List of universities in the Netherlands

A listing of universities in the Kingdom of the Netherlands:

Research universitiesEdit

Research universities in the Netherlands are institutions of tertiary education that in Dutch are called universiteit. Their focus is towards academic education and scientific research. They are accredited to confer bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees. Prior to the Bologna Process, the universities granted drs. (doctorandus), mr. (for law studies) and ir. (for engineering studies) degrees, which are equivalent to current MBA, MA, LLM or MSc degrees. The term universiteit is reserved to doctorate granting institutes in the Dutch context, and the additional qualifier "research" is hardly ever used in practice.

Name Established University status City Organisation Type Number of staff Number of students
Government Supported Universities (by type)
University of Amsterdam[1] 1632 1877[2] Amsterdam Public University 4,062 32,739
Academic Medical Center 1983 Amsterdam
Amsterdam University College 2008 Amsterdam
VU University Amsterdam 1880 1880[2] Amsterdam Special: Protestant University 2,200 18,000
VU University Medical Center 1964 Amsterdam
Amsterdam University College 2008 Amsterdam
University of Groningen 1614 1614 Groningen Public University 5,000 26,500
University Medical Center Groningen 1797 Groningen
Leiden University 1575 1575 Leiden Public University 3,973 19,328
Leiden University Medical Center 1996 Leiden
Leiden University College The Hague 2010 The Hague
Maastricht University 1976 1975 Maastricht Public University 3,000 11,463
Academic Hospital Maastricht 1974 Maastricht
University College Maastricht 2002 Maastricht
Radboud University Nijmegen 1923 1923[2] Nijmegen Special: Catholic University 4,309* 17,650*
Radboud University Medical Center 1956 Nijmegen
Erasmus University Rotterdam 1913 1937[2] Rotterdam Public University 3,700 26,212[3]
Erasmus MC 1950 Rotterdam 3,361
Erasmus University College 2013 Rotterdam 270
Tilburg University 1927 1939 Tilburg Special: Catholic University 1,062* 11,399*
University College Tilburg 2008 Tilburg
TIAS School for Business and Society 1982 Tilburg
Utrecht University 1636 1636 Utrecht Public University 8,224 26,787
University Medical Center Utrecht 1999 Utrecht
University College Utrecht 1998 Utrecht
University College Roosevelt 2004 Middelburg Public University College
Delft University of Technology 1842 1905 Delft Public University of Technology 2,633‡ 13,383‡
Eindhoven University of Technology 1956 1956 Eindhoven Public University of Technology 2,200 7,100
University of Twente 1961 1961 Enschede Public University of Technology and Social Sciences 3,000 8,500
Wageningen University and Research Centre 2000 Wageningen 6,500##
Wageningen University 1876 1918 Wageningen Public University for life sciences 10,380
Agricultural Research Institutes 1877 throughout the Netherlands Research Institute
Open University 1984 1984 Nationwide; main office in Heerlen Public University for distance learning 673 16,888[4]
University of Curaçao 1979 1979 Curaçao Public University of the Nation of NA
Privately Funded Universities (accredited as Universiteit by Dutch law) (by type)
Nyenrode Business Universiteit 1946 1982 Breukelen Private University for Business Studies
Kampen Theological University 1854 1939 Kampen Private University for Protestant Theology
Kampen Theological University of the Reformed Churches (Liberated) 1854 1939 Kampen Private University for Protestant Theology
Theological University of Apeldoorn 1894 1962 Apeldoorn Private University for Protestant Theology
University of Humanistic Studies 1989 1989 Utrecht Private University of Humanistic Studies
Universities that no longer exist
Catholic University of Utrecht 1991–2007 Utrecht Private: merged into University of Tilburg University for Catholic Theology
University of Harderwijk 1648–1811 Harderwijk disbanded by Napoleon
University of Franeker 1585–1811 Franeker disbanded by Napoleon
University of Nijmegen 1655–1680 Nijmegen closed in the aftermath of the 1672 rampjaar
University of Theology and Pastorate 1966-1999[5] Heerlen Private: merged into University of Nijmegen in 1993, Heerlen location closed 1999 University for Catholic Theology

† 2003-2004; ‡ 2004-2005; # 2005-2006; * 2006-2007; ##including research staff at the associated institutes. All figures without signs are estimates or from undated sources. According to Dutch law, it is illegal to use protected titles which can only be given by universities that are accredited. Protected titles are ing. bc. mr. ir. drs. and dr.[6] English variants (MSc BSc MA BA LLB LLM BEng PhD) are not (yet)[7] protected by Dutch law[8] (but using the title "dr." based on a PhD degree, without permission from DUO, is a violation of Dutch law as the title "doctor" is protected). One may bear in the Netherlands foreign titles according to the laws of the country wherein they were granted, but without translating them in Dutch.

