List of LGBT characters in modern written fiction
This is a list of LGBT characters in modern written fiction. The historical concept and definition of sexual orientation varies and has changed greatly over time; for example the word "gay" wasn't used to describe sexual orientation until the mid 20th century. A number of different classification schemes have been used to describe sexual orientation since the mid-19th century, and scholars have often defined the term 'sexual orientation' in divergent ways. Indeed, several studies have found that much of the research about sexual orientation has failed to define the term at all, making it difficult to reconcile the results of different studies. However, most definitions include a psychological component (such as the direction of an individual's erotic desire) and/or a behavioral component (which focuses on the sex of the individual's sexual partner/s). Some prefer to simply follow an individual's self-definition or identity. See homosexuality and bisexuality for criteria that have traditionally denoted lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people.
In a historical sense, literature as we understand it is a fairly new innovation, and the current concept of homosexuality is even fresher from the cultural oven. It's no great surprise, then, that gay literature — or even gay characters in literature — are so relatively new as to still be shiny. Nonetheless, there are gay characters that broke barriers and became cultural touchstones... —Kilian Meloy
Items listed here must have verifiable third-party sources commenting on the sexuality of the character(s) in question, and additional explanation may be necessary. Additionally, only notable/significant characters from a given work (which may have multiple LGBT characters) need to be listed here.
|Carmilla||1872||Sheridan Le Fanu||Carmilla||Lesbian. Carmilla is considered the first lesbian vampire story.|||
|A Marriage Below Zero||1889||Alan Dale||Arthur Ravener
|Gay. A Marriage Below Zero is considered to be the first English-language gay-themed novel.|||
|Joseph and His Friend: A Story of Pennsylvania||1870||Bayard Taylor||Joseph Asten
|Gay. Joseph and His Friend is considered to be the first gay-themed novel written by an American author.|||
Splendeurs et misères des courtisanes
|Honoré de Balzac||Jacques Collin a.k.a. Vautrin a.k.a. Trompe-la-Mort||Gay. Appears in a total of five novels of Balzac's La Comédie humaine, two are cameo appearances; often considered the first openly homosexual character in French literature.|||
|The Picture of Dorian Gray||1890||Oscar Wilde||Basil Hallward
|The Sins of the Cities of the Plain||1881||Anonymous||Jack Saul||Gay. Jack is a male prostitute for other men, and also crossdresses; Sins is one of the earliest pieces of English-language pornography to explicitly and near-exclusively concern homosexuality.|||
|Teleny, or The Reverse of the Medal||1893||Anonymous; attributed to Oscar Wilde||René Teleny
Camille de Grieux
|Gay. Teleny and de Grieux engage in a passionate sexual/romantic affair; Teleny is one of the earliest pieces of English-language pornography to explicitly and near-exclusively concern homosexuality.|||
|Bom-Crioulo||1895||Adolfo Caminha||Amaro||Gay|||
|Advise and Consent||1959||Allen Drury||Brigham Anderson||Bisexual. Married US senator Anderson is blackmailed over a secret wartime homosexual affair for which he is unapologetic.|||
|Affinity||1999||Sarah Waters||Margaret Prior
|Alex Delaware series||1985–2017||Jonathan Kellerman||Milo Sturgis||Gay|||
|Along the Journey River||1996||Carole LaFavor||Renee LaRoche||Lesbian|||
|American Psycho||1991||Bret Easton Ellis||Luis Carruthers||Gay. In love with the male protagonist, but later marries Courtney.|||
|Annie on My Mind||1982||Nancy Garden||Annie Kenyon
|The Arizona Kid||1988||Ron Koertge||Wes||Gay|||
|An Arrow's Flight||1998||Mark Merlis||Pyrrhus
|Arrows of the Queen||1987||Mercedes Lackey||Keren||Lesbian. Life bonded to Ylsa and then Sherrill.|||
|The Beauty of Men||1996||Andrew Holleran||Lark
|The Beebo Brinker Chronicles||1957–60||Ann Bannon||Beebo Brinker
|The Bell Jar||1963||Sylvia Plath||Joan||Lesbian|||
|Blood of the Fold
Temple of the Winds
|Lesbian. The two Mord-Sith are in a relationship with each other.|||
|The Blue Place||1998||Nicola Griffith||Aud Torvingen||Lesbian|||
|Boy Culture||1995||Matthew Rettenmund||X
|Gay. X (narrator's pseudonym) has sexual and romantic relationships with Andrew, Joe and other men.|||
|Breakfast on Pluto||1998||Patrick McCabe||Patrick "Pussy" Braden||Transgender. Braden is an Irish trans woman.|||
|Brideshead Revisited||1945||Evelyn Waugh||Anthony Blanche
|"Brokeback Mountain" (short story)||1997||Annie Proulx||Jack Twist
Ennis del Mar
|Gay. Jack and Ennis have a long term sexual and romantic relationship despite both being married to women and fathering children. Jack also has sexual relationships with other men and a woman, while Ennis does not. Critics have described both men as gay or variably Jack as bisexual and Ennis as heterosexual.|||
|Captain Underpants series||1997–2015||Dav Pilkey||Harold Hutchins||Gay|||
|The Charioteer||1953||Mary Renault||Laurie Odell
|Chocolates for Breakfast||1956||Pamela Moore||Courtney Farrell
|Bisexual. Courtney develops a crush on her female boarding school teacher, and later has a sexual relationship with Barry Cabot, her mother's bisexual friend who is in a relationship with a man.|||
|The City and the Pillar||1946||Gore Vidal||Jim Willard
|City of God: A Novel of the Borgias||1979||Cecelia Holland||Nicholas Dawson||Gay. Nicholas has "a penchant for other men", including the gruff but handsome Stefano Baglione, a heterosexual man who has sex with Nicholas for money.|||
|The Confessions of Danny Slocum||1980||George Whitmore||Danny Slocum||Gay|||
|Dancer from the Dance||1978||Andrew Holleran||Anthony Malone
|Dave Brandstetter Mysteries||1970–91||Joseph Hansen||Dave Brandstetter||Gay|||
|Dune||1965||Frank Herbert||Vladimir Harkonnen||Gay. Harkonnen's sexual preference for men is implied in Dune and Children of Dune (1976), and presented more explicitly in the Prelude to Dune prequel trilogy (1999–2001) by Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson.[a]|||
|Ethan of Athos||1986||Lois McMaster Bujold||Dr. Ethan Urquhart||Gay. Obstetrician Ethan is from a future society on the planet Ethos where male homosexuality is the norm and most inhabitants have never even seen a woman in person.|||
|A Fairly Honourable Defeat||1970||Iris Murdoch||Simon Foster
|Fire from Heaven
The Persian Boy
|Mary Renault||Alexander the Great
|Bisexual. Alexander is involved in a romantic sexual relationship with Hephaistion, and then the Persian slave Bagoas, but is also married three times and fathers a son.
Gay. Both men are involved in romantic sexual relationships with Alexander the Great.
|The Fire's Stone||1990||Tanya Huff||Darvish Shayrif Hakem||Bisexual|||
|Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Cafe||1987||Fannie Flagg||Idgie Threadgoode
|Lesbian. Has a long-term romantic relationship with another woman, and sexual encounters with one other woman.
Bisexual. Married to a man and bears his child but subsequently has long-term romantic relationship with another woman.
|The Front Runner||1974||Patricia Nell Warren||Harlan Brown
|Giovanni's Room||1956||James Baldwin||David
| A God Against the Gods
Return to Thebes
|Bisexual. Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten is married to Nefertiti, but his romance with his brother Smenkhkara contributes to his downfall.|||
|The Group||1954||Mary McCarthy||Elinor "Lakey" Eastlake||Lesbian|||
|Gut Symmetries||1997||Jeanette Winterson||Alluvia (Alice) Fairfax
|Bisexual. Alice has romantic and sexual relationships with both Stella and Stella's husband Jove.|||
|Hallucinating Foucault||1996||Patricia Duncker||Paul Michel
|Gay. Openly homosexual writer, said to have many male lovers, including relationship with male main character/narrator.|||
|Happy Endings Are All Alike||1978||Sandra Scoppettone||Jaret Tyler
|Harry Potter series||1997–2007||J. K. Rowling||Albus Dumbledore||Gay. Though not stated explicitly in the novels series, author Rowling said in interviews that the character is gay.|||
|His Dark Materials||1995–2000||Philip Pullman||Balthamos
|The Hotel New Hampshire||1981||John Irving||Frank Berry||Gay|||
|The Hours||1998||Michael Cunningham||Richard Brown
|The Illusionist (Le rempart des Béguines)||1951||Françoise Mallet-Joris||Hélène Noris
|Bisexual. Tamara has a romantic relationship with both Hélène and her father; Hélène prefers men after the fair ends.|||
|E. Lynn Harris||Raymond Tyler, Jr.
