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List of government space agencies

This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration. (There is also a List of private spaceflight companies.)

As of 2018, 72 different government space agencies are in existence; 14 of those have launch capability. Six government space agencies—the China National Space Administration (CNSA), the European Space Agency (ESA), the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA or Roscosmos)—have full launch capabilities; these include the ability to launch and recover multiple satellites, deploy cryogenic rocket engines and operate extraterrestrial probes.

The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first.

The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where applicable. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. A link to the Agency's primary website is also given.

Contents

List of space agenciesEdit

The capabilities of the space agencies are color-coded as follows
  Human Lunar Exploration + Operates Space Station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Human spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  None Of The Above
Name Initialisms/Acronym Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Astronauts Operates Satellites Sounding Rockets capable Recoverable Biological Sounding Rockets capable
Air Force Space Command AFSPC   United States 15 September 1985 Yes Yes Yes No [1][2][3]
Australian Space Agency ASA   Australia 1st July 2018 No Yes No No Goal to initially focus on satellites to reduce dependency on overseas agencies. [4][5]
Belarus Space Agency BSA   Belarus 2010 No No Yes No [6]
Central American Association for Aeronautics and Space
(Spanish: Asociación Centroamericana de Aeronáutica y el Espacio)
ACAE   Costa Rica 2010 No Yes No No [7]
Aeronautics and Space Research and Diffusion Center[citation needed]
(Spanish: Centro de Investigación y Difusión Aeronáutico-Espacial)
CIDA-E   Uruguay 5 August 1975 No No No No
Mexican Space Agency
(Spanish: Agencia Espacial Mexicana)
AEM   Mexico 30 July 2010 Yes Yes Yes No
Algerian Space Agency
French: Agence Spatiale Algérienne
Berber: Tafullut Tadzayrit n Tallunt
Arabic: الوكالة الفضائية الجزائرية
ASAL   Algeria 16 January 2002 No Yes No No
Asia Pacific Multilateral Cooperation in Space Technology and Applications[citation needed]
(Chinese: 亚太空间技术应用多边合作会议)
AP-MCSTA
International
February 1992 No Yes No No
Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization
Chinese: 亚太空间合作组织
APSCO
International
28 October 2005 No Yes No No
German: Agentur für Luft- und Raumfahrt
(Aeronautics and Space Agency);
also Austrian Space Agency;
(Austrian Solar and Space Agency 1977–1987)
ALR   Austria 12 July 1972 No No No No [8][9]
Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Milli Aerokosmik Agentliyinin
(Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency) (Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency 1974–2013 AzerCosmos[10])
AMAKA   Azerbaijan 21 February 1974 No Yes No No
Bahrain’s National Space Science Agency
(NSSA)
NSSA   Bahrain 9 April 2014 No No No No [11]
Dutch: Belgisch Instituut voor Ruimte-Aëronomie
French: Institut d’Aéronomie Spatiale de Belgique
(Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy)
BIRA
IASB
BISA
  Belgium 25 November 1964 Yes No No No [12]
Spanish: Agencia Bolivariana para Actividades Espaciales
(Bolivarian Agency for Space Activities)
ABAE   Venezuela 1 January 2008 No Yes No No [13]
Portuguese: Agência Espacial Brasileira
(Brazilian Space Agency)
AEB   Brazil 10 February 1994 Yes Yes Yes[14] No [15]
UK Space Agency UKSA   United Kingdom 1 April 2010 Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
Bolivian Space Agency Spanish: Agencia Boliviana Espacial
ABE   Bolivia 2012 No Yes No No [16][17][18]
Bulgarian: Българска академия на науките
(Space Research Institute, Solar-Terrestrial Influences Institute) Bulgarian Space Agency
ИКИ-БАН
SRI-BAS
ИСЗВ-БАН
STIL-BAS
  Bulgaria 1987 Yes Yes No No [19]
Canadian Space Agency
French: Agence spatiale canadienne
CSA
ASC
  Canada 1 March 1989 Yes Yes Yes No [20]
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 国家航天局)
CNSA   China 22 April 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes [21]
Spanish: Comisión Colombiana del Espacio
(Colombian Space Commission)
CCE   Colombia 18 July 2006 No Yes No No [22]
Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing[citation needed] CRISP   Singapore 1995 No Yes No No
Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems CCSDS
International
  Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)
  British National Space Centre (BNSC)
  Canadian Space Agency (CSA)
  Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES)
  China National Space Administration (CNSA)
  Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR)
  European Space Agency (ESA)
  Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
  Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA)
1982 No No No No
Committee on Space Research COSPAR 1958 No No No No [23][24][25]
Czech: Ministerstvo dopravy České republiky
(Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic - Space Technologies and Satellite Systems Department[citation needed][26])
[1]
Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic
  Czech Republic 2003[citation needed] No No No No [26]
Danish: Danmarks Rumcenter
(Danish National Space Center)
DRC
DNSC
  Denmark 1 January
1968
31 December
2006
Yes No No No [citation needed]
Danish: Dansk Rumforskningsinstitut
(Danish Space Research Institute)
DRKI[permanent dead link]
DSRI
  Denmark 1 January
2005
31 December
2006
No Yes No No [citation needed]
European Space Agency
(French: Agence spatiale européenne)
(German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation)
ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975 Yes Yes Yes Yes [27][28]
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency
(Thai: สำนักงานพัฒนาเทคโนโลยีอวกาศและภูมิสารสนเทศ)
GISTDA
สทอภ
  Thailand 3 November 2002 No Yes No No [29]
German: Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt
(German Aerospace Center)
DLR   Germany 1969 Yes Yes Yes No [30]
Hungarian: Magyar Űrkutatási Iroda
(Hungarian Space Office)
MŰI
HSO
  Hungary January 1992 No Yes No No
Indian Space Research Organisation
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
  India 15 August 1969 Yes Yes Yes Yes [31]
Greek: Ινστιτούτο Διαστημικών Εφαρμογών και Τηλεπισκόπησης
(Institute for Space Applications and Remote Sensing)
ΙΔΕΤ
ISARS
  Greece 1955 No Yes No No [citation needed]
Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial INTA   Spain 1942 Yes Yes Yes No [32][33][34]
Iranian Space Agency
(Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران‎)
ISA   Iran 2003 No Yes Yes Yes [35][36][37]
Israeli Space Agency
(Hebrew: סוכנות החלל הישראלית‎)
ISA
סל"ה
  Israel April 1983 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency
(Italian: Agenzia Spaziale Italiana)
ASI   Italy 1988 Yes Yes Yes No [38][39]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
(Japanese: 宇宙航空研究開発機構)
JAXA   Japan 1 October 2003 Yes Yes Yes Yes [40][41]
National Space Agency (KazCosmos);
Kazakh Space Research Institute
NSA (KazCosmos);
SRI
  Kazakhstan 1991 Yes Yes No No
New Zealand Space Agency
NZSA   New Zealand April 2016 No No No No
Korean Committee of Space Technology
(Korean: 조선우주공간기술위원회)
KCST   North Korea 1980s 2013 No Yes Yes No [42][43][44]
National Aerospace Development Administration
(Korean: 국가우주개발국)
NADA   North Korea 2013 No Yes Yes No [45]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
(Korean: 한국항공우주연구원)
KARI   South Korea 10 October 1989 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Lithuanian Space Association[citation needed] LSA   Lithuania 2007 No Yes No No [46]
Malaysian National Space Agency
(Malay: Agensi Angkasa Negara)
ANGKASA   Malaysia 2002 Yes Yes No No [47]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States 1 October 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes [48]
National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences
(Arabic: الهيئة العامة للاستشعار عن بعد وعلوم الفضاء‎)
NARSS   Egypt 1994 No Yes No No [49]
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales
(National Center of Space Research)
CNES   France 19 December 1961 Yes Yes Yes No [50]
Paraguayan Space Agency
(Spanish: Agencia Espacial del Paraguay)
AEP   Paraguay 26 March 2014 No No No No
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Aeroespacial
(National Commission for Aerospace Research and Development)
CONIDA   Peru 11 June 1974 No Yes Yes No [51]
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales
(National Commission for Space Research)
CNIE   Argentina 1961 1991 No No Yes Yes [52][53]
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales
(National Space Activities Commission)
CONAE   Argentina 28 May 1991 No Yes Yes No [52]
Indonesian: Lembaga Antariksa dan Penerbangan Nasional
(National Institute of Aeronautics and Space)
LAPAN   Indonesia 27 November 1964 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
National Remote Sensing Center of Mongolia[citation needed] NRSC   Mongolia 1987 No No No No [54]
French: Centre national de la cartographie et de la télédétection
(Arabic: المركز الوطني للإستشعار عن بعد‎)
(National Remote Sensing Center of Tunisia)[citation needed]
CNT   Tunisia 1988 No No No No
Uzbek State Space Research Agency (UzbekCosmos) USSRA (UzbekCosmos)   Uzbekistan 2001 No No No No [2] [55]
Ukrainian: Національне космічне агентство України
(National Space Agency of Ukraine)
НКАУ
NSAU
  Ukraine 2 March 1992 Yes Yes Yes No [3]
National Space Organization
(Chinese: 國家太空中心)
NSPO   Republic of China (Taiwan) 3 October 1991 No Yes Yes No [56]
National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA   Nigeria 1998 No Yes No No [citation needed]
Dutch: Stichting Ruimteonderzoek Nederland
(Institute for Space Research Netherlands)
SRON   Netherlands 1983 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
Norwegian: Norsk Romsenter
(Norwegian Space Centre)
NRS
NSC
  Norway 1987 No Yes Yes No [57]
Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission
(Urdu: پاکستان خلائی و بالا فضائی تحقی‍قاتی کمیشن‎)
SUPARCO
سپارکو
  Pakistan 16 September 1961 No Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Portuguese: Gabinete do Espaço da FCT
(FCT Space Office)[citation needed]
[58]
FCT SO
  Portugal 2009 No No No No
Romanian: Agenţia Spaţială Română
(Romanian Space Agency)
ASR
ROSA
  Romania 1991 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
former Egypt Remote Sensing Center EASRT-RSC   Egypt 1971 1994 No No No No [49]
French: Centre Royal de Télédétection Spatiale
Berber: Ammas Amrrukan n Tallunt
(Arabic: المركز الملكي للإستشعار البعدي الفضائي‎)
(Royal Center for Remote Sensing)[citation needed]
CRTS   Morocco December 1989 No Yes No No
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency)
ROSCOSMOS   Russia c.1992 Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
Sri Lanka Space Agency[citation needed] SLSA   Sri Lanka 2010 (Proposed)[needs update] No Yes No No [59]
Turkish: TÜBİTAK Uzay Teknolojileri Araştırma Enstitüsü (TÜBİTAK UZAY)
(TUBITAK Space Technologies Research Institute)
TÜBİTAK UZAY   Turkey 1985 Yes Yes No No
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР   Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization SPARRSO   Bangladesh 1980 No No No No [60]
Polish: Polska Agencja Kosmiczna POLSA
(Polish Space Agency)
POLSA
POLSA
  Poland 2014 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
South African National Space Agency SANSA   South Africa 9 December 2010 No No No No [61]
Space Research Institute of Saudi Arabia[citation needed]
(Arabic: معهد بحوث الفضاء‎)
KACST-SRI   Saudi Arabia No Yes No No
Vietnamese: Viện Công nghệ vũ trụ Việt Nam
(Space Technology Institute (Vietnam))
CNVT or STI
VAST-STI
  Vietnam 20 November 2006 Yes Yes No No [62]
Swedish: Rymdstyrelsen
(Swedish National Space Agency)
SNSA   Sweden 1972 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Swiss Space Office SSO    Switzerland 1998 No No No No [63][64]
Turkmenistan National Space Agency   Turkmenistan 2011 No No No No [65]
United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs UNOOSA   United Nations 13 December 1958 [66]
United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNCOPUOS 12 December 1959
United Arab Emirates Space Agency
(Arabic: وكالةالإمارات للفضاء‎)
UAESA   United Arab Emirates 2014 No Yes No No [67]
Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre
(Arabic: على مركز محمد بن راشد للفضاء‎)
MBRSC   Dubai,   United Arab Emirates 6 February 2006 (as EIAST)
2015 (as MBRSC)
No Yes No No [68]

List of space agencies with launch capabilityEdit

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Launch capable Multiple Satellites Launch capable Developed and Deployed Cryogenic Rocket Engines Operates Extraterrestrial Probe Recoverable Satellites capable
Air Force Space Command AFSPC   United States 15 September 1985 Yes Yes Yes No Yes [69][70]
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA   People's Republic of China 22 April 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [21]
European Space Agency
(French: Agence spatiale européenne)
(German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation)
ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [27][28]
Iranian Space Agency
(Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران‎)
ISA
ISA
  Iran 2003 Yes No No No No
Israeli Space Agency
(Hebrew: סוכנות החלל הישראלית‎)
(Arabic: وكالة الفضاء الإسرائيلية‎)
ISA
סל"ה
  Israel April 1983 Yes No No No No [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency
(Italian: Agenzia Spaziale Italiana)
ASI   Italy 1988 Yes Yes No No No [71]
National Aerospace Development Administration
(Korean: 조선우주공간기술위원회)
KCST   North Korea 1980s Yes No No No No [citation needed]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
(Korean: 한국항공우주연구원)
KARI
항우연
  South Korea October 1989 Yes No No No No [citation needed]
Indian Space Research Organisation
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
  India 15 August 1969 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [72]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
(Japanese: 宇宙航空研究開発機構)
JAXA   Japan 1 October 2003 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [40]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States 1 October 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [48]
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales
(National Center of Space Research)
CNES   France 19 December 1961 Yes Yes Yes No No [50]
Ukrainian: Національне космічне агентство України
(National Space Agency of Ukraine)
НКАУ
NSAU
  Ukraine 2 March 1992 Yes Yes No No No [citation needed]
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos))
ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
  Russia ca. 1992 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР   Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]

List of space agencies with human spaceflight capabilityEdit

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Human Spaceflight capable Human Space launch capable Spacewalk capable Space Rendezvous and Docking capable Operates Space Station
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA   People's Republic of China April 22, 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [21][73]
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency)
ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
  Russia December 26, 1991 Dissolution of Soviet Union Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [74]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States October 1, 1958 July 8, 2011 (2011-07-08) last July 8, 2011 (2011-07-08) last Yes July 19, 2011 (2011-07-19) last Yes [48]


Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР   Soviet Union July 22, 1951 December 26, 1991 Dissolution of Soviet Union October 2, 1991 (1991-10-02) last October 2, 1991 (1991-10-02) last July 27, 1991 (1991-07-27) last December 26, 1991 (1991-12-26) last December 26, 1991 (1991-12-26) last [74]

List of space agencies with lunar soft-landing capabilityEdit

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Circumlunar Manned Spaceflight Unmanned Moon Soft Landing Unmanned (automated) lunar rover operation Automated Lunar sample return mission Manned Moon Landing and sample return
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA   People's Republic of China 22 April 1993 No Yes Yes No No [21]
Indian Space Research Organisation
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
  India 15 August 1969 No Yes No No No [31]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States 1 October 1958 Yes Yes No[75] No[76] Yes [48]
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР   Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 No Yes Yes[77] Yes[78][79] No [80]

Expected and proposed future space agenciesEdit

Space agency Country Possible expected date of foundation Current status Ref(s)
Name Acronym
Philippine Space Agency PSA   Philippines At proposal stage [81]
Sri Lanka Aeronautics and Space Agency SLASA   Sri Lanka Immediate goal is to construct and launch two satellites. Sri Lankan Telecommunications Regulatory Commission has signed an agreement with Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd to get relevant help and resources. [82][83]
African Space Agency AfriSpace African Union Proposed in 2015 [84][85][86][87]
Pan-Arab Space Agency
PASA   Arab League Stalled. Proposed in 2009, at progress stage. [88]
South American Space Agency   South America Proposed in 2011, at progress stage [89]

BudgetsEdit

The annual budgets listed are the official budgets for national space agencies available in public domain. The budgets are not normalized to the expenses of space research in different countries, i.e. higher budget does not necessarily mean more activity or better performance in space exploration.[90][91] Note also that budget could be used for different projects: e.g. GPS is maintained from the US defence budget, whereas ESA's money is used for developing the European Galileo positioning system. The data for authoritarian countries are unreliable. For European contributors to ESA, the national budgets shown include also their contributions to ESA.

Budgets of different space agencies.
Agency (country/region) Budget (in millions of US $)
NASA (USA)
19,500
ESA (Europe)
6,271
Roscosmos (Russia)
3,272
CNES (France)
2,600
DLR (Germany)
2,500
JAXA (Japan)
2,030
ASI (Italy)
1,800
CNSA (China)
1,780
ISRO (India)
1,400
UKSA (UK)
529
CSA (Canada)
488.7
KARI (South Korea)
366
ASA (Algeria)
360
AEB (Brazil)
259
SSAU (Ukraine)
250
CONAE (Argentina)
180
ISA and ISRC (Iran)
139
INTA (Spain)
135
NSO (Netherlands)
110
SNSA (Sweden)
100
SUPARCO (Pakistan)
82
SANSA (South Africa)
11.8
SSO (Switzerland)
10
AEM (Mexico)
8.34
Country/
region
Agency Budget
(in millions of US $)
Reference Year
  United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration 19,500 [92][93] 2017
European Space Agency 6,271 [94] 2017
  Russia Russian Federal Space Agency 3,272 [95] 2015
  France French Space Agency 2,600 [96] 2017
  Germany German Aerospace Center 2,500 [97] 2015
  Japan Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency 2,030 [98] 2013
  Italy Italian Space Agency 1,800 [99] 2014
  China China National Space Administration 1,300 [100]
500 (official)
  India Indian Space Research Organisation 1,700 [101][102] 2018-19
  United Kingdom UK Space Agency 529 [103]
  Canada Canadian Space Agency 488.7 [104]
  South Korea Korea Aerospace Research Institute 366 [105] FY 2007
  Algeria Algerian Space Agency 360 2017
  Brazil Brazilian Space Agency 299 [106] 2015
  Ukraine State Space Agency of Ukraine 250 [107]
  Argentina Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales 180 [108] 2016
  Iran Iranian Space Agency and Iranian Space Research Center 139 [109] 2014-15
  Spain Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial 135 [110] 2009
  Netherlands Netherlands Space Office 110 [111]
  Sweden Swedish National Space Agency 100 [112] 2011
  Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission 75.1 [113] 2010-11
  South Africa South African National Space Agency 11.8 [114] 2014-15
   Switzerland Swiss Space Office 10 [115]
  Mexico Mexican Space Agency 8.34 [116]
  World All space agencies (Total of listed budgets) About 43,400

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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