List of universities in India

The higher education system in India includes both private and public universities. Public universities are supported by the Government of India and the state governments, while private universities are mostly supported by various bodies and societies. Universities in India are recognised by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.[1] In addition, 15 Professional Councils are established, controlling different aspects of accreditation and co-ordination.[2]

view of University of Madras from the beach
The University of Madras, established 1857, is one of the three oldest modern state universities in India, the others being the University of Calcutta and the University of Mumbai.

The types of universities include:

As of July 2021, these four types of universities total 984 universities together. There are universities of some kind in each of the 28 states of India as well as five of the eight union territories: Chandigarh, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh and Puducherry. The state with the most universities is Rajasthan with 85 universities, and Rajasthan has also by far the most private universities, 52 in number.[10] Tamil Nadu is the state with the most deemed universities, numbering 28[8] and Uttar Pradesh has the most state universities, 32.[5] Delhi has seven central universities, the largest number of all the states and territories.[4]

Apart from the above universities, other institutions are granted the permission to autonomously award degrees. However, they do not affiliate colleges and are not officially called "universities" but "autonomous organizations" or "autonomous institutes". They fall under the administrative control of the Department of Higher Education.[11] These organisations include the Indian Institutes of Information Technology, Indian Institutes of Technology, the National Institutes of Technology, the All India Institutes of Medical Sciences, the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, the Indian Institutes of Management and other autonomous institutes. These institutes are not listed below.

Also not listed are institutes which are under the control of the professional councils, without an approval of the UGC, e.g. Agricultural Universities, which are under the control of the Agricultural Education Division of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), one of the professional councils.[12][13]

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has also maintains a list fake Universities operating in India. UGC has said that these 24 self-styled, unrecognised institutions functioning in contravention of the UGC Act have been declared as fake and are not entitled to confer any degrees.[14] As of 7 October 2020, the list contains 24 institutions.[15]

Universities by state and typeEdit

The table below is correct as of July 2021.

State Central
universities
[4]
State
universities
[5]
Deemed
universities
[8]
Private
universities
[10]
Total
Andhra Pradesh (list) 3 23 4 6 36
Arunachal Pradesh (list) 1 0 1 8 10
Assam (list) 2 17 1 6 26
Bihar (list) 4 18 1 7 30
Chandigarh (list) 0 1 1 0 2
Chhattisgarh (list) 1 15 0 13 29
Delhi (list) 7 9 8 0 24
Goa (list) 0 1 0 0 1
Gujarat (list) 1 29 3 43 76
Haryana (list) 1 20 6 24 51
Himachal Pradesh (list) 1 7 0 17 25
Jammu and Kashmir (list) 2 9 1 0 12
Jharkhand (list) 1 11 1 15 28
Karnataka (list) 1 32 14 19 66
Kerala (list) 1 15 3 0 19
Ladakh (list) 0 1 0 0 1
Madhya Pradesh (list) 2 24 1 39 66
Maharashtra (list) 1 24 21 19 65
Manipur (list) 3 3 0 3 9
Meghalaya (list) 1 0 0 9 10
Mizoram (list) 1 0 0 1 2
Nagaland (list) 1 0 0 4 5
Odisha (list) 1 18 3 8 30
Puducherry (list) 1 0 1 0 2
Punjab (list) 1 12 2 15 30
Rajasthan (list) 1 24 8 52 85
Sikkim (list) 1 1 0 4 6
Tamil Nadu (list) 2 22 28 2 54
Telangana (list) 3 17 3 5 28
Tripura (list) 1 1 0 1 3
Uttar Pradesh (list) 6 30 [note 1] 9 30 75
Uttarakhand (list) 1 11 3 19 34
West Bengal (list) 1 30 2 11 44
Total 54 425 125 380 984

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b The list[5] includes a serial numbering which goes up to 426. However, the list erroneously includes "U.P. King George's University of Dental Science" (#369) which was reabsorbed into King George's Medical University (#360) in 2007.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "University Grants Commission Act, 001956" (PDF). Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Professional Councils". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Central Universities". mhrd.gov.in. Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  4. ^ a b c "Consolidated list of Central Universities as on 31.03.2021" (PDF). UGC. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "List of State Universities as on 17.05.2021" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 17 May 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Faculty of Dental Sciences Education Overview". King George's Medical University. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  7. ^ "Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST) Thiruvanathapuram Declared as Deemed to be University". Union Human Resource Development Ministry, Press Information Bureau. 14 July 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  8. ^ a b c "List of Institutions Which Have Been Declaredas Deemed To Be Universities as On 31.03.2021" (PDF). ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  9. ^ "Listing of Homi Bhabha National Institute as deemed university". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  10. ^ a b c "List of (Private) Universities as on 18.06.2021" (PDF). www.ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 18 June 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Autonomous Bodies – Higher Education". education.nic.in. Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  12. ^ "Agricultural Education Division | Indian Council of Agricultural Research". icar.org.in. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
  13. ^ "Universities | Indian Council of Agricultural Research". icar.org.in. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
  14. ^ "UGC releases list of 24 fake universities". pib.nic.in (Press release). University Grants Commission. 25 April 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  15. ^ "State-wise List of fake Universities as on October, 2020". www.ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 16 July 2021.