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List of members of the United Nations Security Council

Membership of the United Nations Security Council is held by the five permanent members and ten elected, non-permanent members. Prior to 1966, there were six elected members, while the permanent members have in essence not changed since the creation of the United Nations in 1945, apart from the representation of China. Elected members hold their place on the Council for a two-year term, and half of these places are contested each year. To ensure geographical continuity, a certain number of members is allocated for each of the five UN regional groupings.

Contents

Current membershipEdit

Permanent members
Country Regional Group Member since
  People's Republic of China Asia-Pacific Group 1971, replaced the Republic of China
  France Western European and Others Group 1945
  Russian Federation Eastern European Group 1991, replaced the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  United Kingdom Western European and Others Group 1945
  United States Western European and Others Group 1945
Non-permanent members
Country Regional Group Term began Term ends
  Belgium Western European and Others Group 2019 2020
  Dominican Republic Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC) 2019 2020
  Equatorial Guinea African Group 2018 2019
  Germany Western European and Others Group 2019 2020
  Indonesia Asia-Pacific Group 2019 2020
  Ivory Coast African Group 2018 2019
  Kuwait Asia-Pacific Group 2018 2019
  Peru Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC) 2018 2019
  Poland Eastern European Group 2018 2019
  South Africa African Group 2019 2020
 
Members of the current UNSC on the map of the world
  Permanent members
  Non-permanent members

Regional GroupsEdit

 
  African Group
  Asia-Pacific Group
  Eastern European Group
  Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)
  Western European and Others Group
  UN member not in any voting group
  Non-UN state or territory

In addition, one of the non-permanent members of the council is an Arab country, alternately from the African or Asia-Pacific groups. This rule was added to the system in 1967 for it to be applied beginning with 1968.

Each year the UN General Assembly elects five new members for a two-year term; these elections always begin in October of the year, and continue until the two-thirds majority for the number of countries for each region has been reached. Re-election is allowed, but the term must not be consecutive.

Electoral timetable
Term beginning in years that are: Odd Even
African Group one member two members *
Asia-Pacific Group one member one member *
Eastern European Group none one member
Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC) one member one member
Western European and Others Group two members none

* The representative of Arab nations alternates between these two elected spaces.

Previous and future Security Council compositionEdit

From 1946 to 1965, the security council included six non-permanent members. The regional grouping at that time was:

There were some exceptions to this grouping: Liberia took the place of a Western European country in 1961; the Ivory Coast substituted a member of the Commonwealth in 1964–1965; and the Eastern Europe group included Asian countries from 1956.

As part of a proposed expansion of the Security Council, Brazil, Germany, India and Japan, collectively the Group of 4 or G4 nations, are seeking permanent representation on this body. Italy opposed the expansion of the Security Council through the establishment of the group Uniting for Consensus.

Membership by yearEdit

PermanentEdit

Year Chinese seat French seat Soviet/Russian seat British seat American seat
1945   Republic of China   Prov. Gov. of France   Soviet Union   United Kingdom   United States
1946   French Republic (4th)
1949   Republic of China
1958   French Republic (5th)
1971   People's Republic of China
1992–present   Russian Federation
United StatesUnited KingdomRussiaSoviet UnionFranceFrench Fourth RepublicProvisional Government of the French RepublicChinaTaiwanRepublic of China (1912–49) 

Non-permanent (1946–1965)Edit

Year Latin American Seats Commonwealth Seat Eastern European
& Asian Seat[b]
Middle Eastern Seat Western European Seat
1946   Brazil   Mexico   Australia   Poland   Egypt   Netherlands
1947   Colombia   Syria   Belgium
1948   Argentina   Canada   Ukraine
1949   Cuba   Egypt   Norway
1950   Ecuador   India   Yugoslavia
1951   Brazil   Turkey   Netherlands
1952   Chile   Pakistan   Greece
1953   Colombia   Lebanon   Denmark
1954   Brazil   New Zealand   Turkey
1955   Peru   Iran   Belgium
1956   Cuba   Australia   Yugoslavia
1957   Colombia   Philippines   Iraq   Sweden
1958   Panama   Canada   Japan
1959   Argentina   Tunisia   Italy
1960   Ecuador   Ceylon   Poland
1961   Chile   Turkey   United Arab Republic   Liberia[c]
1962   Venezuela   Ghana   Romania   Ireland
1963   Brazil   Philippines   Morocco[d]   Norway
1964   Bolivia   Ivory Coast[e]   Czechoslovakia
1965   Uruguay   Malaysia   Jordan   Netherlands

