List of ongoing armed conflicts

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world.

Map of ongoing armed conflicts
  Major wars, 10,000+ deaths in current or past calendar year
  Wars, 1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past calendar year
  Minor conflicts, 100–999 deaths in current or past calendar year
  Skirmishes and clashes, 10–99 deaths in current or past calendar year

List parametersEdit

This list of ongoing armed conflicts identifies present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The guidelines of inclusion are the following:

  • Armed conflicts consist in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental.[1] Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed.
  • Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and past year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from famine, disease, or disruption of services are included along with violent deaths in the cumulative fatalities count when available.
  • Listed conflicts have at least 100 cumulative deaths in total and at least 1 death in current or in the past calendar year.
  • Fatality totals may be inaccurate or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus symbol, indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 455+ indicates that at least 455 people have died).
  • Location refers to the states where the main violence takes place, not to the warring parties. Italics indicate disputed territories and unrecognized states.
  • A territorial dispute or a protest movement which has not experienced deliberate and systematic deaths due to state or paramilitary violence is not considered to be an armed conflict.

Major wars (10,000 or more combat-related deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 5 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct, violent deaths per year in battles between identified groups, in a current or past calendar year.[2]

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2021 fatalities 2022 fatalities
1978 Afghanistan conflict Asia   Afghanistan 1,450,000–2,084,468[3][4][5][6] 36,396–42,217[7][8] 1,424[8][9]
1948 Internal conflict in Myanmar Asia   Myanmar 150,000–210,000[10][11] 2,440–11,114[7][8] 8,414[12]
2011 Yemeni Crisis Asia   Yemen
  Saudi Arabia
377,000[13] 26,573–31,048[8][7] 4,691[8]
2014 Russo-Ukrainian War Europe   Russia
  Donetsk PR
  Luhansk PR
  Ukraine
38,000-85,000+[14] 149[8] 30,000–76,734+[15][16][17][18]
2020 Tigray War Africa   Ethiopia
  Eritrea
  Sudan
300,000–500,000[19][20][21] 7,940–19,200[7][21][22] 670[8]

Wars (1,000–9,999 combat-related deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 18 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.[2] Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[23]

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2021 fatalities 2022 fatalities
1991 Somali Civil War Africa   Somalia
  Kenya
506,000+[24] 3,532[25][8][26] 1,776[8][27]
2011 Syrian civil war Asia   Syria 500,000–606,000+[28] 5,828[29][30] 2,012[8][31]
2011 Ethnic violence in South Sudan Africa   South Sudan 386,000–400,000+[32][33] 1,986[8] 731[8]
2003 Iraq conflict Asia   Iraq 328,000–1,215,000+[34][35][nb 1] 2,605[8] 968[8]
2003 War in Darfur Africa   Sudan 301,000+ 1,364[8][36] 570[8]
1964 Colombian conflict South America   Colombia
  Venezuela
221,000+[37][38] 1,399[8] 814[8]
1999 Ituri conflict Africa   DR Congo 64,000+[39] 1,660[8] 615[8]
2006 Mexican drug war North America   Mexico 62,000[40][a] 6,199–8,273[7][42] 2,822[8]
2002 Insurgency in the Maghreb Africa   Algeria
  Burkina Faso
  Chad
  Libya
  Mali
  Niger
  Tunisia
  Togo
  Benin
  Ivory Coast
29,000+ 5,720[43][44][8][45][46][47][48] 2,001[8]
2004 Kivu conflict Africa   DR Congo
  Rwanda
  Burundi
23,000+[49] 2,173[50][51][8][52][53][54][55] 675[8]
1998 Communal conflicts in Nigeria Africa   Nigeria 17,156+[n 1] 1,220[30] 1,020[8]
2012 Mali War Africa   Mali 15,000+[60][61] 1,911[62][63][8] 1,905[8]
2011 Nigerian bandit conflict Africa   Nigeria 12,000+[64] 2,600[65] 1,020[66]
2012 Central African Republic Civil War Africa   Central African Republic 9,000+[57] 1,704[8][67] 500[8]
1996 Allied Democratic Forces insurgency Africa   DR Congo
  Uganda
5,000+[n 2] 2,448[51][50][70][71] 1,137[8]
2017 Insurgency in Cabo Delgado Africa   Mozambique
  Tanzania
5,000+[n 3] 1,194[8] 341[8]
1973 Oromo conflict Africa   Ethiopia 3,000–8,900[86] 2,080[87][88][89][90][91][92][93] 710[8]
2009 Boko Haram insurgency Africa   Nigeria
  Cameroon
  Niger
  Chad
358,000[94] 8,000[95][96][97][98][8] 2,600[8]

