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List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions

Countries by carbon dioxide emissions in thousands of tonnes per annum, via the burning of fossil fuels (blue the highest and green the lowest).
Historical annual CO2 emissions from 1970 to 2017 (top six countries and confederations in 2017 indicated).
Total CO2 emissions by country in 2017 vs per capita emissions (top 40 countries)
Total Emissions CO2 for the period 1970 to 2017 and 2017 emissions, by country

This is a list of sovereign states and territories by carbon dioxide emissions due to certain forms of human activity, based on the EDGAR database created by European Commission and Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency released in 2018. The following table lists the 1990, 2005 and 2017 annual CO
2
emissions estimates (in Megatonnes of CO
2
per year) along with a list of calculated emissions per km² (in tonnes of CO
2
per year) and emissions per capita (in tonnes of CO
2
per year).

The data only consider carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but not emissions from land use, land-use change and forestry. Emissions from international shipping or bunker fuels are also not included in national figures,[1] which can make a large difference for small countries with important ports. The top 10 largest emitter countries account for 67.6% of the world total. Since 2006, China has been emitting more CO
2
than any other country,[2][3][4][5][6] which is due to the fact that the country has the largest population and large industrial output.[7] When looking at CO
2
emissions per person
, China's levels are less than half those of the United States (the next largest source of CO
2
emissions) and about one sixth of Qatar (the biggest CO
2
emitter per person).[8]

Other powerful, more potent greenhouse gases, including methane, are not included in the data of this article.

Contents

Fossil CO
2
Emissions by country
Edit

Country[9] 1990 – Fossil
CO
2
Emissions
(Mt CO
2
/yr)
2005 – Fossil
CO
2
Emissions
(Mt CO
2
/yr)
2017 – Fossil
CO
2
Emissions
(Mt CO
2
/yr)
2017 – % Fossil
CO
2
Emissions
(Mt CO
2
/yr)
2017 vs 1990 –
Fossil CO
2

Emissions (%)
2017 – Fossil CO
2

Emissions Intensity
(t CO
2
/km²/yr)[10]
2017 – Fossil CO
2

Emissions Per Capita
(t CO
2
/cap/yr)
 World 22,674.116 30,049.809 37,077.404 100.00% 163.5% 73 4.9
 World – International Aviation 258.941 422.777 543.381 1.47% 209.8% n/a n/a
 World – International Shipping 371.804 572.169 677.248 1.83% 182.2% n/a n/a
  Afghanistan 2.546 1.063 11.422 0.03% 448.6% 18 0.3
  Albania 6.583 4.196 5.026 0.01% 76.3% 175 1.7
  Algeria 65.677 98.197 159.929 0.43% 243.5% 67 3.9
  Angola 5.851 15.975 30.876 0.08% 527.7% 25 1.0
  Anguilla 0.006 0.014 0.028 0.00% 466.7% 308 1.9
  Antigua and Barbuda 0.223 0.283 0.624 0.00% 279.8% 1,412 6.1
  Argentina 112.434 165.429 209.968 0.57% 186.7% 76 4.7
  Armenia 20.699 4.542 4.832 0.01% 23.3% 162 1.6
  Aruba 0.297 0.470 0.959 0.00% 322.9% 5,328 9.1
  Australia 275.408 391.590 402.253 1.08% 146.1% 52 16.5
  Austria 62.918 80.994 72.249 0.19% 114.8% 861 8.3
  Azerbaijan 58.077 30.485 32.544 0.09% 56.0% 376 3.3
  Bahamas 1.524 2.068 2.997 0.01% 196.7% 215 7.6
  Bahrain 11.988 23.388 35.775 0.10% 298.4% 46,643 24.0
  Bangladesh 13.868 38.834 84.546 0.23% 609.6% 573 0.5
  Barbados 0.776 2.162 3.172 0.01% 408.8% 7,377 11.1
  Belarus 109.069 61.396 62.340 0.17% 57.2% 300 6.6
  Belgium 115.903 118.708 104.221 0.28% 89.9% 3,414 9.1
  Belize 0.188 0.440 0.440 0.00% 234.0% 19 1.2
  Benin 0.415 2.839 7.097 0.02% 1,710.1% 62 0.6
  Bermuda 0.335 0.284 0.429 0.00% 128.1% 7,944 7.0
  Bhutan 0.208 0.515 1.454 0.00% 699.0% 38 1.8
  Bolivia 6.287 9.998 20.462 0.06% 325.5% 19 1.9
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.559 16.890 25.618 0.07% 104.3% 500 7.3
  Botswana 2.818 4.465 7.913 0.02% 280.8% 14 3.5
  Brazil 228.603 380.765 492.791 1.33% 215.6% 58 2.4
  British Virgin Islands 0.026 0.032 0.149 0.00% 573.1% 987 4.8
  Brunei 3.397 5.174 6.711 0.02% 197.6% 1,164 15.7
  Bulgaria 82.271 52.032 49.568 0.13% 60.2% 447 7.0
  Burkina Faso 0.380 1.038 3.399 0.01% 894.5% 12 0.2
  Burundi 0.210 0.307 0.289 0.00% 137.6% 10 0.0
  Cambodia 0.407 2.686 10.560 0.03% 2,594.6% 58 0.7
  Cameroon 7.097 5.520 9.768 0.03% 137.6% 21 0.4
  Canada 455.827 581.267 617.301 1.66% 135.4% 62 16.9
  Cape Verde 0.049 0.227 0.955 0.00% 1,949.0% 237 1.7
  Cayman Islands 0.148 0.188 0.493 0.00% 333.1% 1,867 8.0
  Central African Republic 0.159 0.246 0.486 0.00% 305.7% 1 0.1
  Chad 0.268 0.383 0.925 0.00% 345.1% 1 0.1
  Chile 32.654 59.747 90.325 0.24% 276.6% 119 5.0
  China 2,397.048 6,263.064 10,877.218 29.34% 453.8% 1,133 7.7
  Colombia 51.919 60.610 74.954 0.20% 144.4% 66 1.5
  Comoros 0.049 0.115 0.206 0.00% 420.4% 111 0.3
  Congo 0.902 4.359 5.514 0.01% 611.3% 16 1.0
  Cook Islands 0.043 0.058 0.047 0.00% 109.3% 199 2.7
  Costa Rica 2.913 6.306 8.138 0.02% 279.4% 159 1.7
  Croatia 25.164 23.634 17.466 0.05% 69.4% 309 4.2
  Cuba 37.109 26.165 31.277 0.08% 84.3% 285 2.7
  Curaçao 5.474 4.774 7.519 0.02% 137.4% 16,935 46.8
  Cyprus 4.540 7.883 7.035 0.02% 155.0% 760 6.0
  Czech Republic 162.835 127.157 109.756 0.30% 67.4% 1,392 10.3
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 3.441 2.589 3.496 0.01% 101.6% 1 0.0
  Denmark 53.705 51.485 33.573 0.09% 62.5% 779 5.9
  Djibouti 1.101 1.469 1.014 0.00% 92.1% 44 1.1
  Dominica 0.033 0.035 0.122 0.00% 369.7% 162 1.7
  Dominican Republic 8.024 19.409 23.111 0.06% 288.0% 475 2.1
  East Timor 0.130 0.272 0.422 0.00% 324.6% 28 0.3
  Ecuador 16.119 28.320 39.507 0.11% 245.1% 143 2.4
  Egypt 90.783 176.329 258.668 0.70% 284.9% 258 2.7
  El Salvador 2.633 6.905 7.857 0.02% 298.4% 373 1.2
  Equatorial Guinea 0.097 3.371 2.469 0.01% 2,545.4% 88 1.9
  Eritrea 0.214 0.688 0.737 0.00% 344.4% 6 0.1
  Estonia 38.467 19.643 17.890 0.05% 46.5% 396 13.7
  Eswatini 0.602 1.541 1.247 0.00% 207.1% 72 0.9
  Ethiopia 2.390 5.327 14.900 0.04% 623.4% 13 0.1
  European Union (EU28 – Not a country) 4,409.339 4,249.995 3,548.345 9.57% 80.5% 793 7.0
  Falkland Islands 0.013 0.016 0.038 0.00% 292.3% 3 13.1
