Slovak Soviet Republic

The Slovak Soviet Republic (Slovak: Slovenská republika rád, Hungarian: Szlovák Tanácsköztársaság, Ukrainian: Словацька Радянська Республіка, literally: "Slovak Republic of Councils") was a short-lived Communist state in southeast Slovakia in existence from 16 June 1919 to 7 July 1919.[1] Its capital city was Prešov and was headed by Czech journalist Antonín Janoušek. It was the fourth communist state created in history.

Slovak Soviet Republic

Slovenská republika rád
Szlovák Tanácsköztársaság

Словацька Радянська Республіка
Motto: "Proletari caleho šveta, spojce še!"
"Workers of the world, unite!"
Anthem: "Internacionála"
The Internationale
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  Slovak Soviet Republic
StatusPuppet state of the Hungarian Soviet Republic
Common languages
GovernmentSoviet socialist republic
Chairman of the Revolutionary Government Council 
Historical eraInterwar period
• Proclaimed
16 June 1919
• Military intervention
7 July 1919
ISO 3166 codeSK
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938)
Hungarian Soviet Republic
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938)

In 1918, Czechoslovak troops began occupying northern Hungary in accordance with the territorial promises that the Triple Entente made to Czechoslovak politicians during World War I. However, Upper Hungary (today mostly Slovakia) was occupied by Hungarian troops from the Hungarian Soviet Republic, who helped create the Slovak Soviet Republic.

Following a brief war among Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Romania, the Slovak Soviet Republic fell and later the territory was incorporated into Czechoslovakia.

Proclamation of the Slovak Soviet Republic in Prešov

See alsoEdit


Further readingEdit

  • Toma, Peter A. "The Slovak Soviet Republic of 1919" American Slavic & East European Review (1958) 17#2 pp 203–215.