List of countries by intentional homicide rate

The list of countries by UNODC homicide rate is typically expressed in units of deaths per 100,000 individuals per year; thus, a mortality rate of 30 (out of 100,000) in a population of 100,000 would mean 30 deaths per year in that entire population, or 0.03% out of the total.[1][2] The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.[3] Only UNODC data is used in the main table below.[1] In some cases it is not as up to date as other sources. See farther down as to why its data is used over other sources.

Research suggests that intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[4] They may also be under-reported for political reasons.[5][6][page needed]

A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004.[7] UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) reported a global average intentional homicide rate of 6.2 per 100,000 population for 2012 (in their report titled "Global Study on Homicide 2013").[8][9] UNODC calculated a rate of 6.9 in 2010.[10]

DefinitionEdit

 
The class of violent deaths documented in this article is intentional killing of others outside of war. Deaths occurring during situations of civil unrest are a grey area.

Intentional homicide is defined by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in its Global Study on Homicide report[11] thus:

Within the broad range of violent deaths, the core element of intentional homicide is the complete liability of the direct perpetrator, which thus excludes killings directly related to war or conflicts, self-inflicted death (suicide), killings due to legal interventions or justifiable killings (such as self-defence), and those deaths caused when the perpetrator was reckless or negligent but did not intend to take a human life (non-intentional homicide).

Though some discrepancies exist in how specific categories of intentional killings are classified, the definitions used by countries to record data are generally close to the UNODC definition, making the homicide rates highly comparable at the international level.[12] UNODC uses the homicide rate as a proxy for overall violence, as this type of crime is one of the most accurately reported and internationally comparable indicators.[13]

Figures from the Global Study on Homicide are based on the UNODC Homicide Statistics dataset, which is derived from the criminal justice or public health systems of a variety of countries and territories.[14] The homicide rates derived from criminal justice data (typically recorded by police authorities) and the public health system data (recorded when the cause of death is established) may diverge substantially for some countries.[15] The two sources usually match in the Americas, Europe and Oceania, but there are large discrepancies for the three African countries reporting both sources.[16] For the 70 countries in which neither source was made available, figures were derived from WHO statistical models.[15]

Deaths resulting from an armed conflict between states are never included in the count.[17] Killings caused by a non-international armed conflict may or may not be included, depending on the intensity of hostilities and whether it is classified as 'civil unrest' or a clash between organized armed groups.[17]

UNODC's global studyEdit

 
United Nations geoscheme with region names used in table here
 
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000)
   < 1
   1–5
   5–10
   10–21.1
   > 21.1

All data in this section comes from the Statistics Online website of the Research and Analysis Branch of UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime).[1][2]

By regionEdit

UNODC 2012 murder rates per 100,000[18][note 1]
Region Rate Homicides
Americas 16.3 157,000
Africa 12.5 135,000
World 6.2 437,000
Europe 3.0 22,000
Oceania 3.0 1,100
Asia 2.9 122,000

By country, region, or dependent territoryEdit

The regions and region names in the table are based on the United Nations geoscheme since the table sources are United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) reports.[19][1]

There is a total yearly count of homicides for each country. Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.

Intentional homicide victims per 100,000 inhabitants. From UNODC.[1][2]
Country or subnational area Subregion Region Rate Count Year listed
 
