Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe

Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe is a coming-of-age young adult novel by American author Benjamin Alire Sáenz which was first published February 21, 2012.[1] Set in El Paso, Texas in 1987, the novel follows two Mexican-American teenagers, Aristotle "Ari" Mendoza and Dante Quintana, their friendship, and their struggles with racial and ethnic identity, sexuality, and family relationships. Since its publication, the novel has received widespread critical acclaim and numerous accolades. A sequel titled Aristotle and Dante Dive into the Waters of the World was released on October 12, 2021.[2]

Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe
Cover art for "Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe", which depicts an empty red pickup truck parked in the middle of an empty field in the Southwestern United States. Above the truck are a number of symbols, including a skull, flowers, a book, rain clouds, the sun, question marks, and indigenous designs.
AuthorBenjamin Alire Sáenz
Cover artist
  • Chloë Foglia (cover designer, Simon & Schuster)
  • Sarah J. Coleman (lettering and illustration)
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
SubjectFamily secrets, Mexican American identity, heteronormativity, sexual orientation, masculinity, friendship
GenreYoung adult, Bildungsroman
PublisherSimon & Schuster Books for Young Readers
Publication date
February 21, 2012
Pages392
Awards
OCLC666867878
LC ClassPZ7.S1273 Ar 2012

PlotEdit

In the summer of 1987, 15-year-old Aristotle Mendoza meets a boy named Dante Quintana at the local pool. The boys bond over their classical names and eventually become inseparable. Dante teaches Ari about literature and poetry, while Ari is fascinated by Dante's swimming ability and sincerity.

Dante tells Ari that he and his family are moving to Chicago for the next school term because his father was offered a temporary professorship at the University of Chicago. That same day, the two boys see a bird lying injured in the road. While Dante goes into the road to check on the bird, a car speeds around a corner. Ari dives into the street and pushes Dante out of the way. While Dante leaves almost unscathed, Ari is hurt very badly. Following the accident, the Quintanas and the Mendozas grow closer. Both boys' mothers talk more frequently and share ideas about their sons.

Before Dante leaves for Chicago, he tells Ari that the two things he loves most in the world are swimming and Ari. However, Ari says that he should not tell him those things, even if they are true. The two boys promise each other that they will still be friends when Dante returns in the summer.

Over the next year, Dante sends Ari several letters detailing his life in Chicago and struggling with his sexuality. Ari learns to drive, falls in love with a girl from school, and searches for answers to his questions about his brother Bernardo, who is in prison for reasons no one in his family will discuss.

The next summer, Dante convinces Ari to kiss him as an experiment. It becomes increasingly clear that Dante is in love with Ari, who appears not to reciprocate Dante's feelings for him.

Ari's father announces that his Aunt Ophelia had had a fatal stroke. At the funeral, Ari realizes that none of his extended family is there. He is told that they disapproved of Aunt Ophelia having lived with another woman for many years. After the funeral, Ari's mother explains that Ari's brother, Bernardo, was arrested for the murder of a prostitute he hired when he was 15 years old. When Bernardo found out the prostitute was transgender, he killed her with his bare fists.

When Ari returns home, Mr. Quintana tells him that Dante is in the hospital. He was jumped by several young men who had seen him kissing his boyfriend Daniel in an alley. Ari tracks down Julian, one of the boys who attacked Dante, at the body shop where he works and starts a fight with him. Mr. Quintana asks if Ari knows why Dante was jumped. Ari tells him that Dante is gay and was kissing another boy. Mr. Quintana admits that he'd guessed the truth because of the way Dante looks at Ari, while Mrs. Quintana tells Ari she thinks Dante is in love with him and that Daniel is just a stand-in for Ari.

Ari's mother eventually calls a family meeting, where Ari finally accepts that he is as much in love with Dante as Dante is with him. That night, the two families go bowling together. After bowling, Dante and Ari go out into the desert, where Ari kisses Dante, fully accepting his love for him. Now free of his fears, Ari is left wondering: "How could I have ever been ashamed of loving Dante Quintana?"

ThemesEdit

Several themes feature prominently in Aristotle and Dante. These include Mexican-American identity, gender and sexuality, particular masculine gender roles and homosexuality, intellectualism and artistic expression, as well as family relationships and friendship.