  Faroe Islands 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.00% 200.0% 1 0.0
  Fiji 1.028 2.174 1.440 0.00% 140.1% 79 1.6
  Finland 57.242 58.360 46.846 0.13% 81.8% 138 8.5
  France
  Monaco
386.214 408.158 338.193 0.91% 87.6% 528 5.2
  French Guiana 0.371 0.491 0.719 0.00% 193.8% 9 2.5
  French Polynesia 0.839 0.785 0.636 0.00% 75.8% 153 2.2
  Gabon 4.857 6.394 6.564 0.02% 135.1% 25 3.2
  Georgia 34.745 4.979 11.558 0.03% 33.3% 166 3.0
  Germany 1,018.097 837.284 796.529 2.15% 78.2% 2,230 9.7
  Ghana 3.195 7.329 18.626 0.05% 583.0% 78 0.6
  Gibraltar 0.144 0.406 0.627 0.00% 435.4% 104,500 18.1
  Greece 79.201 104.835 72.145 0.19% 91.1% 547 6.5
  Greenland 0.003 0.631 0.518 0.00% 17,266.7% 0 9.2
  Grenada 0.075 0.125 0.280 0.00% 373.3% 814 2.6
  Guadeloupe 0.875 1.035 2.257 0.01% 257.9% 1,386 5.0
  Guatemala 3.874 11.674 17.760 0.05% 458.4% 163 1.1
  Guinea 1.074 1.119 2.731 0.01% 254.3% 11 0.2
  Guinea-Bissau 0.196 0.289 0.409 0.00% 208.7% 11 0.2
  Guyana 0.337 0.725 1.771 0.00% 525.5% 8 2.3
  Haiti 1.147 2.234 3.521 0.01% 307.0% 127 0.3
  Honduras 2.351 7.806 10.562 0.03% 449.3% 94 1.1
  Hong Kong 34.182 41.916 44.715 0.12% 130.8% 16,230 6.1
  Hungary 71.929 59.758 50.856 0.14% 70.7% 547 5.2
  Iceland 2.346 3.170 4.097 0.01% 174.6% 40 12.2
  India 605.968 1,210.754 2,454.774 6.62% 405.1% 747 1.8
  Indonesia 162.000 359.989 511.327 1.38% 315.6% 268 1.9
  Iran 206.780 467.905 671.450 1.81% 324.7% 407 8.3
  Iraq 69.262 89.103 199.296 0.54% 287.7% 455 5.2
  Ireland 32.852 47.277 38.914 0.10% 118.5% 554 8.2
  Israel 35.291 62.149 66.916 0.18% 189.6% 3,222 8.0
  Italy
  San Marino
   Vatican City
430.762 498.205 361.176 0.97% 83.8% 1,198 6.1
  Ivory Coast 3.020 6.392 12.505 0.03% 414.1% 39 0.5
  Jamaica 7.525 10.631 7.546 0.02% 100.3% 687 2.6
  Japan 1,149.400 1,276.863 1,320.776 3.56% 114.9% 3,494 10.4
  Jordan 10.208 19.755 24.565 0.07% 240.6% 275 2.5
  Kazakhstan 250.382 182.369 266.207 0.72% 106.3% 98 14.6
  Kenya 6.467 8.787 18.594 0.05% 287.5% 32 0.4
  Kiribati 0.020 0.033 0.030 0.00% 150.0% 37 0.3
  Kuwait 31.414 75.218 97.151 0.26% 309.3% 5,452 23.5
  Kyrgyzstan 23.696 5.475 11.180 0.03% 47.2% 56 1.8
  Laos 0.211 1.038 2.818 0.01% 1,335.5% 12 0.4
  Latvia 20.141 8.242 8.049 0.02% 40.0% 125 4.1
  Lebanon 5.977 16.505 23.102 0.06% 386.5% 2,210 3.8
  Lesotho 0.100 0.175 0.754 0.00% 754.0% 25 0.3
  Liberia 0.416 0.473 1.129 0.00% 271.4% 10 0.2
  Libya 37.143 56.700 57.584 0.16% 155.0% 33 9.0
  Lithuania 35.314 14.075 15.311 0.04% 43.4% 234 5.3
  Luxembourg 11.750 12.156 9.540 0.03% 81.2% 3,689 16.4
  Macau 0.982 1.624 1.280 0.00% 130.3% 40,895 2.1
  Madagascar 0.700 2.220 4.156 0.01% 593.7% 7 0.2
  Malawi 0.457 1.437 1.572 0.00% 344.0% 13 0.1
  Malaysia 59.225 182.503 258.783 0.70% 436.9% 782 8.2
  Maldives 0.065 0.479 0.964 0.00% 1,483.1% 3,213 2.2
  Mali 0.383 0.543 0.951 0.00% 248.3% 1 0.1
  Malta 2.352 2.769 1.876 0.01% 79.8% 5,937 4.4
  Martinique 0.944 1.120 2.374 0.01% 251.5% 2,105 6.2
  Mauritania 0.684 2.911 2.962 0.01% 433.0% 3 0.7
  Mauritius 1.191 2.977 3.993 0.01% 335.3% 1,957 3.2
  Mexico 290.355 448.171 507.183 1.37% 174.7% 258 3.9
  Moldova 31.957 8.139 8.263 0.02% 25.9% 244 2.0
  Mongolia 13.151 11.083 25.747 0.07% 195.8% 16 8.4
  Morocco 22.386 44.368 61.584 0.17% 275.1% 138 1.7
  Mozambique 1.183 2.703 7.754 0.02% 655.5% 10 0.3
  Myanmar 4.401 11.146 28.462 0.08% 646.7% 42 0.5
  Namibia 1.542 2.504 4.299 0.01% 278.8% 5 1.7
    Nepal 1.066 3.298 8.218 0.02% 770.9% 56 0.3
  Netherlands 161.447 181.433 174.770 0.47% 108.3% 4,176 10.3
  New Caledonia 1.623 2.453 5.912 0.02% 364.3% 318 21.4
  New Zealand 24.006 36.746 36.795 0.10% 153.3% 136 7.8
  Nicaragua 1.945 4.312 5.919 0.02% 304.3% 45 1.0
  Niger 0.875 0.796 2.497 0.01% 285.4% 2 0.1
  Nigeria 68.581 100.196 94.847 0.26% 138.3% 103 0.5
  North Korea 131.365 79.568 37.774 0.10% 28.8% 313 1.5
  North Macedonia 11.189 9.694 8.049 0.02% 71.9% 313 3.9