  Burundi Eastern Africa Africa 6.02 635 2016
  Comoros Eastern Africa Africa 7.70 60 2015
  Djibouti Eastern Africa Africa 6.48 60 2015
  Eritrea Eastern Africa Africa 8.04 390 2015
  Ethiopia Eastern Africa Africa 7.56 7,552 2015
  Kenya Eastern Africa Africa 4.93 2,533 2018
  Madagascar Eastern Africa Africa 7.69 1,863 2015
  Malawi Eastern Africa Africa 1.73 279 2012
  Mauritius Eastern Africa Africa 2.92 37 2018
  Mayotte Eastern Africa Africa 5.93 12 2009
  Mozambique Eastern Africa Africa 3.40 849 2011
  Réunion Eastern Africa Africa 1.82 15 2009
  Rwanda Eastern Africa Africa 2.52 293 2015
  Seychelles Eastern Africa Africa 12.74 12 2016
  Somalia Eastern Africa Africa 4.31 599 2015
  South Sudan Eastern Africa Africa 13.90 1,504 2012
  Uganda Eastern Africa Africa 10.42 4,497 2018
  Tanzania Eastern Africa Africa 6.95 3,746 2015
  Zambia Eastern Africa Africa 5.30 853 2015
  Zimbabwe Eastern Africa Africa 6.67 981 2012
  Angola Middle Africa Africa 4.85 1,217 2012
  Cameroon Middle Africa Africa 1.40 341 2017
  Central African Republic Middle Africa Africa 19.76 913 2016
  Chad Middle Africa Africa 9.04 1,266 2015
  Congo Middle Africa Africa 9.32 466 2015
  DR Congo Middle Africa Africa 13.55 10,322 2015
  Equatorial Guinea Middle Africa Africa 2.31 27 2015
  Gabon Middle Africa Africa 8.04 155 2015
  São Tomé and Príncipe Middle Africa Africa 3.36 6 2011
  Algeria Northern Africa Africa 1.36 542 2015
  Egypt Northern Africa Africa 2.51 2,207 2012
  Libya Northern Africa Africa 2.50 156 2015
  Morocco Northern Africa Africa 1.42 510 2018
  Sudan Northern Africa Africa 5.16 1,702 2008
  Tunisia Northern Africa Africa 3.05 332 2012
  Botswana Southern Africa Africa 15.04 303 2010
  Eswatini Southern Africa Africa 9.50 130 2017
  Lesotho Southern Africa Africa 41.25 897 2015
  Namibia Southern Africa Africa 17.14 388 2012
  South Africa Southern Africa Africa 36.40 21,036 2018
  Benin Western Africa Africa 1.10 126 2017
  Burkina Faso Western Africa Africa 1.30 240 2017
  Cape Verde Western Africa Africa 6.80 37 2018
  Côte d'Ivoire Western Africa Africa 11.63 2,688 2015
  Gambia Western Africa Africa 9.13 181 2015
  Ghana Western Africa Africa 2.10 609 2017
  Guinea Western Africa Africa 8.82 1,067 2015
  Guinea-Bissau Western Africa Africa 1.10 21 2017
  Liberia Western Africa Africa 3.23 135 2012
  Mali Western Africa Africa 10.90 1,905 2015
  Mauritania Western Africa Africa 9.94 416 2015
  Niger Western Africa Africa 4.44 788 2012
  Nigeria Western Africa Africa 9.85 17,843 2015
  Saint Helena Western Africa Africa 0.00 0 2009
  Senegal Western Africa Africa 7.38 1,105 2015
  Sierra Leone Western Africa Africa 1.71 124 2015
  Togo Western Africa Africa 9.00 668 2015
  Anguilla Caribbean Americas 27.66 4 2014
  Antigua and Barbuda Caribbean Americas 10.33 10 2012
  Aruba Caribbean Americas 1.93 2 2014
  Bahamas Caribbean Americas 30.90 122 2017
  Barbados Caribbean Americas 9.7 28 2018
  British Virgin Islands Caribbean Americas 8.37 2 2006
  Cayman Islands Caribbean Americas 8.45 5 2014
  Cuba Caribbean Americas 4.99 572 2016
  Curaçao Caribbean Americas 19.19 26 2007
  Dominica Caribbean Americas 25.70 19 2017
  Dominican Republic Caribbean Americas 10.05 1,068 2018
  Grenada Caribbean Americas 11.10 12 2017
  Guadeloupe Caribbean Americas 5.8 23 2016
  Haiti Caribbean Americas 6.68 773 2018
  Jamaica Caribbean Americas 43.85 1,287 2018
  Martinique Caribbean Americas 2.78 11 2009
  Montserrat Caribbean Americas 19.88 1 2012
  Puerto Rico Caribbean Americas 21.09 641 2018
  Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean Americas 34.23 18 2012
  Saint Lucia Caribbean Americas 21.44 39 2018