Critical receptionEdit

The book has been a critical success, consistently ranking as one of the best young adult fiction novels of all time, and has garnered numerous positive reviews from Kirkus Reviews,[3] School Library Journal, The Horn Book Magazine, and Voice of Youth Advocates (VOYA).[4]

A Publishers Weekly review calling it "a tender, honest exploration of identity and sexuality, and a passionate reminder that love—whether romantic or familial—should be open, free, and without shame."[5]

The book has been positively received by readers as well; in May 2016, more than four years after its publication, it ranked first on a list of popular LGBT fiction on Goodreads.[6]

In an interview with NPR, Sáenz himself noted that "I've never had a book with this kind of response, not ever" and notes that "[Ari] is so afraid of loving [Dante]. And Dante isn't."[7]

The book received the following accolades:

Adaptations and sequelEdit

An audiobook version of the novel was released in 2013. Read by Lin-Manuel Miranda, it has a total running time of 7 hours and 29 minutes.[16]

There are plans for the book to be adapted for the screen by filmmaker Aitch Alberto.[17]

Sáenz announced in 2016 that there would be a sequel titled There Will Be Other Summers.[18] In 2020, Sáenz tweeted that he had finished the sequel, but had changed the title.[19][20] In February 2021, it was announced that the sequel will be published by Simon and Schuster with the title Aristotle and Dante Dive into the Waters of the World. It was released on October 12, 2021.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sáenz, Benjamin Alire (21 February 2012). Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe (Reprint ed.). Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers.
  2. ^ a b Sáenz, Benjamin Alire [@BorderPoet] (February 13, 2021). "Aristotle and Dante Dive into the Waters of the World. October 12th from Simon and Schuster. It took me years to write this book. It's not my book anymore. It's yours now. Sorry you had to wait so long. You're beautiful" (Tweet). Retrieved 2021-02-13 – via Twitter.
  3. ^ Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe. Kirkus Reviews.
  4. ^ a b c d "Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe by Benjamin Alire Sáenz". Junior Library Guild. Retrieved 2021-05-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  6. ^ "Popular LGBT Fiction Books". Goodreads. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Discovering Sexuality Through Teen Lit". NPR. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  8. ^ "Walden Award". ALAN Online. Assembly on Literature for Adolescents of NCTE. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  9. ^ "25th Annual Lambda Literary Award Winners Announced". Lambda Literary. 4 June 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  10. ^ "2013 Stonewall Book Awards Announced". American Library Association. American Library Association. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  11. ^ "ALSC Book & Media Awards Shelf". Association for Library Service to Children. Retrieved 2021-05-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ "Michael L. Printz Winners and Honor Books". Young Adult Library Services Association. American Library Association. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  13. ^ "Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe | Awards & Grants". American Library Association. 2013-02-04. Retrieved 2021-05-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  14. ^ "2013 Rainbow Book List". Rainbow Book List. Retrieved 2021-05-07.
  15. ^ "Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe | Awards & Grants". American Library Services for Children. 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2021-05-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. ^ "Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe". Audible.com. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
  17. ^ Andreeva, Nellie; Petski, Denise (13 December 2018). "Kyra Sedgwick Launches Big Swing Prods., Company Unveils Film & TV Slate". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  18. ^ Sáenz, Benjamin Alire [@BorderPoet] (26 January 2016). "Ari and Dante sequel: There Will Be Other Summers. Story begins where it left off. Remains in Ari's POV. Stay tuned" (Tweet). Retrieved 18 May 2020 – via Twitter.
  19. ^ Sáenz, Benjamin Alire [@BorderPoet] (July 2, 2020). "I promised myself I would not tweet anything until I finished writing the sequel to Aristotle and Dante. I'm happy to announce that I have finally finished writing the sequel and have sent it to my agent. Stay tuned for more updates" (Tweet). Retrieved 2020-07-21 – via Twitter.
  20. ^ Sáenz, Benjamin Alire [@BorderPoet] (July 4, 2020). "I had given the sequel the title: There Will Be Other Summers but it really didn't fit the book because it changed so much. THE BOYS took me in another direction and I went with it. And when I was 400 pages into it, I found my title. And I think it's perfect!" (Tweet). Retrieved 2020-07-21 – via Twitter.