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List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions

Countries by carbon dioxide emissions in thousands of tonnes per annum, via the burning of fossil fuels (blue the highest and green the lowest).
CO₂ emissions per capita, 2016 (Our World In Data).
Carbon dioxide emissions for the top 40 countries by total emissions in 2013, given as totals and per capita. Data from EU Edgar database[1]
The cumulative CO
2
emissions between 1970 and 2013 from the top 40 countries in the world, including some extra-national bodies. The data comes from the EU EDGAR database[1]
China CO
2
emission in millions of tonnes from 1980 to 2009.

This is a list of sovereign states and territories by carbon dioxide emissions due to certain forms of human activity, based on the EDGAR database created by European Commission and Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency released in 2018. The following table lists the 1990, 2005 and 2017 annual CO
2
emissions estimates (in Megatonnes of CO
2
per year) along with a list of calculated emissions per km² (in tonnes of CO
2
per year) and emissions per capita (in tonnes of CO
2
per year). The data only considers carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but not emissions from land use, land-use change and forestry. Emissions from international shipping or bunker fuels are also not included in national figures,[2] which can make a large difference for small countries with important ports. The top 10 largest emitter countries account for 67.6% of the world total. Since 2006, China has been emitting more CO
2
than any other country.[3][4][5][6][7] Other powerful, more potent greenhouse gases, including methane, are not included in this data.

Contents

Fossil CO
2
Emissions by country
Edit

             Country[8]            1990 - Fossil
CO
2
Emissions
(Mt CO
2
/yr)
2005 - Fossil
CO
2
Emissions
(Mt CO
2
/yr)
2017 - Fossil
CO
2
Emissions
(Mt CO
2
/yr)
2017 vs 1990 -
Fossil CO
2