|Bisexual. Raymond is torn between his girlfriend Nicole and his married male lover; Basil leaves his fiancée Yancey at the altar and pursues a gay lifestyle.|||
||Mellon and Hagarty are openly gay lovers. Mellon was the first of the 1984-85 killings that indicate the return of It. Phil and Tony Tracker are two brothers who are presumed to be gay by Eddie Kaspbrak's mother. Kasprak and Tozier are described as questioning their sexualities as children.|||
|Kay Scarpetta novels||1994–2003||Patricia Cornwell||Lucy Farinelli||Lesbian. Has romantic relationships and casual sexual encounters with other women.|||
|King Rat||1962||James Clavell||Sgt. Sean Jennison/Betty||Transgender. A British POW plays the role of a female in a play, and ultimately starts living as female full-time.|||
|Kiss of the Fur Queen||1998||Tomson Highway||Gabriel Okimasis||Gay. "As the story progresses the focus turns to Gabriel's sexuality. As he confronts his homosexuality, in a time when this was not overly accepted, he descends into promiscuity and prostitution with constant flashbacks of the abuse he suffered at the hands of the priests. This part of the novel is so beautifully written but so hard to endure."|||
|Kiss of the Spider Woman||1976||Manuel Puig||Luis Molina||Gay|||
|The Last Herald Mage trilogy||1989–91||Mercedes Lackey||Vanyel Ashkevron
|Gay. In the series, Vanyel has two sexual relationships, both with male partners.|||
|Less Than Zero
|Bret Easton Ellis||Clay||Bisexual|||
|Lord John series||1998–2011||Diana Gabaldon||Lord John Grey||Gay. Lord John has sexual and romantic relationships with various men, though he has had sex with and married women to appease societal expectations of him.|||
|E. M. Forster||Maurice Hall
| The Men from the Boys
Where the Boys Are
Men Who Love Men
|William J. Mann||Jeff O'Brien
|Mr. Benson||1983||John Preston||Mr. Benson||Gay|||
|Mrs Dalloway||1925||Virginia Woolf||Clarissa Dalloway
|Mrs Dalloway||1925||Virginia Woolf||Septimus Warren Smith||Gay|||
|Myra Breckinridge||1968||Gore Vidal||Myra||Transgender|||
|Nearly Roadkill||1996||Kate Bornstein and Caitlin Sullivan||Scratch, Winc||Transgender|||
|The Nightrunner series||1996–2014||Lynn Flewelling||Seregil i Korit
Alec i Amasa
Ilar i Sontir
|Bisexual. Seregil and Alec are committed lovers but both have had experiences with women in the past; Ilar is one of Seregil's former lovers.|||
|Now and Then||1995||William Corlett||Christopher Metcalfe||Gay. Main character has a sexual/romantic relationship as a boy with another boy at school; later has sexual and romantic relationships with other men.|||
|Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit||1985||Jeanette Winterson||Jeanette||Lesbian|||
|Other Voices, Other Rooms||1948||Truman Capote||Joel Harrison Knox
|The Passion||1987||Jeanette Winterson||Villanelle||Bisexual|||
|Patience and Sarah||1969||Isabel Miller||Patience White
|The Perks of Being a Wallflower||1999||Stephen Chbosky||Patrick||Gay. Has a secret relationship with closeted Brad.|||
|The Price of Salt (a.k.a. Carol)||1952||Patricia Highsmith||Carol Aird
|Lesbian. Although Carol is married, she previously had an affair with her best friend Abby Gerhard. While divorce proceedings are underway, she meets and falls in love with Therese Belivet, which results in her homosexuality being used against her and relinquishing custody of her daughter.
