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List of prime ministers of Belgium

The prime minister of Belgium (Dutch: Eerste minister van België; French: Premier ministre de Belgique; German: Premierminister von Belgien) or the premier of Belgium is the head of the federal government in the Kingdom of Belgium.

Although leaders of Government (French: Chefs de Cabinet) had been appointed since the independence of the country, until 1918 the king often presided over the Council of Ministers, so the modern era of the "premiership" started after World War I with Léon Delacroix. The political importance of the king of the Belgians has decreased over time, whereas the position of prime minister has gradually become more important.

Chiefs of Government (1831–1918)Edit

Political parties

  Independent
  Catholic Party
  Liberal Party

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Election Term of office Political Party Cabinet Monarch of Belgium
(Reign)
Took office Left office Time in office Name Composition
  Étienne Constantin de Gerlache
(1785–1871)
1830 27 February 1831 10 March 1831 11 days Independent (Confessional) De Gerlache Vacant
  Joseph Lebeau
(1794–1865)
10 March 1831 24 July 1831 136 days Independent (Liberal) Lebeau I
  Félix de Muelenaere
(1793–1862)
1831 24 July 1831 20 October 1832 1 year,

88 days

Independent (Confessional) De Mûelenaere Leopold I
 
(1831–1865)
  Albert Joseph Goblet d'Alviella
(1790–1873)
1833 20 October 1832 4 August 1834 1 year,

288 days

Independent (Liberal) Goblet d'Alviella—
Rogier
  Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt
(1794–1874)
1835
1837
1839
4 August 1834 18 April 1840 5 years, 258 days Independent (Confessional) De Theux de Meylandt I
Belgium was a part of Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1815 to 1839. Kingdom of the Netherlands officially recognized its independence on 19 April 1839. Prime minister of Kingdom of Belgium is legal from that time.
  Joseph Lebeau
(1794–1865)
18 April 1840 13 April 1841 360 days Independent (Liberal) Lebeau II
  Jean-Baptiste Nothomb
(1805–1881)
1841
1843
13 April 1841 30 July 1845 4 years,

108 days

Independent (Liberal) Nothomb
  Sylvain Van de Weyer
(1802–1874)
1845 30 July 1845 31 March 1846 244 days Independent (Liberal) Van de Weyer
  Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt
(1794–1874)
31 March 1846 12 August 1847 1 year, 134 days Independent (Confessional) De Theux de Meylandt II
  Charles Rogier
(1800–1885)
1847
1848
1850
12 August 1847 31 October 1852 5 years, 80 days Liberal Party Rogier I Lib.
  Henri de Brouckère
(1801–1891)
1852
1854
31 October 1852 30 March 1855 2 years, 150 days Liberal Party De Brouckère Lib.
  Pierre de Decker
(1812–1891)
1855
1856
30 March 1855 9 November 1857 2 years, 224 days Independent (Confessional) De Decker Cath.Lib.
  Charles Rogier
(1800–1885)
1857
1859
1861
1863
1864
1866
1867
9 November 1857 3 January 1868 10 years,

55 days

Liberal Party Rogier II Lib.
  Walthère Frère-Orban
(1812–1896)
1868 3 January 1868 2 July 1870 2 years,

180 days

Liberal Party Frère-Orban I Lib. Leopold II
 
(1865–1909)
  Jules d'Anethan
(1803–1888)
Jun.1870
Aug.1870
2 July 1870 7 December 1871 1 year, 158 days Catholic Party D'Anethan Cath.
  Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt
(1794–1874)
1872
1874
7 December 1871 21 August 1874
(died in office)
2 years, 257 days Catholic Party Malou I Cath.
  Jules Malou
(1810–1886)
1876 21 August 1874 19 June 1878 3 years, 302 days Catholic Party
  Walthère Frère-Orban
(1812–1891)
1878
1880
1882
19 June 1878 16 June 1884 5 years, 363 days Liberal Party Frère-Orban II Lib.
  Jules Malou
(1810–1886)
1884 16 June 1884 26 October 1884 132 days Catholic Party Malou II Cath.
  Auguste Beernaert
(1829–1912)
1886
1888
1890
1892
26 October 1884 26 March 1894 9 years, 151 days Catholic Party Beernaert Cath.
  Jules de Burlet
(1844–1897)
1894 26 March 1894 25 February 1896 1 year, 336 days Catholic Party De Burlet Cath.
  Paul de Smet de Naeyer
(1843–1913)
1896
1898
25 February 1896 24 January 1899 2 years, 333 days Catholic Party De Smet de Naeyer I Cath.
  Jules Vandenpeereboom
(1843–1917)
24 January 1899 5 August 1899 193 days Catholic Party Vandenpeereboom Cath.
  Paul de Smet de Naeyer
(1843–1913)
1900
1902
1904
1906
5 August 1899 2 May 1907 7 years, 270 days Catholic Party De Smet de Naeyer II Cath.
  Jules de Trooz
(1857–1907)
2 May 1907 31 December 1907
(died in office)
243 days Catholic Party De Trooz Cath.
  Frans Schollaert
(1851–1917)
1908
1910
9 January 1908 17 June 1911 3 years,

