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Barouh Berkovits (May 7, 1926 – October 23, 2012[1]) was one of the pioneers of bio-engineering, particularly the cardiac defibrillator and artificial cardiac pacemaker.[2] In particular, Berkovits invented the "demand pacemaker" and the DC defibrillator.[3][4]

Barouh V. Berkovits
Died(2012-10-23)October 23, 2012
AwardsDistinguished Scientist Award from the Heart Rhythm Society
Scientific career
FieldsBiomedical Engineering
InstitutionsNYU Poly, Medtronic

Berkovits was born in Czechoslovakia. His parents and sister died at Auschwitz. He immigrated to the United States in the 1950s, and worked for the pacemaker company Medtronic from 1975 until his retirement. In 1982, Berkovits received the "Distinguished Scientist Award" from the Heart Rhythm Society.[5] He graduated from NYU Poly in 1956.[6] He was also a faculty member at NYU Poly.[7]


  1. ^ "Barouh Berkovits Obituary: View Obituary for Barouh Berkovits by Levine Chapels, Brookline, MA". 1926-05-07. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
  2. ^ "Biography of Barouh V. Berkovits". Retrieved 2012-10-26.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Kirk Jeffrey (2001). Machines in Our Hearts: The Cardiac Pacemaker, the Implantable Defibrillator, and American Health Care. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  4. ^ Cakulev, I; Efimov, I. R.; Waldo, A. L. (2009). "Cardioversion: Past, Present, and Future". Circulation. 120 (16): 1623–1632. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.865535. PMC 2782563. PMID 19841308.
  5. ^ Levy S, Medina-Ravell VA, Castellanos A (2013). "Barouh V. Berkovits, MSEE (1926-2012)". Heart Rhythm. 10 (3): 411. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2013.01.010.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-06-23. Retrieved 2015-09-06.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Barouh V. Berkovits, MSEE (1926–2012)". Heart Rhythm. 10 (3): 411. 1 March 2013. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2013.01.010 – via Crossref.