Lesbian. Comes out to herself after meeting Carol and having a romantic/sexual relationship with her.
|Rubyfruit Jungle||1973||Rita Mae Brown||Molly Bolt||Lesbian. Has numerous romantic and sexual relationships with other women.|||
|The Rules of Attraction||1987||Bret Easton Ellis||Paul Denton||Bisexual|||
|The Secret History||1992||Donna Tartt||Francis Abernathy||Gay|||
|A Single Man||1964||Christopher Isherwood||George||Gay|||
|A Song of Ice and Fire||1991–2011||George R. R. Martin||Renly Baratheon
|Gay. Never explicitly stated in the novels, but Renly's sexual/romantic relationship with Loras is hinted, and was later confirmed by author Martin; TV adaptation makes it clear that they are lovers.|||
|Stone Butch Blues||1993||Leslie Feinberg||Jess Goldberg||Transgender|||
|The Tale of the Five series||1979–1992||Diane Duane||Herewiss
|Tales of the City series||1978–2014||Armistead Maupin||Anna Madrigal
|Transgender. Original character Anna is a transgender woman, and Jake (introduced in 2007's Michael Tolliver Lives) is a trans man.|
|Tales of the City series||1978–2014||Armistead Maupin||Michael "Mouse" Tolliver
|Tales of the City series||1978–2014||Armistead Maupin||Beauchamp Day
DeDe Halcyon Day
|The Throne of Saturn||1971||Allen Drury||Pete Balkis||Gay. Astronaut Pete harbors unrequited romantic feelings for his commander, Conrad Trasker.|||
|Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy||1974||John Le Carre||Bill Haydon||Bisexual. Has a girlfriend, a male lover, and also seduces Ann, the wife of George Smiley. Rumoured to be the lover of Jim Prideaux.|||
|Tipping the Velvet||1998||Sarah Waters||Kitty Butler||Bisexual. Has a sexual/romantic relationship with the main character and marries a man.|||
|Tipping the Velvet||1998||Sarah Waters||Nancy "Nan" Astley
|Lesbian. Nan has sexual/romantic relationships with Florence and Diana; all three have also been with other women.|||
|University series||1990–98||Allen Drury||North McAllister
Amos Wilson and Joel
|Gay. North is a "tormented homosexual trying to keep his secret, but recklessly in love"; Amos is protagonist Willie Wilson's gay son, and Joel is Amos' lover.|||
|University series||1990–98||Allen Drury||René Suratt||Bisexual. René is protagonist Willie Wilson's nemesis, "a bisexual seducer of students".|||
|The Vampire Chronicles||1976–2014||Anne Rice||Bisexual. Lestat, Armand and most of Rice's male vampires have intense sexual and emotional attractions and relationships with both sexes.|||
|The Vampire Lestat||1985||Anne Rice||Nicolas de Lenfent||Gay. While human, Nicolas shares a romantic sexual relationship with Lestat de Lioncourt|||
|A Village Affair||1989||Joanna Trollope||Clodagh Unwin||Lesbian|||
|A Village Affair||1989||Joanna Trollope||Alice Meadows||Bisexual|||
|Francesca Lia Block||Dirk McDonald
|What Happened to Mr. Forster?||1989
|Gary W. Bargar||Jack Forster||Gay|||
|The Well of Loneliness||1928||Radclyffe Hall||Stephen Gordon
|Lesbian. The book was judged obscene and banned in the UK.|||
|Written on the Body||1992||Jeanette Winterson||The Narrator||Bisexual. Narrator of unspecified gender who has sexual/romantic relationships with men and women. Some reviewers describe the narrator as a lesbian.|||
|The Adventures of Tulip, Birthday Wish Fairy||2012||S. Bear Bergman and Suzy Malik||David/Daniela||Transgender|||
|All for the Game series||2013-16||Nora Sakavic||Andrew Minyard
|Almost Perfect||2009||Brian Katcher||Sage Hendrix||Transgender|||
|Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe||2012||Benjamin Alire Sáenz||Aristotle Mendoza
|Gay. Early in the novel Dante reveals he's attracted to boys and as the novel progresses, falls in love with his best friend Aristotle. At the end, Aristotle accepts his own love for Dante and they begin a relationship.|||
|The Art of Being Normal||2015||Lisa Williamson||David/Kate, Leo||Transgender|||
|At the Edge of the Universe||
|Shaun David Hutchinson||Tommy
|Gay. Ozzie had a long term relationship with Tommy before he vanished. Calvin is gay.|
|Beautiful Music for Ugly Children||2012||Kirstin Cronn-Mills||Gabe (Elizabeth)||Transgender|||
|Beartown series||2017-2018||Fredrik Backman||Benji Ovich||Gay|||
|Being Emily||2012||Rachel Gold||Emily||Transgender|||
|The Black Magician trilogy||2001–03||Trudi Canavan||Ambassador Dannyl
Tayend of Tremmelin
|Gay. Dannyl has relationship with his assistant, Tayend of Tremmelin, who is referred to in the novel as a "lad"|||
|Boy Meets Boy||2003||David Levithan||Paul, Noah, Tony
"Infinite Darlene"/Daryl Heisenberg
|Gay. Paul and Noah are in love with each other and Tony is also gay; Paul's ex, Kyle, is bisexual and Daryl/Darlene is a cross-dresser.|||
|The Butterfly and the Flame||2005||Dana De Young||Emily||Transgender|||
|Call Me Home: A Novel||2015||Megan Kruse||Jackson
||Vincent and Michelangelo are gay men; Claude, Maiju and most of the women of New Amazonia are lesbians|||
|Carry On||2015||Rainbow Rowell||Basilton Grimm-Pitch
|The Collection: Short Fiction from the Transgender Vanguard (anthology)||2012||Tom Léger and Riley MacLeod (editors)||Various||Transgender|||
|The Corrections||2001||Jonathan Franzen||Denise Lambert||Lesbian|||
|The Darkest Part of the Forest||2015||Holly Black||Ben||Gay|||
|Every Heart a Doorway||2016||Seanan McGuire||Nancy
|Everything Leads to You||2015||Nina LaCour||Emi
|Fever Crumb Series||2009–11||Philip Reeve||Fever Crumb||Bisexual. Fever first falls in love with the male Arlo Thursday, and later with the female Cluny Morvish.|
|Fingersmith||2002||Sarah Waters||Sue Trinder
|Lesbian. Sue and Maud have a sexual/romantic relationship with each other.|||
|Freakboy||2013||Kristin Elizabeth Clark||Brandon
|Gay Pride and Prejudice||2012||Kate Christie||Elizabeth Bennett||Lesbian. Romantic relationships with Charlotte Lucas and Caroline Bingly.|||
|Gemma Doyle Trilogy||2003–07||Libba Bray||Felicity Worthington||Lesbian|
|The Gentleman's Guide to Vice and Virtue||
|Mackenzi Lee||Henry "Monty" Montague
|Henry Montague is bisexual and has romantic feelings towards Percy. His sister Felicity is asexual.|
|Georgia Peaches and Other Forbidden Fruit||
|Jayde Robin Brown||Joanna Gordon
|Geography Club||2003||Brent Hartinger||Russel Middlebrook
|George||2015||Alex Gino||Melissa||Transgender. Melissa is a transgender girl whom the world sees as a boy named George.|||
|Gossip Girl||2002–2011||Cecily von Ziegesar||Chuck Bass||Bisexual|||
| The House of Hades
(The Heroes of Olympus series)
|2013–14||Rick Riordan||Nico di Angelo, Will Solace||Gay|||
(The Nevernight Chronicle series)
|2017||Jay Kristoff||Mia Corvere
|Holding Still For As Long As Possible||2009||Zoe Whittall||Josh||Transgender. Josh is a trans man.|||
|I Am J||2011||Cris Beam||J||Transgender|||
|I Am Princess X||2015||Cherie Priest||Jackdaw||Gay|
|Just Girls||2014||Rachel Gold||Ella||Transgender|||
|Kafka on the Shore||2002||Haruki Murakami||Oshima||Transgender/Gay|||
|Keeping You a Secret||2003||Julie Anne Peters||Holland Jeager||Lesbian. Coming out novel.|||
|Kushiel's Legacy series||2001–11||Jacqueline Carey||Phèdre nó Delaunay
|Life Mask||2004||Emma Donoghue||Anne Damer||Lesbian|||
|The Line of Beauty||2004||Alan Hollinghurst||Nick Guest
|A Little Life||2015||Hanya Yanagihara||Jude
|Gay, Bisexual. JB, and Caleb are gay. Brother Luke and Dr. Traylor are involved in sexually abusing Jude. Willem is bisexual and has had relationships with women prior to his relationship with Jude. Jude is implicitly stated to be asexual, given that he does not enjoy engaging in sexual activities and does not understand the appeal of sex, even when he is in a healthy relationship with Willem.|||
|The Long Way to a Small, Angry Planet||2015||Becky Chambers||Rosemary Harper
|Rosemary Harper and Sissix are both either lesbians or bisexual as the two women enter a relationship with each other over the course of the novel.|
|The Love Interest||
|Caden is gay. Dylan is either gay or bisexual.|
|Luna||2004||Julie Anne Peters||Luna (Liam) O'Neill||Transgender. Luna is a young transgender female character.|||
|Magnus Chase and the Hammer of Thor||2016||Rick Riordan||Alex Fierro||Gender fluid. Alex is Magnus Chase's love interest who identifies herself as a 'she' most of the time until and unless she tells otherwise.|||
|Maxine Wore Black||2014||Nora Olsen||Maxine||Transgender|||
|Millennium series||2005–07||Stieg Larsson||Lisbeth Salander||Bisexual|||
|Modern Faerie Tales trilogy (Tithe, Valiant, Ironside)||2002–2007||Holly Black||Corny Stone
|Corny is gay and Ruth is a lesbian. Luis enters in a relationship with Corny.|||
|Mordred, Bastard Son||2006||Douglas Clegg||Mordred
|Sympathetic Mordred and an exiled Lancelot fall into a romance.|||
|More Than This||2013||Patrick Ness||Seth Wearing
|Seth is gay and secretly dated Gudmund until they got outed. Gudmund appears to be bisexual or in denial of his homosexuality.|||
|Parrotfish||2011||Ellen Wittlinger||Grady (Angela) Katz-McNair||Transgender|||
|Rainbow Boys||2001||Alex Sánchez||Jason Carrillo
|The Raven Cycle||2012–16||Maggie Stiefvater||Ronan Lynch
Bisexual. Adam shows a romantic interest in the female protagonist during the first two books, but then develops a relationship with Ronan Lynch.
|The Rest of Us Just Live Here||2015||Patrick Ness||Jared
|Jared is gay, while Nathan is either bisexual or gay. They start seeing each ther over the course of the novel.|||
|Roving Pack||2012||Sassafrass Lowrey||Click||Transgender|||
|Run, Clarissa, Run||2012||Rachel Eliason||Clarissa||Transgender|||
|A Safe Girl to Love||2014||Casey Plett||Various||Transgender|||
|Shades of Magic trilogy||2015–17||V.E. Schwab||Rhy Maresh
|Rhy is bisexual while Alucard is gay. They had a fling three years prior the events of the books. Victoria Schwab actually stated multiple times that in her eyes none of the characters are straight, but that's not mentioned in the series.|||
|The Shadowhunter Chronicles||2007–present||Cassandra Clare||Alec Lightwood
|Alec is gay and Aline is a lesbian, and are among some of the first openly homosexual Shadowhunters. Magnus is openly bisexual, having several relationships with both men and women, his most notable partners being his current boyfriend Alec Lightwood and his ex-girlfriend Camille Belcourt. Helen, her younger brother Mark, and Mark's ex-boyfriend Kieran are all bisexual and of faerie lineage; author Cassandra Clare has described faeries as "being, in general, bisexual". Michael is revealed to be a closeted bisexual who develops feelings for his parabatai Robert Lightwood, but later marries Eliza Rosewain. Diana Wrayburn is the first transgender character to appear in the series.|||
|The Sidekicks||2016–2017||Will Kostakis||Ryan Thomson||Gay|||
|Six of Crows duology||2015–2016||Leigh Bardugo||Jesper Fahey
Wylan Van Eck
|Jesper is bisexual, and Wylan is gay; they begin dating each other by the end of the duology. Nina has also been confirmed to be pansexual.|||
|Simon vs. the Homo Sapiens Agenda||
||Simon is a closeted gay teenager who is in love with his pen pal 'Blue', who is also a closeted gay teenage boy. Simon later discovers that 'Blue' is his classmate Bram Greenfeld and they begin dating. Cal is Simon's bisexual classmate who shows a romantic interest in Simon and, in the sequel novel, begins dating Simon's younger sister Nora. Peter is a guy who flirts with Simon at a gay bar and Carter is the gay older brother of Simon's classmate Martin Addison. Leah and Abby are two of Simon's closest friends who come out as bisexual and begin dating each other in the sequel novel Leah on the Offbeat.|||
|The Slap||2008||Christos Tsiolkas||Richie||Gay. Male main character who has a sexual attraction to Hector.|||
|The Song of Achilles||
|Achilles is gay, showing no interest in girls. Patroclus is bisexual, saying he would fall in love with Briseis if not for Achilles.|
|2015–2017||Chuck Wendig||Sinjir Rath Velus||Gay|||
|Star Wars: Legacy of the Force series||2006–08||Karen Traviss||Goran Beviin and Medrit Vasur||Gay. Married couple from Star Wars Legends continuity.|||
|Star Wars: Lords of the Sith||2015||Paul S. Kemp||Moff Delian Mors||Lesbian. First LGBT character in the Star Wars canon.|||
|Strange the Dreamer series||2017- 2018||Laini Taylor||Calixte
|Calixte and Tzara enter a long-term lesbian relationship with each other at the start of the series.