Universities of applied sciencesEdit

Universities of applied sciences (Dutch: hogeschool) in the Netherlands are focused on professional education rather than scientific research. While the literal translation of hogeschool is "high school", these are second tier institutes of higher education, and can be compared with colleges, polytechnics, and vocational universities in other countries. They are accredited to confer bachelor's and master's degrees. Prior to the Bologna Process, they also conferred professional engineer's (abbreviated ing.) degrees. Dutch universities of applied sciences are not accredited to confer doctoral (PhD) degrees; PhD studies can sometimes be conducted in the context of a university of applied sciences, however, the title will be granted by one of the research universities, and a full professor of that university will be appointed as principal supervisor (promotor). In international contexts, the phrase University of Applied Sciences is used for the majority of these schools, as suggested by the Dutch Minister of Education.[9] Some specific exceptions have been made. For example, tertiary art schools and schools of education use an internationally recognisable name of choice. The Dutch Universities of Applied Sciences include the following:

Private For-Profit Medical SchoolsEdit

Although there are none of these schools in the mainland, many exist in the Dutch Caribbean either in the special municipalities of the Netherlands or constituents countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Only one in particular (Saba University) has direct accreditation from Accreditation Organisation of the Netherlands and Flanders which accredits universities in the Netherlands and Flanders.

Private For-Profit Business SchoolsEdit

A number of private universities of applied sciences (hogescholen) are active in the Netherlands. Some of these are exclusively distance learning (online) medium learning providers.

  • EuroPort Business College
  • HBO Nederland
  • Leidse Onderwijs Instellingen
  • Markus Verbeek Praehep
  • NCOI
  • Nederlandse Talen Instituut
  • Schoevers
  • Hogeschool Tio

Webster University: The American University in the NetherlandsEdit

Webster University Leiden is a university outside the Dutch system, offering Bachelor and Master programs in the Netherlands. Webster University is a private, non-profit American university, accredited in the United States by the Higher Learning Commission's North Central Association. The International Business and Management program, as well as the Applied Behavioral and Social Sciences program are accredited in the Netherlands by the NVAO at the hbo (professional master) level.

International rankingsEdit

In relation to their population size, Switzerland (first), Sweden (second) and the Netherlands (third) are the three countries with the highest number of universities among the 100 best of the Academic Ranking of World Universities (2014-2015).[10]

Below are shown the international rankings of the Netherlands universities, and the number of times they rank in the top 200 of one of the six major global rankings:

University QS World
THE World
ARWU World
CWTS Leiden
CWUR World
Utrecht University 120= 75= 55 49 72 73
University of Amsterdam 64 62= 40 101-150 79 107
University of Groningen 114 73 96 65 96 91
Leiden University 118 67= 89 82 135 92
Erasmus University Rotterdam 183 69 74 68 121 98
VU University Amsterdam 219= 138 82 101-150 114 146
Wageningen University and Research 125 59 79 151-200 210 183
Radboud University 217= 128= 104 101-150 125 144
Delft University of Technology 50 67= 173 151-200 198 236
Maastricht University 239= 127 196 201-300 243 242
Eindhoven University of Technology 102 186= 338 301-400 385 317
University of Twente 186= 201–250 369 401-500 427 389
Tilburg University 371= 201–250 472 501-600 891 617
Open University N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.
University of Curaçao N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.

N.A.: Not Applicable
a Number of times the university is ranked within the top 200 of one of the six global rankings.
b The university is ranked within the top 150 of all six global rankings.
c The university is ranked within the top 100 of all six global rankings.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Facts and figures". University of Amsterdam. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d Rüegg, Walter (ed.): A History of the University in Europe. Vol. III: Universities in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800–1945), Cambridge University Press ISBN 978-0-521-36107-1, pp. 39
  3. ^ "Annual Report 2015" (PDF). Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved 4 January 2017.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 August 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Uitvoering motie bescherming naam universiteit | Kamerstuk". Archived from the original on 28 May 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 June 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap | Organisatie |" (PDF). Retrieved 1 August 2016.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Top of the class". The Economist. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  11. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2019". Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  12. ^ "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  13. ^ "Best Global Universities Rankings". U.S. News Education. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities – 2019". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  15. ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2019 - PP top 10%". CWTS Leiden Ranking. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  16. ^ "CWUR - World University Rankings 2019-2020". Center for World University Rankingsg. Retrieved 19 September 2019.

External linksEdit