Central university (India)

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Central universities or union universities in India are established by an Act of Parliament and are under the purview of the Department of Higher Education in the Ministry of Education.[1] In general, universities in India are recognised by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.[2] In addition, 15 Professional Councils are established, controlling different aspects of accreditation and coordination.[3] Central universities, in addition, are covered by the Central Universities Act, 2009, which regulates their purpose, powers, governance etc., and established 12 new universities.[4] As of 1 June 2020, The list of central universities published by the UGC includes 54 central universities.[5]

University of Allahabad, oldest among all central universities in India.

Other types of universities controlled by the UGC include:

Apart from the above universities, other institutions are granted the permission to autonomously award degrees. These institutes do not affiliate colleges and are not officially called "universities" but "autonomous organisations" or "autonomous institutes". They fall under the administrative control of the Department of Higher Education.[12] These organisations include the Indian Institutes of Technology, the National Institutes of Technology, the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, the Indian Institutes of Engineering Science and Technology, the Indian Institutes of Management, the National Law Schools, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, and other autonomous institutes.

Universities by stateEdit

The region with the most central universities in India is Delhi with seven universities. There are central universities in all of the states of India except Goa. Of the union territories, there are central universities in Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir and Puducherry.

 
The University of Delhi is one of the seven central universities in Delhi.
Central universities by state
and union territory
State / Union Territory Central
universities
Andhra Pradesh 3
Arunachal Pradesh 1
Assam 2
Bihar 4
Chhattisgarh 1
Delhi 7
Gujarat 1
Haryana 1
Himachal Pradesh 1
Jammu and Kashmir 2
Jharkhand 1
Karnataka 1
Kerala 1
Madhya Pradesh 2
Maharashtra 1
Manipur 3
Meghalaya 1
Mizoram 1
Nagaland 1
Odisha 1
Puducherry 1
Punjab 1
Rajasthan 1
Sikkim 1
Tamil Nadu 2
Telangana 3
Tripura 1
Uttar Pradesh 6
Uttarakhand 1
West Bengal 1
Total 54

List of central universities in IndiaEdit

The establishment Act of universities established by the Central Universities Act, 2009, or after it, is noted. All other universities were established by a specific Act.

 
Renovated gate of Tezpur University, a central university established in 1994
 
Main gate of the Banaras Hindu University.
 
Strachey Hall and the university mosque at Aligarh Muslim University, one of the five central universities in Uttar Pradesh
Central universities of India
University State Location Established[note 1] Specialisation Sources
Central Tribal University of Andhra Pradesh[note 2] Andhra Pradesh Vizianagaram 2019 General [13]
Central University of Andhra Pradesh[note 2] Andhra Pradesh Anantapur 2019 General [16]
National Sanskrit University[note 3] Andhra Pradesh Tirupati 1956 (2020) Sanskrit [18]
Rajiv Gandhi University Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 1985 (2007) General [19]
Assam University Assam Silchar 1994 General [20]
Tezpur University Assam Tezpur 1994 General [21]
Central University of South Bihar Bihar Gaya 2009 General [22]
Mahatma Gandhi Central University[note 2] Bihar Motihari 2016 General [23]
Nalanda University[note 4][note 5] Bihar Rajgir, Nalanda 2010 General [26]
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University[note 4] Bihar Samastipur 1905 (2016) Agriculture [27]
Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya Chhattisgarh Bilaspur 1983 (2009) General [28]
Central Sanskrit University[note 3] Delhi New Delhi 1970 (2020) Sanskrit [29]
Indira Gandhi National Open University[note 4] Delhi New Delhi 1985 Distance education [30]
Jamia Millia Islamia Delhi New Delhi 1920 (1988) General [31]
Jawaharlal Nehru University Delhi New Delhi 1969 General [32]
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri National Sanskrit University[note 3] Delhi New Delhi 1962 (2020) Sanskrit [33]
South Asian University[note 4] Delhi New Delhi 2010 International university [34]
University of Delhi Delhi New Delhi 1922 General [35]
Central University of Gujarat[note 6] Gujarat Gandhinagar 2009 General [36]
Central University of Haryana[note 6] Haryana Mahendragarh 2009 General [37]
Central University of Himachal Pradesh[note 6] Himachal Pradesh Dharamsala 2009 General [38]
Central University of Jammu[note 6] Jammu and Kashmir Jammu 2011 General [39]
Central University of Kashmir[note 6] Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar 2009 General [40]
Central University of Jharkhand[note 6] Jharkhand Ranchi 2009 General [41]
Central University of Karnataka[note 6] Karnataka Kalaburagi 2009 General [42]
Central University of Kerala[note 6] Kerala Kasaragod 2009 General [43]
Dr. Hari Singh Gour University Madhya Pradesh Sagar 1946 (2009) General [44]
Indira Gandhi National Tribal University Madhya Pradesh Amarkantak 2007 General [45]
Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya Maharashtra Wardha 1997 Hindi language [46]
Central Agricultural University[note 4] Manipur Imphal 1993 Agriculture [47]
Manipur University Manipur Imphal 1980 (2005) General [48]
National Sports University[note 4] Manipur Imphal 2018 Sports [49]
North Eastern Hill University Meghalaya Shillong 1973 General [50]
Mizoram University Mizoram Aizawl 2000 General [51]
Nagaland University Nagaland Lumami 1994 General [52]
Central University of Odisha[note 6] Odisha Koraput 2009 General [53]
Pondicherry University Puducherry Pondicherry 1985 General [54]
Central University of Punjab[note 6] Punjab Bathinda 2009 General [55]
Central University of Rajasthan[note 6] Rajasthan Ajmer 2009 General [56]
Sikkim University Sikkim Gangtok 2007 General [57]
Central University of Tamil Nadu[note 6] Tamil Nadu Tiruvarur 2009 General [58]
Indian Maritime University[note 4] Tamil Nadu Chennai 2008 Marine science [59]
English and Foreign Languages University Telangana Hyderabad 1958 (2007) English and Foreign languages [60]
Maulana Azad National Urdu University Telangana Hyderabad 1998 Urdu language
University of Hyderabad Telangana Hyderabad 1974 General [61]
Tripura University Tripura Agartala 1987 General [62]
Aligarh Muslim University Uttar Pradesh Aligarh 1920 General [63]
University of Allahabad Uttar Pradesh Prayagraj 1887 (2005) General [64]
Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 1996 General [65]
Banaras Hindu University Uttar Pradesh Varanasi 1916 General [66]
Rajiv Gandhi National Aviation University[note 4] Uttar Pradesh Raebareli 2013 Aviation science [67]
Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural University[note 4] Uttar Pradesh Jhansi 2014 Agriculture [68]
Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University Uttarakhand Srinagar 1973 (2009) General [69]
Visva-Bharati University West Bengal Santiniketan 1921 General [70]
Notes
  1. ^ Granted central university status (year)
  2. ^ a b c Established under amendments The Central Universities (Amendment) Act, 2014[14] and The Central Universities (Amendment) Act, 2019[15]
  3. ^ a b c Established under The Central Sanskrit Universities Act, 2020[17]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Directly funded by Government of India and not by UGC.[24]
  5. ^ Established under central act Nalanda University Act, 2010[25]
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Established by the Central Universities Act, 2009[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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