University of Leeds
The University of Leeds is a public research university in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It was established in 1874 as the Yorkshire College of Science. In 1884 it merged with the Leeds School of Medicine (established 1831) and was renamed Yorkshire College. It became part of the federal Victoria University in 1887, joining Owens College (which became the University of Manchester) and University College Liverpool (which became the University of Liverpool). In 1904 a royal charter was granted to the University of Leeds by King Edward VII.
|Motto||Latin: Et augebitur scientia|
Motto in English
|And knowledge will be increased|
|Established||1831 – Leeds School of Medicine|
1874 – Yorkshire College of Science
1884 - Yorkshire College
1887 – affiliated to the federal Victoria University
1904 – University of Leeds
|Endowment||£77.2 million (as of 31 July 2018)|
|Budget||£706.2 million (2017-18)|
For 2017-18 Leeds is ranked nationally between 10th (Times and Sunday Times) and 14th (The Guardian; The Complete University Guide). The university is ranked as the 31st best in Europe and was ranked 93rd in the QS World University Rankings for 2019. Leeds was ranked in the top three in the UK and the top 20 in the world for graduate employability (QS Graduate Employability Rankings 2016), and it was also ranked as the fifth most targeted British university by the UK's top graduate employers in 2016-17. Leeds was ranked 10th in the UK for research power in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework, the best result in the Yorkshire and the Humber region. The university was named the 2017 Sunday Times University of the Year, having been runner-up in 2016.
The university has 33,300 students, the fifth largest university in the UK (out of 167). From 2006 to present, the university has consistently been ranked within the top 5 (alongside the University of Manchester, Manchester Metropolitan University, the University of Nottingham and the University of Edinburgh) in the United Kingdom for the number of applications received. Leeds had an income of £706.2 million in 2017/18, of which £137.1 million was from research grants and contracts. The university has financial endowments of £77.2 million (2017–18), ranking outside the top ten British universities by financial endowment.
Prior to formationEdit
The university's history is linked to the development of Leeds as an international centre for the textile industry and clothing manufacture in the United Kingdom during the Victorian era. The university's roots can be traced back to the formation of schools of medicine in English cities to serve the general public.
The Victoria University was established in Manchester in 1880 as a federal university in the North of England, instead of the government elevating Owens College to a university and grant it a royal charter. Owens College was the sole college of Victoria University from 1880 to 1884; in 1887 Yorkshire College was the third to join the university.
Origins of the Leeds School of Medicine and the Yorkshire CollegeEdit
In 1831, the Leeds School of Medicine was established with the aim of serving the needs of the five medical institutions which had been established in the city. In 1874, the Yorkshire College of Science was created to provide education for the children of middle-class industrialists and merchants. Financial support from local industry was crucial in setting up the College and aiding the students. The university continues to recognise these elements of its history; for example, there is still remains a Clothworkers' Court on campus.
The College of Science, modelled on Owens College, Manchester, was established in 1851 as non-sectarian, and was open to Protestant Dissenters, Catholics and Jews (though not then to women) since Oxford and Cambridge restricted attendance to members only of the Church of England. University College London was non-sectarian. The religious qualification ceased in the 1850s but the classics-based education continued at Oxford and Cambridge. The Northern colleges continued to promote themselves as offering a general education that was progressive and pragmatic in nature as were the technical colleges of Germany and the ancient universities upon which they were modelled.
The Yorkshire College of Science began by teaching experimental physics, mathematics, geology, mining, chemistry and biology, and soon became well known as an international centre for the study of engineering and textile technology (due to the manufacturing and textile trades being strong in the West Riding). When classics, modern literature and history went on offer a few years later, the Yorkshire College of Science became simply the Yorkshire College. In 1884, the Yorkshire College absorbed the Leeds School of Medicine and subsequently joined the federal Victoria University (established at Manchester in 1880) on 3 November 1887. Students in this period were awarded external degrees by the University of London.
Victoria University and royal charterEdit
Leeds was given its first university in 1887 when the Yorkshire College joined the federal Victoria University on 3 November. The Victoria University had been established by royal charter in 1880; Owens College being at first the only member college. Leeds now found itself in an educational union with close social cousins from Manchester and Liverpool.
Unlike Owens College, the Leeds campus of the Victoria University had never barred women from its courses. However, it was not until special facilities were provided at the Day Training College in 1896 that women began enrolling in significant numbers. The first female student to begin a course at the university was Lilias Annie Clark, who studied Modern Literature and Education.
The Victoria (Leeds) University was a short-lived concept, as the multiple university locations in Manchester and Liverpool were keen to establish themselves as separate, independent universities. This was partially due to the benefits a university had for the cities of Liverpool and Manchester whilst the institutions were also unhappy with the practical difficulties posed by maintaining a federal arrangement across broad distances. The interests of the universities and respective cities in creating independent institutions was further spurred by the granting of a charter to the University of Birmingham in 1900 after lobbying from Joseph Chamberlain.