  Norway 36.463 44.191 46.943 0.13% 128.7% 145 8.8
  Oman 11.884 32.964 78.421 0.21% 659.9% 253 16.9
  Pakistan 66.270 130.354 197.297 0.53% 297.7% 224 1.0
  Palau 2.155 1.734 1.411 0.00% 65.5% 3,074 64.9
  Panama 2.735 7.204 12.256 0.03% 448.1% 163 3.0
  Papua New Guinea 2.307 4.379 4.351 0.01% 188.6% 9 0.5
  Paraguay 2.263 3.934 6.535 0.02% 288.8% 16 1.0
  Peru 21.039 31.692 55.931 0.15% 265.8% 44 1.7
  Philippines 43.623 81.261 137.154 0.37% 314.4% 457 1.3
  Poland 371.139 316.256 319.028 0.86% 86.0% 1,020 8.4
  Portugal 43.672 68.077 56.771 0.15% 130.0% 616 5.5
  Puerto Rico 2.064 2.272 2.164 0.01% 104.8% 238 0.6
  Qatar 16.291 43.435 97.787 0.26% 600.3% 8,440 37.1
  Réunion 1.010 2.367 2.916 0.01% 288.7% 1,161 3.3
  Romania 187.142 104.713 81.131 0.22% 43.4% 340 4.1
  Russia 2,378.921 1,733.950 1,764.866 4.76% 74.2% 103 12.3
  Rwanda 0.525 0.748 1.106 0.00% 210.7% 42 0.1
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 0.010 0.010 0.015 0.00% 150.0% 49 3.7
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.034 0.063 0.238 0.00% 700.0% 912 4.3
  Saint Lucia 0.076 0.158 0.364 0.00% 478.9% 591 2.0
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.148 0.031 0.075 0.00% 50.7% 310 11.9
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.038 0.095 0.179 0.00% 471.1% 460 1.6
  Samoa 0.129 0.121 0.147 0.00% 114.0% 52 0.7
  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.047 0.057 0.157 0.00% 334.0% 163 0.8
  Saudi Arabia 166.172 339.441 638.762 1.72% 384.4% 297 19.4
  Senegal 2.397 5.800 9.689 0.03% 404.2% 49 0.6
  Serbia & Montenegro 66.388 61.497 62.487 0.17% 94.1% 612 6.6
  Seychelles 0.288 0.678 0.968 0.00% 336.1% 2,142 10.2
  Sierra Leone 0.741 0.493 1.309 0.00% 176.7% 18 0.2
  Singapore 31.623 42.998 55.018 0.15% 174.0% 76,841 9.6
  Slovakia 60.537 42.194 37.855 0.10% 62.5% 772 6.9
  Slovenia 16.623 18.300 15.209 0.04% 91.5% 750 7.3
  Solomon Islands 0.133 0.187 0.146 0.00% 109.8% 5 0.2
  Somalia 0.695 0.765 0.927 0.00% 133.4% 1 0.1
  South Africa 312.463 433.170 467.654 1.26% 149.7% 383 8.2
  South Korea 270.056 514.946 673.324 1.82% 249.3% 6,719 13.2
  Spain
  Andorra
229.966 368.948 282.364 0.76% 122.8% 558 6.1
  Sri Lanka 4.187 14.421 23.978 0.06% 572.7% 365 1.1
  Sudan
  South Sudan
5.536 10.773 21.056 0.00% 380.3% 8 0.4
  Suriname 0.908 1.686 2.213 0.01% 243.7% 14 3.9
  Sweden 58.117 55.877 50.874 0.14% 87.5% 113 5.1
   Switzerland
  Liechtenstein
44.955 47.161 39.738 0.11% 88.4% 959 4.7
  Syria 33.876 25.582 28.377 0.08% 83.8% 153 1.6
  Taiwan 124.383 269.099 279.740 0.75% 224.9% 7,729 11.8
  Tajikistan 12.267 3.263 5.699 0.02% 46.5% 40 0.6
  Tanzania 2.096 5.780 14.650 0.04% 699.0% 16 0.3
  Thailand 93.009 225.613 279.296 0.75% 300.3% 544 4.0
  The Gambia 0.149 0.235 0.554 0.00% 371.8% 49 0.3
  Togo 0.765 1.327 2.843 0.01% 371.6% 50 0.4
  Tonga 0.064 0.120 0.136 0.00% 212.5% 182 1.3
  Trinidad and Tobago 14.895 34.450 37.745 0.10% 253.4% 7,358 27.6
  Tunisia 14.705 23.355 31.630 0.09% 215.1% 193 2.7
  Turkey 149.893 246.169 429.563 1.16% 286.6% 548 5.3
  Turkmenistan 45.628 52.851 72.474 0.20% 158.8% 148 12.6
  Turks and Caicos Islands 0.007 0.005 0.165 0.00% 2,357.1% 174 4.7
  Uganda 0.644 1.664 5.042 0.01% 782.9% 21 0.1
  Ukraine 783.210 354.429 205.723 0.55% 26.3% 341 4.7
  United Arab Emirates 56.922 122.395 202.802 0.55% 356.3% 2,426 21.6
  United Kingdom 589.038 561.543 379.150 1.02% 64.4% 1,564 5.7
  United States 5,085.897 5,971.571 5,107.393 13.77% 100.4% 519 15.7
  Uruguay 3.893 5.483 6.930 0.02% 178.0% 39 2.0
  Uzbekistan 123.106 116.386 95.350 0.26% 77.5% 213 3.0
  Vanuatu 0.130 0.063 0.091 0.00% 70.0% 7 0.3
  Venezuela 109.268 152.464 145.877 0.39% 133.5% 159 4.6
  Vietnam 20.182 99.231 218.729 0.59% 1,083.8% 660 2.3
  Western Sahara 0.144 0.227 0.276 0.00% 191.7% 1 0.5
  Yemen 6.887 21.768 12.503 0.03% 181.5% 24 0.4
  Zambia 2.955 2.457 4.967 0.01% 168.1% 7 0.3
  Zimbabwe 17.178 11.388 12.087 0.03% 70.4% 31 0.7
other countries

