Lučenec Synagogue is a Neolog synagogue, constructed in Secession style, in Lučenec. It was built between 1924 and 1925 and is registered as a National Cultural Monument. It was reconstructed and reopened as a cultural center on 13 May 2016.[1]

History

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The synagogue was designed by the Hungarian architect Lipót Baumhorn to replace the older, dilapidated synagogue which had stood on the site since 1863. The domed structure is notable for its use of lightweight reinforced concrete.

The synagogue was officially opened on 8 September in 1925 and could accommodate up to 1100 worshipers. The cost of the construction was around $1.5 million Kčs. The synagogue was used for religious services until 1944 when the interior of the synagogue was destroyed. The last rabbi of the synagogue was Arthur Rashovsky, who was killed in Auschwitz after the Jewish community of Lučenec was deported there on 12 June 1944.[2]

The synagogue was partially restored after the war. Around the 1960s, the building was used as a warehouse for synthetic fertilizers, the presence of which caused serious damage to the fabric of the building.[3] In 1980 the building fell out of use. Although it was listed as a historical monument in 1985, it gradually fell into disrepair.

Reconstruction

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Between 2014 and 2015, the synagogue was completely reconstructed. The project cost €2.5 million, of which €2.4 million was funded from an EU grant.[4] The building is now operated as a Lučenec Cultural Quarter and is used for art events such as theater performances, concerts, exhibitions, and other cultural activities. The space can also be used for events such as graduation ceremonies, wedding receptions and public meetings. From September to November 2019, the synagogue also hosted a traveling exhibition of Chinese terracotta soldiers.[5]

Sources

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References

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  1. ^ "V Lučenci zrekonštruovali synagógu aj radnicu vďaka peniazom z eurofondov, Dennik N, 31.3.2016". 31 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Pinkas Hakehillot Slovakia: Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities, Slovakia, Edited by Yehoshua Robert Buchler and Ruth Shashak, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem".
  3. ^ "Slovak town struggles to rebuild synagogue". 16 June 2002.
  4. ^ "LUKUS website".
  5. ^ "Slovensko Trebišov – Terrakotta hadsereg".

48°19′30″N 19°40′02″E / 48.3250°N 19.6671°E / 48.3250; 19.6671