Following a Royal Charter and Act of Parliament in 1903, the then newly formed University of Liverpool began the fragmentation of the Victoria University by being the first member to gain independence. The University of Leeds soon followed suit and had been granted a royal charter as an independent body by King Edward VII by 1904.
2000 to presentEdit
The Victoria University continued after the break-up of the group, with an amended constitution and renamed as the Victoria University of Manchester (though "Victoria" was usually omitted from its name except in formal usage) until September 2004. On 1 October 2004 a merger with the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology was enacted to form The University of Manchester.
In December 2004, financial pressures forced the university's governing body (the Council) to decide to close the Bretton campus. Activities at Bretton were moved to the main university campus in the summer of 2007 (allowing all Bretton-based students to complete their studies there). There was substantial opposition to the closure by the Bretton students. The university's other satellite site, Manygates in Wakefield, also closed, but Lifelong Learning and Healthcare programmes are continuing on a new site next to Wakefield College.
In May 2006, the university began re-branding itself to consolidate its visual identity to promote one consistent image. A new logo was produced, based on that used during the centenary celebrations in 2004, to replace the combined use of the modified university arms and the Parkinson Building, which has been in use since 2004. The university arms will still be used in its original form for ceremonial purposes only. Four university colours were also specified as being green, red, black and beige.
Leeds provides the local community with over 2,000 university student volunteers. With 7,726 staff currently employed, the university is the third largest employer in Leeds and contributes around £1.23bn a year to the local economy - students add a further £211m through rents and living costs.
The university's educational partnerships have included providing formal accreditation of degree awards to Leeds College of Art and Leeds Trinity University College, although the latter now has the power to award its own degrees. The College of the Resurrection, an Anglican theological college in Mirfield with monastic roots, has, since its inception in 1904, been affiliated to the university, and ties remain close. The university is also a founding member of the Northern Consortium.
In August 2010, the university was one of the most targeted institutions by students entering the UCAS clearing process for 2010 admission, which matches undersubscribed courses to students who did not meet their firm or insurance choices. The university was one of nine Russell Group universities offering extremely limited places to "exceptional" students after the universities in Birmingham, Bristol, Cambridge, Edinburgh and Oxford declared they would not enter the process due to courses being full to capacity.
On 12 October 2010, The Refectory of the Leeds University Union hosted a live edition of the Channel 4 News, with students, academics and economists expressing their reaction to the Browne Review, an independent review of Higher Education funding and student finance conducted by John Browne, Baron Browne of Madingley. University of Leeds Vice-Chancellor and Russell Group chairman Michael Arthur participated, giving an academic perspective alongside current vice-chancellor of Kingston University and former Pro Vice-Chancellor and Professor of Education at the University of Leeds, Sir Peter Scott. Midway through the broadcast a small group of protesters against the potential rise of student debt entered the building before being restrained and evacuated.
In 2016, The University of Leeds became University of the Year 2017 in The Times and The Sunday Times' Good University Guide. The university has risen to 13th place overall, which reflects impressive results in student experience, high entry standards, services and facilities, and graduate prospects.
In 2018, the global world ranking of the University of Leeds is No.93. There are currently 30,842 students are studying in this university. The average tuition fee is 12,000 - US$14,000.
The university has 1,230 acres (498 ha) of land in total, with the main campus taking up 98 acres (40 ha). The main campus is located 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Leeds city centre and compromises of a mixture of Gothic revival, art deco, brutalist and postmodern buildings, making it one of the most diverse university campuses in the country in terms of building styles and history. It is within walking distance of both the city centre and Headingley, a popular residential area for students wishing to live off campus. The main entrance to the campus for visitors by car is on Woodhouse Lane (A660), near the Parkinson Building. The former Woodhouse Cemetery is within the campus, now a landscaped area known as St George's Fields.
The Parkinson Building is a grade II listed art deco building and campanile named after the late Frank Parkinson, a major benefactor of the university who oversaw many new build projects from 1936 onwards. These commitments culminating in the official opening of The Parkinson Building (to which Parkinson donated £200,000) on 9 November 1951. The tower of the building is a well-known landmark in the city of Leeds and is used in the university logo and as a university symbol. The campanile is the highest point of the building and stands at 57 metres (187 ft) tall, making it the 17th tallest building in the city of Leeds.
Maurice Keyworth BuildingEdit
The Leeds University Business School is housed in the renovated 19th-century buildings (known as the Maurice Keyworth Building), which used to belong to Leeds Grammar School on the Western side of the University of Leeds campus. The university have also constructed further modern buildings on the business school area of campus known as the Innovation Hub; costing £9.3 million. The building is a three-storey building of 4350 m2 (gross capacity), with the third floor accommodating the Innovation Hub.
The university's Great Hall building is one of the most prominent buildings on campus alongside the Parkinson Building and the numerous brutalist buildings which are Grade II listed. The Great Hall was built on a site of Beech Grove Hall Estate which was purchased in 1879 by the then Yorkshire College when joining the Victoria University. This was later demolished in 1884, to become the site of the Clothworkers buildings of the Baines Memorial Wing and the Great Hall. The buildings were designed by the renowned Victorian architect Alfred Waterhouse R.A in red pressed brick and had dressings of Bolton Wood stone in a Gothic Collegiate style. The cost of the build was £22,000 and was raised partially by public appeal and served as the university library until the opening of the Brotherton Library. The Great Hall is now primarily used for examinations, meetings and graduation ceremonies.