Non-permanent (1966–present)Edit

Year African Group Asia-Pacific Group Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC) Western European and Others Group Eastern European Group
* indicates Arab nations' representative
1966   Mali   Nigeria   Uganda   Japan   Jordan*   Argentina   Uruguay   Netherlands   New Zealand   Bulgaria
1967   Ethiopia   India   Brazil   Canada   Denmark
1968   Algeria*   Senegal   Pakistan   Paraguay   Hungary
1969   Zambia     Nepal   Colombia   Finland   Spain
1970   Burundi   Sierra Leone   Syria*   Nicaragua   Poland
1971   Somalia   Japan   Argentina   Belgium   Italy
1972   Guinea   Sudan*   India   Panama   Yugoslavia
1973   Kenya   Indonesia   Peru   Australia   Austria
1974   Cameroon   Mauritania   Iraq*   Costa Rica   Byelorussia
1975   Tanzania   Japan   Guyana   Italy   Sweden
1976   Benin   Libya*   Pakistan   Panama   Romania
1977   Mauritius   India   Venezuela   Canada   West Germany
1978   Gabon   Nigeria   Kuwait*   Bolivia   Czechoslovakia
1979   Zambia   Bangladesh   Jamaica   Norway   Portugal
1980   Niger   Tunisia*   Philippines   Mexico   East Germany
1981   Uganda   Japan   Panama   Ireland   Spain
1982   Togo   Zaire   Jordan*   Guyana   Poland
1983   Zimbabwe   Pakistan   Nicaragua   Malta   Netherlands
1984   Burkina Faso[f]   Egypt*   India   Peru   Ukraine
1985   Madagascar   Thailand   Trinidad and Tobago   Australia   Denmark
1986   Congo   Ghana   United Arab Emirates*   Venezuela   Bulgaria
1987   Zambia   Japan   Argentina   West Germany   Italy
1988   Algeria*   Senegal     Nepal   Brazil   Yugoslavia
1989   Ethiopia   Malaysia   Colombia   Canada   Finland
1990   Ivory Coast   Zaire   Yemen*[g]   Cuba   Romania
1991   Zimbabwe   India   Ecuador   Austria   Belgium
1992   Cape Verde   Morocco*   Japan   Venezuela   Hungary
1993   Djibouti   Pakistan   Brazil   New Zealand   Spain
1994   Nigeria   Rwanda   Oman*   Argentina   Czech Republic
1995   Botswana   Indonesia   Honduras   Germany   Italy
1996   Egypt*   Guinea-Bissau   South Korea   Chile   Poland
1997   Kenya   Japan   Costa Rica   Portugal   Sweden
1998   Gabon   Gambia   Bahrain*   Brazil   Slovenia
1999   Namibia   Malaysia   Argentina   Canada   Netherlands
2000   Mali   Tunisia*   Bangladesh   Jamaica   Ukraine
2001   Mauritius   Singapore   Colombia   Ireland   Norway
2002   Cameroon   Guinea   Syria*   Mexico   Bulgaria
2003   Angola   Pakistan   Chile   Germany   Spain
2004   Algeria*   Benin   Philippines   Brazil   Romania
2005   Tanzania   Japan   Argentina   Denmark   Greece
2006   Ghana   Congo   Qatar*   Peru   Slovakia
2007   South Africa   Indonesia   Panama   Belgium   Italy
2008   Burkina Faso   Libya*   Vietnam   Costa Rica   Croatia
2009   Uganda   Japan   Mexico   Austria   Turkey
2010   Gabon   Nigeria   Lebanon*   Brazil   Bosnia and Herzegovina
2011   South Africa   India   Colombia   Germany   Portugal
2012   Morocco*   Togo   Pakistan   Guatemala   Azerbaijan
2013   Rwanda   South Korea   Argentina   Australia   Luxembourg
2014   Chad   Nigeria   Jordan*   Chile   Lithuania
2015   Angola   Malaysia   Venezuela   New Zealand   Spain
2016   Egypt*   Senegal   Japan   Uruguay   Ukraine
2017   Ethiopia   Kazakhstan   Bolivia   Italy   Sweden
2018   Ivory Coast   Equatorial Guinea   Kuwait*   Peru   Netherlands[2]   Poland
2019   South Africa   Indonesia   Dominican Republic   Germany   Belgium
2020   Niger   Tunisia*   Vietnam   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   Estonia

