Afar–Somali clashes

The Afar–Somali clashes are territorial conflicts between the Afar and Somali Regions of Ethiopia. The current conflict which began in 2014, is centered around three special Kebeles inhabited by ethnic Somalis from the Issa Clan. These three special Kebeles include the Adaytu in Mille woreda, Undufo in Gewane Woreda, and Gedamaytu in Amibara Woreda.[1][3] According to Crisis Group since the conflicts began between the groups dozens of lives have been claimed.[2] In October 2020, 27 people were killed. On 2 April 2021, 100 cattle herders were reportedly shot dead.[4][5]

Afar-Somali clashes
Part of the Ethiopian civil conflict (2018–present)
DateOctober 2020 – present
Location
Border between Afar Region and Somali Region
Result Ongoing
Belligerents
Somali Region
Somali-allied militas
Afar Region Afar Region
Afar Region Afar-allied militas
Commanders and leaders
Mustafa Mustafa Mohammed Omar (Cagjar) Awol Arba Unde
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
427+killed[1][2]

On July 24, 2021, clashes erupted in the town of Garbaiisa; the clashes, killing 300, were followed by massive protests in the Somali region, with roadblocks put on the only road out of the settlement and the partial destruction of the rail line that goes into Djibouti where 95% of Ethiopia's maritime trade goes through.[6]

BackgroundEdit

In 2014, the federal government, headed by the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), redrew the boundary between the two regions. As a result the Somali Region lost three villages to the Afar Region. Since then they have been trying to get the villages back under their control.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "At least 100 killed in border clashes between Ethiopia's Somali and Afar regions - official", Reuters, 7 April 2021, archived from the original on 6 April 2021, retrieved 7 April 2021
  2. ^ a b Global Overview, 31 December 2020, archived from the original on 2 May 2021, retrieved 21 January 2021
  3. ^ "Afar-Somali Border Conflict | Ethiopia Peace Observatory". 31 May 2021. Archived from the original on 30 June 2021. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  4. ^ Over 100 killed in clashes in Ethiopia's Afar, Somali regions, archived from the original on 8 April 2021, retrieved 7 April 2021
  5. ^ NEWS: AT LEAST 27 KILLED IN CLASHES IN THE BORDER BETWEEN AFAR, SOMALI REGIONS, 29 October 2020, archived from the original on 7 April 2021, retrieved 29 October 2020
  6. ^ "Protesters Block Ethiopia Rail Link After Clashes Leave 300 Dead". Bloomberg. 27 July 2021. Archived from the original on 27 July 2021. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  7. ^ Reuters Staff (7 April 2021). "At least 100 killed in border clashes between Ethiopia's Somali and Afar regions - official". Reuters. Archived from the original on 7 April 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2021.