Thyon Nero has never been romantically or sexually attracted to a woman, but finds himself drawn to Ruza, who seems to reciprocate his interest, making them both gay or in Ruza's case at least bisexual.
|Symptoms of Being Human||2016||Jeff Garvin||Riley Cavanaugh||Genderfluid|||
|Trans-Sister Radio||2000||Chris Bohjalian||Dana Stevens||Transgender|||
|Ukiah Oregon series||2001–04||Wen Spencer||Mom Jo & Mom Lara||Lesbian. Jo and Lara are in a committed relationship.|||
|Under the Udala Trees||2015||Chinelo Okparanta||Ijeoma
|Lesbian. Ijeoma and Amina fall in love with each other as children and keep loving each other way into adulthood.|||
|Whatever: or how junior year became totally f$@ked||
|S.J. Goslee||Mike Tate||Bisexual|
|Where the Boys Are||2003||William J. Mann||Jeff O'Brien
|Will Grayson, Will Grayson||2010||John Green
|The Will of the Empress||2005||Tamora Pierce||Daja Kisubo
|Lesbian. Daja is the main character who begins a relationship with a woman; Lark is in a long-term lesbian relationship.|||
- Though Harkonnen is the biological father of Lady Jessica, it is noted in Dune that this is because he "once permitted himself to be seduced."
- Maurice was written in 1913–14 but not published until 1971, after Forster's death.
- The novel features two protagonists named Will Grayson, one written by Green and one by Levithan; it is Levithan's Will Grayson who is referred to here.
- Shively, M.G.; Jones, C.; DeCecco, J. P. (1984). "Research on sexual orientation: definitions and methods". Journal of Homosexuality. 9 (2/3): 127–137. doi:10.1300/J082v09n02_08. PMID 6376622.
- Gerdes, L.C. (1988). The Developing Adult (Second ed.). Durban: Butterworths; Austin, TX: Butterworth Legal Publishers. ISBN 978-0-409-10188-1.
- Sell, Randall L. (December 1997). "Defining and Measuring Sexual Orientation: A Review: How do you define sexual orientation?". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 26 (6): 643–658. doi:10.1023/A:1024528427013. PMID 9415799. Retrieved 2007-07-11.
- Meloy, Kilian (September 24, 2007). "Influential Gay Characters in Literature". AfterElton.com. Archived from the original on August 31, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- Garber, Eric; Lyn Paleo (1983). "Carmilla". Uranian Worlds: A Guide to Alternative Sexuality in Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror. G. K. Hall. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-8161-1832-8.
- LeFanu, J[oseph] Sheridan (1872). "Carmilla". In a Glass Darkly. London: R. Bentley & Son.
- LeFanu, J[oseph] Sheridan (1993). "Carmilla". In Pam Keesey (ed.). Daughters of Darkness: Lesbian Vampire Stories. Pittsburgh, PA: Cleis Press.
- Haggerty, George (2000). Encyclopedia of Gay Histories and Cultures. Routledge. p. 482. ISBN 978-0-8153-3354-8.
- Salman, Peerzada (October 25, 2013). "The Human Comedy of Balzac discussed". DAWN. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- Balzac, Honoré de (1835). Father Goriot.
'Trompe-la-Mort ne se laisserait pas aborder par une femme, dit l'agent. Apprenez un secret: il n'aime pas les femmes.'
- Balzac, Honoré de (1835). Father Goriot. Ellen Marriage.
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