159 days

Catholic Party Schollaert Cath.
  Charles de Broqueville
(1860–1940)
1912
1914
17 June 1911 18 January 1916 6 years, 349 days Catholic Party De Broqueville I
(in exile, 1914–1918)
Cath. Albert I
 
(1909–1934)
18 January 1916 1 June 1918 Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
  Gérard Cooreman
(1852–1926)
1 June 1918 21 November 1918 173 days Catholic Party Cooreman Cath.Lib.BWP/POB

Timeline from 1831 till 1919Edit

Gérard CooremanCharles de BroquevilleFrans SchollaertJules de TroozPaul de Smet de NaeyerJules VandenpeereboomPaul de Smet de NaeyerJules de BurletAuguste BeernaertJules MalouWalthère Frère-OrbanJules MalouBarthélémy de Theux de MeylandtJules d'AnethanWalthère Frère-OrbanCharles RogierPierre de DeckerHenri de BrouckèreCharles RogierBarthélémy de Theux de MeylandtSylvain Van de WeyerJean-Baptiste NothombJoseph LebeauBarthélémy de Theux de MeylandtAlbert Joseph Goblet d'AlviellaFélix de MuelenaereJoseph LebeauÉtienne Constantin de Gerlache 

Prime Ministers (1918–present)Edit

Political parties
Christian Democrat

  Catholic Party
  Christian Social Party
  Christian Democratic and Flemish

Liberal

  Liberal Party
  Flemish Liberals and Democrats
  Reformist Movement

Socialist

  Socialist Party

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Election Term of office Political Party Cabinet Monarch of Belgium
(Reign)
Took office Left office Duration Name Composition
  Léon Delacroix
(1867–1929)
21 November 1918 2 December 1919 1 year,

365 days

Catholic Party Delacroix I Cath.Lib.BWP/POB Albert I
 
(1909–1934)
1919 2 December 1919 20 November 1920 Delacroix II
  Henry Carton de Wiart
(1869–1951)
20 November 1920 16 December 1921 1 year,

26 days

Catholic Party Carton de Wiart Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
  Georges Theunis
(1873–1966)
1921 16 December 1921 13 May 1925 3 years, 148 days Catholic Party Theunis I Cath.Lib.
  Aloys Van de Vyvere
(1871–1961)
1925 13 May 1925 17 June 1925 35 days Catholic Party Van de Vyvere Cath.
  Prosper Poullet
(1868–1937)
17 June 1925 20 May 1926 337 days Catholic Party Poullet—
Vandervelde
Cath.BWP/POB
  Henri Jaspar
(1870–1939)
20 May 1926 22 November 1927 5 years,

17 days

Catholic Party Jaspar I Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
1929 22 November 1927 6 June 1931 Jaspar II Cath.Lib.
  Jules Renkin
(1862–1934)
6 June 1931 22 October 1932 1 year,

138 days

Catholic Party Renkin Cath.Lib.
  Charles de Broqueville
(1860–1940)
1932 22 October 1932 20 November 1934 2 years,

29 days

Catholic Party De Broqueville II Cath.Lib.
  Georges Theunis
(1873–1966)
20 November 1934 25 March 1935 125 days Catholic Party Theunis II Cath.Lib. Leopold III
 
