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List of female Indian chief ministers

Mamata Banerjee of West Bengal is the only incumbent woman chief minister in India.

Sixteen women have served as the chief minister of an Indian state. Currently, one is in office — Mamata Banerjee of West Bengal. Of the thirteen states to have been headed by a female chief minister, only three—Delhi, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh—have had two woman chief ministers. Five of the woman chief ministers belonged to the Indian National Congress, four to the Bharatiya Janata Party and two to the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam.

In the Republic of India, a chief minister is the head of government of each of twenty-nine states and two union territories (Delhi and Puducherry). According to the Constitution of India, at the state-level, the governor is de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the state legislative assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years; the office is subject to no term limits.[1]

Chronological list of female Indian chief ministersEdit

Key

*  incumbent chief minister

S. No. Name Portrait State Term(s) Total tenure (days) Party
1 Sucheta Kriplani Uttar Pradesh 2 October 1963 – 13 March 1967 1258 Indian National Congress
2 Nandini Satpathy   Odisha 14 June 1972 – 3 March 1973
6 March 1974 – 16 December 1976
1278 Indian National Congress
3 Shashikala Kakodkar   Goa 12 August 1973 – 27 April 1979 2084 Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party
4 Anwara Taimur Assam 6 December 1980 – 30 June 1981 206 Indian National Congress
5 Janaki Ramachandran Tamil Nadu 7 January 1988 – 30 January 1988 23 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
6 Jayalalithaa   Tamil Nadu 24 June 1991 – 12 May 1996
14 May 2001 – 21 September 2001
2 March 2002 – 12 May 2006
16 May 2011 – 27 September 2014
23 May 2015 – 5 December 2016
5238 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
7 Mayawati   Uttar Pradesh 13 June 1995 – 18 October 1995
21 March 1997 – 21 September 1997
3 May 2002 – 29 August 2003
13 May 2007 – 15 March 2012
2562 Bahujan Samaj Party
8 Rajinder Kaur Bhattal   Punjab 21 November 1996 – 12 February 1997 83 Indian National Congress
9 Rabri Devi   Bihar 25 July 1997 – 11 February 1999
9 March 1999 – 2 March 2000
11 March 2000 – 6 March 2005
2746 Rashtriya Janata Dal
10 Sushma Swaraj   Delhi 12 October 1998 – 3 December 1998 52 Bharatiya Janata Party
11 Sheila Dikshit   Delhi 3 December 1998 – 28 December 2013 5504 Indian National Congress
12 Uma Bharti   Madhya Pradesh 8 December 2003 – 23 August 2004 259 Bharatiya Janata Party
13 Vasundhara Raje   Rajasthan 8 December 2003 – 18 December 2008
8 December 2013 – 17 December 2018
3847 Bharatiya Janata Party
14 Mamata Banerjee *   West Bengal 20 May 2011 – present 2948 All India Trinamool Congress
15 Anandiben Patel   Gujarat 22 May 2014 – 7 August 2016 808 Bharatiya Janata Party
16 Mehbooba Mufti   Jammu & Kashmir 4 April 2016 – 20 June 2018 807 Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9.