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Caribbean Americas 36.46 40 2016
  Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean Americas 30.88 420 2015
  Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean Americas 5.93 2 2014
  US Virgin Islands Caribbean Americas 49.26 52 2012
  Belize Central America Americas 37.90 142 2017
  Costa Rica Central America Americas 11.26 563 2018
  El Salvador Central America Americas 52.02 3,340 2018
  Guatemala Central America Americas 22.50 3,881 2018
  Honduras Central America Americas 38.93 3,732 2018
  Mexico Central America Americas 29.07 36,685 2018
  Nicaragua Central America Americas 7.37 453 2016
  Panama Central America Americas 9.39 392 2018
  Bermuda Northern America Americas 8.20 5 2017
  Canada Northern America Americas 1.76 651 2018
  Greenland Northern America Americas 5.31 3 2016
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Northern America Americas 15.93 1 2009
  United States Northern America Americas 4.96 16,214 2018
  Argentina South America Americas 5.32 2,362 2018
  Bolivia South America Americas 6.30 686 2016
  Brazil South America Americas 27.38 57,358 2018
  Chile South America Americas 4.40 825 2018
  Colombia South America Americas 25.34 12,586 2018
  Ecuador South America Americas 5.80 991 2018
  French Guiana South America Americas 13.15 30 2009
  Guyana South America Americas 14.25 111 2018
  Paraguay South America Americas 7.14 497 2018
  Peru South America Americas 7.70 2,487 2017
  Suriname South America Americas 5.50 31 2017
  Uruguay South America Americas 12.06 416 2018
  Venezuela South America Americas 36.69 10,598 2018
  Kazakhstan Central Asia Asia 5.00 915 2017
  Kyrgyzstan Central Asia Asia 2.19 138 2018
  Tajikistan Central Asia Asia 1.61 126 2011
  Turkmenistan Central Asia Asia 4.22 203 2006
  Uzbekistan Central Asia Asia 1.10 363 2017
  China Eastern Asia Asia 0.53 7,525 2018
  Hong Kong Eastern Asia Asia 0.65 48 2018
  Japan Eastern Asia Asia 0.26 334 2018
  Macau Eastern Asia Asia 0.32 2 2018
  Mongolia Eastern Asia Asia 6.18 196 2018
  North Korea Eastern Asia Asia 4.40 1,110 2015
  South Korea Eastern Asia Asia 0.60 309 2018
  Taiwan Eastern Asia Asia 0.82 192 2015
  Brunei South-eastern Asia Asia 0.49 2 2013
  Cambodia South-eastern Asia Asia 1.84 268 2011
  Indonesia South-eastern Asia Asia 0.40 1,150 2017
  Laos South-eastern Asia Asia 7.01 467 2015
  Malaysia South-eastern Asia Asia 2.11 627 2013
  Myanmar South-eastern Asia Asia 2.27 1,198 2016
  Philippines South-eastern Asia Asia 6.46 6,895 2018
  Singapore South-eastern Asia Asia 0.16 9 2018
  Thailand South-eastern Asia Asia 2.58 1,787 2017
  Timor-Leste South-eastern Asia Asia 3.95 49 2015
  Vietnam South-eastern Asia Asia 1.52 1,358 2011
  Afghanistan Southern Asia Asia 6.66 2,474 2018
  Bangladesh Southern Asia Asia 2.37 3,830 2018
  Bhutan Southern Asia Asia 1.19 9 2018
  India Southern Asia Asia 3.08 41,651 2018
  Iran Southern Asia Asia 2.47 1,936 2014
  Maldives Southern Asia Asia 0.75 3 2013
  Nepal Southern Asia Asia 2.16 627 2016
  Pakistan Southern Asia Asia 3.88 8,241 2018
  Sri Lanka Southern Asia Asia 2.42 514 2018
  Armenia Western Asia Asia 1.69 50 2018
  Azerbaijan Western Asia Asia 2.20 219 2018
  Bahrain Western Asia Asia 0.52 7 2014
  Cyprus Western Asia Asia 1.26 15 2018
  Georgia Western Asia Asia 2.22 89 2018
  Iraq Western Asia Asia 9.85 3,339 2013
  Iraq (excluding Kurdistan) Western Asia Asia 10.08 3,029 2014
  Kurdistan Region (Iraq) Western Asia Asia 2.20 111 2013
  Israel Western Asia Asia 1.36 110 2015
  Jordan Western Asia Asia 1.40 133 2017
  Kuwait Western Asia Asia 1.80 61 2012
