Gustavo A. Madero
    02 Deportivo 18 de Marzo December 1, 1979 Ground-level,
    underground access.
    1.3 1.3
  •    
  •     Metrobús Line 1
  •     Metrobús Line 6
  • CETRAM (Bus platforms) for Ecatepec
  • 03 Potrero December 1, 1979 Ground-level,
    underground access.
    1.1 2.4
  •     Metrobús Line 1
  • 04 La Raza August 25, 1978 Underground,
    trench
    1.2 3.6
  •    
  •     Metrobús Line 1
  •     Metrobús Line 3
  •     Cero Emissions Corridor Line A (at distance)
  • CETRAM (Bus platforms) for city north
  • 05 Tlatelolco November 20, 1970 Underground,
    trench
    1.6 5.2
  •     Metrobús Line 3
  • Cuauhtemoc
    06 Guerrero November 20, 1970 Underground,
    trench
    1.1 6.3
  •    
  •     Metrobús Line 3
  • 07 Hidalgo November 20, 1970 Underground,
    trench (Lv. -2)
    0.9 7.2
  •    
  •     Metrobús Line 3
  •     Metrobús Line 4 (North route)
  •     Metrobús Line 7
  •     Trolleybus Line LL
  • 08 Juárez November 20, 1970 Underground,
    trench
    0.4 7.6
  •     Metrobús Line 3
  •     Metrobús Line 4 (South route)
  • 09 Balderas November 20, 1970 Underground,
    trench (Lv. -2)
    0.7 8.4
  •    
  •     Metrobús Line 3
  • 10 Niños Héroes / Poder Judicial CDMX November 20, 1970 Underground,
    trench
    0.8 9.2  
    11 Hospital General November 20, 1970 Underground,
    trench
    0.8 9.9
  •     Metrobús Line 3
  •     Cero Emissions Corridor Line S
  • 12 Centro Médico June 7, 1980 Underground,
    trench
    0.8 10.7
  •    
  •     Metrobús Line 3
  • 13 Etiopía / Plaza de la Transparencia August 25, 1980 Underground,
    trench
    1.5 12.3
  •     Metrobús Line 2
  •     Metrobús Line 3
  • Benito Juárez
    14 Eugenia August 25, 1980 Underground,
    trench
    1.0 13.3
  •     Metrobús Line 3 (under construction)
  • 15 División del Norte August 25, 1980 Underground,
    trench
    0.8 14.1
  •     Metrobús Line 3 (under construction)
  • 16 Zapata August 25, 1980 Underground,
    trench
    1.0 15.1
  •    
  •     Metrobús Line 3 (under construction)
  •     Cero Emissions Corridor Line D
  • CETRAM (Bus platforms) for city south
  • 17 Coyoacán August 30, 1983 Underground,
    deep trench
    1.2 16.4  
    18 Viveros / Derechos Humanos August 30, 1983 Underground,
    double tunnel
    1.0 17.4   Coyoacán
    19 Miguel Ángel de Quevedo August 30, 1983 Underground,
    double tunnel
    1.0 18.4  
    20 Copilco August 30, 1983 Underground,
    deep trench
    1.4 19.8  
    21 Universidad August 30, 1983 Ground-level 1.5 21.3
  • CETRAM (Bus platforms) for Tlalpan and Ajusco
  • Pumabús
    Ruta 1 for Circuito Interior
    Ruta 2 for Circuito Exterior
    Ruta 3 for Zona Cultural
    Ruta 4 for Jardín Botánico
    Ruta 5 for Barda Norte
  • Renamed stationsEdit

    Date Old name New name
    1998 Basílica Deportivo 18 de Marzo
    2009 Etiopía Etiopía / Plaza de la Transparencia
    2009 Viveros Viveros / Derechos Humanos
    2019 Niños Héroes Niños Héroes / Poder Judicial CDMX

    RidershipEdit

    The following table shows each of Line 3 stations total and average daily ridership during 2019.[1]

    Transfer station
    Terminal
    Rank Station Total ridership Average daily
    1 Indios Verdes 39,192,273 107,376
    2 Universidad 26,555,624 72,755
    3 Copilco 14,030,121 38,439
    4 Deportivo 18 de Marzo 12,397,054 33,965
    5 Miguel Ángel de Quevedo 12,101,570 33,155
    6 La Raza 11,364,171 31,135
    7 Etiopía / Plaza de la Transparencia 10,885,701 29,824
    8 Coyoacán 9,780,261 26,795
    9 Zapata 9,027,192 24,732
    10 Niños Héroes / Poder Judicial CDMX 7,865,930 21,550
    11 Viveros / Derechos Humanos 7,727,513 21,171
    12 Tlatelolco 7,562,593 20,719
    13 Hospital General 7,478,953 20,490
    14 Centro Médico 7,395,505 20,262
    15 Eugenia 6,700,579 18,358
    16 División del Norte 6,552,063 17,951
    17 Hidalgo 6,378,926 17,477
    18 Juárez 6,320,737 17,317
    19 Potrero 6,317,545 17,308
    20 Guerrero 3,893,901 10,668
    21 Balderas 2,840,045 7,781
    Total 222,368,257 609,228

    TourismEdit

    Line 3 passes near several places of interest:

    See alsoEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ a b "Afluencia de estación por línea 2019" (in Spanish). Metro CDMX. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
    2. ^ "Linea 3: Indios Verdes – Universidad" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 8 August 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
    3. ^ Archambault, Richard. "Metro Line 3 » Mexico City Metro System". Retrieved 14 August 2011.
    4. ^ "Linea 12; Linea Dorado; la Linea del Bicentenario" (in Spanish). Mexico City Metro. p. b. Archived from the original on 17 September 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
    5. ^ "Metro Line 12". Retrieved 14 August 2011.
    6. ^ a b c d e f Monroy, Marco. Schwandl, Robert (ed.). "Opening Dates for Mexico City's Subway". Retrieved 5 August 2011.
    7. ^ "Parque vehicular" (in Spanish). Metro CDMX. Retrieved 27 April 2020.