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Latin American and Caribbean Group

The Group of Latin America and Caribbean Countries, or GRULAC, is one of the five United Nations regional group composed of 33 Member States from South and Central America, as well as some islands in the Caribbean. Its members compose 17% of all United Nations members.

Latin American and Caribbean Group
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Formation1964; 55 years ago (1964)
TypeRegional group
Legal statusActive
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The Group, as with all the regional groups, is a non-binding dialogue group where subjects concerning regional and international matters are discussed. Additionally, the Group works to help allocates seats on United Nations bodies by nominating candidates from the region.[1][2]

Contents

Member StatesEdit

 
The Latin American and Caribbean Group Member States.

The following are the Member States of the Latin American and Caribbean Group:[3][4]

RepresentationEdit

Security CouncilEdit

The Latin American and Caribbean Group currently holds two seats on the Security Council, both non-permanent. The current members of the Security Council from the Group are:[5]

Country Term
  Peru 2018–2019
  Dominican Republic 2019–2020

Economic and Social CouncilEdit

The Latin American and Caribbean Group currently holds 10 seats on the United Nations Economic and Social Council. The current members of the Economic and Social Council from the Group are:[6]

Country Term
  Colombia 2017–2019
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2017–2019
  Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2017–2019
  Ecuador 2018–2020
  El Salvador 2018–2020
  Mexico 2018–2020
  Uruguay 2018–2020
  Brazil 2019–2021
  Jamaica 2019–2021
  Paraguay 2019–2021

Human Rights CouncilEdit

The Latin American and Caribbean Group currently holds eight seats on the United Nations Human Rights Council. The current members of the Economic and Social Council from the Group are:[7]

Country Term
  Brazil 2017–2019
  Cuba 2017–2019
  Chile 2018–2020
  Mexico 2018–2020
  Peru 2018–2020
  Argentina 2019–2021
  Bahamas 2019–2021
  Uruguay 2019–2021

Presidency of the General AssemblyEdit

Every five years in the years ending in 3 and 8, the Latin American and Caribbean Group is eligible to elect a president to the General Assembly.[8]

The following is a list of presidents from the Greoup since its official creation in 1963:[9]

Year Elected Session Name of President Country Note
1963 18th Carlos Sosa Rodríguez   Venezuela
1968 23rd Emilio Arenales Catalán   Guatemala
1973 28th Leopoldo Benítes   Ecuador Also chaired the sixth special session of the General Assembly
1978 33rd Indalecio Liévano   Colombia
1983 38th Jorge E. Illueca   Panama
1988 43rd Dante M. Caputo   Argentina
1993 48th Samuel R. Insanally   Guyana
1998 53rd Didier Opertti   Uruguay Also chaired the 10th emergency special session of the General Assembly
2003 58th Julian Robert Hunte   Saint Lucia
2008 63rd Miguel d’Escoto Brockmann   Nicaragua
2013 68th John W. Ashe   Antigua and Barbuda
2018 73rd María Fernanda Espinosa   Ecuador
2023 78th TBD TBD

RoleEdit

The Group plays a major role in promoting the region's interests. It provides a forum for Member States to exchange opinions on international issues, carry out follow-up on the topics that are being discussed in international organisations, build common positions on complex issues and prepare statements reflecting the joint position of the Group.[1][10]

However, most importantly, the Group allows for the discussion and coordination of support for candidates for different United nations organisations from the region.[2]

Regular meetings of the Group take place in Geneva. The most common topics discussed at these meetings are human rights, environment, intellectual property, labour rights, trade and development and telecommunications.[1]

LocationsEdit

The Group maintains various offices across the globe:[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia. n.d. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b Agam, Hasmy, and Sam Daws, Terence O'Brien and Ramesh Takur (26 March 1999). What is Equitable Geographic Representation in the Twenty-First Century (PDF) (Report). United Nations University. Retrieved 27 February 2019.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ "United Nations Regional Groups of Member States". United Nations Department for General Assembly and Conference management. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  4. ^ United Nations Handbook 2018–19 (PDF) (56 ed.). Wellington: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand. 2018. p. 15-17. ISSN 0110-1951.
  5. ^ "Current Members". United Nations Security Council. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Members". United Nations Economic and Social Council. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Current Membership of the Human Rights Council, 1 January - 31 December 2019 by regional groups". United Nations Human Rights Council. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  8. ^ Wanza, Serah N. (27 November 2017). "What Are The Five Regional Groups of the United Nations?". Worldatlas. Worldatlas. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  9. ^ "Past Presidents". United Nations General Assembly. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  10. ^ "Group of Latin American and Caribbean Countries in the United Nations (GRULAC)". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. n.d. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2019.