  Lebanon Western Asia Asia 2.49 171 2018
  Oman Western Asia Asia 0.27 13 2018
  Qatar Western Asia Asia 0.38 9 2014
  Saudi Arabia Western Asia Asia 1.30 419 2017
  Palestine Western Asia Asia 0.49 24 2018
  Syria Western Asia Asia 0.88 149 2018
  Turkey Western Asia Asia 2.59 2,133 2018
  United Arab Emirates Western Asia Asia 0.50 44 2017
  Yemen Western Asia Asia 6.66 1,703 2013
  Belarus Eastern Europe Europe 2.39 226 2018
  Bulgaria Eastern Europe Europe 1.30 92 2018
  Czech Republic Eastern Europe Europe 0.60 66 2017
  Hungary Eastern Europe Europe 2.50 242 2017
  Poland Eastern Europe Europe 0.73 277 2018
  Moldova Eastern Europe Europe 4.10 166 2018
  Romania Eastern Europe Europe 1.28 250 2018
  Russia Eastern Europe Europe 8.21 11,964 2018
  Slovakia Eastern Europe Europe 1.37 62 2018
  Ukraine Eastern Europe Europe 6.20 2,751 2017
  Channel Islands Northern Europe Europe 0.00 0 2010
  Denmark Northern Europe Europe 1.01 52 2018
  Estonia Northern Europe Europe 2.12 28 2018
  Finland Northern Europe Europe 1.63 90 2018
  Iceland Northern Europe Europe 0.89 3 2018
  Ireland Northern Europe Europe 0.87 42 2018
  Isle of Man Northern Europe Europe 0.00 0 2016
  Latvia Northern Europe Europe 4.36 84 2018
  Lithuania Northern Europe Europe 4.57 128 2018
  Norway Northern Europe Europe 0.47 25 2018
  Sweden Northern Europe Europe 1.08 108 2018
  England and Wales Northern Europe Europe 1.20 726 2017
  Northern Ireland Northern Europe Europe 1.22 23 2018
  Scotland Northern Europe Europe 1.12 61 2018
  United Kingdom Northern Europe Europe 1.20 809 2018
  Albania Southern Europe Europe 2.29 66 2018
  Andorra Southern Europe Europe 0.00 0 2015
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe Europe 1.17 39 2018
  Croatia Southern Europe Europe 0.58 24 2018
  Gibraltar Southern Europe Europe 3.01 1 2010
  Greece Southern Europe Europe 0.94 99 2018
  Vatican City Southern Europe Europe 0.00 0 2015
  Italy Southern Europe Europe 0.57 345 2018
  Kosovo Eastern Europe Europe 2.40 44 2018
  Malta Southern Europe Europe 1.59 7 2018
  Montenegro Southern Europe Europe 2.23 14 2018
  Portugal Southern Europe Europe 0.79 81 2018
  San Marino Southern Europe Europe 0.00 0 2011
  Serbia Southern Europe Europe 1.23 108 2018
  Slovenia Southern Europe Europe 0.48 10 2018
  Spain Southern Europe Europe 0.62 290 2018
  North Macedonia Southern Europe Europe 1.20 25 2018
  Austria Western Europe Europe 0.97 86 2018
  Belgium Western Europe Europe 1.70 193 2017
  France Western Europe Europe 1.2 779 2018
  Germany Western Europe Europe 0.95 788 2018
  Liechtenstein Western Europe Europe 2.64 1 2018
  Luxembourg Western Europe Europe 0.30 2 2017
  Monaco Western Europe Europe 0.00 0 2015
  Netherlands Western Europe Europe 0.59 100 2018
  Switzerland Western Europe Europe 0.59 50 2018
  Australia Australia, New Zealand Oceania 0.89 222 2018
  New Zealand Australia, New Zealand Oceania 0.70 35 2017
  Fiji Melanesia Oceania 2.26 20 2014
  New Caledonia Melanesia Oceania 3.23 8 2009
  Papua New Guinea Melanesia Oceania 7.85 520 2007
  Solomon Islands Melanesia Oceania 3.77 19 2008
  Vanuatu Melanesia Oceania 2.13 6 2015
  Guam Micronesia Oceania 2.51 4 2011
  Kiribati Micronesia Oceania 7.50 8 2012
  Micronesia Micronesia Oceania 4.67 5 2015
  Nauru Micronesia Oceania 0.00 0 2012
  Palau Micronesia Oceania 11.17 2 2018
  American Samoa Polynesia Oceania 5.40 3 2016
  Cook Islands Polynesia Oceania 3.49 1 2012
  French Polynesia Polynesia Oceania 0.38 1 2009
  Niue Polynesia Oceania 0.00 0 2012
  Samoa Polynesia Oceania 3.15 6 2013
  Tonga Polynesia Oceania 0.95 1 2012
  Tuvalu Polynesia Oceania 18.65 2 2012