In June 2010, post-war buildings at the University of Leeds were recommended by English Heritage to become Grade II listed buildings. The modernist and brutalist buildings being recognised include the newly Grade II* listed Roger Stevens Building, whilst the EC Stoner Building, Computer Science Building, Mathematics/Earth Sciences Building, Senior Common Room, Garstang Building, Irene Manton Building, Communications and Edward Boyle Library (formerly the South Library) and Henry Price Building have been recognised as Grade II listed buildings. These additions join the already listed 1877 Great Hall and Baines Wing, the School of Mineral Engineering, the Brotherton Library and the Parkinson Building which are Grade II listed.
In addition to the main campus, there is also a satellite location at Wakefield. Until the 2006–07 academic year, some courses were taught at the Bretton Hall campus in West Bretton. The site closed in summer 2007 after which the courses taught there were relocated to the main campus in Leeds.
Leeds railway station is approximately 1 mile south of the main campus. There are numerous bus routes which serve it. The proposed Leeds Supertram would have run past the campus. The currently proposed Leeds Trolleybus (northern line) will run past the campus, linking it with the city centre, Headingley and Lawnswood. The Leeds Inner Ring Road also lies close to the campus.
The University of Leeds Conference Auditorium, located next to the Sports Hall, was once the original West Yorkshire Playhouse. It was refurbished in 2003 to become two lecture theatres; one for 320 and one for 550, making it the largest capacity facility on the university campus.
The university's Muslim Prayer Room is located in the Conference Auditorium building and able to accommodate up to 300 people at any one time. The prayer room has undergone refurbishment after half a million pounds was allocated towards its development.
The university has engaged in a wave of modern expansion since 2008, and has invested more than £300 million in transforming its campus over the coming years, resulting in new state-of-the-art educational, research, residential and leisure facilities with a further £80 million being spent to improve current assets. The programme of this expansion constitutes one of the largest capital investment projects in British higher education.
- Earth and Environment improvements included a phased refurbishment and construction of this £23 million development which is already completed. These renovations included refurbished laboratory space in the west wing which opened for staff and students in April 2009, and the completion of the remaining elements of the scheme, both new build and refurbished, followed in November 2009.
- Charles Morris Hall student accommodation renovations started with the demolition of the previous Mary Ogilvie House, the existing 108 bed student accommodation block, and construction of a new 500-bed, £27.1 million building began in March 2009, the new halls were completed in the summer of 2010, with the first students moving in for the new academic year in September 2010.
- The Childcare Centre building work has also been completed and led to the creation of a new 140 place staff/student childcare centre and a new landscaped green square on adjoining plot. Work on the £3.6 million project lasted approximately 12 months with the official opening in April 2010.
- Swimming pool and fitness centre improvements (known as The Edge) started in 2009 and consisted of the construction of the new £12.2 million swimming pool/gym complex on the south-western edge of campus. The facility was due for completion by the end of February 2010 however was delayed until being officially opened in May 2010.
- The Law Building is a £12 million project which was completed in early 2011. Work on the project started September 2009 and completion was initially planned for late 2010. The new building is located on the western side of the university campus alongside the Leeds University Business School and is adjacent to the new Michael Marks Building which features the Marks & Spencer archives, including over 60,000 artefacts from London and Leeds (where the company was founded). This new collection of buildings forms the 'Professional' campus of the university, housing business, economics and law functions.
- The Edward Boyle Library £28 million redevelopment of the library was approved by the university and a consultant design team appointed, with a view to work commencing late 2010. However, budget cuts resulted in the project being put on hold  until 2015. The refurbishment began in summer 2015 and was completed in late 2016.
- The Energy Building, is a £12.5 million development extending the engineering complex. Build work began in late summer 2010, and was completed in March 2012.
Works of public art on campus range from Eric Gill's controversial 1923 World War I memorial Christ driving the Moneychangers from the Temple in the foyer of the Rupert Beckett Building to Simon Fujiwara's 2015 9 metres (30 ft) A Spire outside the Laidlaw Library and Liliane Lijn's 2019 Converse Column at the south east entrance to the campus. The university has a Public Art Strategy developed with the Contemporary Art Society.
During the 2016/17 academic year, 33,300 students were enrolled. There were around 560 different first-degree programmes and approximately 300 postgraduate degree programmes in 2009-10.:6 Whilst maintaining its strengths in the traditional subjects (for example more students studying languages and physical sciences than anywhere else in the UK), Leeds has also developed expertise in more distinctive and rare specialist areas such as Colour Chemistry, Fire Science, Nanotechnology and Aviation Technology with Pilot studies.
