Lučenec (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈlutʂeɲets] (listen); German: Lizenz; Hungarian: Losonc; Yiddish: לאשאנץ; Latin: Lutetia Hungarorum) is a town in the Banská Bystrica Region of south-central Slovakia. Historically, it was part, and in the 18th century the capital, of Nógrád County of the Kingdom of Hungary. In 1920, as a result of the Treaty of Trianon, it became a part of Czechoslovakia. The town has a large synagogue, built in 1924, which served a large Jewish population before World War II. The synagogue underwent renovations in 2016.
|• Mayor||Alexandra Pivková|
|• Total||47.791 km2 (18.452 sq mi)|
|Elevation||190 m (620 ft)|
|• Density||580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The first indirect mention of Lučenec was in 1128, when Lambert built a chapel in honour of Virgin Mary. The first direct mention of the settlement was in 1247 under the name Luchunch, but until the first half of the 15th century it was only a village, and was located off the main trade routes. In 1442, Lučenec was conquered by the Hussites troops under command of John Jiskra of Brandýs and in 1451 the Battle of Lučenec took place near the village between the troops of John Hunyadi and those of Jiskra, where the latter emerged victorious.
After the fall of the Fiľakovo (Hungarian: Fülek, German: Fülleck) castle in 1554, Lučenec was under the control of the Ottomans and their vassals as part of Budin Eyalet until capturing by Austrians in 1593. It was regained by Ottomans in 1596 and was again part of Filek (Ottoman name for Filakovo) sanjak (Its centre was Rima Sonbot) in Eğri Eyalet till 1686. The town was burned down many times until the first half of the 19th century, when during the Revolutions of 1848/1849 it was occupied by the Russian imperial troops.
The town underwent modernization in the 19th and 20th centuries, for example, new industries like brickworks or tanneries were built, telegraph line in 1865, and in 1871 it was connected to the railway connecting Budapest (Slovak: Budapešť) and Žilina (Hungarian: Zsolna, German: Sillein). After World War I, Lučenec became part of Czechoslovakia, and, briefly in 1919, part of the Slovak Soviet Republic. In 1938, Lučenec was annexed to Hungary as a result of the First Vienna Award, and this lasted until 1945 when it was returned to Czechoslovakia. Approximately 8.3% of current residents are ethnic Hungarians.
Lučenec has a Humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa) with four alternating seasons. There are hot summers and cold winters. There is a high number of sunshine days with a short time of duration of snow cover as well as the cover is relatively low. Near by Lučenec are located several water reservoirs such as Ľadovo, Mýtna, Málinec and most popular Ružiná.
|Climate data for Lučenec|
|Average high °C||0.9||4.3||10.1||15.8||21.1||24||26.2||26.3||21.4||14.9||6.7||2.1||14.5|
|Average low °C||−6||−4.3||−0.6||3.5||8.3||11.3||12.8||12.4||8.8||4.1||−0.2||−3.9||3.9|
|Average high °F||33.6||39.7||50.2||60.4||70.0||75||79.2||79.3||70.5||58.8||44.1||35.8||58.0|
|Average low °F||21||24.3||30.9||38.3||46.9||52.3||55.0||54.3||47.8||39.4||31.6||25.0||38.9|
|Source 1:|
|Source 2:|
From 28,475 inhabitants (census 2011) are
- Slovaks - 18,383 65,6%
- Hungarians - 2,371 8,3%
- others - 7,721 - 27,1%
According to the 2001 census, there were 28,332 people living in the town, with majority of them being Slovaks (81.63%), with a minority of Hungarians (13.11%) and with a small percentage of Roma (2.32%), Czechs (0.61%) and others. The religious make-up was: 56.56% Roman Catholics, 21.12% people with no religious affiliation and 14.77% Lutherans.
Lučenec is divided into these boroughs:
- Malá Ves
- Timrava (Božena Slančíková) (1867–1951)
- Ivan Saktor (b. 1954) (in Slovak)
- Henrich-Haim Fingerhut, first radio speaker of Radio Belgrade
- Tibor Serly, Hungarian classical composer
- Sándor Petőfi (1823–1849), Hungarian poet
- Ralph Henry Brewster, (1904-1951), American writer and musician, spent several days here in 1942
- Margit Bokor wahl (1900-1949), Hungarian Opera Singer
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- "Population and migration". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
- Lelkes György (1992), Magyar helységnév-azonosító szótár, Balassi Kiadó, Budapest, 508 p.
- "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2008-01-11. Retrieved 2008-01-13.
- Cf. his autobiographical novel Wrong Passport, published post mortem London 1954, pp. 6-11
- "Partnerské mestá" (in Slovak). Lučenec. Retrieved 2019-09-03.
- Media related to Lučenec at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Spectacular Slovakia - Lučenec: reaching for the sky