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General elections were held in Belgium on 8 November 1981.[1] Voter turnout was 94.5% in the Chamber election and 94.6% in the Senate election.[2] Elections were also held for the nine provincial councils and for the Council of the German Cultural Community. They were the first elections after the voting age was lowered from 21 to 18. This contributed to the success of the socialist parties and the green parties (Agalev and Ecolo). The traditionally largest Christian People's Party saw significant losses, with only 43 of the 212 seats in the Chamber of Representatives.

1981 Belgian general election

← 1978 8 November 1981 1985 →

212 seats in the Chamber of Representatives
  First party Second party Third party
  Mark Eyskens Andre Cools.jpg Willy De Clercq
Leader Mark Eyskens André Cools Willy De Clercq
Party CVP PS PVV
Leader since Candidate for PM 1978 1977
Last election 57 seats, 26.14% 31 seats, 12.46% 22 seats, 10.36%
Seats won 43 35 28
Seat change Decrease 14 Increase 4 Increase 6
Popular vote 1,165,239 733,137 776,871
Percentage 19.34% 12.17% 12.89%
Swing Decrease 6.80% Decrease 0.29% Increase 2.53%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Karel Van Miert No image.png Victor anciaux-1486816672.jpg
Leader Karel Van Miert Jean Gol Vic Anciaux
Party SP PRL VU
Leader since 1978 1979 1979
Last election 26 seats, 12.37% 15 seats, 4.64% 14 seats, 7.02%
Seats won 26 24 20
Seat change Steady Increase 9 Increase 6
Popular vote 744,593 480,380 588,436
Percentage 12.36% 7.97% 9.77%
Swing Decrease 0.01% Increase 3.33% Increase 2.75%

Belgian federal election 1981 - Chamber - circumscriptions.svg
Colours denote the winning party in each electoral district (for the Chamber of Deputies).

Government before election

M. Eyskens
CVP-PSC-PS-SP

Elected Government

Martens V
CVP-PSC-PVV-PRL

Contents

ResultsEdit

Chamber of DeputiesEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Christian People's Party 1,165,239 19.34 43 –14
Party for Freedom and Progress 776,871 12.89 28 +6
Parti Socialiste 733,137 12.17 35 +4
Socialistische Partij 744,593 12.36 26 0
People's Union 588,436 9.77 20 +6
Liberal Reformist Party 480,380 7.97 24 +9
Social Christian Party 390,896 6.49 18 –7
FDF-RW 253,720 4.21 8 –3
Agalev 138,575 2.30 2 +2
Ecolo 132,312 2.20 2 +2
UDRT/RAD 130,526 2.17 3 +2
Communist Party of Belgium 138,978 2.31 2 –2
Vlaams Blok 66,424 1.10 1 0
PVDA 40,446 0.67 0 New
PSC/CSP 39,961 0.66 0 New
PRL/PFF 35,925 0.60 0 New
SP/PS 31,784 0.53 0 New
WALLON 31,061 0.52 0 New
RAD 28,661 0.48 0 New
ECOLO-J 10,946 0.18 0 New
Party of German-speaking Belgians 8,397 0.14 0 0
RAL 7,110 0.12 0 New
ECOLOS 5,858 0.10 0 New
LRT-PLS 5,241 0.09 0 New
FNK 5,102 0.08 0 New
UDRT 4,540 0.08 0 New
BLANCO 4,118 0.07 0 New
DD 3,545 0.06 0 New
UNF 2,914 0.05 0 New
PVDA/PTB 2,898 0.05 0 New
ECO-BXL 2,710 0.04 0 New
FN 2,479 0.04 0 New
PTB 2,460 0.04 0 New
BNP 2,263 0.04 0 New
PCPA 1,785 0.03 0 New
PNB-BNP 954 0.02 0 New
PFU 856 0.01 0 0
AAJ 838 0.01 0 New
URD 598 0.01 0 New
LISTE-12 588 0.01 0 New
LISTE-14 372 0.01 0 New
CIN 210 0.00 0 New
LISTE-13 180 0.00 0 New
PNB 140 0.00 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 477,043
Total 6,502,070 100 212 0
Source: Belgian Election Results

SenateEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Christian People's Party 1,149,353 19.26 22 –7
Party for Freedom and Progress 781,137 13.09 14 +3
Parti Socialiste 755,512 12.66 18 New
Socialistische Partij 732,126 12.27 13 New
People's Union 587,002 9.84 10 +3
Liberal Reformist Party 515,868 8.64 11 New
Social Christian Party 414,733 6.95 8 –4
FDF-RW 255,727 4.28 4 –3
UDRT/RAD 164,131 2.75 1 +1
Ecolo 153,989 2.58 3 +3
Communist Party of Belgium 140,577 2.36 1 0
Agalev 121,016 2.03 1 New
Vlaams Blok 71,733 1.20 0 0
PVDA/PTB 49,577 0.83 0 New
WALLON 30,632 0.51 0 New
Party of German-speaking Belgians 8,770 0.15 0 0
RAL 8,450 0.14 0 New
LRT-PLS 5,894 0.10 0 New
FNK 5,317 0.09 0 New
ECOLOS 2,796 0.05 0 New
UNF 2,721 0.05 0 New
DD 2,295 0.04 0 New
FN 2,092 0.04 0 New
GOOSSE 1,511 0.03 0 New
BELGE 1,326 0.02 0 New
PFU 1,052 0.02 0 0
PKS 737 0.01 0 New
URD 629 0.01 0 New
LISTE-12 626 0.01 0 New
PAIX 611 0.01 0 New
LISTE-14 378 0.01 0 New
LISTE-13 111 0.00 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 534,297
Total 6,502,726 100 106 0
Source: Election Results

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p289 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p291