The university library is spread over five locations, and holds, in total, 2.78 million books, 26,000 print and electronic journals, 850 databases and 6,000 electronic books: making it one of the largest research libraries in the UK. The main arts and humanities library is the Brotherton Library, located in the Parkinson Building. The main science, social sciences and engineering library is the Edward Boyle Library, located in the centre of the campus. Medicine, dentistry and healthcare students are served by the Health Sciences Library, located in the Worsley Building, and there is an extension of this library at St James's University Hospital. The Laidlaw Library on the main campus, serving the needs of undergraduates, opened in May 2015. It is named after Lord Laidlaw who gave £9,000,000 towards its construction.
The university library houses numerous archives and rare books in its Special Collections, ranging from the 15th century through to the 21st century. Special Collections holds five collections designated as outstanding by the Arts Council England. These are the English Literature Collections, the Leeds Russian Archive, the Liddle Collection, the Cookery Collection and its Gypsy, Traveller and Roma Collections. The repository contains William Shakespeare's First Folio (Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories. & Tragedies) published in 1623. Special Collections holds Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, first published 5 July 1687 and Oscar Wilde's manuscript of The Duchess of Padua from 1883. It also has locks of hair from the influential Classical era composers Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven.
There are 9,000 personal computers available across the campus along with 150 Sun computers and servers, 8 high performance Sun servers and 256 supercomputers. There are 29 centrally managed computer clusters of varying sizes spread across the different sites, along with others managed by specific departments. Five of these clusters are available 24 hours a day.
Many of the academic departments have specialist research facilities, for use by staff and students to support research from internationally significant collections in university libraries to state-of-the-art laboratories. These include those hosted at the Institute for Transport Studies, such as the University of Leeds Driving Simulator which is one of the most advanced worldwide in a research environment, allowing transport researchers to watch driver behaviour in accurately controlled laboratory conditions without the risks associated with a live, physical environment.
With extensive links to the St James's University Hospital through the Leeds School of Medicine, the university operates a range of high-tech research laboratories for biomedical and physical sciences, food and engineering – including clean rooms for bionanotechnology and plant science greenhouses. The university is connected to Leeds General Infirmary and the institute of molecular medicine based at St James's University Hospital which aids integration of research and practice in the medical field.
The university also operate research facilities in the aviation field, with the Airbus A320 flight simulator. The simulator was devised with an aim to promote the safety and efficiency of flight operations; where students use the simulator to develop their reactions to critical situations such as engine failure, display malfunctioning and freak weather.
In addition to these facilities, many university departments conduct research in their respective fields. There are also various research centres, including Leeds University Centre for African Studies.
The Leeds School of Medicine is one of the largest medical schools in Europe, with over 250 medical students being trained in each of the clinical years and over 1,000 teaching, research, technical and administrative staff. The school has centres of excellence split down into Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics (LIGHT), Leeds Institute of Health Sciences (LIHS), Leeds Institute of Medical Education (LIME) and The Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine (LIMM). In 2010–11 university guides, the Leeds School of Medicine was ranked as the 11th best medical school in the country by The Guardian and 14th by The Complete University Guide in association with The Independent.
The medical school has close links with the NHS and works closely with Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, comprising 6 hospitals and numerous primary care training practices in Yorkshire and the Humber.
The Leeds General Infirmary and St James's University Hospital, Leeds are the main teaching hospitals in the West Yorkshire region with St James's University Hospital being one of the largest teaching hospitals in Europe. The main university campus is adjacent to the Leeds General Infirmary and is directly connected via the Worsley Building of the Leeds Medical School.
Leeds General Infirmary is a centre in the UK for neurosurgery, and one of only 10 centres in the UK for Paediatric cardiology. The hospital features a rooftop landing pad for the Yorkshire Air Ambulance Service.
Rankings and reputationEdit
|Times / Sunday Times (2020)||13|
|CWTS Leiden (2019)||101|
|British Government assessment|
|Teaching Excellence Framework||Gold|
Leeds was ranked joint 19th (along with the University of St Andrews) amongst multi-faculty institutions in the UK for the quality (GPA) of its research and 10th for its Research Power in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework.
Between 2014-15, Leeds was ranked as the 10th most targeted British university by graduate employers, a two place decrease from 8th position in the previous 2014 rankings.
The 2016–2017 the Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked Leeds as 133rd in the world. The university ranks 117th in the world in the CWTS Leiden Ranking. Leeds is ranked 116th in the world (and 14th in the UK) in the 2016 Round University Ranking. Leeds has also been named University of the Year 2017 by The Times and The Sunday Times’ Good University Guide. In 2019, it ranked 150th among the universities around the world by SCImago Institutions Rankings.
The university won the biennially awarded Queen's Anniversary Prize in 2009 for services to engineering and technology. The honour being awarded to the university's Institute for Transport Studies (ITS) which for over forty years has been a world leader in transport teaching and research.
