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Sheila Dikshit (née Kapoor),[2] occasionally anglicised Dixit (31 March 1938 – 20 July 2019),[3] was an Indian politician who was one of the longest-serving chief ministers of Delhi, as well as the longest-serving female chief minister of any Indian state, serving for a period of 15 years from 1998 to 2013. Dikshit led Congress party to three consecutive electoral victories in Delhi. In the December 2013 elections to the Delhi Legislative Assembly, Dikshit was defeated in New Delhi constituency by Aam Aadmi Party leader Arvind Kejriwal, who replaced her as Delhi's chief minister.

Sheila Dikshit
The Chairperson, National Advisory Council, Smt. Sonia Gandhi and the Chief Minister of Delhi, Smt. Sheila Dikshit after casting their votes in Delhi Assembly Election, at Nirman Bhavan polling booth, in New Delhi (cropped).jpg
President
Delhi Pradesh Congress Committee
In office
11 January 2019 – 20 July 2019
National PresidentRahul Gandhi
22nd Governor of Kerala
In office
11 March 2014 – 4 September 2014
Preceded byNikhil Kumar
Succeeded byP. Sathasivam [1]
6th Chief Minister of Delhi
In office
3 December 1998 – 28 December 2013
Preceded bySushma Swaraj
Succeeded byArvind Kejriwal
Member of Legislative Assembly
Gole Market
In office
3 December 1998 – 3 December 2008
Preceded byKirti Azad
Succeeded bySeat Delimited
Member of Legislative Assembly
New Delhi
In office
4 December 2008 – 28 December 2013
Preceded bySeat Created
Succeeded byArvind Kejriwal
Member of Parliament
Kannauj
In office
1984–1989
Preceded byChhotey Singh Yadav
Succeeded byChhotey Singh Yadav
Member of Indian delegation
United Nations Commission on the Status of Women
In office
1984–89
Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs
In office
1984–1989
Prime MinisterRajiv Gandhi
Personal details
Born(1938-03-31)31 March 1938
Kapurthala, Kapurthala State, Punjab States Agency, British Raj
Died20 July 2019(2019-07-20) (aged 81)
New Delhi, India
Political partyIndian National Congress
Spouse(s)Vinod Dikshit
ChildrenSandeep Dikshit
Latika Dikshit Syed
Alma materMiranda House, University of Delhi

Subsequently, she was sworn in as Governor of Kerala on 11 March 2014. However, she resigned on 25 August 2014.[4] She had been declared a chief ministerial candidate for the Indian National Congress in the 2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election; however she later withdrew. She was appointed as president of Delhi Pradesh Congress Committee on 10 January 2019.[5]

Contents

Early yearsEdit

Sheila Kapoor was born on 31 March 1938 in Kapurthala, Punjab, into a Punjabi Khatri family.[6] Her father's name was Sanjay Kapoor. She was educated at the Convent of Jesus and Mary School in New Delhi and graduated with a Master of Arts degree in history from the Miranda House at the University of Delhi.[7]

Political careerEdit

Sheila Dixit was handpicked by Rajiv Gandhi to be part of his council of ministers after he became the prime minister in 1984. During the period between 1984 and 1989, she represented Kannauj parliamentary constituency of Uttar Pradesh.[8] As a member of Parliament, she served on the Estimates Committee of Lok Sabha. Dikshit also chaired the Implementation Committee for Commemoration of Forty Years of India's Independence and Jawaharlal Nehru centenary. She represented India at United Nations Commission on Status of Women for five years (1984–1989). She also served as a Union Minister during 1986–1989, first as the minister of state for Parliamentary Affairs and later as a minister of state in the Prime Minister's Office. In Uttar Pradesh, she and her 82 colleagues were jailed in August 1990 for 23 days by the state government when she led a movement against the atrocities being committed against women.[9]

Earlier, in the early 1970s, she was chairperson of the Young Women's Association and was instrumental in the setting up of two of the most successful hostels for working women in Delhi.[10] She was also the secretary of the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust.[11]

In the 1998 parliamentary elections, Dikshit was defeated by Bharatiya Janata Party's Lal Bihari Tiwari in East Delhi constituency. Later in the year, Dikshit became Chief Minister of Delhi, a position she held until 2013. Dikshit represented the Gole Market assembly constituency in the 1998 and 2003 Assembly elections and New Delhi constituency from 2008.[12]

In 2009 and 2013, Dikshit was investigated for alleged misuse of government funds, but no charges were brought.[13][14][15][16]

Her party was wiped out in the 2013 Delhi Legislative Assembly election and Arvind Kejriwal, founder of the Aam Admi party, won the election in the New Delhi Assembly constituency by a margin of 25,864 votes.[17][18] She resigned on 8 December 2013, but remained the caretaker chief minister of Delhi till the new government was sworn in on 28 December 2013. She was appointed as the governor of Kerala in March 2014, but was forced to resign five months later.[19]

Personal lifeEdit

Dikshit was married to Vinod Dikshit, son of independence activist and former West Bengal governor Uma Shankar Dikshit.[20] He was an officer in the Indian Administrative Service.[21]

Dikshit was the mother of two children: a son, Sandeep Dikshit, who is a former member of Parliament of the 15th Lok Sabha from East Delhi,[22] and a daughter, Latika Syed.

