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The Party for Freedom and Progress (Dutch: Partij voor Vrijheid en Vooruitgang; French: Parti de la Liberté et du Progrès; German: Partei für Freiheit und Fortschritt, PVV-PLP) was a liberal political party in Belgium which existed from 1961 until 1992. The party was the successor of the Liberal Party, which had roots dating back to 1846. It was succeeded in the Flemish Community of Belgium by the Flemish Liberals and Democrats (VLD) and in the French Community by the Liberal Reformist Party, Parti des Réformes et des Libertés de Wallonie and the current-day Reformist Movement. In the German-speaking Community, it still exists as the Party for Freedom and Progress.

Party for Freedom and Progress
French nameParti de la Liberté et du Progrès
Dutch namePartij voor Vrijheid en Vooruitgang
Founded1961 (1961)
Dissolved1992
Preceded byLiberal Party
Succeeded byFlemish Liberals and Democrats,
Liberal Reformist Party
IdeologyLiberalism
Classical liberalism
Political positionCentre-right
European affiliationEuropean Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
International affiliationLiberal International
European Parliament groupLiberal Democrat and Reform

Contents

HistoryEdit

Foundation of a new partyEdit

In 1961, Omer Vanaudenhove, leader of the Liberal Party, reorganised it into the Partij voor Vrijheid en Vooruitgang/Parti de la Liberté et du Progrès (PVV/PLP). The new party, among other things, jettisoned the Liberals' traditional anti-clericalism. In 1965 the party obtained a victory in the general elections with 21.6% of the votes. In 1966, the PVV joined the government of Paul Vanden Boeynants. The liberal ministers during this period were Willy De Clercq, Jacques Van Offelen, Frans Grootjans, Herman Vanderpoorten, Charles Poswick and August De Winter.

Separation between PVV and PLPEdit

On 27 June 1971 the party was split up in a Flemish (PVV) and Walloon party (the Liberal Reformist Party, PRL). Only a few months later, on 24 September 1971, the parliament was dissolved. In the elections which followed The Flemish PVV gained votes, but the Walloon PRL lost in the elections.

In this period (1971–1992) the PVV ministers in the government were: Willy De Clercq, Herman Vanderpoorten, Herman De Croo, Karel Poma, Alfred Vreven, André Kempinaire, Guy Verhofstadt, Louis Waltniel, Jean Pede, Patrick Dewael, Ward Beysen, and Jacky Buchmann.

The PRL ministers in the government were: André Damseaux, François-Xavier de Donnea, Jean Gol, Louis Olivier, Charles Poswick, and Michel Toussaint.

Flanders: VLDEdit

In Flanders, the PVV ceased to exist in 1992. On 15 November 1992 the Flemish Liberals and Democrats (VLD) was founded.

French-speaking Community: MREdit

In 1976, the name of the party was changed into Parti de Réformes et de la Liberté en Wallonie (PRLW). In 1979, the name was changed to Liberal Reformist Party (PRL) after the merger with the Liberal Party of Brussels. In March 2002 the PRL merged with the German-speaking Party for Freedom and Progress (PFF) of the East Cantons, the Democratic Front of Francophones (FDF) and the Citizens' Movement for Change (MCC) into the Reformist Movement (MR).

PresidentsEdit

Presidents PVV-PLPEdit

Presidents PVVEdit

Notable membersEdit

Electoral resultsEdit

Federal ParliamentEdit

Chamber

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote % of language
group vote
# of overall seats won # of language
group seats won
+/- Notes
1987 709,758 11.5 (#4)
25 / 212
  3
1991 738,016 12.0 (#3)
26 / 212
  1

Regional parliamentsEdit

Brussels ParliamentEdit

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote % of language
group vote
# of overall seats won # of language
group seats won
+/- Notes
1989 12,143 2.8 (#8)
2 / 75

European ParliamentEdit

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote % of electoral
college vote
# of overall seats won # of electoral
college seats won
+/- Notes
1979 512,363 9.4 15.3
2 / 24
2 / 13
1984 494,277 14.2
2 / 24
2 / 13
  0
1989 625,561 17.1
2 / 24
2 / 13
  0

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Liberal Archive (in Dutch)
  • History of liberalism in Belgium (in French)
  • Th. Luykx, M. Platel, Politieke geschiedenis van België, 2 vol., Kluwer, 1985
  • E. Witte, J. Craeybeckx, A. Meynen, Politieke geschiedenis van België, Standaard, 1997