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Ongoing armed conflicts in June 2019.

  Major wars, 10,000 or more deaths in current or past year
  Wars, 1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past year
  Minor conflicts, 100–999 deaths in current or past year
  Skirmishes and clashes, fewer than 100 deaths in current or past year

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world and continue to result in violence.

Contents

List guidelinesEdit

This list of ongoing armed conflicts identifies present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The guidelines of inclusion are:

  • Armed conflicts consist in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental alike.[1] Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed.
  • Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and past year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from famine, disease and disruption of services are included along with violent deaths only in the cumulative fatalities count, when available.
  • Listed conflicts has at least 100 cumulative deaths in total and at least 10 deaths in current or in the past calendar year.
  • Fatality totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 455+ indicates that at least 455 people have died) – the actual toll could be higher.
  • Location refers to the state(s) where the main violence takes place, not to the warring parties. Italics indicate disputed territories and unrecognized states.
  • A territorial dispute or a protest movement which has not experienced deliberate and systemic deaths due to state or paramilitary violence is not considered to be an armed conflict.

Major wars (10,000 or more deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 4 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.[2]

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2018 Fatalities in 2019
1978/2001 Afghanistan conflict Asia   Afghanistan (1,240,000–2,000,000 since 1978) (2014)[3] 35,941+ 16,008[4]
2006 Mexican Drug War North America   Mexico 115,000[5] 22,500[5]
2011 Syrian Civil War Asia   Syria ~570,000[6] 23,000[7] 5,556[8][9][10][11][12][13]
2011 Yemeni Crisis Asia   Yemen
  Saudi Arabia
60,223–83,700[14][15] 25,705[a] 8,949[4]

Wars (1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 7 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.[2]
Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[16]

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2018 Fatalities in 2019
1991 Somali Civil War Africa   Somalia
  Kenya
500,000[17] 3,952[18][b] 1,112[19][20][21][22][c]
1998 Communal conflicts in Nigeria Africa   Nigeria 17,156[n 1] 3,020[18] 142
2003 Iraq conflict Asia   Iraq 288,000[27][dubious ] 4,861[18] 889[28][29][30][31][32]
2009 Boko Haram insurgency Africa   Nigeria
  Cameroon
  Niger
  Chad
51,567+[33][34] 2,213[18][d] 244[35][36][37][38][39][40]
2011 Ethnic violence in South Sudan Africa   South Sudan 383,000-400,000[41][42] 1,166[43] 519[43]
2012 Northern Mali conflict Africa   Mali 3,300+[44] 1,285[18] 640[45]
2014 Libyan Crisis Africa   Libya 29,859–42,253[n 2] 727[18] 1000+[49]

Minor conflicts (100–999 deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 27 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 100 and fewer than 1,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2018 Fatalities in 2019
1947 Kashmir conflict (Indo-Pakistani Wars) Asia   India
  Pakistan
45,000–130,000+[n 3][56] 548[57][58][59][e][60] ~208[57][58][59][f][61]
1948 Insurgency in Balochistan Asia   Pakistan
  Iran
20,289–20,589+[n 4] 416[67][68][69][g] 143[67][h]
1948 Internal conflict in Myanmar Asia   Myanmar 130,000[70]–210,000[71] 171[18] 13[72]
1964 Colombian conflict South America   Colombia
  Venezuela
  Ecuador
220,000[73] 709[n 5][n 6][n 7][i] 238[n 8][j]
1965 Israeli–Palestinian conflict Asia   Palestine
  Israel
25,000[207] 304[208] 91[209]
1967 Naxalite–Maoist insurgency Asia   India 12,877–14,369+[210][211] 412[212] 169[212]
1969 Moro conflict (1969-2019)[213][214] Asia   Philippines 120,000[215] 268[18] 25
1969 CPP-NPA-NDF rebellion Asia   Philippines 43,388+[216] 203[18] 5
1984 Kurdish–Turkish conflict Asia   Turkey
  Iraq
  Syria
45,000+[n 9] 523[221][18][k] 191[222]
1996 Allied Democratic Forces insurgency Africa   Democratic Republic of the Congo 3,353+[n 10] 235[18] 10[225]
1999 Ituri conflict Africa   Democratic Republic of the Congo 60,000+[226] 369[18] 161+[227]
2002 Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present) Africa   Algeria
  Burkina Faso
  Chad
  Libya
  Mali
  Mauritania
  Morocco
  Niger
  Tunisia
  Western Sahara
16,873 322[228][229][l]
2003 War in Darfur Africa   Sudan 300,000[230] 599[18]
1960 South Thailand Insurgency Asia   Thailand 6,921[231] 218[231] 35[232]
2004 Kivu conflict Africa   Democratic Republic of the Congo 11,873+[n 11] 943[18]
2004 Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Asia   Pakistan 43,346+[n 12] 217[241][242] 35[241][242]
2011 Sinai insurgency Africa   Egypt 5,000+[24] 740[18] 69
2011 South Kordofan conflict Africa   Sudan 7,000+[24][243] 114[18]
2012 Central African Republic conflict Africa   Central African Republic 8,000+[24] 838[18] 9
2013 Batwa-Luba clashes Africa   Democratic Republic of the Congo 561[24][224] 154[224]
2014 War in Donbass Europe   Ukraine 12,800–13,000[244] 156+[245][246] 69[n 13]
2015 Burundian unrest Africa   Burundi 1,291[302] 198[224]
2016 Philippine Drug War Asia   Philippines 12,000[303] +886[304][305]
2016 Oromo-Somali clashes Africa   Ethiopia 1,065+ 865[18]
2017 Anglophone Crisis Africa   Cameroon 1,850+[m] 652[18] 234
2017 Islamist insurgency in Mozambique Africa   Mozambique 230+[n 14] 161[18] 17
2018 2018-19 Sudanese protests Africa   Sudan 208+[12][13] 208+[12][13]