List by number of years as Security Council memberEdit

This list contains the 130 United Nations member states so far elected to the United Nations Security Council, including the five permanent members, all listed by number of years each country has so far spent on the UNSC. Of all the members, 6 have so far ceased to exist, leaving the list with 124 modern nations. These, combined with the 69 modern nations that have never been elected to the UNSC to date (see Non-members, below), make up the entirety of the 193 current members of the UN.

Years on the Security Council, as of 2019, including current year where relevant :

  Indicates permanent member
  Indicates current elected member (2019)
  Indicates former United Nations member
Years[h] Country First Year Most Recent Year Regional Group Notes
75   France 1945 2020 WEOG Permanent member
75   United Kingdom 1945 2020 WEOG Permanent member
75   United States 1945 2020 WEOG Permanent member
49   People's Republic of China 1971 2020 Asia-Pacific Permanent member
46   Soviet Union 1945 1991 E. European Former permanent member, replaced by Russian Federation
29   Russian Federation 1991 2020 E. European Permanent member
26   Republic of China 1945 1971 Asian Former permanent member, replaced by People's Republic of China
22   Japan 1958 2017 Asia-Pacific
20   Brazil 1946 2011 GRULAC
18   Argentina 1948 2014 GRULAC
14   Colombia 1947 2012 GRULAC
14   India 1950 2012 Asia-Pacific
14   Pakistan 1952 2013 Asia-Pacific
13   Italy 1959 2017 WEOG
12   Belgium 1947 2020 WEOG
12   Canada 1948 2000 WEOG
12   Germany 1977 2020 WEOG Includes 4 years when the Federal Republic of Germany consisted only of West Germany (but does not include East Germany's 2 years, listed separately below).
11   Poland 1946 2019 E. European
10   Australia 1946 2014 WEOG
10   Chile 1952 2015 GRULAC
10   Netherlands 1946 2018 WEOG
10   Nigeria 1966 2015 African
10   Panama 1958 2008 GRULAC
10   Peru 1955 2019 GRULAC
10   Spain 1969 2016 WEOG
10   Venezuela 1962 2016 GRULAC
9   Egypt 1946 2017 African (Arabic) Includes 2 years with the seat held in the name of the United Arab Republic, of which for more than 15 months UAR served as the name of modern-day Egypt
8   Denmark 1953 2006 WEOG
8   Indonesia 1973 2020 Asia-Pacific
8   Norway 1949 2002 WEOG
8   Ukraine 1948 2017 E. European Includes 4 years of membership under the name of   Ukrainian SSR; Ukrainian SSR held its own seat in the General Assembly while being part of the Soviet Union during its 46 years of Security Council membership
7   Malaysia 1965 2016 Asia-Pacific
7   Mexico 1946 2010 GRULAC
7   New Zealand 1954 2016 WEOG
7   Romania 1962 2005 E. European
7   Turkey 1951 2010 WEOG
7   Yugoslavia 1950 1989 E. European Predecessor of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia
6   Algeria 1968 1989 African (Arabic)
6   Austria 1973 2010 WEOG
6   Bolivia 1964 2018 GRULAC
6   Bulgaria 1966 2003 E. European
6   Costa Rica 1974 2009 GRULAC
6   Côte d'Ivoire 1964 2019 African
6   Cuba 1949 1991 GRULAC
6   Ecuador 1950 1992 GRULAC
6   Ethiopia 1967 2018 African
6   Gabon 1978 2011 African
6   Ghana 1962 2007 African
6   Jordan 1965 2015 Asia-Pacific (Arabic)
6   Morocco 1963 2013 African (Arabic)
6   Philippines 1957 2004 Asia-Pacific
6   Portugal 1979 2012 WEOG
6   Senegal 1968 2017 African
6   South Africa 2007 2020 African
6   Sweden 1957 2018 WEOG
6   Syria 1947 2003 Asia-Pacific (Arabic) Includes one year (1961) during which the United Arab Republic was a member, for the greater part of which Syria was a member of that union
6   Tunisia 1959 2003 African (Arabic)
6   Zambia 1969 1988 African
5   Ireland 1962 2002 WEOG
5   Uganda 1966 2010 African
4   Angola 2003 2016 African
4   Bangladesh 1979 2001 Asia-Pacific
4   Benin 1976 2005 African
4   Burkina Faso 1984 2009 African For first 7 months of membership of the Security council in 1984 was known as Upper Volta.