Emissions (%)
2017 - Fossil CO
2

Emissions Intensity
(t CO
2
/km²/yr)[9]
2017 - Fossil CO
2

Emissions Per Capita
(t CO
2
/cap/yr)
 World 22,674.116 30,049.809 37,077.404 163.5% 73 4.9
 World - International Aviation 258.941 422.777 543.381 209.8% n/a n/a
 World - International Shipping 371.804 572.169 677.248 182.2% n/a n/a
  Afghanistan 2.546 1.063 11.422 448.6% 18 0.3
  Albania 6.583 4.196 5.026 76.3% 175 1.7
  Algeria 65.677 98.197 159.929 243.5% 67 3.9
  Angola 5.851 15.975 30.876 527.7% 25 1.0
  Anguilla 0.006 0.014 0.028 466.7% 308 1.9
  Antigua and Barbuda 0.223 0.283 0.624 279.8% 1,412 6.1
  Argentina 112.434 165.429 209.968 186.7% 76 4.7
  Armenia 20.699 4.542 4.832 23.3% 162 1.6
  Aruba 0.297 0.470 0.959 322.9% 5,328 9.1
  Australia 275.408 391.590 402.253 146.1% 52 16.5
  Austria 62.918 80.994 72.249 114.8% 861 8.3
  Azerbaijan 58.077 30.485 32.544 56.0% 376 3.3
  Bahamas 1.524 2.068 2.997 196.7% 215 7.6
  Bahrain 11.988 23.388 35.775 298.4% 46,643 24.0
  Bangladesh 13.868 38.834 84.546 609.6% 573 0.5
  Barbados 0.776 2.162 3.172 408.8% 7,377 11.1
  Belarus 109.069 61.396 62.340 57.2% 300 6.6
  Belgium 115.903 118.708 104.221 89.9% 3,414 9.1
  Belize 0.188 0.440 0.440 234.0% 19 1.2
  Benin 0.415 2.839 7.097 1,710.1% 62 0.6
  Bermuda 0.335 0.284 0.429 128.1% 7,944 7.0
  Bhutan 0.208 0.515 1.454 699.0% 38 1.8
  Bolivia 6.287 9.998 20.462 325.5% 19 1.9
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.559 16.890 25.618 104.3% 500 7.3
  Botswana 2.818 4.465 7.913 280.8% 14 3.5
  Brazil 228.603 380.765 492.791 215.6% 58 2.4
  British Virgin Islands 0.026 0.032 0.149 573.1% 987 4.8
  Brunei 3.397 5.174 6.711 197.6% 1,164 15.7
  Bulgaria 82.271 52.032 49.568 60.2% 447 7.0
  Burkina Faso 0.380 1.038 3.399 894.5% 12 0.2
  Burundi 0.210 0.307 0.289 137.6% 10 0.0
  Cambodia 0.407 2.686 10.560 2,594.6% 58 0.7
  Cameroon 7.097 5.520 9.768 137.6% 21 0.4
  Canada 455.827 581.267 617.301 135.4% 62 16.9
  Cape Verde 0.049 0.227 0.955 1,949.0% 237 1.7
  Cayman Islands 0.148 0.188 0.493 333.1% 1,867 8.0
  Central African Republic 0.159 0.246 0.486 305.7% 1 0.1
  Chad 0.268 0.383 0.925 345.1% 1 0.1
  Chile 32.654 59.747 90.325 276.6% 119 5.0
  China 2,397.048 6,263.064 10,877.218 453.8% 1,133 7.7
  Colombia 51.919 60.610 74.954 144.4% 66 1.5
  Comoros 0.049 0.115 0.206 420.4% 111 0.3
  Congo 0.902 4.359 5.514 611.3% 16 1.0
  Cook Islands 0.043 0.058 0.047 109.3% 199 2.7
  Costa Rica 2.913 6.306 8.138 279.4% 159 1.7
  Croatia 25.164 23.634 17.466 69.4% 309 4.2
  Cuba 37.109 26.165 31.277 84.3% 285 2.7
  Curaçao 5.474 4.774 7.519 137.4% 16,935 46.8
  Cyprus 4.540 7.883 7.035 155.0% 760 6.0
  Czech Republic 162.835 127.157 109.756 67.4% 1,392 10.3
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 3.441 2.589 3.496 101.6% 1 0.0
  Denmark 53.705 51.485 33.573 62.5% 779 5.9
  Djibouti 1.101 1.469 1.014 92.1% 44 1.1
  Dominica 0.033 0.035 0.122 369.7% 162 1.7
  Dominican Republic 8.024 19.409 23.111 288.0% 475 2.1