Dikshit underwent angioplasty in November 2012.[23] In 2018, she had heart surgery in University Hospital in Lille, France.[24]

DeathEdit

Dikshit was admitted to Fortis Escorts Heart Institute on 19 July 2019 for cardiac arrhythmia and was put on a ventilator within a few moments of her admission. Her condition stabilized temporarily, however she did not recover from multiple cardiac arrests and her condition worsened during the following period. She later died at 3:55 pm on 20 July 2019, at the age of 81.[25][26][27]

The Delhi government announced a two-day mourning period on her death, and accorded her a state funeral.[28]

Awards and recognitionEdit

  • 2008 Best Chief Minister of India, by Journalist Association of India
  • 2009 Politician of the Year by NDTV
  • 2010 Dara Shikoh award by Indo-Iran Society[29]
  • 2013 Delhi Women of the Decade Achievers Award 2013 by ALL Ladies League for Outstanding Public Service.[30]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sathasivam becomes Kerala governor, to take oath on September 5". India Today. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  2. ^ Rajesh Ramachandran (23 October 2013). "In Delhi, BJP bets on surgeon to take on techie crusader | Business Line". Thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  3. ^ News Galiyara (20 July 2019). "Three-Time Delhi's Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit passed away at 81". NewsGaliyara.com. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Kerala Governor Sheila Dikshit resigns". 26 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  5. ^ "Sheila Dikshit, 3-Time Chief Minister, Appointed Delhi Congress Chief". NDTV.com. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  6. ^ Iyer, Lakshmi (15 December 2003). "Metro Mater". India Today. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013.
  7. ^ "Sheila Dikshit: Profile". Express India. 10 December 2003. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  8. ^ Srinivasan, Chandrashekar (21 July 2019). "Sheila Dikshit, Chief Minister For 15 Years, Known For Transforming Delhi". NDTV. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Did you know Sheila Dikshit was jailed for 23 days in 1990?". DNA India. 20 July 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  10. ^ DelhiJuly 20 (20 July 2019). "Sheila Dikshit passes away at 81: Facts about Delhi's longest-serving CM". India Today. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  11. ^ "Heart filled with grief: Sonia Gandhi writes to Sheila Dikshit's son Sandeep". India Today. 20 July 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  12. ^ Team, BS Web (20 July 2019). "Life & times of Sheila Dikshit, the no-nonsense leader who modernised Delhi". Business Standard India. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  13. ^ "Censure Dikshit, Delhi lokayukta to President of India". Hindustan Times. 18 July 2011. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  14. ^ Garg, Abhinav (26 October 2011). "Sheila Dikshit questions Lokayukta's power". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016.
  15. ^ "Court orders FIR against Sheila Dikshit". The Times of India. 1 September 2013. Archived from the original on 6 October 2016.
  16. ^ "No info on corruption cases against Sheila Dikshit: ACB". The Times of India. 23 September 2015. Archived from the original on 9 September 2016.
  17. ^ "Who is Manjot Nayyar?: Sheila Dikshit asked on poll day, then in defeat said, 'Hum toh bewakoof hain'". Financial Express. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  18. ^ "Delhi election results 2013: As it happened". Zeenews.india.com. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  19. ^ "Sheila Dikshit resigns as governor of Kerala". Firstpost. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  20. ^ "Sheila Dikshit: Profile". Hindustan Times. 30 January 2012.
  21. ^ "Sheila Dikshit: Curtains for the matriarch". DNA.
  22. ^ "Smt. Sheila Dikshit". Government of Delhi. Archived from the original on 14 August 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  23. ^ Kaul, Rhythma (21 July 2019). "Sheila Dikshit was well, cardiac arrest took doctors by surprise". Hindustan Times.
  24. ^ "'Deeply saddened,' PM Modi condoles Sheila Dikshit's death". Hindustan Times – via MSN.
  25. ^ "Sheila Dikshit dies: Former Delhi CM to be cremated on Sunday at 2:30 pm". India Todah. 20 July 2019.
  26. ^ "Former Delhi CM Sheila Dikshit dead". Live Mint. 20 July 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  27. ^ Thacker, Teena (20 July 2019). "Former Delhi CM Sheila Dikshit dead". Live Mint. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  28. ^ DelhiJuly 20, Indo Asian News Service New; July 20, 2019UPDATED:; Ist, 2019 22:16. "2-day mourning, state funeral announced for Sheila Dikshit". India Today. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  29. ^ "Delhi CM Sheila Dikshit honoured with Dara Shikoh award". Indiatoday. PTI. 11 April 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  30. ^ "'21st century is going to be the century of women'". The Hindu. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2014.

External linksEdit

Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Chotey Singh Yadav
Member of Parliament
Kannauj

31 December 1984 – 27 November 1989
Succeeded by
Chotey Singh Yadav
Government offices
Preceded by
Nikhil Kumar
Governor of Kerala
11 March 2014 – 4 September 2014
Succeeded by
P. Sathasivam
Political offices
Preceded by
Sushma Swaraj
Chief Minister of Delhi
3 December 1998 – 28 December 2013
Succeeded by
Arvind Kejriwal
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ajay Maken
President
Delhi Pradesh Congress Committee

10 January 2019 – 20 July 2019
Succeeded by
TBA