Sources used by UNODCEdit

Sources used by UNODC for each country.
Country or subnational area Sources
Afghanistan NSO
Albania NSO
Algeria CTS
American Samoa NSO/SDG
Andorra INTP/CTS
Angola NSO
Anguilla NSO/SDG/PAHO
Antigua and Barbuda OAS
Argentina MOS
Armenia CTS
Aruba MD
Australia CTS
Austria CTS
Azerbaijan CTS
Bahamas OAS/CTS/NP
Bahrain UNSDC/CTS/NP/MD
Bangladesh NP
Barbados CTS
Belarus CTS
Belgium EUR/CTS
Belize OAS/CTS
Benin WHO Estimate
Bermuda NP/CTS
Bhutan CTS
Bolivia CTS
Bosnia and Herzegovina CTS
Botswana WHO
Brazil ABSP
British Virgin Islands MD
Brunei WHO/MD
Bulgaria CTS
Burkina Faso NSO
Burundi CTS/SDG
Cambodia JP/WHO
Cameroon NSO/SDG
Canada NP
Cape Verde NP/CTS
Cayman Islands MD/WHO/NSO
Central African Republic CTS
Chad WHO Estimate
Channel Islands NP
Chile CTS
China NSO
Colombia CTS
Comoros WHO Estimate
Congo WHO Estimate
Cook Islands SDG
Costa Rica NSO
Côte d'Ivoire WHO Estimate
Croatia CTS
Cuba MD/MOH
Curaçao PAHO
Cyprus CTS
Czech Republic UNSDC/CTS
Denmark CTS
Djibouti WHO Estimate
Dominica UNSDC/OAS
Dominican Republic CTS
DR Congo WHO Estimate
Ecuador NSO
Egypt CTS
El Salvador NP
England and Wales UNSDC/SDG/CTS
Equatorial Guinea WHO Estimate
Eritrea WHO Estimate
Estonia CTS
Eswatini WHO
Ethiopia WHO Estimate
Fiji INTP/NSO
Finland CTS
France CTS
French Guiana NP
French Polynesia NP
Gabon WHO Estimate
Gambia WHO Estimate
Georgia CTS
Germany CTS
Ghana WHO
Gibraltar NP
Greece CTS
Greenland NSO
Grenada OAS/CTS
Guadeloupe NP
Guam NP
Guatemala NP
Guinea WHO Estimate
Guinea-Bissau WHO Estimate
Guyana CTS
Haiti DPKO
Honduras CTS
Hong Kong NP
Hungary UNSDC/CTS
Iceland CTS
India MOI
Indonesia UNSDC/INTP/CTS
Iran CTS/NSO/MD
Iraq CTS
Iraq (excluding Kurdistan) CTS
Ireland CTS
Isle of Man NP
Israel NSO/CTS/SDG
Italy CTS
Jamaica NSO
Japan MOI
Jordan CTS/SDG/NP
Kazakhstan TSMNEE/CTS
Kenya CTS
Kiribati MD/WHO
Kosovo CTS
Kurdistan Region (Iraq) CTS
Kuwait UNSDC/NP/CTS
Kyrgyzstan CTS
Laos WHO Estimate
Latvia CTS
Lebanon CTS
Lesotho CTS/NSO
Liberia UNMIL
Libya WHO Estimate
Liechtenstein NSO
Lithuania CTS
Luxembourg EUR/UNECE/CTS
Macau CTS
Madagascar WHO Estimate
Malawi NP
Malaysia UNSDC/WHO/NP
Maldives UNSDC/CTS
Mali WHO Estimate
Malta NSO
Martinique NP
Mauritania WHO Estimate
Mauritius NSO
Mayotte NP
Mexico NSO
Micronesia WHO Estimate
Moldova NSO
Monaco UNSDC/CTS
Mongolia CTS
Montenegro CTS
Montserrat PAHO/WHO/MD
Morocco CTS
Mozambique WHO/SDG
Myanmar NSO/CTS
Namibia NP/INTP
Nauru WHO Estimate
Nepal NSO/CTS
Netherlands CTS
New Caledonia NP
New Zealand NP/CTS
Nicaragua NP
Niger WHO
Nigeria WHO Estimate
Niue WHO Estimate
North Korea WHO Estimate
North Macedonia CTS
Northern Ireland CTS
Norway CTS
Oman CTS
Pakistan NP
Palau NSO
Palestine NSO
Panama CTS
Papua New Guinea UNSDC/NP
Paraguay CTS
Peru CTS
Philippines CTS
Poland CTS
Portugal CTS
Puerto Rico NSO
Qatar UNSDC/MD
Réunion NP
Romania CTS
Russia CTS
Rwanda NSO
Saint Helena NSO
Saint Kitts and Nevis OAS/CTS
Saint Lucia NSO
Saint Pierre and Miquelon NP
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines OAS/CTS
Samoa WHO
San Marino WHO
São Tomé and Príncipe CTS
Saudi Arabia NSO/CTS
Scotland CTS
Senegal WHO Estimate
Serbia CTS
Seychelles INTP/NSO
Sierra Leone UNSDC/NP/SDG
Singapore CTS
Slovakia CTS
Slovenia CTS
Solomon Islands CTS
Somalia WHO Estimate
South Africa NP
South Korea CTS
South Sudan NP
Spain CTS
Sri Lanka CTS
Sudan CTS
Suriname OAS
Sweden CTS
Switzerland CTS
Syria CTS
Taiwan SDG
Tajikistan TSMNEE/CTS
Tanzania INTP/CTS
Thailand NP/CTS
Timor-Leste UNMIT/NSO
Togo WHO Estimate
Tonga NP
Trinidad and Tobago OAS/CTS
Tunisia WHO
Turkey CTS
Turkmenistan TSMNEE
Turks and Caicos Islands PAHO/MD
Tuvalu WHO
Uganda NP
Ukraine UNSDC/TSMNEE/CTS/DMDB
United Arab Emirates CTS
United Kingdom CTS Adjusted
United States FBI
Uruguay CTS
US Virgin Islands MD
Uzbekistan TSMNEE/NSO
Vanuatu WHO Estimate
Vatican City CTS
Venezuela CTS
Vietnam WHO
Yemen UNSDC/NSO/CTS
Zambia UNSDC/WHO/NP
Zimbabwe WHO

Source abbreviations explainedEdit

Legend for source abbreviations used in above table.
Abbreviation Source
ABSP Anuario Brasileiro de Seguranca Publica
AG Attorney General
CTS United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)
DMDB European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB)
DPKO Department of Peacekeeping Operations (UN)
EUR Eurostat
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
GEN User Generated
GEO Gender Equality Observatory for Latin America and the Caribbean
GHD Estimate Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx, IHME)
GOV Government
IHME Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
INTP International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO; Interpol)
JP Judicial police
MD World Health Organization Mortality Database
MNS Ministry of National Security
MNTH United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
MOH Ministry of Health
MOI Ministry of Interior
MOJ Ministry of Justice
MSCO United Nations Stabilization Mission in the DR Congo (MONUSCO)
NBHW National Board of Health and Welfare
NCCP National Council for Crime Prevention
NGO Non-governmental Organization
NIFM National Institute of Forensic Medicine
NP National Police
NSO National Statistical Organization
OAS Organization of American States (OAS)
OCAVI Observatorio Centroamericano sobre Violencia (OCAVI)
PAHO Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
PPR Public Prosecution
RIC Regional System of Standardized Indicators in Peaceful Coexistence and Citizen Security (IDB)
RSC Research Center
SDG Sustainable Development Goals
SES Sistema Regional de Indicadores Estandarizados en Convivencia y Seguridad Ciudadana (SES)
SO Statistical Organization
TSMNEE Transformative Monitoring for Enhanced Equity (TransMonEE)
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
UNMIT United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)
UNMIL United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
UNSDC UNODC Special Data Collection
VAL Validated
WHO World Health Organization (WHO)
WPP World Population Prospects 2017
Adjusted Obtained based on an adjusted value from an external source
Attempt Indicates that the data may include attempted homicides
_N Indicates data obtained in the 2017 search for external sources
CTS_N Indicates that the disaggregation was partially or completely updated with data from the CTS 2017