4   Cameroon 1974 2003 African
4   Finland 1969 1990 WEOG
4   Greece 1952 2006 WEOG
4   Guinea 1972 2003 African
4   Guyana 1975 1983 GRULAC
4   Hungary 1968 1993 E. European
4   Iraq 1957 1975 Asia-Pacific (Arabic)
4   Jamaica 1979 2001 GRULAC
4   Kenya 1973 1998 African
4   Kuwait 1978 2019 Asia-Pacific (Arabic)
4   Lebanon 1953 2011 Asia-Pacific (Arabic)
4   Libya 1976 2009 African (Arabic)
4   Mali 1966 2001 African
4   Mauritius 1977 2002 African
4     Nepal 1969 1989 Asia-Pacific
4   Nicaragua 1970 1984 GRULAC
4   Republic of the Congo 1986 2007 African
4   South Korea 1996 2014 Asia-Pacific
4   Rwanda 1994 2014 African
4   Tanzania 1975 2006 African
4   Togo 1982 2013 African
4   Uruguay 1965 2017 GRULAC
4   Zaire 1982 1991 African Now known as Democratic Republic of the Congo
4   Zimbabwe 1983 1992 African
3   Czechoslovakia 1964 1979 E. European Predecessor of Czech Republic and Slovakia
2   Azerbaijan 2012 2013 E. European Was part of the Soviet Union during its 45 years of Security Council membership
2   Bahrain 1998 1999 Asia-Pacific (Arabic)
2   Bosnia and Herzegovina 2010 2011 E. European Was also part of the SFR Yugoslavia during its 7 years of Security Council membership
2   Botswana 1995 1996 African
2   Burundi 1970 1971 African
2   Byelorussian SSR 1974 1975 E. European Now known as Belarus; Byelorussian SSR held its own seat in the General Assembly while being part of the Soviet Union during its 45 years of Security Council membership
2   Cape Verde 1992 1993 African
2   Ceylon 1960 1961 Asia-Pacific Now known as Sri Lanka
2   Chad 2014 2015 African (Arabic) Was a colony of France from 1900 to 11 August 1960;
2   Croatia 2008 2009 E. European Was also part of the SFR Yugoslavia during its 7 years of Security Council membership
2   Czech Republic 1994 1995 E. European Was also part of Czechoslovakia during its 3 years of Security Council membership
2   Djibouti 1993 1994 African
2   Dominican Republic 2019 2020 GRULAC
2   Gambia 1998 1999 African
2   East Germany 1980 1981 E. European Now subsumed into Germany, which has 5 years of Security Council membership since it has included the former territory of East Germany
2   Equatorial Guinea 2018 2019 African
2   Guatemala 2012 2013 GRULAC
2   Guinea-Bissau 1996 1997 African
2   Honduras 1995 1996 GRULAC
2   Iran 1955 1956 Asia-Pacific
2   Kazakhstan 2017 2018 Asia-Pacific Was part of the Soviet Union from 26 April 1920 to 25 December 1991
2   Lithuania 2014 2015 E. European Was occupied by the Soviet Union from 3 August 1940 to 11 March 1990
2   Luxembourg 2013 2014 WEOG
2   Madagascar 1985 1986 African
2   Malta 1983 1984 WEOG
2   Mauritania 1974 1975 African
2   Namibia 1999 2000 African
2   Niger 1980 1981 African
2   Oman 1994 1995 Asia-Pacific (Arabic)
2   Paraguay 1968 1969 GRULAC
2   Qatar 2006 2007 Asia-Pacific (Arabic)
2   Sierra Leone 1970 1971 African
2   Singapore 2001 2002 Asia-Pacific Was also part of Malaysia for several months of 1965 during its membership of the Security Council
2   Slovakia 2006 2007 E. European Was also part of Czechoslovakia during its 3 years of Security Council membership
2   Slovenia 1998 1999 E. European Was also part of the SFR Yugoslavia during its 7 years of Security Council membership
2   Somalia 1971 1972 African
2   Sudan 1972 1973 African (Arabic)
2   Thailand 1985 1986 Asia-Pacific
2   Trinidad and Tobago 1985 1986 GRULAC
2   United Arab Emirates 1986 1987 Asia-Pacific (Arabic)
2   United Arab Republic 1961 1962 African (Arabic) Predecessor of Syria and Egypt
2   Vietnam 2008 2009 Asia-Pacific
2   Yemen 1990 1991 Asia-Pacific (Arabic) The entity elected, and which held the Security Council seat for the first five months of membership, was South Yemen: unification with North Yemen occurred during the time of membership.
1   Liberia 1961 1961 African Served only one year[i]

