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The Group of African States, or African Group, is one of the five United Nations regional groups and is composed of 54 Member States from the African continent. The African Group is the largest regional group, and compose 28% of all United Nations members

African Group
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AbbreviationGAFS
Formation1964; 55 years ago (1964)
TypeRegional group
Legal statusActive
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The Group, as with all the regional groups, is a non-binding dialogue group where subjects concerning regional and international matters are discussed. Additionally, the Group works to help allocates seats on United Nations bodies by nominating candidates from the region.[1][2]

Contents

RoleEdit

The Group, as with all the regional groups, plays a major role in promoting the region's interests. It provides a forum for Member States to exchange opinions on international issues, carry out follow-up on the topics that are being discussed in international organisations, build common positions on complex issues and prepare statements reflecting the joint position of the Group.[3][4]

However, most importantly, the Group allows for the discussion and coordination of support for candidates for different United Nations organisations from the region.[1]

Member StatesEdit

RepresentationEdit

Security CouncilEdit

The African Group currently holds three seats on the Security Council, all non-permanent. The current members of the Security Council from the Group are:[7]

Country Term
  Côte d'Ivoire 2018—2019
  Equatorial Guinea 2018—2019
  South Africa 2019—2020

Economic and Social CouncilEdit

The African Group currently holds 14 seats on the United Nations Economic and Social Council. The current members of the Economic and Social Council from the Group are:[8]

Country Term
  Benin 2017—2019
  Cameroon 2017—2019
  Chad 2017—2019
  Eswatini 2017—2019
  Ghana 2018—2020
  Malawi 2018—2020
  Morocco 2018—2020
  Sudan 2018—2020
  Togo 2018—2020
  Angola 2019—2021
  Egypt 2019—2021
  Ethiopia 2019—2021
  Kenya 2019—2021
  Mali 2019—2021

Human Rights CouncilEdit

The African Group currently holds 13 seats on the United Nations Human Rights Council. The current members of the Economic and Social Council from the Group are:[9]

Country Term
  Egypt 2017—2019
  Rwanda 2017—2019
  Tunisia 2017—2019
  South Africa 2017—2019
  Angola 2018—2020
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2018—2020
  Nigeria 2018—2020
  Senegal 2018—2020
  Burkina Faso 2019—2021
  Cameroon 2019—2021
  Eritrea 2019—2021
  Somalia 2019—2021
  Togo 2019—2021

Presidency of the General AssemblyEdit

Every five years in the years ending in 4 and 9, the African Group is eligible to elect a president to the General Assembly.[10]

The following is a list of presidents from the Greoup since its official creation in 1963:[11]

Year Elected Session Name of President Country Note
1964 19th Alex Quaison-Sackey   Ghana
1969 24th Angie E. Brooks   Liberia
1974 29th Abdelaziz Bouteflika   Algeria
1979 34th Salim A. Salim   United Republic of Tanzania Also chaired the 6th and 7th emergency special, and 11th special sessions of the General Assembly
1984 39th Paul J. F. Lusaka   Zambia
1989 44th Joseph Nanven Garba   Nigeria Also chaired 16th, 17th and 18th special sessions of the General Assembly
1994 49th Amara Essy   Côte d'Ivoire
1999 54th Theo-Ben Gurirab   Namibia Also chaired the 22nd, 23rd and 24th special sessions of the General Assembly
2004 59th Jean Ping   Gabon
2009 64th Ali Abdussalam Treki   Libya Also chaired the 29th special session of the General Assembly
2014 69th Sam Kahamba Kutesa   Uganda
2019 74th TBD TBD

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Agam, Hasmy, and Sam Daws, Terence O'Brien and Ramesh Takur (26 March 1999). What is Equitable Geographic Representation in the Twenty-First Century (PDF) (Report). United Nations University. Retrieved 4 March 2019.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Volger, Helmut, ed. (2010). A Concise Encyclopedia of the United Nations (PDF) (2nd ed.). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. ISBN 978-90-04-18004-8. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia. n.d. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Group of Latin American and Caribbean Countries in the United Nations (GRULAC)". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. n.d. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  5. ^ "United Nations Regional Groups of Member States". United Nations Department for General Assembly and Conference management. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  6. ^ United Nations Handbook 2018–19 (PDF) (56 ed.). Wellington: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand. 2018. p. 15-17. ISSN 0110-1951.
  7. ^ "Current Members". United Nations Security Council. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  8. ^ "Members". United Nations Economic and Social Council. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  9. ^ "Current Membership of the Human Rights Council, 1 January - 31 December 2019 by regional groups". United Nations Human Rights Council. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  10. ^ Wanza, Serah N. (27 November 2017). "What Are The Five Regional Groups of the United Nations?". Worldatlas. Worldatlas. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  11. ^ "Past Presidents". United Nations General Assembly. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 27 February 2019.