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The modern Ukrainian presidency was formed when the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic passed a law on 5 July 1991 establishing the office of the "President of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic."[1] Upon the proclamation of Ukrainian independence from the Soviet Union on 24 August 1991, the title was changed to the "President of Ukraine." The first election of the President of Ukraine was contested on 1 December 1991, which was won by Leonid Kravchuk.

President of Ukraine
Flag of the President of Ukraine.svg
Volodymyr Zelensky 2019 presidential inauguration 05 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Volodymyr Zelensky

since 20 May 2019
ResidenceMariyinsky Palace
AppointerPopular election
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Ukraine
Inaugural holderLeonid Kravchuk,
5 December 1991[a]
FormationLaw "On the President of the Ukrainian SSR," 5 July 1991[b][1]
SuccessionChairman of the Verkhovna Rada
Websitepresident.gov.ua

All the presidents except for Volodymyr Zelensky have been people's deputies of the Verkhovna Rada prior to their election. Kravchuk was the first president to have resigned from the office, following a power struggle between him and Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma. After the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, Viktor Yanukovych abandoned his office and fled the country. He was subsequently impeached, and replaced with Oleksandr Turchynov as the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada, who takes on as acting president when the office is vacant. Early presidential elections were contested on 25 May 2014, which were won by Petro Poroshenko; Poroshenko was inaugurated as the fifth president on 7 June 2014. On 18 June 2015 Yanukovych was officially deprived of the title of President of Ukraine.[2] After defeated Poroshenko, the comedian Volodymyr Zelensky was inaugurated as President of Ukraine on 20 May 2019.

Contents

List of Presidents of UkraineEdit

Party legend

  Independent   Our Ukraine   Party of Regions   Fatherland   Petro Poroshenko Bloc   Servant of the People


Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office / mandates Cabinets Notes Political alliance
1 Leonid Kravchuk[3]
Леонід Кравчук
(1934–)

 
24 August
1991[a]
19 July
1994
Fokin (1990–92) Lost re-election campaign. Independent
1991 – 61.59%, 19,643,481[4] Kuchma (1992–93)
2 Leonid Kuchma[5]
Леонід Кучма
(1938–)

 
19 July
1994[6]
23 January
2005
Masol II (1994–95)
Marchuk (1995–96)
Lazarenko (1996–97)
Pustovoitenko (1997–99)
Yushchenko (1999–2001)
Kinakh (2001–02)
Yanukovych I (2002–04)
Opted out of third term in office.[7] Independent[8]
1994 – 52.15%, 14,016,850[9]
1999 – 56.25%, 15,870,722[10]
3 Viktor Yushchenko[11]
Віктор Ющенко
(1954–)

 
23 January
2005
25 February
2010
Tymoshenko I (2005) Lost re-election campaign[12] Our Ukraine[13]
2004 – 51.99%, 15,115,712[14] Yekhanurov (2005–06)
Yanukovych II (2006–07)
Tymoshenko II (2007–10)
4 Viktor Yanukovych[15]
Віктор Янукович
(1950–)

 
25 February
2010
22 February
2014
Azarov I (2010–12) Removed from office following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.[16] Party of Regions[17]

2010 – 48.95%, 12,481,266[18]
Azarov II (2012–14)
Oleksandr Turchynov[19]
Олександр Турчинов
(1964–)

 
23 February
2014
7 June
2014
Yatsenyuk I (2014)[20] Assumed command of the armed forces on 26 February.[21] Fatherland[22]
ex officio as
Chairman of Verkhovna Rada[c]
(288–yes, 0–no, 5–ab.)[23][24]
5 Petro Poroshenko[25]
Петро Порошенко
(1965–)

 
7 June
2014
20 May
2019
Lost re-election campaign. Petro Poroshenko Bloc
2014 – 54.70%, 9,857,308[26] Yatsenyuk II (2014–2016)
Groysman (2016–present)
6 Volodymyr Zelensky
Володи́мир Зеле́нський
(1978–)
 
20 May
2019
Incumbent Servant of the People
2019 – 73.22%, 13,541,528[27]

Living former PresidentsEdit

All five former Ukrainian presidents are still living as of 25 June 2019.

Notes:

TimelineEdit

 

StatisticsEdit

# President Date of birth Age at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Kravchuk, LeonidLeonid Kravchuk 19340110January 10, 1934(January 10, 1934) 57 22657 years, 226 days 02 3292 years, 329 days 60 19060 years, 190 days Living 31,21285 years, 166 days (Living)
2 Kuchma, LeonidLeonid Kuchma 19380809August 9, 1938(August 9, 1938) 55 34455 years, 344 days 10 18810 years, 188 days 66 16766 years, 167 days Living 29,54080 years, 320 days (Living)
3 Yushchenko, VictorVictor Yushchenko 19540223February 23, 1954(February 23, 1954) 50 33550 years, 335 days 5 0335 years, 33 days 56 00256 years, 2 days Living 23,86365 years, 122 days (Living)
4 Yanukovich, VictorVictor Yanukovich 19500709July 9, 1950(July 9, 1950) 59 23159 years, 231 days 3 3623 years, 362 days 63 22863 years, 228 days Living 25,18868 years, 351 days (Living)
A Turchinov, OleksandrOleksandr Turchynov 19640331March 31, 1964(March 31, 1964) 49 32949 years, 329 days 00 1150 years, 115 days 50 06850 years, 68 days Living 20,17455 years, 86 days (Living)
5 Poroshenko, PetroPetro Poroshenko 19650926September 26, 1965(September 26, 1965) 48 25448 years, 254 days 4 3474 years, 347 days 53 23653 years, 236 days Living 19,63053 years, 272 days (Living)
6 Zelensky, VolodymyrVolodymyr Zelensky 19780125January 25, 1978(January 25, 1978) 41 11541 years, 115 days 00 316 186236 days (Ongoing) Incumbent Living 15,12641 years, 151 days (Living)

A - Acting President

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes

a.^ Although Leonid Kravchuk's official inauguration ceremony was conducted on 22 August 1992, he carried out most of the presidential responsibilities temporarily ceded to him as Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada from 24 August 1991[29] until 5 December 1991 when he became President of Ukraine in his own right.

b.^ As President of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

c.^ "In the event of the pre-term termination of authority of the President of Ukraine in accordance with Articles 108, 109, 110 and 111 of this Constitution, the execution of duties of the President of Ukraine, for the period pending the elections and the assumption of office of the new President of Ukraine, shall be vested in the Chairperson of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine." —Constitution of Ukraine, Article 112.

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 1295-XII: On the President of the Ukrainian SSR (Про Президента Української РСР). Adopted on 5 July 1991. (Ukrainian)
  2. ^ Published law deprives Yanukovych of presidential rank, UNIAN (17 June 2015)
  3. ^ "Leonid Kravchuk". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  4. ^ Kireev, Alex. "Ukraine. Presidential elections of 1991". Electoral Geography 2.0 (in Russian). Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Leonid Kuchma". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  6. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 106/94-ВР: On the date of oath of the President of Ukraine (Про дату принесення присяги Президентом України). Adopted on 14 July 1994. (Ukrainian)
  7. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Constitutional Court of Ukraine decision No. 22-рп/2003: Decision of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine regarding the case of the constitutional petition of 53 and 47 People's Deputies of Ukraine concerning the official interpretation of the provisions of Article 103 of the Constitution of Ukraine (right on the timing of tenure of the President of Ukraine (Рішення Конституційного Суду України у справі за конституційними поданнями 53 і 47 народних депутатів України про офіційне тлумачення положення частини третьої статті 103 Конституції України (справа щодо строків перебування на посту Президента України)). Adopted on 25 December 2003. (Ukrainian)
  8. ^ "Kuchma Leonid Danylovych". Election of President 99 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  9. ^ Popescu, Marina (12 December 2002). "1994 Presidential Elections". Project on Political Transformation and the Electoral Process in Post-Communist Europe. University of Essex. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  10. ^ Carr, Adam. "Presidential election of October/November 1999". Psephos: Adam Carr's Electoral Archive. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  11. ^ "Victor Yushchenko". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Yushchenko loses re-election bid". The Washington Times. 28 January 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  13. ^ "History of "Our Ukraine"". Informational server "Our Ukraine" (in Ukrainian). Our Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  14. ^ Carr, Adam. "Presidential election of October - November 2004". Psephos: Adam Carr's Electoral Archive. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  15. ^ "The History of Presidency". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 2 March 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  16. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 757-VII: On withdrawal of the President of Ukraine from the implementation of constitutional powers and calling early presidential elections in Ukraine (Про самоусунення Президента України від виконання конституційних повноважень та призначення позачергових виборів Президента України). Adopted on 22 February 2014. (Ukrainian)
  17. ^ "Yanukovych Viktor Fedorovych". Elections of the President of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  18. ^ Carr, Adam. "Presidential election of January - February 2010". Psephos: Adam Carr's Electoral Archive. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  19. ^ "Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president". BBC News. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  20. ^ "Government of Ukraine". Web-portal of Ukrainian Government. Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  21. ^ Laws of Ukraine. President of Ukraine decree No. 140/2014: On the assumption of responsibilities of Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (Про прийняття обов'язків Верховного Головнокомандувача Збройних Сил України). Adopted on 26 February 2014. (Ukrainian)
  22. ^ "Oleksandr Turchynov" (in Ukrainian). Batkivshchyna. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  23. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 748-VII: On the Chairman of the Verhkvona Rada of Ukraine (Про Голову Верховної Ради України). Adopted on 22 February 2014. (Ukrainian)
  24. ^ "Draft Resolution of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Turchynov O.V.)". Official portal of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  25. ^ "Petro Poroshenko". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  26. ^ Carr, Adam. "Presidential election of 25 May 2013". Psephos: Adam Carr's Electoral Archive. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  27. ^ Second round result
  28. ^ Ukrainian Parliament Deprives Yanukovych Of Presidential Title, Radio Free Europe (4 February 2015)
  29. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 1430-XII: On granting additional powers to the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Про надання додаткових повноважень Голові Верховної Ради України). Adopted on 24 August 1991. (Ukrainian)

External linksEdit