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Schrooten, L; De Vlieger, Ina; Int Panis, Luc; Styns, R. Torfs, K; Torfs, R (2008). "Inventory and forecasting of maritime emissions in the Belgian sea territory, an activity based emission model". Atmospheric Environment. 42: 667–676. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.09.071.
  2. ^ "China's Emissions: More Than U.S. Plus Europe, and Still Rising". New York Times. 25 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Chinese coal fuels rise in global carbon emissions". The Times. 14 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Yes, The U.S. Leads All Countries In Reducing Carbon Emissions". Forbes. 24 October 2017.
  5. ^ "World carbon dioxide emissions data by country: China speeds ahead of the rest". The Guardian. 31 January 2011.
  6. ^ "China now no. 1 in CO2 emissions; USA in second position". PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.
  7. ^ Roser, Max; Ritchie, Hannah (11 May 2017). "CO₂ and other Greenhouse Gas Emissions". Our World in Data. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  8. ^ US at 16.44, Qatar at 47.83, and China at 7.36 tonnes per capita in 2016. See Roser, Max; Ritchie, Hannah (11 May 2017). "CO₂ and other Greenhouse Gas Emissions". Our World in Data. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Fossil CO2 emissions of all world countries - 2018 Report". Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  10. ^ "Definitions & Technical notes". United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 10 March 2019.

External linksEdit

The contents of this article comes from the latest figures from the millennium indicators as of 2009-07-14: