List of ongoing armed conflicts

Ongoing armed conflicts, as of May 2020.

  Major wars, 10,000+ deaths in current or past calendar year
  Wars, 1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past calendar year
  Minor conflicts, 100–999 deaths in current or past calendar year
  Skirmishes and clashes, 10–99 deaths in current or past calendar year

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world.

List guidelinesEdit

This list of ongoing armed conflicts identifies present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The guidelines of inclusion are:

  • Armed conflicts consists in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental alike.[1] Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed.
  • Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and past year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from famine, disease and disruption of services are included along with violent deaths only in the cumulative fatalities count, when available.
  • Listed conflicts have at least 100 cumulative deaths in total and at least 1 death in current or in the past calendar year.
  • Fatality totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 455+ indicates that at least 455 people have died)—the actual toll could be higher.
  • Location refers to the state(s) where the main violence takes place, not to the warring parties. Italics indicate disputed territories and unrecognized states.
  • A territorial dispute or a protest movement which has not experienced deliberate and systemic deaths due to state or paramilitary violence is not considered to be an armed conflict.

Major wars (10,000 or more combat related deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 3 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct violent deaths per year in battles between identified groups, in current or past calendar year.[2]

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2018 Fatalities in 2019 Fatalities in 2020
1978 Afghanistan conflict Asia   Afghanistan 227,510 (2018)[3]–2,000,000 (2014)[4] 26,888[3] 41,735[5] 2,698[5]
2011 Yemeni Crisis Asia   Yemen
  Saudi Arabia
26,230 (2018)[6]–83,700[7][8] 4,819[6] 20,882[a][5] 116
2011 Syrian Civil War

Asia

  Syria 586,100[9] 20,130[10] 11,244[10] 3,795[11][12][13][14]

Wars (1,000–9,999 battle related deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 6 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.[2]
Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[15]

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2019 Fatalities in 2020
2006 Mexican Drug War North America   Mexico 25,738 dead in battles[16] (115,000 homicides)[17] 4,903 combat related deaths 2018[16] (35,588 homicides in 2019)[18][19][20] 141[21][22]
1984 Kurdish–Turkish conflict Asia   Turkey
  Iraq
  Syria
45,000+[n 1] 1,420[27][28] 47[29][30][31][32][33][34]
1991 Somali Civil War Africa   Somalia
  Kenya
500,000[35] 2,637[5][b] 8[36]
2002 Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present) Africa   Algeria
  Burkina Faso
  Chad
  Libya
  Mali
  Mauritania
  Morocco
  Niger
  Tunisia
16,873 4,000+[37] 932+[n 2]
2003 Iraq conflict Asia   Iraq 650,000-2,400,000[38][dubious ] 2,362<[citation needed]
2014 Libyan Crisis Africa   Libya 29,859–42,253[n 3] 2,200+[43][44][45] 156[46][47][48][49][50]

Minor conflicts (100–999 battle related deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 18 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 100 and fewer than 1,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2019 Fatalities in 2020
1947 Kashmir conflict (Indo-Pakistani Wars) Asia   India
  Pakistan
45,000–130,000+[51][c][57] 288[n 5][d] 29[n 6][e]
1948 Insurgency in Balochistan Asia   Pakistan
  Iran
20,289–20,589+[n 7] 208[66][f] 76[66]
1960 South Thailand insurgency Asia   Thailand 7053[67] 163[68][69]
1964 Colombian conflict South America   Colombia
  Venezuela
  Ecuador
220,000[70][71]
1965 Israeli–Palestinian conflict Asia   Palestine
  Israel
25,000[72] 159[73] 4[74][75][76]
1967 Naxalite–Maoist insurgency Asia   India 12,877–14,369+[77][78] 302[79] 80[80][81]
1996 Allied Democratic Forces insurgency Africa   Democratic Republic of the Congo
  Uganda
3,353+[n 8] 170+[n 9] 427[n 10]
1998 Communal conflicts in Nigeria Africa   Nigeria 17,156[n 11] 152[100] 62[101][102]
1999 Ituri conflict Africa   Democratic Republic of the Congo 60,000+[103] 302+[n 12] 438[107][108][109][110][111]
2004 Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Asia   Pakistan 45,265+[n 13] 130[118][119] 20[118]
2009 Boko Haram insurgency Africa   Nigeria
  Cameroon
  Niger
  Chad
51,567+[120][121] 300+[n 14] 1,800[135][circular reference]
2011 Ethnic violence in South Sudan Africa   South Sudan 383,000–400,000[136][137] 519 415[138][139][140][141][142][143]
2012 Northern Mali conflict Africa   Mali 3,300+[144] 734+[n 15]
2012 Central African Republic conflict Africa   Central African Republic 8,000+[39] 569[5] 205[5]
2013 Insurgency in Egypt Africa   Egypt 772+[39][148] 452+ [n 16] 113[n 17]
2014 War in Donbass Europe   Ukraine 12,800–13,000[149] 119+[n 18] 39+
2017 Anglophone Crisis Africa   Cameroon 3,000+[195] 385+[n 19] 330+[n 20]
2018 War in Catatumbo South America   Colombia
  Venezuela
893+ 462+[n 21]
2019 2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis Asia   Iran
  Iraq
  Saudi Arabia
241 27 214

Skirmishes and clashes (Fewer than 100 deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 20 conflicts in the following list have caused fewer than 100 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2019 Fatalities in 2020
1922 Arab separatism in Khuzestan Asia   Iran 206–345[citation needed] 1[204]
1946 Kurdish separatism in Iran Asia   Iran 13,100–35,000[n 22] 10[206][207] 3[208]
1948 Internal conflict in Myanmar Asia   Myanmar 130,000[209]–210,000[210] 84[n 23] 75[220]
1954 Insurgency in Northeast India Asia   India 25,000+[209] 34[221] 3[221]
1963 West Papua conflict Oceania   Indonesia Allegedly 100,000[n 24] 55[n 25][232]
1969 Moro conflict Asia   Philippines 120,000[233] 25 14[234][235][236]
1969 Communist rebellion in the Philippines Asia   Philippines 43,388+[237] 5
1975 Cabinda War Africa   Angola 30,000[238] 12[239] 12[240]
1980 Internal conflict in Peru South America   Peru 70,000[241] 3[242]
1988 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict Asia   Armenia
  Azerbaijan
27,287+[n 26] 5[n 27] 2[252][253]
1997 Mapuche conflict South America   Chile 19+
1998 Dissident Irish Republican campaign Europe   United Kingdom 146 3[254][255]
2004 Kivu conflict Asia   Democratic Republic of the Congo 11,873+ 17[256]
2005 Insurgency in Paraguay South America   Paraguay 70+ 1[257]
2006 Terrorism in Punjab Asia   Pakistan 2,531[258][259] 28[259] 1[259]
2007 Terrorism in Sindh Asia   Pakistan 7,615[260] 25[260] 3[260]
2009 Insurgency in the North Caucasus Europe   Russia 4,053–4,084[n 28] 31[n 29]
2011 Sinai insurgency Africa   Egypt 5,000+[39] 77+[270]
2011 Syrian Civil War spillover in Lebanon Asia   Lebanon 820+[citation needed] 5[271]
2017 Islamist insurgency in Mozambique Africa   Mozambique 900+[n 30] 45+[285][286] 227[287][288][289][circular reference][290][291]

Deaths by countryEdit

This section details armed conflict-related fatalities by country.  

2014[g] 2015[h] 2016[i] 2017[j] 2018[k] 2019[l]
Rank Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths
1   Syria  76,021   Syria  55,219   Syria  49,742   Syria  39,000   Afghanistan  35,941   Afghanistan  41,735
2   South Sudan  50,000[295]   Afghanistan  36,345   Mexico  23,953* [296]   Mexico  31,174*   Mexico  33,341*[297]   Mexico  35,588*
3   Mexico  27,662* [298]   Iraq  24,113   Iraq  23,898   Afghanistan  23,065   Yemen  22,201   Yemen  16,050
4   Iraq  24,000[38][299]   Mexico  20,525*[300]   Afghanistan  23,539   Iraq  13,187   Syria  19,799-23,000   Syria  11,215
5   Afghanistan  14,638   Nigeria  8,122   Somalia  5,575   Myanmar  6,700+   Iraq  4,920   Saudi Arabia  4,832
6   Nigeria  11,360   Yemen  6,425   Nigeria  4,684   Somalia  4,969   Nigeria  4,850   Somalia  2,604
7   Pakistan  5,519[301][302]   Ukraine  4,344   Sudan  3,891   South Sudan  3,528   Somalia  3,862   Libya  2,200+
8   Ukraine  4,771   Somalia  4,087   South Sudan  3,544   Nigeria  3,432   Saudi Arabia  3,509   Iraq  1,850<
9   Somalia  4,447   Pakistan  3,688[301][302]   Libya  2,865   Sudan  2,450   Democratic Republic of the Congo  1,757   Mali  734+
10   Sudan  3,892   South Sudan  3,258   Turkey  2,013   Democratic Republic of the Congo  1,857   Mali  1,285   Egypt  529+
11   Central African Republic  3,347   Sudan  3,216   Pakistan  1,803[301][302]   Central African Republic  1,757   South Sudan  1,166   South Sudan  519
12   Libya  2,825   Egypt  2,836   Egypt  1,707   Libya  1,564   India  988[303]   India  ~403
13   Palestine  2,365   Libya  2,706   Democratic Republic of the Congo  1,565   Egypt  1,506   Cameroon  945   Democratic Republic of the Congo  302+
14   Yemen  1,500   Democratic Republic of the Congo  1,699   Yemen  1,375   Ethiopia  1,445   Ethiopia  886   Colombia  238
15   Cameroon  1,366   Cameroon  1,429   Ethiopia  1,114   Philippines  1,429   Central African Republic  842   Cameroon  234
16   Democratic Republic of the Congo  1,235   Nigeria  986   India  905[304]   Yemen  1,319   Pakistan  736[305]   Pakistan  206
17   Egypt  1,176   Myanmar  881   Ukraine  902   Pakistan  1,269[301][302]   Philippines  471   Thailand  163

*) Mainly homicides rather than battle related casualties.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 16,050 in Yemen, 4,832 in Saudi Arabia
  2. ^ 2,604 in Somalia and 33 in Kenya
  3. ^ 45,000-100,000 in Jammu and Kashmir.[n 4]
  4. ^ 283 in India, 5+ in Pakistan
  5. ^ 29 in India, 0 in Pakistan
  6. ^ 180 in Pakistan, +28 in Iran
  7. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[39][292]
  8. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[39][293]
  9. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[39][293]
  10. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[39][83]
  11. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[39][294]
  12. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[39][294]

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