The university is a founding member of the Russell Group, comprising the leading research-intensive universities in the UK, as well as the N8 Group for research collaboration, the Worldwide Universities Network, the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the European University Association, the White Rose University Consortium, the Santander Network and the CDIO Initiative. It is also affiliated to Universities UK. The Leeds University Business School holds the 'Triple Crown' of accreditations from the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business, the Association of MBAs and the European Quality Improvement System.
|Offer Rate (%)||73.5||72.9||75.4||72.5||74.0|
|Average Entry Tariff[a]||n/a||166||427||430||430|
For 2016 entry, Leeds received over 50,000 applications for undergraduate courses, making it the 4th most popular university by volume of applications.[failed verification] Leeds had the 18th highest average entry qualification for undergraduates of any UK university in 2015, with new students averaging 427 UCAS points, equivalent to just below ABBab in A-level grades. The university gives offers of admission to 75.4% of its applicants, the 14th lowest amongst the Russell Group.
The University of Leeds welcomes more than 9,000 international students from over 170 countries each year, making its campus one of the most diverse and multicultural in the UK. 
19.6% of Leeds’ undergraduates are privately educated, the eighteenth highest proportion amongst mainstream British universities. In the 2016-17 academic year, the university had a domicile breakdown of 77:4:18 of UK:EU:non-EU students respectively with a female to male ratio of 61:39. Figures for graduates in the 2016-17 year showed that 30% of undergraduates gained a first-class honours degree, 57% gained a 2:1, 12% gained a 2:2 and 1% gained a 3rd.
Nobel Prize winnersEdit
A number of Nobel Laureates have worked or studied at the University.
- Sir William Henry Bragg, OM, KBE, PRS (awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1915), for his services (with his son William Lawrence Bragg) in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays.
- George Porter, OM, FRS (awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1967) – University of Leeds graduate - for studies of extremely fast chemical reactions (flash photolysis).
- Wole Soyinka (awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1986) – University of Leeds graduate - the Nigerian writer was awarded for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1986.
- Archer John Porter Martin (awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1952), was an English chemist who shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the invention of partition chromatography with Richard Synge.
- Richard Laurence Millington Synge (awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1952), was a British biochemist, and shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the invention of partition chromatography with Archer Martin. It was during his time in Leeds that he worked with Archer Martin, developing partition chromatography, a technique used in the separation mixtures of similar chemicals, that revolutionized analytical chemistry.
- Piers Forster – University of Leeds staff member – contributed to the reports of the IPCC, which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.
Organisation and governanceEdit
The various schools, institutes and centres of the university are arranged into eight faculties, each with a dean, pro-deans and central functions:
- Arts, Humanities and Cultures (English; History; Philosophy, Religion and History of Science; Institute for Colonial and Postcolonial Studies; Leeds Humanities Research Institute; Institute for Medieval Studies; Languages, Cultures and Societies; School of Media and Communication; Design; Fine Art, History of Art & Cultural Studies; Music; Performance and Cultural Industries)
- Biological Sciences (School of Biology; School of Biomedical Sciences; School of Molecular and Cellular Biology; Undergraduate School of Biological Sciences; Graduate School of Biological Sciences)
- Business (Accounting and Finance; Economics; International Business; Management; Marketing; Work and Employment Relations)
- Education, Social Sciences and Law (Education; Law; Politics and International Studies; Sociology and Social Policy; Graduate School)
- Engineering and Physical Sciences (Chemical and Process Engineering; Civil Engineering; Computing; Electronic and Electrical Engineering; Mechanical Engineering); Chemistry; Food Science and Nutrition; Mathematics; Physics and Astronomy)
- Environment (Earth and Environment; Geography; Institute for Transport Studies)
- Medicine and Health (Leeds Dental Institute; Healthcare; Medicine; Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics; Leeds Institute of Health Sciences; Leeds Institute of Medical Education; Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine; Institute of Psychological Sciences)
The Court serves as a mechanism for the university's accountability to the wider community and to stakeholders, making sure that the university is well managed, properly governed and responsive to public and local interests and concerns. It is made up of mainly lay members.
The Council is the governing body of the university, consisting of mainly lay members along with representatives of staff and students. It is responsible for the proper management and financial solvency of the university, with major policy decisions and corporate strategy being subject to its approval.
The Senate is the principal academic authority of the university. It oversees academic management and sets strategy and priorities, including the curriculum and maintenance of standards.
The university holds a number of formal links with institutions from around the world to share teaching and research and facilitate staff and student exchanges. Numerous European universities participate in the Erasmus Programme which permits learning across the many institutions in this region. Students at Leeds may choose from twinned European universities, with each faculty having particular university affiliations.
|George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon||1904–1909|
|Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire||1909–1938|
|Edward Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire||1938–1950|
|Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood||1951–1965|
|Katharine, Duchess of Kent||1966–1999|
|Melvyn Bragg, the Lord Bragg||1999–2017|
|Dame Jane Francis, DCMG||2017–|
The Pro-Chancellor deputises for the Chancellor. The first, named in the 1904 charter, was businessman and chairman of the Council of the Yorkshire College, Arthur Greenhow Lupton, of a prosperous and prominent family long connected with Leeds. His mother, Frances Lupton, was a pioneering educationalist and more than one of his relatives were Lord Mayor of Leeds. In 1924, Arthur was a Member for Life of the university and had made substantial donations - £10,000 - to the university, as had his parents and brothers: Charles, Hugh and F.M. Lupton, with the family of Leeds University graduate, solicitor R. Noel Middleton - F.M. Lupton's son-in-law - also donating generously. Arthur Lupton's uncles, nieces, nephews and first cousins, including Mrs E. (Baroness von) Schunck, née Lupton, had also been generous donators and in 1924, her son-in-law, The Right Hon. Lord Airedale, was a Member of the Court of Leeds University, having been nominated by the Crown.
The Vice-Chancellor of the university acts as the chief executive. The current Vice-Chancellor is Sir Alan Langlands, who was previously the Chief Executive of the Higher Education Funding Council for England. A number of former Vice-Chancellors have had university buildings or halls of residences on the campus named after them. Examples of such dedications include The Edward Boyle Library, Bodington Hall (accommodation named in honour of the first Vice-Chancellor) and The Roger Stevens Building.
|Sir Nathan Bodington||1904–1910|
|Sir Michael Ernest Sadler||1911–1923|
|Sir James Black Baillie||1924–1938|
|Bernard Mouat Jones||1938–1948|
|Charles Morris, Baron Morris of Grasmere||1948–1963|
|Sir Roger Stevens||1963–1970|
|Edward Boyle, Baron Boyle of Handsworth||1970–1981|
|William Walsh (Acting Vice-Chancellor)||1981–1983|
|Sir Edward W. Parkes||1983–1991|
|Sir Alan G. Wilson||1991–2004|
|Sir Alan Langlands||2013–present|
The Leeds University Union is a National Union of Students affiliated body, located on the main university campus. The union's main purpose is to support Leeds students through providing socialising opportunities, societies and group support, help and advisory services and to aid students wishing to volunteer, campaign and engage with the local communities. The Leeds University Union is also a founding member of the Aldwych Group, which represents the students' unions of the members of the Russell Group.
The University of Leeds Refectory is the university's main canteen during the day, serving a range of hot and cold food whilst in the evenings it is converted into one of Leeds's largest music venues, having a 2,100-person capacity for live events. Many famous bands and musicians have played at the University of Leeds Refectory throughout their careers. These include The Who who recorded Live at Leeds at the venue (originally in 1970, and then returned in June 2006 to recreate the original show), Bob Marley and the Wailers (as heard on the remastered 2004 Deluxe edition of Burnin' ), Jimi Hendrix, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd, and more recently Muse (recorded and played on MTV), The Strokes, Bloc Party, Manic Street Preachers, KT Tunstall, Arctic Monkeys, The Coral and Paul Weller.
The Gryphon (formerly known as the Leeds Student) is the weekly student newspaper, published free every Friday during term-time and distributed around the University of Leeds. The articles are written by students, and are largely about local and student based issues. It is one of the country's most active university newspapers and regularly wins national student media awards. Leeds Student was formed in 1970 by the merger of the Leeds University Union newspaper (Union News) and the then Leeds Polytechnic Students Union newspaper, but in November 2005 Leeds Metropolitan University students voted to disaffiliate from Leeds Student, citing under-representation. The name was changed to The Gryphon in 2014.
Leeds Student was the 2009 winner of The Guardian Student Newspaper of the Year award and short-listed for The Guardian Student Magazine of the Year. Former editors of the newspaper include Paul Vallely (The Independent) and Nicholas Witchell (BBC News).
Leeds Student RadioEdit
Leeds University Union also operates the student radio station Leeds Student Radio, broadcasting live on their website from 9 am to midnight every day during term time.
LSTV (Leeds Student Television)Edit
LSTV (Leeds Student Television) is a student television station run by students from the University of Leeds. LSTV produces weekly video content such as Entertainment programme 'On Campus', Sport programme 'Sideline' and News programme 'The Essential', which focuses on local and University news affecting Students at the University of Leeds and the local Leeds community. Their content is broadcast every Wednesday at 2 pm around Leeds University Union and streams live online.
Leeds University Union (LUU) won the award for the Higher Education Students' Union of the Year at the NUS Awards 2009. In 2008, the union was voted runner up for the award of Higher Education Students' Union of the Year however did win first prize for Equality and Diversity.
In 2008, the Leeds University Union became the first student union to achieve Gold Status in the Students' Union Evaluation Initiative (SUEI). A feat only matched by the University of Sheffield Union of Students in mid 2010.
Each year the university supports over 20 elite athletes, providing a funding, support services and an interface with university academic departments, to ensure elite athletes have the infrastructure that allows them to compete at the highest level whilst studying. The university also offers sporting scholarships to elite athletes in conjunction with Npower whilst offering Olympic scholarships to prospects preparing to compete at future Olympic Games.
The university competes annually in the Christie Cup, a competition dating back to 1886 which sees the former Victoria Universities of Leeds, Liverpool and Manchester participate in 28 different sports. After the rivalry between Oxford and Cambridge, the Christie's Championships is the oldest inter–university competition on the sporting calendar.