(1934–1951)
  Paul van Zeeland
(1893–1973)
25 March 1935 13 June 1936 2 years, 244 days Catholic Party Van Zeeland I Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
1936 13 June 1936 24 November 1937 Van Zeeland II
Paul-Émile Janson
(1873–1944)
24 November 1937 15 May 1938 172 days Liberal Party Janson Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
  Paul-Henri Spaak
(1899–1972)
15 May 1938 22 February 1939 283 days Belgian Labour Party Spaak I Cath.Lib.BWP/POB
  Hubert Pierlot
(1883–1963)
1939 22 February 1939 16 April 1939 5 years, 356 days Catholic Party Pierlot I Cath.Lib.BSP/PSB
16 April 1939 3 September 1939 Pierlot II Cath.Lib.
3 September 1939 28 May 1940 Pierlot III Cath.Lib.BSP/PSB
28 May 1940 27 September 1944 Pierlot IV
(in exile)
27 September 1944 12 December 1944 Pierlot V Cath.Lib.BSP/PSBKPB-PCB
12 December 1944 12 February 1945 Pierlot VI Cath.Lib.BSP/PSB
  Achille Van Acker
(1898–1975)
12 February 1945 2 August 1945 1 year,

29 days

Belgian Socialist Party Van Acker I BSP/PSBCath.Lib.
2 August 1945 13 March 1946 Van Acker II BSP/PSBBDU/UDBLib.KPB-PCB
  Paul-Henri Spaak
(1899–1972)
1946 13 March 1946 31 March 1946 18 days Belgian Socialist Party Spaak II BSP/PSBPSC/CVP
  Achille Van Acker
(1898–1975)
31 March 1946 3 August 1946 125 days Belgian Socialist Party Van Acker III BSP/PSBLP/PLKPB-PCB
  Camille Huysmans
(1871–1968)
3 August 1946 20 March 1947 229 days Belgian Socialist Party Huysmans BSP/PSBLP/PLKPB-PCB
  Paul-Henri Spaak
(1899–1972)
20 March 1947 27 November 1948 2 years,

144 days

Belgian Socialist Party Spaak III BSP/PSBPSC/CVP
27 November 1948 11 August 1949 Spaak IV
  Gaston Eyskens
(1905–1988)
1949 11 August 1949 8 June 1950 301 days Christian Social Party G.Eyskens I PSC/CVPLP/PL
  Jean Duvieusart
(1900–1977)
1950 8 June 1950 16 August 1950 69 days Christian Social Party Duvieusart PSC/CVP
  Joseph Pholien
(1884–1968)
16 August 1950 15 January 1952 1 year,

152 days

Christian Social Party Pholien PSC/CVP
  Jean Van Houtte
(1907–1991)
15 January 1952 23 April 1954 2 years,

98 days

Christian Social Party Van Houtte PSC/CVP Baudouin
 
(1951–1993)
  Achille Van Acker
(1898–1975)
1954 23 April 1954 26 June 1958 4 years,

64 days

Belgian Socialist Party Van Acker IV BSP/PSBLP/PL
  Gaston Eyskens
(1905–1988)
1958 26 June 1958 6 November 1958 2 years, 303 days Christian Social Party G.Eyskens II PSC/CVP
6 November 1958 3 September 1960 G.Eyskens III PSC/CVPLP/PL
3 September 1960 25 April 1961 G.Eyskens IV
  Théo Lefèvre
(1914–1973)
1961 25 April 1961 28 July 1965 4 years,

94 days

Christian Social Party Lefèvre PSC/CVPBSP/PSB
  Pierre Harmel
(1911–2009)
1965 28 July 1965 19 March 1966 234 days Christian Social Party Harmel PSC/CVPBSP/PSB
  Paul Vanden Boeynants
(1919–2001)
19 March 1966 17 July 1968 2 years, 120 days Christian Social Party Vanden Boeynants I PSC/CVPPVV/PLP
  Gaston Eyskens
(1905–1988)
1968 17 July 1968 20 January 1972 4 years, 193 days Christian People's Party (CVP) G.Eyskens V CVP/PSCBSP/PSB
1971 20 January 1972 26 January 1973 G.Eyskens VI
  Edmond Leburton
(1915–1997)
26 January 1973 23 October 1973 1 year,

89 days

Belgian Socialist Party Leburton I BSP/PSBCVP/PSCPVV/PLP
23 October 1973 25 April 1974 Leburton II BSP/PSBCVP/PSC
  Leo Tindemans
(1922–2014)
1974 25 April 1974 3 June 1977 4 years, 178 days Christian People's Party (CVP) Tindemans I CVP/PSCPVV/PLP
1977 3 June 1977 20 October 1978 Tindemans II CVP/PSCSP/PSVU/FDF
  Paul Vanden Boeynants
(1919–2001)
20 October 1978 3 April 1979 165 days Christian Social Party (PSC) Vanden Boeynants II CVP/PSCSP/PSVU/FDF
  Wilfried Martens
(1936–2013)
1978 3 April 1979 23 January 1980 1 year,