Minor conflicts (100–999 combat-related deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 20 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 100, and fewer than 1,000, direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2021 fatalities 2022 fatalities
1947 Indo-Pakistani Wars Asia   India
  Pakistan
200,000–2,000,000[99][b][100] 575[8] 110[8]
1969 Moro conflict Asia   Philippines 120,000–150,000[101] 170[30] 125[8]
1962 Papua conflict Oceania   Indonesia 100,000–500,000[102] 123[8] 44[8]
1984 Kurdish–Turkish conflict Asia   Turkey
  Iraq
  Syria
55,000–60,000[103][104] 297[30][105][106] 32[8]
2004 Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Asia   Pakistan 45,369+[n 4] 114–460[30][113] 315[8][114]
1969 Communist rebellion in the Philippines Asia   Philippines 45,000–63,973[115] 450[8] 97[8]
1954 Insurgency in Northeast India Asia   India 40,000[116] 41–150[117][118] 130[8]
2016 Philippine drug war Asia   Philippines 31,945[119] 525[8] 120[8]
2011 Libyan crisis Africa   Libya 30,000–43,000[n 5] 115[30] 49[8]
1948 Israeli–Palestinian conflict Asia   Israel
  Lebanon
  Palestine
27,000[123] 484[124][125][126][127][128][129][130] 83[8]
1948 Insurgency in Balochistan Asia   Pakistan
  Iran
20,289–20,589+[n 6] 620[136] 335[8]
1967 Naxalite–Maoist insurgency Asia   India 12,877–14,369+[137][138] 163–562[139][118] 175[8]
2011 Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile Africa   Sudan 7,166[49] 220[8] 10[8]
2017 Anglophone Crisis Africa   Cameroon 6,000+[140] 790[n 7] 228[n 8]
2011 Sinai insurgency Africa   Egypt 5,853–7,353+[141] 257[30][142] 160[8]
2019 Benishangul-Gumuz conflict Africa   Ethiopia 1322 970[143][144] 135[8]
2003 Conflict in the Niger Delta Africa   Nigeria
  Cameroon
650[145][146][147][148] 320[149][150] 50[151][152]
2018 Bangladesh drug war Asia   Bangladesh 583+[8] 347[8] 129[8]
2020 Afar–Somali clashes Africa   Ethiopia 577 550[153][154] 27[155]
2021 Insurgency in Northern Chad Africa   Chad 305 305[156] 0

Skirmishes and clashes (fewer than 100 deaths in current or past year)Edit

The 17 conflicts in the following list have caused fewer than 100 direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2021 fatalities 2022 fatalities
1950 Korean conflict Asia   North Korea
  South Korea
3,000,000 14[30] 21[8]
1987 Lord's Resistance Army insurgency Africa   DR Congo 100,000+ 2[30] 0
1980 Internal conflict in Peru South America   Peru 70,000[157] 24[30][158] 5[159]
1999 Internal conflict in Bangladesh Asia   Bangladesh 3,000+[160][161] 1[162] 9[163]
2007 Afghanistan–Pakistan border skirmishes Asia   Afghanistan
  Pakistan
+470 8[164][165] 56[166][167][168][169]
1988 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict Asia   Artsakh
  Azerbaijan
  Armenia
39,000–49,000+[n 9] 57[8] 11[8]
1976 Corsican conflict Europe   France 140+[175] 0 1[176][177][178]
1975 Cabinda War Africa   Angola 30,000[179] 48[180] 34[8]
1946 Kurdish separatism in Iran Asia   Iran 15,000–58,000+[181] 90[30] 61[8]
1973 Western Sahara conflict Africa   Morocco
  Saharawi Republic
14,000–21,000+ 45[180] 12[8]
1960 South Thailand insurgency Asia   Thailand 7,294[182] 93[30][183][184] 15[8]
2013 Insurgency in Egypt[c] Africa   Egypt 5,800+[57][185] 7[8] 4[8]
1982 Casamance conflict Africa   Senegal 5,000+[186] 24[180] 13[8]
1960 Katanga insurgency Africa   DR Congo 1,934+[49] 26[30][187] 0
1994 Chiapas conflict North America   Mexico 316[188] 8[189][better source needed][190] 0
2015 ISIL insurgency in Tunisia Africa   Tunisia 235+ 19[30] 0
2005 Insurgency in Paraguay South America   Paraguay 111[n 10][49] 41[191] 6[8]

Deaths by countryEdit

This section details armed-conflict–related fatalities by country.