  East Timor 0.130 0.272 0.422 324.6% 28 0.3
  Ecuador 16.119 28.320 39.507 245.1% 143 2.4
  Egypt 90.783 176.329 258.668 284.9% 258 2.7
  El Salvador 2.633 6.905 7.857 298.4% 373 1.2
  Equatorial Guinea 0.097 3.371 2.469 2,545.4% 88 1.9
  Eritrea 0.214 0.688 0.737 344.4% 6 0.1
  Estonia 38.467 19.643 17.890 46.5% 396 13.7
  Eswatini 0.602 1.541 1.247 207.1% 72 0.9
  Ethiopia 2.390 5.327 14.900 623.4% 13 0.1
  European Union (EU28 - Not a country) 4,409.339 4,249.995 3,548.345 80.5% 793 7.0
  Falkland Islands 0.013 0.016 0.038 292.3% 3 13.1
  Faroe Islands 0.001 0.002 0.002 200.0% 1 0.0
  Fiji 1.028 2.174 1.440 140.1% 79 1.6
  Finland 57.242 58.360 46.846 81.8% 138 8.5
  France
  Monaco
386.214 408.158 338.193 87.6% 528 5.2
  French Guiana 0.371 0.491 0.719 193.8% 9 2.5
  French Polynesia 0.839 0.785 0.636 75.8% 153 2.2
  Gabon 4.857 6.394 6.564 135.1% 25 3.2
  Georgia 34.745 4.979 11.558 33.3% 166 3.0
  Germany 1,018.097 837.284 796.529 78.2% 2,230 9.7
  Ghana 3.195 7.329 18.626 583.0% 78 0.6
  Gibraltar 0.144 0.406 0.627 435.4% 104,500 18.1
  Greece 79.201 104.835 72.145 91.1% 547 6.5
  Greenland 0.003 0.631 0.518 17,266.7% 0 9.2
  Grenada 0.075 0.125 0.280 373.3% 814 2.6
  Guadeloupe 0.875 1.035 2.257 257.9% 1,386 5.0
  Guatemala 3.874 11.674 17.760 458.4% 163 1.1
  Guinea 1.074 1.119 2.731 254.3% 11 0.2
  Guinea-Bissau 0.196 0.289 0.409 208.7% 11 0.2
  Guyana 0.337 0.725 1.771 525.5% 8 2.3
  Haiti 1.147 2.234 3.521 307.0% 127 0.3
  Honduras 2.351 7.806 10.562 449.3% 94 1.1
  Hong Kong 34.182 41.916 44.715 130.8% 16,230 6.1
  Hungary 71.929 59.758 50.856 70.7% 547 5.2
  Iceland 2.346 3.170 4.097 174.6% 40 12.2
  India 605.968 1,210.754 2,454.774 405.1% 747 1.8
  Indonesia 162.000 359.989 511.327 315.6% 268 1.9
  Iran 206.780 467.905 671.450 324.7% 407 8.3
  Iraq 69.262 89.103 199.296 287.7% 455 5.2
  Ireland 32.852 47.277 38.914 118.5% 554 8.2
  Israel 35.291 62.149 66.916 189.6% 3,222 8.0
  Italy
  San Marino
   Vatican City
430.762 498.205 361.176 83.8% 1,198 6.1
  Ivory Coast 3.020 6.392 12.505 414.1% 39 0.5
  Jamaica 7.525 10.631 7.546 100.3% 687 2.6
  Japan 1,149.400 1,276.863 1,320.776 114.9% 3,494 10.4
  Jordan 10.208 19.755 24.565 240.6% 275 2.5
  Kazakhstan 250.382 182.369 266.207 106.3% 98 14.6
  Kenya 6.467 8.787 18.594 287.5% 32 0.4
  Kiribati 0.020 0.033 0.030 150.0% 37 0.3
  Kuwait 31.414 75.218 97.151 309.3% 5,452 23.5
  Kyrgyzstan 23.696 5.475 11.180 47.2% 56 1.8
  Laos 0.211 1.038 2.818 1,335.5% 12 0.4
  Latvia 20.141 8.242 8.049 40.0% 125 4.1
  Lebanon 5.977 16.505 23.102 386.5% 2,210 3.8
  Lesotho 0.100 0.175 0.754 754.0% 25 0.3
  Liberia 0.416 0.473 1.129 271.4% 10 0.2
  Libya 37.143 56.700 57.584 155.0% 33 9.0
  Lithuania 35.314 14.075 15.311 43.4% 234 5.3
  Luxembourg 11.750 12.156 9.540 81.2% 3,689 16.4
  Macau 0.982 1.624 1.280 130.3% 40,895 2.1
  Madagascar 0.700 2.220 4.156 593.7% 7 0.2
  Malawi 0.457 1.437 1.572 344.0% 13 0.1
  Malaysia 59.225 182.503 258.783 436.9% 782 8.2
