List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions

This is a list of countries by total greenhouse gas (GHG) annual emissions in 2016. It is based on data for carbon dioxide, methane (CH
4
), nitrous oxide (N
2
O
), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) emissions compiled by the World Resources Institute (WRI).[1] The table below separately provides emissions data calculated on the basis of production, respectively consumption of goods and services in each country. WRI data includes emissions from land-use, land-use change and forestry, Global Carbon Project data does not. The unit used is megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e) using the 100-year time horizon,[2] like the UNFCCC.[3] All countries which are party to the Paris Agreement report their greenhouse gas inventories at least biennially from 2024.[4]

List of countries by production-based and consumption-based emissionsEdit

State Production-based emissions INCLUDING land-use, land-use change and forestry (reported to UNFCCC)
MtCO2e 2018[5]
Production-based emissions
(MtCO2e) 2018 (CAIT)[1]
Production-based emissions excluding land-use, land-use change and forestry(World Resources Institute)
MtCO2e 2016[6]
Consumption-based emissions
(Global Carbon Project)
MtCO2e 2016[7]
World 48,928
  China (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by China) 11706 12700 8801
  United States (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by the United States) 5903 5794 6570 5716
  European Union (EU28, including the United Kingdom) 3951 3333 4166
  India (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by India) 3347 2870 2217
  Russia (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Russia) 1630 1992 2670 1381
  Japan 1231 1155 1310 1411
  Brazil 1421 1050 524
  Germany 831 777 918 887
  Indonesia 1704 506
  Canada (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Canada) 716 763 575
  Mexico 695 718 528
  Iran 828 876 572
  South Korea 673 732 634
  Australia (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Australia) 537 619 378
  Saudi Arabia 638 623
  United Kingdom (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by the United Kingdom) 456 441 557
  South Africa 497 337
  France 427 361 447
  Italy 391 387 458
  Turkey (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Turkey) 426 474 450
  Ukraine 342 262
  Thailand 431
  Poland 376 357
  Argentina 395
  Pakistan 438
  Kazakhstan 401 271
  Spain 296 313
  Nigeria 357
  Malaysia 388
  Iraq 216
  Egypt 329
  Venezuela 277
  Vietnam 364
  Uzbekistan 232
  United Arab Emirates 263
  Kuwait 113
  Algeria 219
  Netherlands 193 180
  Philippines 234
  Bangladesh 221
  Colombia 268
  Angola 125
  Libya 103
  Ethiopia 205
  Czech Republic 133 117
  Belgium 117 109
  Turkmenistan 125
  Romania 92 86
  Chile 52
  Oman 82
  Myanmar 232
  Belarus 69 67
  Israel 88
  Greece 89 86
  Peru 186
  Cameroon 123
  Qatar 100
  Morocco 92
  Austria 74 68
  Tanzania 176
  New Zealand 55 71
  Azerbaijan 78
  Syria 46
  North Korea 45
  Finland 46 61
  Portugal 61 67
  Kenya 71
  Ireland 65 62
  Serbia 62
  Ecuador 92
  Hungary 59 63
  Bulgaria 49 19
  Singapore 67
  Denmark 56 47
   Switzerland 45 44
  Sweden 10 30
  Zambia 93
  Central African Republic 87
  Bolivia 126
  Norway 28 28
  Cuba 39
  Afghanistan 99
  Slovakia 38 39
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 682
  Mongolia 56
  Sri Lanka 37
  Paraguay 95
    Nepal 55
  Tunisia 37
  Yemen 22
  Uruguay 34
  Bahrain 49
  Uganda 71
  Dominican Republic 37
  Ivory Coast 49
  Ghana 20
  Jordan 36
  Mali 44
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 25
  Chad 105
  Mozambique 110
  Zimbabwe 119
  Cambodia 69
  Lebanon 34
  Guatemala 39
  Niger 46
  Madagascar 41
  Trinidad and Tobago 37
  Senegal 34
  Burkina Faso 55
  Croatia 19 18
  Estonia 18 21
  Honduras 28
  Equatorial Guinea 23
  Lithuania 16 18
  Brunei 17
  Slovenia 18 18
  Panama 22
  Guinea 41
  Papua New Guinea 64
  Kyrgyzstan 15
  Georgia 17
  Nicaragua 39
  Costa Rica 9
  Botswana 58
  Latvia 13 9
  Benin 29
  North Macedonia 11
  El Salvador 13
  Laos 39
  Moldova 13
  Luxembourg 10 10
  Namibia 22
  Mauritania 13
  Tajikistan 15
  Malawi 27
  Belize 7
  Jamaica 10
  Armenia 10
  Albania 10
  Haiti 11
  Gambia 3
  Gabon 14
  Republic of the Congo 20
  Cyprus 8 8
  Sierra Leone 11
  Eritrea 8
  Rwanda 8
  Togo 9
  Mauritius 7
  Lesotho 6
  Guyana 19
  Barbados 4
  Bahamas 3
  Montenegro 4
  Suriname 13
  Burundi 9
  Malta 2 2
  Iceland 14 3
  Eswatini 3
  Fiji 0.28
  Liberia 23
  Grenada 2
  Guinea-Bissau 4
  Bhutan 1
  Djibouti 1
  Maldives 2
  Saint Lucia 1
  Antigua and Barbuda 1
  Seychelles 1
  Vanuatu 1
  Cape Verde 1
  Solomon Islands 46
  Samoa 1
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.37
  Tonga 0.35
  Comoros 1
  Palau 0.32
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.37
  Dominica 0.23
  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.41
  Cook Islands 0.1
  Niue 0.01
  Kiribati 0.11
  Nauru .08

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT), Climate Watch. 2018. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute (2019). "Historical GHG Emissions". www.climatewatchdata.org. Retrieved 2020-11-08. The CAIT dataset is briefly described here, and in more detail here. Its data sources are the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), the International Energy Agency (IEA), the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA). It does not use countries’ official inventories reported to the UNFCCC, in order to emphasize comparability of data across countries. The sectors covered are the main IPCC sectors, including agriculture, bunker fuels, energy (electricity/heat, fugitive emissions, manufacturing/ construction, other fuel combustion, transportation), industrial processes, land-use change and forestry, and waste. Greenhouse gases are those covered in the Kyoto protocol (carbon dioxide (CO
    2
    ), methane (CH
    4
    ), nitrous oxide (N
    2
    O
    ), and F-gases: hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6))
  2. ^ See Talk:List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions#Time horizon.
  3. ^ "Common metrics". unfccc.int. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  4. ^ "NDC reporting: making the Paris Agreement Transparency Framework work". Energy Post. 2019-07-19.
  5. ^ "Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data". di.unfccc.int. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  6. ^ "Greenhouse Gas Emissions over 165 Years".
  7. ^ "Global Carbon Budget 2019 | Carbon Portal". Global Carbon Project. doi:10.18160/GCP-2019
    Source data in megatonnes of carbon (MtC), converted in MtCO2e using the suggested multiplication factor of 3.664