 
Conflict Deaths 17 Deadliest Countries 2015–2020
Rank 2016[d] 2017[e] 2018[f] 2019[g] 2020[g] 2021[g]
Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths
1   Syria  49,742   Syria  39,000   Afghanistan  35,941   Afghanistan  41,735   Mexico  34,512*  /  Afghanistan  42,223
2   Mexico  23,953*[194]   Mexico  31,174*   Mexico  33,341*[195]   Mexico  35,588*   Afghanistan  20,674   Yemen  31,048
3   Iraq  23,898   Afghanistan  23,065   Yemen  22,201   Yemen  16,050   Yemen  19,561   Ethiopia  22,800
4   Afghanistan  23,539   Iraq  13,187   Syria  20,130   Syria  11,244   Syria  7,620   Myanmar  11,114
5   Somalia  5,575   Myanmar  6,700+   Iraq  4,920   Saudi Arabia  4,832   Nigeria  7,172   Nigeria  9,687
6   Nigeria  4,684   Somalia  4,969   Nigeria  4,850   Somalia  2,604   DR Congo  6,162   Mexico  8,273
7   Sudan  3,891   South Sudan  3,528   Somalia  3,862   Libya  2,200+   Azerbaijan/  Artsakh  6,110   DR Congo  6,283
8   South Sudan  3,544   Nigeria  3,432   Saudi Arabia  3,509   Iraq  1,850+   Somalia  2,950   Syria  5,828
9   Libya  2,865   Sudan  2,450   DR Congo  1,757   Mali  734+   Mali  2,734   Somalia   3,532
10   Turkey  2,013   DR Congo  1,857   Mali  1,285   Egypt  529+   Iraq  2,436   Iraq  2,605
11   Pakistan  1,803[196][197]   Central African Republic  1,757   South Sudan  1,166   South Sudan  519   Burkina Faso  2,268   Burkina Faso  2,358
12   Egypt  1,707   Libya  1,564   India  988[198]   India  ~403   South Sudan  2,245   South Sudan  1,986
13   DR Congo  1,565   Egypt  1,506   Cameroon  945   DR Congo  302+   Ethiopia  1,813   Mali  1,911
14   Yemen  1,375   Ethiopia  1,445   Ethiopia  886   Colombia  238   Mozambique  1,696   Central African Republic  1,704
15   Ethiopia  1,114   Philippines  1,429   Central African Republic  842   Cameroon  234   Libya  1,484   Sudan  1,584
16   India  905[199]   Yemen  1,319   Pakistan  736[200]   Pakistan  206   Cameroon  1,447   Niger  1,454
17   Ukraine  902   Pakistan  1,269[196][197]   Libya  727   Thailand  163   Philippines  1,316   Colombia  1,399

*Mainly homicides rather than battle-related casualties

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 358,000–400,000 organized crime homicide victims[41]
  2. ^ "The death toll remains disputed with figures ranging from 200,000 to 2 million."[99]
  3. ^ outside the Sinai Peninsula
  4. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[57][192]
  5. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[57][69]
  6. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[57][193]
  7. ^ a b c Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[57]
  1. ^ Combined estimated death tolls of each conflict since 2003

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  198. ^ SATP [1] Terrorism record - 937 killed in 2018. In fighting with Pakistan 51 Indians were killed, 26 Indian civilians [2] and 25 Indian soldiers.[3] In total 988 were killed in India due to fighting/war and violence/terrorism.
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  200. ^ SATP [4] Terrorism record - 697 killed in 2018. In fighting with India 39 Pakistanis were killed, 30 Pakistani Civilians [5] and 9 Pakistani Soldiers were killed.[6][7][8][9][10] In total 736 were killed in Pakistan due to fighting/war and violence/terrorism.

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