Future candidaciesEdit

The following countries have made known their applications for future United Nations Security Council membership:

Africa Asia-Pacific Eastern Europe GRULAC WEOG
2020 ? India[4] ? Ireland,[5] Norway,[6] San Marino,[7] Canada[8]
2021 ? Bahrain,[9] United Arab Emirates[4] Albania[10] ?
2022 ? Mongolia[11] ? Switzerland,[12] Malta[13]
2023 ? Tajikistan[14] ? Guyana[13]
2024 ? Pakistan[13] ? Greece,[15] Denmark[7]
2025 ? ? Latvia,[16] Montenegro[17] ?
2026 ? The Philippines[18] ? Portugal,[19] Austria[7]
2027 ? Republic of Korea[20] ? ?
2028 ? Iran[21] ? Australia,[22] Finland[7]
2029 ? ? Croatia[23] ?
2031 ? ? Armenia[24] ?

Serbia[25] as a member of the Eastern European Group has also expressed their wish to apply for United Nations Security Council membership in the future, but did not specify any term.

Non-membersEdit

As of July 2011, there are currently 193 members of the United Nations and five permanent members of the Security Council. The other ten seats are assigned amongst the remaining 188 members. As a result, many members have never been on the Security Council. The following list is a summary of all countries, currently 68 modern nations[26] and three historical ones, that have never been a member of the United Nations Security Council. The three historical UN members listed are Tanganyika, Zanzibar, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

 
Member states of the United Nations that have never been members of the United Nations Security Council as of January 2019.
  Indicates former United Nations member
  Indicates future scheduled member (2020)
UN Member state Regional Group Security Council membership as part of another entity
  Afghanistan Asia-Pacific
  Albania E. European
  Andorra WEOG
  Antigua and Barbuda GRULAC Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1632 to 1 November 1980
  Armenia E. European Was part of the Soviet Union from 29 November 1920 to 25 December 1991
  Bahamas GRULAC Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1717 to 10 July 1973
  Barbados GRULAC Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1625 to 30 November 1966
  Belize GRULAC Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1862 to 21 September 1981
  Bhutan Asia-Pacific
  Brunei Asia-Pacific Was a protectorate of the United Kingdom from 1888 to 1984, and was occupied by Japan from 1941 to 1945
  Cambodia Asia-Pacific Was a colony of France from 1863 to 9 November 1953
  Central African Republic African Was a colony of France from 1894 to 13 August 1960
  Comoros African Was a colony of France from 1841 to 6 July 1975
  Cyprus Asia-Pacific Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 5 November 1914 to 16 August 1960
  Dominica GRULAC Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1783 to 3 November 1978
  El Salvador GRULAC
  Eritrea African Was under the administration of the United Kingdom from 1941 to 1947, then a United Nations Trust Territory from 1947 to 1952, then part of Ethiopia from 1952 to 24 May 1993
  Estonia E. European Was occupied by the Soviet Union from 1944 to 20 August 1991
  Eswatini African Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1902 to 6 September 1968
  Fiji Asia-Pacific Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1874 to 10 October 1970
  Georgia E. European Was part of the Soviet Union from 25 February 1921 to 25 December 1991
  Grenada GRULAC Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1763 to 7 February 1974
  Haiti GRULAC
  Iceland WEOG
  Israel None / WEOG[j] Part of a League of Nations mandate under United Kingdom administration from 25 April 1920 to 14 May 1948
  Kiribati Asian / None[k] Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1892 to 12 July 1979
  North Korea Asia-Pacific
  Kyrgyzstan Asia-Pacific Was part of the Soviet Union from 1 February 1926 to 25 December 1991
  Laos Asia-Pacific Was a colony of France from 1893 to 19 July 1949
  Latvia E. European Was occupied by the Soviet Union from September 1944 to 21 August 1991
  Lesotho African Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1884 to 4 October 1966
  Liechtenstein WEOG
  Malawi African Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1891 to 6 July 1964
  Maldives Asia-Pacific Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1887 to 26 July 1965
  Marshall Islands Asia-Pacific Was part of the League of Nations South Pacific Mandate under Japanese administration from 28 June 1919 to 17 July 1947, then part of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands under the administration of the United States from 17 July 1947 to 21 October 1986
  Federated States of Micronesia Asia-Pacific Was part of the League of Nations South Pacific Mandate under Japanese administration from 28 June 1919 to 17 July 1947, then part of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands under the administration of the United States from 17 July 1947 to 3 November 1986
  Moldova E. European Was part of the Soviet Union from 28 June 1940 to 25 December 1991
  Monaco WEOG
  Mongolia Asia-Pacific
  Montenegro E. European Was part of Yugoslavia from 29 November 1943 to 28 April 1992[l]
  Mozambique African Mozambique was a colony of Portugal from 1498 to 25 June 1975, but Portugal's first term on the UNSC was in 1979
  Myanmar Asia-Pacific Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1824 to 4 January 1948
  Nauru Asia-Pacific Was a United Nations Trust Territory administered by the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand from 1 January 1946 to 31 January 1968
  North Macedonia E. European Was part of Yugoslavia from 29 November 1943 to 3 April 1993
  Palau Asia-Pacific Was part of the League of Nations South Pacific Mandate under Japanese administration from 28 June 1919 to 17 July 1947, then part of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands under the administration of the United States from 17 July 1947 to 1 October 1994
  Papua New Guinea Asia-Pacific Was administered by Australia in the case of the Territory of Papua from 1905, the Territory of New Guinea as a League of Nations mandate from 1919 and as a unified Territory of Papua and New Guinea from 1949 until 16 September 1975
  Saint Kitts and Nevis GRULAC Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1713 to 19 September 1983
  Saint Lucia GRULAC Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1803 to 22 February 1979
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines GRULAC Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1783 to 27 October 1979
  Samoa Asia-Pacific Was a League of Nations mandate under the administration of New Zealand from 17 December 1920 to 25 January 1947, then a United Nations Trust Territory under the administration of New Zealand from 25 January 1947 to 1 January 1962