362 days

Christian People's Party (CVP) Martens I CVP/PSCSP/PSVU/FDF
23 January 1980 18 May 1980 Martens II CVP/PSCSP/PS
18 May 1980 22 October 1980 Martens III CVP/PSCSP/PSPVV/PRL
22 October 1980 31 March 1981 Martens IV CVP/PSCSP/PS
  Mark Eyskens
(born 1933)
31 March 1981 17 December 1981 261 days Christian People's Party (CVP) M.Eyskens CVP/PSCSP/PS
  Wilfried Martens
(1936–2013)
1981 17 December 1981 28 November 1985 10 years, 81 days Christian People's Party (CVP) Martens V CVP/PSC-PVV/PRL
1985 28 November 1985 21 October 1987 Martens VI
1987 21 October 1987 9 May 1988 Martens VII CVP/PSCPVV/PRL
9 May 1988 29 September 1991 Martens VIII CVP/PSCSP/PSVU/FDF
1991 29 September 1991 7 March 1992 Martens IX CVP/PSCSP/PS
  Jean-Luc Dehaene
(1940–2014)
7 March 1992 21 May 1995 7 years, 127 days Christian People's Party (CVP) Dehaene I CVP/PSCSP/PS Albert II
 
(1993–2013)
1995 21 May 1995 12 July 1999 Dehaene II
  Guy Verhofstadt
(born 1953)
1999 12 July 1999 12 July 2003 8 years, 252 days Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (VLD) Verhofstadt I VLD/PRLSP.A/PSAgalev/Ecolo
2003 12 July 2003 21 December 2007 Verhofstadt II VLD/MRSP.A/PS
2007 21 December 2007 20 March 2008 Verhofstadt III VLD/MRCD&V/CDHPS
  Yves Leterme
(born 1960)
20 March 2008 30 December 2008 285 days Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) Leterme I CD&V/CDHPSVLD/MR
  Herman Van Rompuy
(born 1947)
30 December 2008 25 November 2009 330 days Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) Van Rompuy CD&V/CDHVLD/MRPS
  Yves Leterme
(born 1960)
25 November 2009 6 December 2011 2 years,

11 days

Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) Leterme II CD&V/CDHVLD/MRPS
  Elio Di Rupo
(born 1951)
2010 6 December 2011 11 October 2014 2 years,

309 days

Socialist Party (PS) Di Rupo SP.A/PSCD&V/CDHVLD/MR
  Charles Michel
(born 1975)
2014 11 October 2014 21 December 2018 5 years,

9 days

Reformist Movement (MR) Michel I VLD/MRN-VACD&V Philippe
 
(2013–present)
21 December 2018 Incumbent Michel II VLD/MRCD&V

Timeline since 1918Edit

Charles MichelDi Rupo I GovernmentLeterme II GovernmentVan Rompuy I GovernmentLeterme I GovernmentGuy VerhofstadtJean-Luc DehaeneWilfried MartensMark EyskensWilfried MartensPaul Vanden BoeynantsLeo TindemansEdmond LeburtonGaston EyskensPaul Vanden BoeynantsPierre HarmelThéo LefèvreGaston EyskensAchille Van AckerJean Van HoutteJoseph PholienJean DuvieusartGaston EyskensPaul-Henri SpaakCamille HuysmansAchille Van AckerPaul-Henri SpaakAchille Van AckerHubert PierlotPaul-Henri SpaakPaul-Émile JansonPaul Van ZeelandGeorge TheunisCharles de BroquevilleJules RenkinHenri JasparProsper PoulletAloys Van de VyvereGeorges TheunisHenry Carton de WiartLéon Delacroix 

Living former Prime MinistersEdit

Name Term Date of birth Age
Mark Eyskens 1981 29 April 1933 86 years, 174 days
Guy Verhofstadt 1999–2008 11 April 1953 66 years, 192 days
Yves Leterme 2008 & 2009–2011 6 October 1960 59 years, 14 days
Herman Van Rompuy 2008–2009 31 October 1947 71 years, 354 days
Elio Di Rupo 2011–2014 18 July 1951 68 years, 94 days

See alsoEdit