Sylvain Van de Weyer
Jean-Sylvain Van de Weyer (19 January 1802 – 23 May 1874) was a Belgian politician who served as the Belgian Minister at the Court of St. James's, effectively the ambassador to the United Kingdom, and briefly, as the List of Prime Minister of Belgium, all under King Leopold I.
Sylvain Van de Weyer
|Prime Minister of Belgium|
30 July 1845 – 31 March 1846
|Preceded by||Jean-Baptiste Nothomb|
|Succeeded by||Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt|
|Belgian Ambassador to England|
|Monarch||Leopold I, Leopold II|
William IV, Queen Victoria
|Born||19 January 1802|
|Died||23 May 1874 (aged 72)|
London, United Kingdom
|Political party||Liberal Party|
Elizabeth Anne Sturgis Bates
(m. after 1839)
|Alma mater||State University of Leuven|
Van de Weyer was born in Louvain on 19 January 1802. He was the son of Josse-Alexandre Van de Weyer (1769–1838) and Françoise Martine (née Goubau) Van de Weyer (1780–1853). He was the grandson of Jean-Baptiste (or Jean-Sylvain) Van de Weyer, who was from a bourgeois family of Bautersem, and Josse Goubeau, commissaire de police de la quatrième section de Bruxelles.
In 1811, his family relocated to Amsterdam. The family returned to Louvain when his father was named police commissioner for the city. Jean-Sylvain studied law at the State University of Louvain and set up as a lawyer in Brussels in 1823.
As a lawyer, he frequently defended newspapers and journalists that had fallen foul of the government of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, of which modern Belgium then formed the southern half.
On the outbreak of the Belgian Revolution in 1830, Van de Weyer was in Louvain, but hurried to Brussels where he became a member of the central committee of the Provisional Government of Belgium. His command of the English language resulted in him serving as a diplomatic representative of the revolutionaries. In 1831, King Leopold I appointed Van de Weyer his "special representative" in London. The King at the time was William IV, who reigned from 1830 to 1837, when his niece became Queen Victoria who reigned until January 1901. During his tenure as Minister in London, Van de Weyer became a "beloved and honoured friend of the royal family," as was his wife, who became close to the Queen and comforted her after the death of Albert, Prince Consort.
He was a founding member of the first Société des douze.
On 12 February 1839, he married Elizabeth Anne Sturgis Bates (1817–1878), the only daughter of Joshua Bates of Barings Bank, and formerly of Boston. She has a brother, William Rufus Gray Bates, who died at a young age. Together, they had two sons and five daughters, who were brought up in Marylebone and on their country estate, New Lodge, in the parish of Winkfield in Berkshire:
- Lt. Colonel Victor William Bates Van de Weyer (1839–1915), educated at Eton, married to Lady Emily Georgiana (1846–1932), daughter of William Craven, 2nd Earl of Craven.
- Victoria Alexandrina Leopoldine van de Weyer (1841–1865), married to Henry Brand, 2nd Viscount Hampden (1841–1906) on 21 January 1864.
- Albert Sylvain Bates Van de Weyer (1845–1874), an Adjutant in the Grenadier Guards.
- Evelyn Elizabeth Sturgis Van de Weyer (1847–1853), who died young.
- Louise Van de Weyer (died 1896), a friend of Princess Louise, daughter of Queen Victoria.
- Alice Emma Sturgis Van de Weyer (1856–1926), who married Maj. Hon. Charles Brand (1855–1912), fourth son of Henry Brand, 1st Viscount Hampden, on 15 August 1878.
- Eleanor Van de Weyer (1865–1940), who married Reginald Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher (1852–1930), a British MP for Penryn and Falmouth, in 1879.
Through his son Victor, he was the grandfather of Major William John Bates van de Weyer (1870–1946), who was responsible for Buddleja × weyeriana. William married Hon. Olive Elizabeth Wingfield, eldest daughter of Mervyn Wingfield, 7th Viscount Powerscourt.
Through his daughter Alice, he was the grandfather of Ruth Brand (d. 1967), who married John Dodson, 2nd Baron Monk Bretton (parents of John Dodson, 3rd Baron Monk Bretton); Lt.-Col. John Charles Brand (1885–1929), who married Lady Rosabelle Millicent St. Clair-Erskine, the daughter of James St Clair-Erskine, 5th Earl of Rosslyn.
Through his youngest daughter, he was the grandfather of Oliver Sylvain Baliol Brett, 3rd Viscount Esher (1881–1963); Maurice Vyner Baliol Brett (1882–1934), who married the famous musical theatre actress Zena Dare; Dorothy Brett (1883–1977), who was a painter and member of the Bloomsbury Group; and Sylvia Brett (1885–1971), who became the last Ranee of Sarawak on 24 May 1917, following the proclamation of her husband Charles Vyner Brooke as Rajah.
Honours and armsEdit
- Belgium: Croix de Fer.
- Belgium: Minister of State, By Royal Decree.
- Belgium: Grand Cordon in the Order of Leopold.
- Kingdom of Italy: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus.
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Charles III.
- Kingdom of Portugal: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Tower and Sword.
- Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: Knight Grand Cross in the Saxe-Ernestine House Order.
- France: Commander of the Legion of Honour.
- "VAN DE WEYER Jean-Sylvain (1802–1874)". unionisme.be (in French). Chambre des représentants de Belgique. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- Weyer, Sylvain Van de (1831). A Letter on the Belgic Revolution: Its Origin, Causes, and Consequences. T.C. Hansard. p. 5.
- "Van de Weyer, Elizabeth Anne Sturgis Bates, 1817–1878. | Library Company of Philadelphia Digital Collections". digital.librarycompany.org. The Library Company of Philadelphia. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- Archer, Thomas (1888). Our Sovereign Lady Queen Victoria: Her Life and Jubilee. Blackie. p. 68.
- Juste, Théodore (1871). Les fondateurs de la monarchie belge: Sylvain van de Weyer, ministre d'état ... d'après des documents inédits (in French). Trübner.
- (RCIN 2809757)
- Tribute of Boston Merchants to the Memory of Joshua Bates: October, 1864. J. Wilson and Son. 1864.
- Chambers, Lee V. (2014). The Weston Sisters: An American Abolitionist Family. UNC Press Books. p. 189. ISBN 9781469618180.
- Burke, Bernard (1898). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland. Harrison & Sons. p. 1512.
- Lodge, Edmund (1892). The Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire as at Present Existing: Arranged and Printed from the Personal Communications of the Nobility ... Hurst and Blackett, Limited. p. 301.
- Clune, David; Turner, Ken (2009). The Governors of New South Wales 1788–2010. Federation Press. p. 373. ISBN 9781862877436.
- Eade, Philip (2014). Sylvia, Queen of the Headhunters: An Eccentric Englishwoman and Her Lost Kingdom. Picador. p. 20. ISBN 9781250045904.
- Venn, John (2011). Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students, Graduates and Holders of Office at the University of Cambridge, from the Earliest Times to 1900. Cambridge University Press. p. 276. ISBN 9781108036160.
- Mosley, C. (Ed.). (2003).Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition. Vol. 1, p. 1130. Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd., Wilmington, Delaware, USA.
- Townend, P. (Ed.). Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, 18th edition. Vol. 1, p. 686. Burke's Peerage Ltd, 1965–1972, London, England.
- Mosley, Charles (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, United States: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd. p. 1344. ISBN 9780971196629.
- "MAURICE BRETT DIES; LIBRARIAN OF MUSEUM; Edited the Papers of Viscount Esher Wife Ad in Play, Ignorant of Death" (PDF). The New York Times. 20 August 1934. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- "CAPT. BRETT WEDS ZENA DARE Son of Viscount Esher and Actress Secretly Married In London" (PDF). The New York Times. 27 January 1911. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- "Dorothy Brett". The New York Times. 29 September 1977. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- "Lady Brooke, Ranee of Sarawak Until Its '46 Secession, Is Dead". The New York Times. 23 November 1971. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- British and Foreign State Papers, Volume 57, p. 33
- Almanach royal de Belgique: Classé Et Mis En Ordre Par H. Tarlier /p. 140
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sylvain Van de Weyer.|
- Biographie Nationale de Belgique, by Herman Vander Linden, vol. 27, 1938, col. 245–273;
- Photograph of Jean-Sylvain Van de Weyer by the Southwell Brothers of London.
- Portrait of his wife, Van de Weyer, Elizabeth Anne Sturgis Bates, 1817–1878. at The Library Company of Philadelphia.
- The Belgian Archives and the Van de Weyer Papers at Boston University.
- Posthumous miniature, by William Charles Bell, of Van de Weyer in the Royal Collection
- Sylvain Van de Weyer at Stad Leuven (in Dutch)
- J. BARTELOUS, Nos premiers ministres de Léopold Ier à Albert Ier 1831–1934, Bruxelles, Collet, 1983.
| Prime Minister of Belgium
Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt