List of ongoing armed conflicts

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world.

Map of ongoing armed conflicts (number of combat-related deaths in current or previous year):
  Major wars (10,000 or more)
  Wars (1,000–9,999)
  Minor conflicts (100–999)
  Skirmishes and clashes (1–99)

Criteria

 
Conflict deaths in the 17 deadliest conflicts 2015–2020

This list of ongoing armed conflicts identifies present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The criteria of inclusion are the following:

  • Armed conflicts consist in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental.[1] Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed.
  • Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and previous year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from famine, disease, or disruption of services are included along with violent deaths in the cumulative fatalities count when available.
  • Listed conflicts have at least 100 cumulative deaths in total and at least 1 death in current or in the past calendar year.
  • Fatality totals may be inaccurate or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus symbol, indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 455+ indicates that at least 455 people have died).
  • Location refers to the states where the main violence takes place, not to the warring parties. Italics indicate disputed territories and unrecognized states.
  • A territorial dispute or a protest movement which has not experienced deliberate and systematic deaths due to state or paramilitary violence is not considered to be an armed conflict.

Major wars (10,000 or more combat-related deaths in current or previous year)

The 5 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct, violent deaths per year in battles between identified groups, in the current or previous calendar year.[2]

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2023 fatalities 2024 fatalities
1948 Asia Myanmar 180,000+[3][4] 15,773[5][6][7][8] 6,031[9]
1948 Asia Israel
Palestine
Egypt
Lebanon
Syria
Iraq
Saudi Arabia
Jordan
Yemen
230,000–241,000+[10] 24,550–32,519[11][5][a][20] 15,884–18,802+[9][21][22][23][24][25]
2002 Africa Burkina Faso
Mali
Niger
Benin
Togo
Algeria
Tunisia
Chad
Ivory Coast
Mauritania
Ghana
Nigeria
Cameroon
Morocco
Libya
70,000+[9][26][27][28][29] 14,728[5][30] 5,693[9]
2014 Europe Russia
Ukraine
180,000–220,000+[31][32] 30,915[5]–95,088+[33] 10,632[9]
2023 War in Sudan Africa Sudan 15,000−150,000[34][5][35] 13,225[5][35][36] 3,827[9]

Wars (1,000–9,999 combat-related deaths in current or previous year)

The 15 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct, violent deaths in the current or previous calendar year.[2] Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[37]

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2023 fatalities 2024 fatalities
1964 South America Colombia
Venezuela
455,500+[38] 2,558[5] 784[9]
1978 Asia Afghanistan
Pakistan
1,454,000–2,584,468+[39] 1,041[5] 424[9]
1991 Africa Somalia
Somaliland
Kenya
359,300–1,000,000+[40][41] 9,343[5][42][43] 2,521[9]
1998 Africa Nigeria 98,300+[44][45][46][47][48] 3,300[5][49] 830[9]
2003 Asia Iraq 333,300–1,215,000+[50][51][b] 1,338[5] 362[9]
2004 Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Asia Pakistan 47,300–61,549+[52] 1,300[5] 551[9]
2004 Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo
Rwanda
Burundi
Uganda
103,500+[53][54][44][55][56][57] 4,617[5] 1,843[9]
2006 North America Mexico 357,000-400,000[58][c] 7,168[5] 2,826[9]
2008 Africa Sudan
South Sudan
388,200–400,000+[60] 1,249[5][61] 490[9]
2009 Africa Nigeria
Cameroon
Niger
Chad
373,100[62] 5,182[5][63] 2,716[9]
2011 Asia Syria 586,200–613,407+[64] 6,211[5][65] 2,457[9]
2014 Asia Yemen
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Israel
380,300[66] 3,381[5] 901[9]
2017 Anglophone Crisis Africa Cameroon
Nigeria
7,000+[67] 338[d]-1,042[5] 768[9]
2018 Africa Ethiopia 180,800–600,000+[68] 3,830[5][69] 3,429[9]
2020 North America Haiti 5,551+[70][71][72] 4,451[5][70][73] 1,554[9][74][75]

Minor conflicts (100–999 combat-related deaths in current or previous year)

The 18 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 100, and fewer than 1,000, direct, violent deaths in the current or previous calendar year.

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2023 fatalities 2024 fatalities
1918 Asia Iran
Iraq
15,200–58,000+[76] 198[5] 221[9]
1921 Asia Turkey
Iraq
Syria
120,100+[77][78] 136[5] 15[9]
1943 Jamaican political conflict North America Jamaica 1,400+[79] 397[5] 116[9]
1947 Asia India
Pakistan
200,700–2,000,000
[citation needed][80]
706[5] 245[9]
1948 Asia Pakistan
Iran
21,400+[81] 600[5] 305[9]
1954 Asia India
Myanmar
Bhutan
40,500[82] 540[5] 120[9]
1962 Papua conflict Asia Indonesia 100,100–500,000[83] 179[5] 45[9]
1967 Naxalite–Maoist insurgency Asia India 13,100–14,369+[84] 360[5] 135[9]
1969 Asia Philippines 165,500–213,000[85] 580[5] 189[9]
1988 Ethnic violence in Papua New Guinea Oceania Papua New Guinea 15,000–20,000[86][87] 337[9] 152[9][88]
1999 Asia Bangladesh 1,800+[5][89] 328[5][90] 129[9]
2003 Africa Nigeria
Cameroon
2,600[91] 150[5] 410[9]
2006 Conflict for control of favelas in Rio South America Brazil 700–14,383[92] 41[93]–336[9] 10[9]
2012 Central African Republic Civil War Africa Central African Republic
Cameroon
14,500+[44] 546[5] 266[9]
2016 Philippine drug war Asia Philippines 32,200[94] 269[5] 77[9]
2017 Insurgency in Cabo Delgado Africa Mozambique
Tanzania
6,300+[95] 321[5] 254[9]
2021 Asia Azerbaijan
Armenia
39,800–49,000+[96] 594[5][97][98] 4[9]
2022 Honduran gang crackdown North America Honduras 100+[99][100][101]–700[9] 100[99][102][103]–647[9] 189[9]

Skirmishes and clashes (fewer than 100 combat-related deaths in current and previous year)

The 16 conflicts in the following list have caused fewer than 100 direct, violent deaths in the current or previous calendar year.

Start of
conflict
Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities 2023 fatalities 2024 fatalities
2017 Europe Russia 160,000+[104] 10[9] 0[9]
1948 Korean conflict Asia North Korea
South Korea
3,000,000 12[5] 0[9]
1963 Katanga insurgency Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo 3,400+[5][105] 2[5] 0[9]
1970 Africa Morocco
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
14,000–21,000+ 38[5] 19[9]
1975 Cabinda War Africa Angola 30,000[106] 66[5] 49[9]
1980 Peruvian conflict South America Peru 70,000[107] 75[5] 16[9]
1981 Africa Egypt 6,000–7,353+[44][108][109] 21[5] 4[9]
1982 Casamance conflict Africa Senegal 5,000+[110] 48[5] 13[9]
1987 Lord's Resistance Army insurgency Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo
Central African Republic
South Sudan
100,000+[111] 3[5] 0[9]
1989 Georgian–Ossetian conflict Asia Georgia
South Ossetia
1,614+[112] 2[113][114][115] 0[9]
2004 South Thailand insurgency Asia Thailand 7,294[116] 57[5] 20[9]
2005 Insurgency in Paraguay South America Paraguay 145+[e][53] 10[5] 4[9]
2011 Africa Libya 30,000–43,000[44][117] 89[5][118] 36[9]
2016 Insurgency in Northern Chad Africa Chad 644[119] 37[5] 0[9]
2018 South America Ecuador 14,218+[citation needed] 60[5] 27[120][121]
2022 Salvadoran gang crackdown North America El Salvador 235[122] 56[5] 9[9]

Deaths by country

Fatalities related to armed conflict, by country
Rank 2020[f] 2021[f] 2022[f] 2023[f]
Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths
1 Mexico  34,512[g] Afghanistan  42,223 Ethiopia  109,600+ Ukraine  95,088+
2 Afghanistan  30,974 Yemen  31,048 Ukraine  100,000+ Palestine  22,205+
3 Yemen  19,561 Ethiopia  22,800 Myanmar  20,206 Myanmar  15,773
4 Syria  7,620 Mexico  18,811[g] Mexico  14,254[g] Sudan  13,225
5 Nigeria  7,172 Myanmar  11,114 Yemen  7,133 Nigeria  8,505
6 Democratic Republic of the Congo  6,162 Nigeria  9,687 Somalia  6,484 Burkina Faso  8,486
7 Azerbaijan (including Nagorno-Karabakh)  6,110 Democratic Republic of the Congo  6,283 Democratic Republic of the Congo  6,254 Democratic Republic of the Congo  8,342
8 Somalia  2,950 Syria  5,828 Syria  5,639 Mexico  7,168
9 Mali  2,734 Somalia  3,532 Mali  4,793 Syria  6,211
10 Iraq  2,436 Iraq  2,605 Burkina Faso  4,700 Mali  4,285
11 Burkina Faso  2,268 Burkina Faso  2,358 Iraq  4,181 Democratic Republic of the Congo  3,902
12 South Sudan  2,245 South Sudan  1,986 Afghanistan  3,930 Ethiopia  3,830
13 Ethiopia  1,813 Mali  1,911 Nigeria  3,780 Yemen  3,169
14 Mozambique  1,696 Central African Republic  1,704 Niger  3,000 Pakistan  2,116
15 Libya  1,484 Sudan  1,584 Colombia  2,276 Haiti  2,014
16 Cameroon  1,447 Niger  1,454 South Sudan  1,731 Colombia  1,932
17 Philippines  1,316 Colombia  1,399 Sudan  1,327 Israel  1,410
18 India  783 Mozambique  1,194 Cameroon  943 Iraq  1,335
19 Colombia  765 Cameroon  790 Mozambique  916 South Sudan  1,240
20 Myanmar  650 Palestine  484 Pakistan  900 Cameroon  1,042

See also

Notes

  1. ^ During the 2023 Israel–Hamas war, 21,978 have died in Gaza and 326 have died in the West Bank.[12][13]
    Also, 1,000 terrorists have reportedly been killed in Israel.[14]
    During the 2023 Israel–Hamas war, 1,381+ people have been killed on the Israeli side including: *at least 804 civilians,[15] 507 IDF soldiers, 60 police officers and 10 Shin Bet members,[16] among them 216 foreign or dual-nationals (for a full list see here)[17]
    In 2023, before the 2023 Israel–Hamas war started, at least 300+ people had died.[18][19]
  2. ^ Combined estimated death tolls of each conflict since 2003
  3. ^ 358,000–400,000 organized crime homicide victims[59]
  4. ^ See Casualties in 2023
  5. ^ See Insurgency in Paraguay#Casualties
  6. ^ a b c d Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[44]
  7. ^ a b c Mainly homicides rather than battle-related casualties.[123]

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