  Maldives 0.065 0.479 0.964 1,483.1% 3,213 2.2
  Mali 0.383 0.543 0.951 248.3% 1 0.1
  Malta 2.352 2.769 1.876 79.8% 5,937 4.4
  Martinique 0.944 1.120 2.374 251.5% 2,105 6.2
  Mauritania 0.684 2.911 2.962 433.0% 3 0.7
  Mauritius 1.191 2.977 3.993 335.3% 1,957 3.2
  Mexico 290.355 448.171 507.183 174.7% 258 3.9
  Moldova 31.957 8.139 8.263 25.9% 244 2.0
  Mongolia 13.151 11.083 25.747 195.8% 16 8.4
  Morocco 22.386 44.368 61.584 275.1% 138 1.7
  Mozambique 1.183 2.703 7.754 655.5% 10 0.3
  Myanmar 4.401 11.146 28.462 646.7% 42 0.5
  Namibia 1.542 2.504 4.299 278.8% 5 1.7
    Nepal 1.066 3.298 8.218 770.9% 56 0.3
  Netherlands 161.447 181.433 174.770 108.3% 4,176 10.3
  New Caledonia 1.623 2.453 5.912 364.3% 318 21.4
  New Zealand 24.006 36.746 36.795 153.3% 136 7.8
  Nicaragua 1.945 4.312 5.919 304.3% 45 1.0
  Niger 0.875 0.796 2.497 285.4% 2 0.1
  Nigeria 68.581 100.196 94.847 138.3% 103 0.5
  North Korea 131.365 79.568 37.774 28.8% 313 1.5
  North Macedonia 11.189 9.694 8.049 71.9% 313 3.9
  Norway 36.463 44.191 46.943 128.7% 145 8.8
  Oman 11.884 32.964 78.421 659.9% 253 16.9
  Pakistan 66.270 130.354 197.297 297.7% 224 1.0
  Palau 2.155 1.734 1.411 65.5% 3,074 64.9
  Panama 2.735 7.204 12.256 448.1% 163 3.0
  Papua New Guinea 2.307 4.379 4.351 188.6% 9 0.5
  Paraguay 2.263 3.934 6.535 288.8% 16 1.0
  Peru 21.039 31.692 55.931 265.8% 44 1.7
  Philippines 43.623 81.261 137.154 314.4% 457 1.3
  Poland 371.139 316.256 319.028 86.0% 1,020 8.4
  Portugal 43.672 68.077 56.771 130.0% 616 5.5
  Puerto Rico 2.064 2.272 2.164 104.8% 238 0.6
  Qatar 16.291 43.435 97.787 600.3% 8,440 37.1
  Réunion 1.010 2.367 2.916 288.7% 1,161 3.3
  Romania 187.142 104.713 81.131 43.4% 340 4.1
  Russia 2,378.921 1,733.950 1,764.866 74.2% 103 12.3
  Rwanda 0.525 0.748 1.106 210.7% 42 0.1
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 0.010 0.010 0.015 150.0% 49 3.7
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.034 0.063 0.238 700.0% 912 4.3
  Saint Lucia 0.076 0.158 0.364 478.9% 591 2.0
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.148 0.031 0.075 50.7% 310 11.9
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.038 0.095 0.179 471.1% 460 1.6
  Samoa 0.129 0.121 0.147 114.0% 52 0.7
  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.047 0.057 0.157 334.0% 163 0.8
  Saudi Arabia 166.172 339.441 638.762 384.4% 297 19.4
  Senegal 2.397 5.800 9.689 404.2% 49 0.6
  Serbia & Montenegro 66.388 61.497 62.487 94.1% 612 6.6
  Seychelles 0.288 0.678 0.968 336.1% 2,142 10.2
  Sierra Leone 0.741 0.493 1.309 176.7% 18 0.2
  Singapore 31.623 42.998 55.018 174.0% 76,841 9.6
  Slovakia 60.537 42.194 37.855 62.5% 772 6.9
  Slovenia 16.623 18.300 15.209 91.5% 750 7.3
  Solomon Islands 0.133 0.187 0.146 109.8% 5 0.2
  Somalia 0.695 0.765 0.927 133.4% 1 0.1
  South Africa 312.463 433.170 467.654 149.7% 383 8.2
  South Korea 270.056 514.946 673.324 249.3% 6,719 13.2
  Spain
  Andorra
229.966 368.948 282.364 122.8% 558 6.1
