List of government space agencies

This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.

As of 2018, 72 different government space agencies are in existence; 14 of those have launch capability. Six government space agencies—the China National Space Administration (CNSA), the European Space Agency (ESA), the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the (US) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA or Roscosmos)—have full launch capabilities; these include the ability to launch and recover multiple satellites, develop and deploy cryogenic rocket engines and operate space probes.

The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first.

The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where applicable. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. In particular the Soviet space program is not listed since it was not organized as a consolidated agency.

List of space agenciesEdit

The accomplishments of the space agencies are color-coded as follows
  Human Lunar Exploration + Operates Space Station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Space station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Human spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  None of the Above





CivilianEdit

Name Initialisms/Acronym Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Astronauts Operates Satellites Sounding Rockets capable Recoverable Biological Sounding Rockets capable
Australian Space Agency ASA   Australia July 1, 2018 No Yes Yes No [1][2][citation needed]
Belarus Space Agency BSA   Belarus 2009 No Yes Yes No [3]
Costa Rican Space Agency (Agencia Espacial Costarricense) AEC   Costa Rica 2021 No No No No [4]
El Salvador Aerospace Institute (Instituto Aeroespacial de El Salvador) ESAI   El Salvador 2020 No No No No [5]
Mexican Space Agency AEM   Mexico July 30, 2010 Yes Yes Yes No [6]
Algerian Space Agency
ASAL   Algeria January 16, 2002 No Yes Yes No
Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization APSCO
International
October 28, 2005 No Yes No No
Austrian Space Agency ALR   Austria July 12, 1972 No No No No [7][8]
Space Agency of the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azercosmos) Azercosmos   Azerbaijan 2021 No Yes No No [9]
National Space Science Agency NSSA   Bahrain April 9, 2014 No No No No [10]
Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy BIRA
IASB
BISA
  Belgium November 25, 1964 Yes No No No [11]
Bolivarian Agency for Space Activities ABAE   Venezuela January 1, 2008 No Yes No No [12]
Brazilian Space Agency AEB   Brazil February 10, 1994 Yes Yes Yes[13] No [14][15]
UK Space Agency UKSA   United Kingdom April 1, 2010 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Bolivian Space Agency ABE   Bolivia 2012 No Yes No No [16][17][18]
Bulgarian Space Agency ИКИ-БАН
SRI-BAS
ИСЗВ-БАН
STIL-BAS
  Bulgaria 1987 Yes Yes No No [19]
Canadian Space Agency CSA
ASC
  Canada March 1, 1989 Yes Yes Yes No [20]
China National Space Administration CNSA   China April 22, 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes [21]
Colombian Space Commission CCE   Colombia July 18, 2006 No Yes No No [22]
Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing CRISP   Singapore 1995 No Yes No No
Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems CCSDS
International
  Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)
  British National Space Centre (BNSC)
  Canadian Space Agency (CSA)
  Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES)
  China National Space Administration (CNSA)
  Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR)
  European Space Agency (ESA)
  Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
  Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA)
1982 No No No No
Czech: Ministerstvo dopravy České republiky
(Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic – Space Technologies and Satellite Systems Department[citation needed][23])
[1]
Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic
  Czech Republic 2003[citation needed] Yes No No No [23]
Danish National Space Center DRC
DNSC
  Denmark January 1, 1968 Yes No No No [citation needed]
Danish Space Research Institute
DSRI
  Denmark January 1, 2005 December 31, 2006 No Yes No No [citation needed]
European Space Agency ESA
ASE
EWO
May 31, 1975 Yes Yes Yes Yes [24][25]
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency GISTDA
สทอภ
  Thailand November 3, 2002 No Yes No No [26]
German Aerospace Center DLR   Germany 1969 Yes Yes Yes No [27]
Hellenic Space Centre (Greek: Ελληνικό Κέντρο Διαστήματος) ΕΛΚΕΔ
HSC
  Greece August 9, 2019 No No No No [citation needed]
Hungarian Space Office MŰI
HSO
  Hungary January 1992 No Yes No No
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
  India August 15, 1969 Yes Yes Yes Yes [28][29][30]
Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial INTA   Spain 1942 Yes Yes Yes No [31][32][33]
Iranian Space Agency ISA   Iran 2004 Yes Yes Yes Yes [34][35][36]
Israeli Space Agency
ISA
סל"ה
  Israel April 1983 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency ASI   Italy 1988 Yes Yes Yes No [37][38]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA   Japan October 1, 2003 Yes Yes Yes Yes [39][40]
Luxembourg Space Agency
LSA   Luxembourg September 2018 No No No No [41]
National Space Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan KazCosmos
KazKosmos
  Kazakhstan March 27, 2007 Yes Yes No No [42]
New Zealand Space Agency
NZSA   New Zealand April 2016 No No No No
Korean Committee of Space Technology KCST   North Korea 1980s 2013 No Yes Yes No [43][44][45]
National Aerospace Development Administration NADA   North Korea 2013 No Yes Yes No [46]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute KARI   South Korea October 10, 1989 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Lithuanian Space Association[citation needed] LSA   Lithuania 2007 No Yes No No [47]
Malaysian Space Agency MYSA   Malaysia 2002 Yes Yes No No [48]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States October 1, 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes [49]
National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences NARSS   Egypt 1994 No Yes No No [50]
National Space Program NSP   Australia 1986 1996 No Yes No No [51]
National Centre for Space Studies CNES   France December 19, 1961 Yes Yes Yes No [52]
Paraguayan Space Agency (Agencia Espacial de Paraguay) AEP   Paraguay March 26, 2014 No Yes No No [53]
National Commission for Aerospace Research and Development CONIDA   Peru June 11, 1974 No Yes Yes No [54]
Department of Science and TechnologyAdvanced Science and Technology Institute DOST–ASTI   Philippines 2014 No Yes No No [56][57]
Philippine Space Agency PhilSA   Philippines August 8, 2019 No No No No [58][59][57]
Comisión Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales CNIE   Argentina 1961 1991 No No Yes Yes [60][61]
Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales CONAE   Argentina May 28, 1991 No Yes Yes No [60]
National Institute of Aeronautics and Space LAPAN   Indonesia November 27, 1964 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
National Remote Sensing Center of Mongolia[citation needed] NRSC   Mongolia 1987 No No No No [62]
French: Centre national de la cartographie et de la télédétection
(Arabic: المركز الوطني للإستشعار عن بعد‎)
(National Remote Sensing Center of Tunisia)[citation needed]
CNCT   Tunisia 1988 No No No No
Uzbek State Space Research Agency (UzbekCosmos) USSRA (UzbekCosmos)   Uzbekistan 2001 No No No No [2][63]
State Space Agency of Ukraine ДКАУ
SSAU
  Ukraine March 2, 1992 Yes Yes Yes No [3]
National Space Organization NSPO   Republic of China (Taiwan) October 3, 1991 No Yes Yes No [64]
National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA   Nigeria 1998 No Yes No No [citation needed]
Netherlands Institute for Space Research SRON   Netherlands 1983 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
Norwegian Space Centre NRS
NSC
  Norway 1987 No Yes Yes No [65]
Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission SUPARCO
سپارکو
  Pakistan September 16, 1961 No Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Portugal Space PTSPACE
PTSPACE
  Portugal 2019 No No No No [66][67]
Romanian Space Agency ASR
ROSA
  Romania 1991 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
Egypt Remote Sensing Center (defunct) EASRT-RSC   Egypt 1971 1994 No No No No [50]
French: Centre Royal de Télédétection Spatiale
Berber: Ammas Amrrukan n Tallunt
(Arabic: المركز الملكي للإستشعار البعدي الفضائي‎)
(Royal Center for Remote Sensing)[citation needed]
CRTS   Morocco December 1989 No No No No
Roscosmos ROSCOSMOS
РОСКОСМОС
  Russia December 26, 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
Turkish Space Agency
(Türkiye Uzay Ajansı)
TUA
TUA
  Turkey 2018 No Yes Yes No [68][69][70][71]
Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization SPARRSO   Bangladesh 1980 No No No No [72]
Polish Space Agency POLSA
POLSA
  Poland 2014 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
South African National Space Agency SANSA   South Africa December 9, 2010 No No No No [73]
Saudi Space Commission SSC   Saudi Arabia 1977 (KACST-SRI)
2018 (SSC)
No Yes No No
Vietnam National Space Center (Trung tâm Vũ trụ Việt Nam) TTVTVN or VNSC
VAST-VNSC
  Vietnam November 20, 2006 Yes Yes No No [74]
Swedish National Space Agency SNSA   Sweden 1972 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Swiss Space Office SSO    Switzerland 1998 No No No No [75][76]
Turkmenistan National Space Agency TNSA   Turkmenistan 2011 No Yes No No [77]
United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs UNOOSA   United Nations December 13, 1958 [78]
United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNCOPUOS

  United Nations

December 12, 1959 [79]
United Arab Emirates Space Agency UAESA   United Arab Emirates 2014 Yes Yes No No [80]
Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre MBRSC   Dubai,   United Arab Emirates February 6, 2006 (as EIAST)
2015 (as MBRSC)
Yes Yes No No [81]
Syrian Space Agency SSA   Syria March 18, 2014 No No No No [82][83][84][85]

MilitaryEdit

List of space agencies with launch capabilityEdit

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Multiple Satellites Launch capable Developed and Deployed Cryogenic Rocket Engines Operates Extraterrestrial Probe Recoverable Satellites capable
Australian Space Agency ASA   Australia July 1, 2018 No No No No [1][2][citation needed]
China National Space Administration CNSA   People's Republic of China April 22, 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes [21]
European Space Agency ESA
ASE
EWO
1975 May 31 Yes Yes Yes Yes [24][25]
Iranian Space Agency ISA
ISA
  Iran 2004 No No No No
Israeli Space Agency ISA
סל"ה
  Israel April 1983 No No No No [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency ASI   Italy 1988 Yes No Yes No [86]
National Aerospace Development Administration
KCST   North Korea 1980s No No No No [citation needed]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
[4]
항우연
  South Korea October 1989 No No No No [citation needed]
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
  India August 15, 1969 Yes Yes Yes Yes [28][29][30]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA   Japan October 1, 2003 Yes Yes Yes Yes [39]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States October 1, 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes [49]
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales CNES   France December 19, 1961 Yes Yes No No [52]
State Space Agency of Ukraine ДКАУ
SSAU
  Ukraine March 2, 1992 Yes No No No [citation needed]
Roscosmos ROSCOSMOS
РОСКОСМОС
  Russia c. 1992 Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
United States Space Force USSF   United States December 20, 2019 Yes Yes No Yes [87][88][89]

List of space agencies with human spaceflight capabilityEdit

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States October 1, 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes [49]
Russian Federal Space Agency ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
  Russia December 26, 1991 Dissolution of Soviet Union Yes Yes Yes Yes [90]
China National Space Administration CNSA   China April 22, 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes [21]

List of space agencies with extraterrestrial landing capabilityEdit

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Controlled impact with surface Uncrewed soft landing Uncrewed (automated) rover operation Automated sample return mission Circumlunar crewed spaceflight Crewed Moon landing and sample return
China National Space Administration CNSA   People's Republic of China April 22, 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No [21]
European Space Agency ESA
ASE
EWO
May 31, 1975 Yes Yes No No No No Huygens (spacecraft), though launched and orbited by NASA
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA   Japan October 1, 2003 Yes Yes No Yes No No Hayabusa 1 and 2
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
  India August 15, 1969 Yes No No No No No [28][29][30]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States October 1, 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes[5] Yes Yes [49]
Russian Federal Space Agency ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
  Russia December 26, 1991 (main inheritor of the Soviet space program) Yes Yes Yes Yes No No

^ sample successfully taken by OSIRIS-REx, though not returned yet

Expected and proposed future space agenciesEdit

Space agency Country/Countries Expected date of formation Current status Ref(s)
Name Acronym
African Space Agency AfSA   African Union 2023 Proposed in 2015. AU plans to launch the agency by 2019 with a proposed headquarter in Cairo, Egypt. Funded by Egypt. See the stamp issued by Egypt on 19 September 2019. [91][92][93][94][95]
Armenian Space Agency ArmCosmos   Armenia Proposed in 2013 with the goal to launch satellites. Negotiating with the International Telecommunications Union to clear the path for its prospective launch. [96]
Brunei Aeronautics and Space Agency BruneiSpace and Angkasa Brunei   Brunei Proposed in 2018, at progress stage. [97][98]
Cambodian Aeronautics and Space Agency   Cambodia Proposed in 2016, at progress stage [99][100]
Caribbean Space Agency   Caribbean Community Proposed in 2017, at progress stage [101]
Croatian Space Office CSO   Croatia Proposed in 2020, currently operate as NGO Adriatic Aerospace Association (A3), at progress stage [102]
Haiti Space Agency HSA   Haiti Proposed in 2018, at progress stage [103]
Laos Space Agency LSA   Laos Proposed in 2015, at progress stage [104][105]
Latin American and Caribbean Space Agency CELAC Proposed in 2020, at progress stage [106]
Myanmar Aeronautics and Space Agency   Myanmar Proposed in 2019, at progress stage. [107][108][109][110][111]
Serbian Space Office   Serbia Proposed in 2016, at progress stage. [112][113]
Slovakian Space Office   Slovakia Proposed in 2015, at progress stage. [114]
Slovenian Space Agency   Slovenia Proposed in 2019, at progress stage. [115][116]
South American Space Agency   South America Proposed in 2011, at progress stage [117]
Sri Lanka Aeronautics and Space Agency SLASA   Sri Lanka Proposed in 2009. Immediate goal was to construct and launch two satellites. Sri Lankan Telecommunications Regulatory Commission had signed an agreement with Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd to get the relevant help and resources. [118]
Uruguayan Space Agency   Uruguay Announced in 2021, bill stage. [119]

BudgetsEdit

The annual budgets listed are the official budgets for national space agencies available in public domain. The budgets are not normalized to the expenses of space research in different countries, i.e. higher budget does not necessarily mean more activity or better performance in space exploration.[120][121] Budget could be used for different projects: e.g. GPS is maintained from the US defence budget, whereas ESA's money is used for developing the European Galileo positioning system[citation needed]. The data for authoritarian countries are unreliable. For European contributors to ESA, the national budgets shown include also their contributions to ESA.

Budgets of different space agencies.
Agency (country/region) Budget (in millions of US $)
NASA (United States)
22,629
CNSA (China)
11,000
ESA (Europe)
7,430
DLR (Germany)
4,233
CNES (France)
3,384
Roscosmos (Russia)
2,530
ISRO (India)
2,000
ASI (Italy)
1,800
JAXA (Japan)
1,699
KARI (South Korea)
583
UKSA (United Kingdom)
500
ASA (Algeria)
360
CSA (Canada)
246
ISAB (Belgium)
224
INTA (Spain)
211
SSO (Switzerland)
177
NSO (Netherlands)
110
SNSA (Sweden)
100
NOSA (Norway)
97
SSAU (Ukraine)
80
ALR (Austria)
75
LAPAN (Indonesia)
55
AEB (Brazil)
47
CONAE (Argentina)
45
PhilSA (Philippines)
38
ISA (Israel)
14.5
ISA, ISRC and ARI (Iran)
8
Country/
region
Agency Budget
(in millions of US $)
Year Reference
  United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration 22,629 2020 [122][123]
  China China National Space Administration 11,000 2018 [124]
European Space Agency 7,430 2020 [125]
  Germany German Aerospace Center 4,233 2017 [126]
  France National Centre for Space Studies 3,384 2020 [127]
  Russia Roscosmos 2,530 2020 [128]
  India Indian Space Research Organisation 2,000 2021 [129]
  Italy Italian Space Agency 1,800 2016 [130]
  Japan Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency 1,699 2017 [131]
  South Korea Korea Aerospace Research Institute 583 2016 [132]
  United Kingdom UK Space Agency 500 2017 [133]
  Algeria Algerian Space Agency 360 2015 [134]
  Canada Canadian Space Agency 246 2018 [135]
  Belgium Interfederal Space Agency of Belgium 224 2018 [136]
  Spain Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial 211 2018 [137]
   Switzerland Swiss Space Office 177 2019 [125]
  Netherlands Netherlands Space Office 110 2013 [138]
  Sweden Swedish National Space Agency 100 2011 [139]
  Norway Norwegian Space Agency 97 2014 [140]
  Ukraine State Space Agency of Ukraine 80 [141]
  Austria Austrian Space Agency 75 2018 [142]
  Poland Polish Space Agency 61.5 2019–21 [143]
  Indonesia National Institute of Aeronautics and Space 55 2019 [144][145]
  Brazil Brazilian Space Agency 47 2018 [146]
  Argentina Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales 45 2019 [147]
  Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission 45 2018–19 [148][149]
  Philippines Philippine Space Agency 38 2019 [150]
  Nigeria National Space Research and Development Agency 32.3 2019 [151]
  Australia Australian Space Agency 32 [152][153]
  Israel Israel Space Agency 14.5 2019 [154]
  South Africa South African National Space Agency 11.8 2014–15 [155]
  Mexico Mexican Space Agency 8.34 2010 [156]
  Iran Iranian Space Agency, Iranian Space Research Center and Aerospace Research Institute 8 2019–20 [157]
  Turkey Turkish Space Agency 5.4 2020 [158]
  World All space agencies (Total of listed budgets) About 60,537

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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