Skirmishes and clashes (Fewer than 100 deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 16 conflicts in the following list have caused fewer than 100 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2018 Fatalities in 2019
1922 Arab separatism in Khuzestan Asia   Iran 206–345[citation needed] 10[317]
1946 Kurdish separatism in Iran Asia   Iran 13,100–35,000[n 15] 62–66[319] 10[320][321]
1954 Insurgency in Northeast India Asia   India 25,000+[70] 71[322] 20[322]
1963 West Papua conflict Asia   Indonesia 150,000–400,000[n 16] 21–26[327][328][329][330][331][332] 11[333][334]
1975 Cabinda War Africa   Angola 30,000[335] 4[18] 12[336]
1980 Internal conflict in Peru South America   Peru 70,000[337] 10[n 17] 3[346]
1987 LRA insurgency Africa   Democratic Republic of the Congo
  Central African Republic
100,000+[347] 14[18][n]
1995 Ogaden insurgency Africa   Ethiopia 1,400–11,000[348] 21[18]
1998 Dissident Irish Republican campaign Europe   United Kingdom 146 0 1[349]
2006 Terrorism in Punjab Asia   Pakistan 2300+[350][351] 36[350][351] 21[350][351]
2007 Terrorism in Sindh Asia   Pakistan 7079+[352] 48[352] 13[352]
2009 Sudanese nomadic conflicts Africa   Sudan 5,000+[citation needed] 18[18]
2009 Insurgency in the North Caucasus Europe   Russia 4,053–4,084[n 18] 13[356][357][358] 14 [359]
2011 Syrian Civil War spillover in Lebanon Asia   Lebanon 820+[citation needed] 5[n 19] 5[362]
2013 Insurgency in Egypt Africa   Egypt 739+[24][363] 40[18] 6[364]
2016 Kamwina Nsapu rebellion Africa   Democratic Republic of the Congo
  Angola
772+ 46[18]

Deaths by countryEdit

This section details armed conflict-related fatalities by country.

 
Conflict-related fatalities in the world's 17 deadliest countries 2014 - 2018
2014[24][365] 2015[n 20] 2016[n 21] 2017[n 22] 2018[n 23]
Rank Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths
1   Syria  76,021   Syria  55,219   Syria  49,742   Syria  39,000   Afghanistan  35,941
2   South Sudan  50,000[367]   Afghanistan  36,345   Mexico  23,953 [368]   Mexico  31,174   Mexico  27,765
3   Mexico  27,662 [369]   Iraq  24,113   Iraq  23,898   Afghanistan  23,065   Yemen  22,201
4   Iraq  24,000[27][370]   Mexico  20,525[371]   Afghanistan  23,539   Iraq  13,187   Syria  19,799-23,000
5   Afghanistan  14,638   Nigeria  8,122   Somalia  5,575   Myanmar  6,700+   Iraq  4,920
6   Nigeria  11,360   Yemen  6,425   Nigeria  4,684   Somalia  4,969   Nigeria  4,850
7   Pakistan  5,519[372][373]   Ukraine  4,344   Sudan  3,891   South Sudan  3,528   Somalia  3,862
8   Ukraine  4,771   Somalia  4,087   South Sudan  3,544   Nigeria  3,432   Saudi Arabia  3,509
9   Somalia  4,447   Pakistan  3,688[372][373]   Libya  2,865   Sudan  2,450   Democratic Republic of the Congo  1,757
10   Sudan  3,892   South Sudan  3,258   Turkey  2,013   Democratic Republic of the Congo  1,857   Mali  1,285
11   Central African Republic  3,347   Sudan  3,216   Pakistan  1,803[372][373]   Central African Republic  1,757   South Sudan  1,166
12   Libya  2,825   Egypt  2,836   Egypt  1,707   Libya  1,564   India  988[374]
13   Israel/  Palestine  2,365   Libya  2,706   Democratic Republic of the Congo  1,565   Egypt  1,506   Cameroon  945
14   Yemen  1,500   Democratic Republic of the Congo  1,699   Yemen  1,375   Ethiopia  1,445   Ethiopia  886
15   Cameroon  1,366   Cameroon  1,429   Ethiopia  1,114   Philippines  1,429   Central African Republic  842
16   Democratic Republic of the Congo  1,235   Nigeria  986   India  905[375]   Yemen  1,319   Pakistan  736[376]
17   Egypt  1,176   Myanmar  881   Ukraine  902   Pakistan  1,269[372][373]   Philippines  471