  Sri Lanka 4.187 14.421 23.978 572.7% 365 1.1
  Sudan
  South Sudan
5.536 10.773 21.056 380.3% 8 0.4
  Suriname 0.908 1.686 2.213 243.7% 14 3.9
  Sweden 58.117 55.877 50.874 87.5% 113 5.1
   Switzerland
  Liechtenstein
44.955 47.161 39.738 88.4% 959 4.7
  Syria 33.876 25.582 28.377 83.8% 153 1.6
  Taiwan 124.383 269.099 279.740 224.9% 7,729 11.8
  Tajikistan 12.267 3.263 5.699 46.5% 40 0.6
  Tanzania 2.096 5.780 14.650 699.0% 16 0.3
  Thailand 93.009 225.613 279.296 300.3% 544 4.0
  The Gambia 0.149 0.235 0.554 371.8% 49 0.3
  Togo 0.765 1.327 2.843 371.6% 50 0.4
  Tonga 0.064 0.120 0.136 212.5% 182 1.3
  Trinidad and Tobago 14.895 34.450 37.745 253.4% 7,358 27.6
  Tunisia 14.705 23.355 31.630 215.1% 193 2.7
  Turkey 149.893 246.169 429.563 286.6% 548 5.3
  Turkmenistan 45.628 52.851 72.474 158.8% 148 12.6
  Turks and Caicos Islands 0.007 0.005 0.165 2,357.1% 174 4.7
  Uganda 0.644 1.664 5.042 782.9% 21 0.1
  Ukraine 783.210 354.429 205.723 26.3% 341 4.7
  United Arab Emirates 56.922 122.395 202.802 356.3% 2,426 21.6
  United Kingdom 589.038 561.543 379.150 64.4% 1,564 5.7
  United States 5,085.897 5,971.571 5,107.393 100.4% 519 15.7
  Uruguay 3.893 5.483 6.930 178.0% 39 2.0
  Uzbekistan 123.106 116.386 95.350 77.5% 213 3.0
  Vanuatu 0.130 0.063 0.091 70.0% 7 0.3
  Venezuela 109.268 152.464 145.877 133.5% 159 4.6
  Vietnam 20.182 99.231 218.729 1,083.8% 660 2.3
  Western Sahara 0.144 0.227 0.276 191.7% 1 0.5
  Yemen 6.887 21.768 12.503 181.5% 24 0.4
  Zambia 2.955 2.457 4.967 168.1% 7 0.3
  Zimbabwe 17.178 11.388 12.087 70.4% 31 0.7
other countries

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b CO2 time series 1990-2013 per capita for world countries EDGAR Last update: 30/10/2017
  2. ^ Schrooten, L; De Vlieger, Ina; Int Panis, Luc; Styns, R. Torfs, K; Torfs, R (2008). "Inventory and forecasting of maritime emissions in the Belgian sea territory, an activity based emission model". Atmospheric Environment. 42: 667–676. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.09.071.
  3. ^ "China's Emissions: More Than U.S. Plus Europe, and Still Rising". New York Times. 25 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Chinese coal fuels rise in global carbon emissions". The Times. 14 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Yes, The U.S. Leads All Countries In Reducing Carbon Emissions". Forbes. 24 October 2017.
  6. ^ "World carbon dioxide emissions data by country: China speeds ahead of the rest". The Guardian. 31 January 2011.
  7. ^ "China now no. 1 in CO2 emissions; USA in second position". PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.
  8. ^ "Fossil CO2 emissions of all world countries - 2018 Report". Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  9. ^ "Definitions & Technical notes". United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 10 March 2019.

External linksEdit

The contents of this article comes from the latest figures from the millennium indicators as of 2009-07-14: