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The Eastern European Group (EEG), also known as Countries with Economies in Transition (CEIT), is one of the five unofficial Regional Groups in the United Nations that act as voting blocs and negotiation forums. Regional voting blocs were formed in 1961 to encourage voting to various UN bodies from regional groups. The group consists of countries in Eastern Europe, the Balkans, the Baltics, Central Europe, and the Caucasus, which form the area of the former Eastern Bloc. Europe is divided between the EEG and the Western European and Others Group. The group currently has 23 members.

Eastern European Group
Formation1961
TypeVoting Bloc of the United Nations Regional Groups
Location
Membership
23 States
The Eastern European Group in 2012, with the years each member spent in the United Nations Security Council, including former members represented as outlines

Contents

HistoryEdit

Prior to the creation of the Regional Groups in 1966, the UNSC had an Eastern European and Asian Seat, that was taken between 1946 and 1966 by countries from Eastern Europe (including Greece and Turkey, members of the modern Western European and Others Group (WEOG)) and Asia (members of the modern Asia-Pacific Group). The Eastern European Group exists since 1966. It has changed significantly due to the dissolution of some of its members. These dissolutions are those of the Soviet Union (1991), Yugoslavia (1991-2006), and Czechoslovakia (1993). Also, through the German reunification, the Eastern European Group lost East Germany as its member. All the new countries created in Europe stayed in the bloc, and the Central Asian post-Soviet states joined the Asia-Pacific Group.

MembersEdit

Current membersEdit

Historical membersEdit

RepresentationEdit

The Eastern European Group has two seats in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC); the permanent seat of Russia, and one elected seat, currently held by Ukraine. The Group further has 6 seats on the United Nations Economic and Social Council and 6 seats on the United Nations Human Rights Council. It is also eligible for having its nationals elected as President of the United Nations General Assembly in years ending with 2 and 7; most recently, Vuk Jeremić of Serbia was elected to this position in June 2012 and was the office holder of the Sixty-seventh session.

List of presidents of the United Nations General AssemblyEdit

 
A map showing from which countries from the Eastern European Group has there been elected a President of the United Nations General Assembly as of 2017.
Year elected Name of President[1] Group member state Notes
1967 Corneliu Mănescu   Romania
1972 Stanisław Trepczyński   Poland
1977 Lazar Mojsov   Yugoslavia Macedonian
1982 Imre Hollai   Hungary
1987 Peter Florin   German Democratic Republic
1992 Stoyan Ganev   Bulgaria
1997 Hennadiy Udovenko   Ukraine
2002 Jan Kavan   Czech Republic
2007 Srgjan Kerim   North Macedonia
2012 Vuk Jeremić   Serbia Election
2017 Miroslav Lajčák   Slovakia
2022

List of presidents of the United Nations Security CouncilEdit

Source[2][3][4][5][6][7]

Dates State Name
17 August – 16 September 1946   Poland Oskar R. Lange
17 September – 16 October 1946   Soviet Union Andrei Gromyko
July 1947   Poland Oskar R. Lange (2)
September 1947   Soviet Union Andrei Gromyko (2)
July 1948   Ukrainian SSR Dmitry Manuilsky
August 1948   Soviet Union Yakov Malik
July 1949   Ukrainian SSR Dmitry Manuilsky (2)
August 1949   Soviet Union Semyon K. Tsarapkin
August 1950   Soviet Union Yakov Malik (2)
November 1950   Yugoslavia Aleš Bebler
June 1951   Soviet Union Yakov Malik (3)
September 1951   Yugoslavia Aleš Bebler (2)
June 1952   Soviet Union Yakov Malik (4)
April 1953   Soviet Union Andrey Vyshinsky
April 1954   Soviet Union Andrey Vyshinsky (2)
April 1955   Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev
February 1956   Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev (2)
May 1956   Yugoslavia Jože Brilej (sl)
March 1957   Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev (3)
February 1958   Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev (4)
February 1959   Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev (5)
January 1960   Soviet Union Arkady Sobolev (6)
December 1960   Soviet Union Valerian Zorin
November 1961   Soviet Union Valerian Zorin (2)
September 1962   Romania Mihail Haseganu
October 1962   Soviet Union Platon Morozov and Valerian Zorin (3)
October 1963   Soviet Union Nikolai Fedorenko
April 1964   Czechoslovakia Jiří Hájek
September 1964   Soviet Union Platon Morozov (2)
July 1965   Soviet Union Platon Morozov (3)
September 1966   Soviet Union Nikolai Fedorenko (2)
March 1967   Bulgaria Milko Tarabanov
April 1968   Soviet Union Yakov Malik
March 1969   Hungary Károly Csatorday
September 1969   Soviet Union Yakov Malik (2)
December 1970   Soviet Union Yakov Malik (3)
March 1972   Soviet Union Yakov Malik (4)
June 1972   Yugoslavia Lazar Mojsov
June 1973   Soviet Union Yakov Malik (5)
September 1973   Yugoslavia Lazar Mojsov (2)
August 1974   Soviet Union Yakov Malik (6)
January 1975   Byelorussian SSR Guerodot G. Tchernouchtchenko
November 1975   Soviet Union Yakov Malik (7)
December 1976   Romania Ion Datcu
January 1977   Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky
February 1978   Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (2)
September 1978   Czechoslovakia Ilya Hulinsky
June 1979   Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (3)
February 1980   German Democratic Republic Peter Florin
October 1980   Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (4)
March 1981   German Democratic Republic Peter Florin (2)
January 1982   Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (5)
February 1983   Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (6)
April 1984   Ukrainian SSR Vladimir A. Kravets
May 1984   Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (7)
July 1985   Ukrainian SSR Hennadiy Udovenko
August 1985   Soviet Union Oleg Troyanovsky (8)
September 1986   Soviet Union Alexander Belonogov
April 1987   Bulgaria Boris Tsvetkov
December 1987   Soviet Union Alexander Belonogov (2)
March 1988   Yugoslavia Dragoslav Pejic
April 1989   Soviet Union Alexander Belonogov (3)
July 1989   Yugoslavia Dragoslav Pejic (2)
August 1990   Romania Aurel-Dragos Munteanu
September 1990   Soviet Union Yuli Mikhailovich Vorontsov and Eduard Shevardnadze
November 1991   Romania Aurel-Dragos Munteanu (2)
December 1991   Soviet Union /   Russia Yuli Mikhailovich Vorontsov (2)
November 1992   Hungary Andre Erdos
May 1993   Russia Yuli Mikhailovich Vorontsov (3)
August 1994   Russia Yuli Mikhailovich Vorontsov (4)
April 1995   Czech Republic Karel Kovanda and Alexandr Vondra
December 1995   Russia Sergey Lavrov
June 1997   Russia Sergey Lavrov (2)
July 1998   Russia Sergey Lavrov (3)
August 1998   Slovenia Danilo Türk
October 1999   Russia Sergey Lavrov (4)
November 1999   Slovenia Danilo Türk (2) and Boris Frlec
December 2000   Russia Sergey Lavrov (6)
April 2002   Russia Sergey Lavrov (7)
September 2002   Bulgaria Solomon Passy, Stefan Tafrov, Georgi Parvanov, and Rayko Strahilov Raytchev
June 2003   Russia Sergey Lavrov (8)
December 2003   Bulgaria Stefan Tafrov (2) and Solomon Passy
July 2004   Romania Mihnea Motoc, Adrian Năstase, and Mircea Geoană
August 2004   Russia Andrey Denisov
November 2005   Russia Andrey Denisov[8] (2)
January 2007   Russia Vitaly Churkin[9]
February 2007   Slovakia Peter Burian[10]
March 2008   Russia Vitaly Churkin[11] (2)
December 2008   Croatia Neven Jurica,[12] Stjepan Mesić,[13] and Ivo Sanader[14]
May 2009   Russia Vitaly Churkin[15] (3) and Sergey Lavrov[16] (9)
August 2010   Russia Vitaly Churkin[17] (4)
December 2011   Russia Vitaly Churkin[18] (5)
March 2013   Russia Vitaly Churkin[19] (6)
February 2014   Lithuania Raimonda Murmokaitė[20] and Linas Antanas Linkevičius[21]
June 2014   Russian Federation Vitaly Churkin[22] (7)
May 2015   Lithuania Raimonda Murmokaitė[23] (2)
October 2016   Russian Federation[24] Vitaly Churkin (8)
February 2017   Ukraine Volodymyr Yelchenko[25]
May 2018   Poland Joanna Wronecka, Andrzej Duda and Jacek Czaputowicz[26]
June 2018   Russia

List of presidents of the United Nations Economic and Social CouncilEdit

Year elected Name of President[27] Group member state Notes
1946 Andrija Štampar (Acting)   Yugoslavia 3rd session
1947 Ján Papánek (Acting)   Czechoslovakia 5th session
1962 Jerzy Michałowski   Poland
1967 Milan Klusák   Czechoslovakia
1972 Karoly Szarka   Hungary
1977 Ladislav Šmíd   Czechoslovakia
1982 Miljan Komatina   Yugoslavia
1987 Eugeniusz Noworyta   Poland
1992 Darko Šilović   Yugoslavia elected in January
Robert Mroziewicz   Poland elected in June
1997 Karel Kovanda   Czech Republic
2002 Ivan Šimonović   Croatia
2007 Dalius Čekuolis   Lithuania
2012 Miloš Koterec   Slovakia
2017 Marie Chatardová   Czech Republic

Timeline of membershipEdit

As the Eastern European Group changed significantly over time, the number of its members had also changed.

Years Number of members Notes
1966–1973 10 The Eastern Bloc; Ukraine (as Ukrainian SSR) and Belarus (as Byelorussian SSR) were members on their own right (see here)
1973–1990 11 with the German Democratic Republic
1990 10 German reunification
1991 13 Independence of the Baltic states
1992 20 Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Breakup of Yugoslavia
1993–2006 22 Dissolution of Czechoslovakia, Independence of the Republic of Macedonia
2006–present 23 Independent Montenegro

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Presidents of the General Assembly of the United Nations. Un.org. Retrieved on 2016-10-15.
  2. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1946-1949, un.org.
  3. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1950-1959 Archived August 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, un.org.
  4. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1960-1969 Archived August 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, un.org.
  5. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1970-1979, un.org.
  6. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1980-1989, un.org.
  7. ^ Presidents of the Security Council : 1990-1999 Archived October 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, un.org.
  8. ^ "Security Council Press Statement On Ethiopia And Eritrea". Un.org. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
  9. ^ Press Conference By Security Council President
  10. ^ Security Council Press Statement On Somalia
  11. ^ Security Council Press Statement On Darfur
  12. ^ Security Council Press Statement On United Nations Regional Centre For Preventive Diplomacy For Central Asia
  13. ^ SECURITY COUNCIL, EXPRESSING DEEP CONCERN OVER ‘CONTINUOUS TERRORIST ATTACKS’, CALLS FOR RENEWAL OF GLOBAL SOLIDARITY AGAINST THREAT MANIFESTED AFTER 9/11
  14. ^ Adopting Text On Middle East Conflict, Security Council Reaffirms Support For Annapolis Outcomes, Declares Negotiations ‘Irreversible’
  15. ^ Security Council Press Statement On Sri Lanka
  16. ^ Security Council Presidential Statement Reiterates Urgent Need For Renewed Efforts To Achieve Comprehensive Peace In Middle East
  17. ^ Security Council Press Statement on Panel of Inquiry on 31 May Flotilla Incident
  18. ^ Security Council Press Statement on Democratic Republic of the Congo
  19. ^ [1]
  20. ^ "SC/11269 - Security Council Press Statement on Lebanon". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  21. ^ "SC/11279 - Security Council issues presidential statement applauding European Union's partnership with United Nations in resolving global challenges". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ [3]
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-12. Retrieved 2017-01-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ [4]
  26. ^ [5]
  27. ^ Presidents of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. Un.org. Retrieved on 2016-04-23.