List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions

This is a list of countries by total greenhouse gas (GHG) annual emissions in 2016. It is based on data for carbon dioxide, methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) emissions compiled by the World Resources Institute (WRI).[1] The table below separately provides emissions data calculated on the basis of production, respectively consumption of goods and services in each country. WRI data includes emissions from land-use, land-use change and forestry, Global Carbon Project data does not. The unit used is megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e) using the 100-year time horizon,[2] like the UNFCCC.[3] All countries which are party to the Paris Agreement report their greenhouse gas inventories at least biennially from 2024.[4]

List of countries by production-based and consumption-based emissionsEdit

State Production-based emissions
(MtCO2e) 2018 (CAIT)[1]
Production-based emissions INCLUDING land-use, land-use change and forestry (reported to UNFCCC)
MtCO2e 2018[5]
Production-based emissions excluding land-use, land-use change and forestry(World Resources Institute)
MtCO2e 2016[6]
Consumption-based emissions
(Global Carbon Project)
MtCO2e 2016[7]
World 9,928
  China (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by China) 11,706 12700 8801
  United States (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by the United States) 5,794 5903 6570 5716
  India (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by India) 3,347 2870 2217
  European Union (EU28, including the United Kingdom) 3,333 3951 4166
  Russia (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Russia) 1,992 1630 2670 1381
  Indonesia 1,704 506
  Brazil 1,421 1050 524
  Japan 1,155 1231 1310 1411
  Iran 828 876 572
  Germany 777 831 918 887
  Canada (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Canada) 763 716 575
  Mexico 695 718 528
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 682
  South Korea 673 732 634
  Saudi Arabia 638 623
  Australia (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Australia) 619 537 378
  South Africa 497 337
  Turkey (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Turkey) 474 426 450
  United Kingdom (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by the United Kingdom) 441 456 557
  Pakistan 438
  Thailand 431
  Argentina 395
  Malaysia 388
  Italy 387 391 458
  Vietnam 364
  France 361 427 447
  Nigeria 357
  Poland 357 376
  Egypt 329
  Spain 313 296
  Venezuela 277
  Kazakhstan 271 401
  Colombia 268
  United Arab Emirates 263
  Ukraine 262 342
  Philippines 234
  Uzbekistan 232
  Myanmar 232
  Bangladesh 221
  Algeria 219
  Iraq 216
  Ethiopia 205
  Peru 186
  Netherlands 180 193
  Tanzania 176
  Sudan 131
  Bolivia 126
  Turkmenistan 125
  Angola 125
  Cameroon 123
  Zimbabwe 119
  Czech Republic 117 133
  Kuwait 113
  Mozambique 110
  Belgium 109 17
  Chad 105
  Libya 103
  Qatar 100
  Afghanistan 99
  Paraguay 95
  Zambia 93
  Morocco 92
  Ecuador 92
  Israel 88
  Central African Republic 87
  Greece 86 89
  Romania 86 92
  Oman 82
  Azerbaijan 78
  Kenya 71
  New Zealand 71 55
  Uganda 71
  Cambodia 69
  South Sudan 68
  Austria 68 74
  Portugal 67 61
  Belarus 67 69
  Singapore 67
  Papua New Guinea 64
  Hungary 63 59
  Serbia 62
  Ireland 62 65
  Finland 61 46
  Botswana 58
  Mongolia 56
  Burkina Faso 55
    Nepal 55
  Chile 52
  Ivory Coast 49
  Bahrain 49
  Denmark 47 56
  Solomon Islands 46
  Syria 46
  Niger 46
  North Korea 45
  Somalia 44
  Switzerland 44 45
  Mali 44
  Madagascar 41
  Guinea 41
  Slovakia 39 38
  Cuba 39
  Guatemala 39
  Nicaragua 39
  Laos 39
  Dominican Republic 38
  Tunisia 37
  Sri Lanka 37
  Jordan 36
  Uruguay 34
  Senegal 34
  Lebanon 34
  Sweden 30 10
  Norway 28 28
  Honduras 28
  Benin 28
  Malawi 27
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 25
  Equatorial Guinea 23
  Trinidad and Tobago 23
  Liberia 23
  Namibia 22
  Panama 22
  Yemen 22
  Estonia 21 18
  Republic of the Congo 20
  Ghana 20
  Bulgaria 19 49
  Guyana 19
  Lithuania 18 16
  Croatia 18 19
  Slovenia 18 18
  Brunei 17
  Georgia 17
  Tajikistan 15
  Kyrgyzstan 15
  Gabon 14
  El Salvador 13
  Moldova 13
  Suriname 13
  Mauritania 13
  Sierra Leone 11
  Haiti 11
  North Macedonia 11
  Jamaica 10
  Luxembourg 10 10
  Albania 10
  Armenia 10
  Togo 9
  Burundi 9
  Latvia 9 13
  Costa Rica 9
  Cyprus 8 8
  Eritrea 8
  Rwanda 8
  Belize 7
  Mauritius 7
  Timor-Leste 6
  Lesotho 6
  Guinea-Bissau 4
  Montenegro 4
  Barbados 4
  Iceland 3 14
  Gambia 3
  Eswatini 3
  Bahamas 3
  Maldives 2
  Grenada 2
  Malta 2 2
  Djibouti 1
  Antigua and Barbuda 1
  Bhutan 1
  Vanuatu 1
  Samoa 1
  Seychelles 1
  Cape Verde 1
  Comoros 1
  Saint Lucia 1
  Andorra 1
  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.41
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.37
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.37
  Tonga 0.35
  Palau 0.32
  Fiji 0.28
  Federated States of Micronesia 0.24
  Marshall Islands 0.24
  Dominica 0.23
  Liechtenstein 0.18
  Kiribati 0.11
  Cook Islands 0.10
  Nauru 0.08
  Tuvalu 0.03
  Niue 0.01

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT), Climate Watch. 2018. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute (2019). "Historical GHG Emissions". www.climatewatchdata.org. Retrieved 2020-11-08. The CAIT dataset is briefly described here, and in more detail here. Its data sources are the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), the International Energy Agency (IEA), the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA). It does not use countries’ official inventories reported to the UNFCCC, in order to emphasize comparability of data across countries. The sectors covered are the main IPCC sectors, including agriculture, bunker fuels, energy (electricity/heat, fugitive emissions, manufacturing/ construction, other fuel combustion, transportation), industrial processes, land-use change and forestry, and waste. Greenhouse gases are those covered in the Kyoto Protocol (carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and F-gases: hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6))
  2. ^ See Talk:List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions#Time horizon.
  3. ^ "Common metrics". unfccc.int. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  4. ^ "NDC reporting: making the Paris Agreement Transparency Framework work". Energy Post. 2019-07-19.
  5. ^ "Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data". di.unfccc.int. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  6. ^ "Greenhouse Gas Emissions over 165 Years".
  7. ^ "Global Carbon Budget 2019 | Carbon Portal". Global Carbon Project. doi:10.18160/GCP-2019
    Source data in megatonnes of carbon (MtC), converted in MtCO2e using the suggested multiplication factor of 3.664