Other studiesEdit

A 2020 study by InSight Crime found that Jamaica had the highest homicide rate in Latin America and the Caribbean, while Venezuela had the second highest rate.[20]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The old 2014 UNODC PDF full report (Global Study on Homicide 2013) is used to reference the major region rates and counts: Americas, Africa, World, Europe, Oceania, Asia. Figures 1.1 and 1.2 (pages 21 and 22) have exact rates and counts for those major regions. Look for page numbers on the bottom right corner of pages, and ignore the incorrect page numbers provided by your PDF reader. The PDF has a methodological annex (pages 109-120) and a statistical annex (pages 121-151). The statistical annex has detailed charts for homicide counts and rates by country with data from 2000–2012. Map 7.2 on page 112 is a world map showing the homicide count for each country or territory. Page 21 states estimated total intentional homicides of 437,000 worldwide in 2012. Figure 1.3 on page 23 is a bar chart of homicide rates for the subregions. Figure 1.16 on page 34 shows timeline graphs by subregion. The report does not list exact rate numbers for them. Subregion counts are also not found in the report, but may be calculated by manually totaling the counts for each country in a subregion.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Intentional Homicide Victims | dataUNODC". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Table of "Intentional homicide victims, counts and rates per 100,000 population". Can select years from 2000-2016. Can select regions, subregions, and countries. Link below chart is to Excel file that covers years 1990-2018 for all countries.
  2. ^ a b c "Homicide rate | dataUNODC". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Timeline graph of "Victims of intentional homicide 1990-2018". Can select a country and a region. Table below graph shows data 1990-2018. Download link icon below table offers multiple formats just for selected country and region. Click "bulk data download" link icon twice at top of page to get Excel file that covers years 1990-2018 for all countries.
  3. ^ Richards, Patsy (27 May 1999). "Homicide statistics, research paper 99/56" (PDF). London, UK: House of Commons of the United Kingdom library, Social and general statistics section. See page 7 for section called "Definition of the offence of homicide". See page 29 for table of nations and homicide rates for the years 1994–97. It also has further info on how homicide is defined across countries.
  4. ^ Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (May 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960–1999". Homicide Studies. 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. From the abstract: "we assembled evidence from national data sources to show that the principal explanation of the downward trend in lethality involves parallel developments in medical technology and related medical support services that have suppressed the homicide rate compared to what it would be had such progress not been made."
  5. ^ Fry, Don. (1985). Believing the news. ISBN 978-0-935742-11-4.
  6. ^ Vizzard, William J. (2000). Shots in the dark. ISBN 978-0-8476-9560-7.
  7. ^ Global Burden of Armed Violence Report (PDF) (report). Geneva, Switzerland: Geneva Declaration Secretariat. September 2008. pp. 67ff. ISBN 978-2-8288-0101-4. data from 2004-2007. The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.
  8. ^ UNODC 2014, p. 12.
  9. ^ Intentional homicide count and rate per 100,000 population, by country/territory (2000–2012). Data (in spreadsheet format) for UNODC report titled "Global Study on Homicide 2013". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Linked from Global Study on Homicide – Data: UNODC Homicide Statistics 2013
  10. ^ 2011 Global Study on Homicide: Trends, Contexts, Data. "data from 2010 or latest available year". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Vienna, Austria.
  11. ^ UNODC 2014, p. 10.
  12. ^ UNODC 2014, pp. 102–103.
  13. ^ "Note of clarification about the Global Study on Homicide 2013". UNODC. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Global Study on Homicide 2013: Executive Summary" (PDF). UNODC. p. 19. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  15. ^ a b UNODC 2014, p. 99.
  16. ^ UNODC 2014, p. 101.
  17. ^ a b UNODC 2014, p. 104.
  18. ^ UNODC 2014, pp. 21–22.
  19. ^ UNODC 2014, pp. 7–8.
  20. ^ "InSight Crime's 2020 Homicide Round-Up". January 29, 2021.

SourcesEdit

See Notes section above for more info on this source:

External linksEdit