Louny (Czech pronunciation: [ˈlounɪ]; German: Laun) is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 18,000 inhabitants. It is situated on the River Ohře.

Louny
Town
Regional museum in Pivovarská street
Regional museum in Pivovarská street
Flag of Louny
Flag
Coat of arms of Louny
Coat of arms
Louny is located in Czech Republic
Louny
Louny
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°21′26″N 13°47′49″E / 50.35722°N 13.79694°E / 50.35722; 13.79694Coordinates: 50°21′26″N 13°47′49″E / 50.35722°N 13.79694°E / 50.35722; 13.79694
Country Czech Republic
RegionÚstí nad Labem
DistrictLouny
First mentioned1115
Government
 • MayorPavel Janda (TOP 09)
Area
 • Total24.27 km2 (9.37 sq mi)
Elevation
185 m (607 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total18,313
 • Density750/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
440 01
Websitewww.mulouny.cz

HistoryEdit

 
Old town gate, Žatec Gate

The town was founded in the 12th century (the first known written record dates from 1115). The Church of St Peter stands on the site of the original fort. The original name was Luna, which is retained in the name of a local park, Pramen Luna, and accounts for the Moon as part of the town's emblem.[2] The town developed and expanded during the reign of Ottokar I of Bohemia, although the Thirty Years' War depopulated the town. The second half of the 19th century witnessed the economic growth of the area.

Until 1918, Laun – Louny was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the district of the same name, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[3]

EconomyEdit

The town lies on a railway junction and a factory for overhauling railway engines and rolling stock was established in 1873[4] which became a major employer and contributed to the town's expansion during the early 20th century. The former state company has now been privatized, but remains the town's largest employer with a workforce of 750.

Other industries include a brewery (from the hops which are grown in the region) and a factory making porcelain electrical insulators for power cables, etc.

 
Church of Saint Nicholas

SightsEdit

The town's architecture was formed mainly in the 19th and 20th centuries when many old buildings were torn down. Nevertheless, the most important architectural feature is Roman Catholic St. Nicholas Church, erected between 1517 and 1537 in the late Gothic style.[5] One of the architects was Benedikt Rejt. It incorporates a tower from an earlier church which was otherwise destroyed along with most of the town by a major fire in 1517.

Parts of the town ramparts remain, as does the Žatec Gate which dates from 1500 but was reconstructed in 1872.

Notable peopleEdit

 
Louny in ca. 1612; engraving by Matthäus Merian

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Louny is twinned with:[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ Lounska farnost Description of the Church interior which has this emblem
  3. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  4. ^ www.lostr.cz Company website
  5. ^ [1] History of the Church of St Nicolas and the Louny Parish
  6. ^ Gymnázium V. Hlavatého
  7. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Louny. Retrieved 2020-08-17.

External linksEdit