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ See [23][24][25][26]
  2. ^ See [24][46][47][48]
  3. ^ See [50]–45,000-100,000 in JAMMU AND KASHMIR.[51][52][53][54][55]
  4. ^ See [62][63][64][65][66]
  5. ^ See [74][75][76][77][78][79][80][81][82][83][84][85][86][87][88][89][90][91][92][93][94][95]
  6. ^ See [96][97][98][99][100][101][102][103][104][105][106][107][108][109][110][111][112][113][114][115][116][117][118][119][120][121][122]
  7. ^ See[123][124][125][126][126][127][128][129][130][131][132][133][134][135][136][137][138][129][139][140][141][136][142][143][144][145][146][147][148][149][150][151]
  8. ^ See [152][153][154][155][156][157][158][159][160][161][162][163][164][165][166][167][168][169][170][171][172][173][174][175][176][177][178][179][180][181][182][183][184][185][186][187][188][189][190][191][192][193][194][195][196][197][198][199][200][201][202][203][204][205][206]
  9. ^ See [217][218][219][220]
  10. ^ See [24][223][224]
  11. ^ See [233][224][223][234]
  12. ^ See [235][236][237][238][239][240]
  13. ^ See [247][248][249][250][251][252][253][254][255][256][257][258][259][260][261][262][263][264][265][266][267][268][269][270][271][272][273][274][275][276][277][278][279][280][281][282][283][284][285][286][287][288][289][290][291][292][293][294][295][296][297][298][299][300][301]
  14. ^ See [306][307][308][309][310][311][312][313][314][315][316]
  15. ^ See [318]
  16. ^ See [323][324][325][326]
  17. ^ See [338][339][340][341][342][343][344][345]
  18. ^ See [353][354][355]
  19. ^ See [360][361]
  20. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[24][366]
  21. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[24][366]
  22. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[24][224]
  23. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[24][18]
  1. ^ 22,201 in Yemen, 3,504 in Saudi Arabia
  2. ^ 3,862 in Somalia and 90 in Kenya
  3. ^ 123 in Somalia and 21 in Kenya
  4. ^ 1,830 in Nigeria, 293 in Cameroon, 49 in Niger, 41 in Chad
  5. ^ 502 in India, 46 in Pakistan
  6. ^ ~186 in India, ~22 in Pakistan
  7. ^ 388 in Pakistan, 28 in Iran
  8. ^ 115 in Pakistan, +28 in Iran
  9. ^ 693 in Colombia, 16 in Venezuela, 0 in Ecuador
  10. ^ 223 in Colombia, 14 in Venezuela, 1 in Ecuador
  11. ^ 464 in Turkey and 59 in Iraq, casualties in Syria are part of the Syrian Civil War
  12. ^ At least 61 in Burkina Faso. The rest may or may not be in other country/countries.
  13. ^ 200+ reported in 2017, 652 in 2018
  14. ^ 10 in DRC, 4 in CAR

ReferencesEdit

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  374. ^ SATP [69] Terrorism record - 937 killed in 2018. In fighting with Pakistan 51 Indians were killed, 26 Indian civilians [70] and 25 Indian soldiers.[71] In total 988 were killed in India due to fighting/war and violence/terrorism.
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  376. ^ SATP [72] Terrorism record - 697 killed in 2018. In fighting with India 39 Pakistanis were killed, 30 Pakistani Civilians [73] and 9 Pakistani Soldiers were killed.[74][75][76][77][78] In total 736 were killed in Pakistan due to fighting/war and violence/terrorism.

External linksEdit