  San Marino WEOG
  São Tomé and Príncipe African São Tomé and Príncipe was a colony of Portugal from 1471 to 12 July 1975, but Portugal's first term on the UNSC was in 1979
  Saudi Arabia Asia-Pacific Saudi Arabia was elected in the 2013 election, but declined the seat.[27]
  Serbia E. European Was part of Yugoslavia from 31 January 1946 to 27 April 1992[m]
  FR Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro E. European Was part of Yugoslavia from 29 November 1943 to 27 April 1992
  Seychelles African Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 29 June 1976
  Solomon Islands Asia-Pacific Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1893 to 7 July 1978
  South Sudan African Was part of Sudan from the country's independence from the United Kingdom and Egypt on 1 January 1956 to 9 July 2011
  Suriname GRULAC Was a colony of the Netherlands from 1667 to 25 November 1975
   Switzerland WEOG
  Tajikistan Asia-Pacific Was part of the Soviet Union from 14 October 1924 to 25 December 1991
  Tanganyika Commonwealth Seat Was a League of Nations mandate under the administration of the United Kingdom from 20 July 1922 to 11 December 1946, then a United Nations Trust Territory under the administration of the United Kingdom until 9 December 1962, then independent until federation with Zanzibar to form Tanzania
  Timor-Leste Asia-Pacific During the existence of the United Nations, Timor Leste has been a colony of Portugal (until 28 November 1975) and occupied by Indonesia (until 1999); Indonesia was a Security Council member in 1995-6.
  Tonga Asia-Pacific Was a protectorate of the United Kingdom from 18 May 1900 to 4 June 1970
  Turkmenistan Asia-Pacific Was part of the Soviet Union from 13 May 1925 to 8 December 1991
  Tuvalu Asia-Pacific Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1892 to 1 October 1978
  Uzbekistan Asia-Pacific Was part of the Soviet Union from 13 May 1925 to 25 December 1991
  Vanuatu Asia-Pacific Was a Condominium under joint sovereignty of the United Kingdom and France from 1906 to 30 July 1980
  Zanzibar Commonwealth Seat Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 27 August 1896 to 10 December 1963, then independent until federation with Tanganyika to form Tanzania on 26 April 1964.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Asian group of nations at UN changes its name to Asia-Pacific group", Radio New Zealand International, 2011-08-31.
  2. ^ The Eastern Europe group included Asian countries from 1956 onwards.
  3. ^ Liberia took the place of the Western European country in 1961
  4. ^ Morocco took the place of the Middle Eastern country in 1963–1964.
  5. ^ Côte d'Ivoire took the place of a member of the Commonwealth in 1964–1965.
  6. ^ At the time of election, and until August 1984, the country was known as Republic of Upper Volta.
  7. ^ The election was secured by South Yemen, and in May 1990, during its membership of the Security Council, it unified with North Yemen to form the single country of Yemen.
  8. ^ Table shows years completed or in progress. Each term on the Council consist of 2 years. Any odd number of years are countries currently serving the first year of a term, countries with terms between 1956 and 1967, when the order of the council changed, or the three countries (Mexico, Egypt and the Netherlands) who had the first terms in 1946 and changed in 1947.
  9. ^ Liberia retired after one year following an agreement reached on the 15th Session. Ireland was elected for the remainder of the two-year term.[3]
  10. ^ Not a member of any regional group until joining the WEOG in 2000. Crossette, Barbara (3 December 1999). "Membership in Key Group Within U.N. Eludes Israel". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
  11. ^ As of May 2006, Kiribati is not a member of any regional group.
  12. ^ Montenegro was also part of FR Yugoslavia and of Serbia and Montenegro from 27 April 1992 to 5 June 2006, but these entities were not members of the Security Council.
  13. ^ Serbia was also part of FR Yugoslavia and of Serbia and Montenegro from 27 April 1992 to 5 June 2006, but these entities were not members of the Security Council.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The United Nations Security Council, The Green Papers Worldwide
  2. ^ "Italy, Netherlands ask to share Security Council seat". Al Jazeera. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  3. ^ Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics. Official Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia No. 47 – 1961. Aust. Bureau of Statistics. p. 1143. GGKEY:5SX8QTW3P5T. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  4. ^ a b https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/India-puts-in-candidacy-for-2021-2022-UNSC-non-permanent-seat/article20696014.ece
  5. ^ "Department of Foreign Affairs". Irelandunnewyork.org. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012.
  6. ^ "Norway and the United Nations: Common Future, Common Solutions". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway. Retrieved 21 August 2013.[permanent dead link]
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