The university is a member of the MCC University Centres of Cricketing Excellence alongside the Cardiff, Cambridge, Durham, Loughborough and Oxford, where talented young cricketers can further their academic education whilst receiving an expert levels of cricket coaching and competitive match play.
University of Leeds Sport offer a wide range of competitive and participation sports, which is used by the student and local population of Leeds who may use certain university facilities. Alongside fitness classes such as yoga and aerobics, the university offers over 36 different sporting clubs, including cricket, football, rugby union, hockey, basketball and badminton which have achieved league and cup wins in the British Universities and Colleges Sport (BUCS) league.
Whilst the university operated performance and elite level sports, there is an intramural recreational sport programme which is one of the largest of any Higher Education institution in Britain. The Leeds University Union has over 60 sports clubs which range from Cycling to Sailing.
A £20 million spending plan was sanctioned with the aim to add facilities to the university's sporting provisions, including a 25m, 8 lane swimming pool and a 200 station health and fitness centre (known as The Edge) which opened in May 2010. The Gryphon Sports Centre opened in 2008 after a £2.5 million refurbishment, and caters for racquet sports including badminton and squash whilst the Weetwood Playing Fields are used for football, rugby union, rugby league and hockey. The Brownlee Centre and Bodington cycle circuit were opened in April 2017 and named after alumni Alistair and Jonny Brownlee. Construction was funded by Sport England, UK Sport, British Cycling, British Triathlon and the University.
The university also offers a range of sporting opportunities for students to gain experience and develop their skills by volunteering within the local community. Volunteers can take up posts that include coaching, events organisation, stewarding and sports administration.
The university provides accommodation in either catered or self-catering rooms, mostly reserved for first year undergraduate students but also for international students, postgraduates, staff and undergraduates who have been unable to find alternative accommodation.
Four of the halls (Charles Morris Hall, Henry Price Building, Ellerslie Hall and Lyddon Hall) are on the campus, while other halls and self-catering accommodation are located throughout the city. Bodington Hall is approximately four miles north-west of the campus, Devonshire Hall is situated just under a mile off the main campus, and other accommodation includes Carr Mills, Liberty Dock, James Baillie Park, Leodis Residences, Lupton Residences, Montague Burton Residences, North Hill Court, Opal 3 Residences, Oxley Residences, Sentinel Towers, The Tannery, Shimmin, St Marks Residences.
In addition to providing university-owned accommodation, the university works with external accommodation providers such as Unite and Opal who provide private accommodation for both undergraduate students and postgraduates.
The university guarantees first year undergraduates, international undergraduates, undergraduate exchange students and international postgraduate students places in university-owned accommodation on condition that they meet the relevant application deadlines. In common with other institutions, it also runs schemes for students choosing Leeds as their firm or insurance choice through UCAS, with clearing students being supported once accepted.
The university's Disability Team (based within its Equality Service) arranges and provides academic support services for students who are deaf or have hearing impairments, are blind or partially sighted, have a specific learning difficulty (e.g. dyslexia), have a physical impairment or mobility difficulty, have a long-term medical condition or have a mental health difficulty.
The university is one of the few universities in the UK to include an on-campus Transcription Centre, managed in conjunction with the RNIB. The Transcription Centre produces information in a range of accessible formats (including braille, large print, e-text and audio formats) for blind and partially sighted students and staff members – both at Leeds and at other universities, colleges and schools.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Alumni from the arts include musicians Dan Smith, Kyle Simmons and Chris Wood of the band Bastille, Mark Knopfler of the band Dire Straits and Simon Rix, bassist of Leeds-based band the Kaiser Chiefs, singers Corinne Bailey Rae and Little Boots, and the band members of alt-J. Film director Shona Auerbach, impersonator and actor Alistair McGowan, screenwriter Jeremy Dyson, actress Emma Mackey and poet Tony Harrison are also alumni of the university.
Alumni from the media and related areas include CNN international business correspondent and presenter Richard Quest, political cartoonist Steve Bell, world music broadcaster Andy Kershaw and 6 Music DJ Liz Kershaw, BBC News journalist Nicholas Witchell, foreign correspondent Mark Brayne, television presenter Jenni Falconer, Sky Sports News presenter Georgie Thompson, BBC economics editor Kamal Ahmed and IMDb founder Col Needham.
Alumni involved in politics include the former and current UK Cabinet ministers Jack Straw, Clare Short and Sayeeda Warsi. Other politicians include Ken Hind, Paul Truswell, Eric Illsley, Nambaryn Enkhbayar former President of Mongolia, Gidado Idris, Former Secretary to the Government of Nigeria, and Secretary General of the Red Cross Bekele Geleta.
Former students in the field of science and technology include NASA astronaut Piers Sellers, Nobel Prize winner and President of the Royal Society George Porter, researcher into breast cancer and the development of cancer drug Tamoxifen V. Craig Jordan, marine ecologist Rose Crichton and Edmund Happold, founder of Buro Happold.
Former students in sport include England rugby union players Tom Palmer and Alex Lozowski, cross country runners and triathletes Alistair Brownlee and brother Jonathan Brownlee, ocean rower, polar explorer, and Conservative Member of Parliament for North Warwickshire Daniel Byles.
Since the university was granted its own Royal Charter in 1904, the university has awarded honorary degrees (honoris causa) to notable individuals as part of their yearly graduation ceremonies. The degree awarded itself can vary but is typically a doctorate or, less commonly, a master's degree, and may be awarded to someone who has no prior connection with the university.
St George's Field, part of the University of Leeds campus, is the former Woodhouse Cemetery, where is buried Pablo Fanque (William Darby), who was a black circus proprietor for 30 years during the Victorian period. Fanque's wife, Susannah Darby, is also buried at the cemetery. There is a monument that Fanque erected to her, and a smaller monument to him. John Lennon referenced Fanque in The Beatles song "Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!" on the album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. On 8 October 2010, the Leeds University Union, as part of the university's annual Light Night celebration, unveiled a commemorative plaque at Fanque's and Darby's gravesite.[failed verification]
- New UCAS Tariff system from 2016
- Pine, L.G. (1983). A dictionary of mottoes (1 ed.). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 67. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X.
- "Annual report and accounts 2017-18". University of Leeds. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
- "The University of Leeds Facts and Figures". University of Leeds. 2016.
- "2016/17 Students by HE provider, level, mode and domicile" (CSV). Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Identity management | Design guidelines | Core colour palette". University of Leeds. 8 May 2006. Archived from the original on 21 November 2007. Retrieved 1 January 2007.
- Charlton, H. B. (1951) Portrait of a University. Manchester: U. P.; chap. IV
- "University of Leeds – Heritage". University of Leeds. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- "Yorkshire university secures place in top 10 institutions nationally in prestigious guide". www.yorkshirepost.co.uk. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
- "University guide: University of Leeds". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- University Profiles|Leeds. The Complete University Guide. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- "QS World University Rankings® 2019". Retrieved 6 July 2018.
- "The Graduate Market in 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 8 February 2017.
- "University Research Excellence Framework 2014 – The Full Rankings (Power Table)". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- "Leeds University is named 'University of the Year'". www.yorkshireeveningpost.co.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
- "The Times Good University Guide 2016: Most Applications". The Good University Guide. London. Retrieved 16 November 2015.(subscription required)
- "Who's Been Here". Archived from the original on 16 October 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
- "Notable Alumni". Retrieved 24 May 2010.
- Charlton, H. B. (1951) Portrait of a University, 1851–1951. Manchester: University Press; p. 138
- "Student lists". Archived from the original on 14 September 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- Charlton (1851)
- The amended constitution dates from 15 July 1903; on 24 June 1904 Owens College was incorporated with the University. Charlton (1951); p. 138
- "History of the University of Manchester". University of Manchester. Archived from the original on 21 August 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- "Launch of University of Leeds @ Wakefield". University of Leeds. 28 February 2006. Retrieved 29 January 2008.
- "Clearing 2010: Universities offer lifeline to top students". The Guardian. London. 19 August 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
- "University tuition fees set for huge rise – Channel 4 News". Channel 4. 12 October 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- "Higher education reform – protests live on air | Snowblog". Channel 4. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- Barson, Rachel. "University of the Year 2017". www.leeds.ac.uk.
- "Leeds General Cemetery Company Limited MS 421" (PDF). Leeds University Library Special Collections – Handlist 40. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
- Parkinson Building, Leeds – Building #5017. Skyscrapernews.com (19 February 2000). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Foundations: Parkinson Building, University of Leeds|What's on in Leeds|Eating Out in Leeds|Listings|Leeds Guide Magazine Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Leedsguide.co.uk (25 November 2009). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Specialising in Mechanical and Electrical Services :: Building Services, Design Consultancy and Project Management. The Brentwood Group. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Ceremonies|Taught Student Administration Archived 20 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. University of Leeds. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Ground-breaking buildings listed. University of Leeds (23 June 2010). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- "Conference Auditorium". Universally Leeds. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- Breaking ground. University of Leeds. (13 May 2009). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- News – Estate Services. University of Leeds. (13 August 2010). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- "New energy building unveiled at University of Leeds - EPSRC website". www.epsrc.ac.uk. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- "Public Art Trail" (PDF). University of Leeds. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
- "The words on the street – new public artwork for University of Leeds". Nexus - University of Leeds. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
- "Public Art". The Stanley & Audrey Burton Gallery. University of Leeds. Retrieved 22 July 2019. Includes video tour
- "University of Leeds Public Art Strategy". Contemporary Art Society. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
- "Study facilities | Library | Facts and figures". University of Leeds. 2 July 2007. Archived from the original on 5 November 2007. Retrieved 5 October 2007.
- "About the Laidlaw Library". University Library. University of Leeds. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- Leeds University Library. Leeds.ac.uk (14 January 2008). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- "Designated Outstanding Collections" (PDF). Arts Council England. Arts Council England. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
- "Our collections". University of Leeds. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
- UK|England|Wear|Man bailed over Shakespeare theft. BBC News (11 July 2008). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Leeds University Library. Leeds.ac.uk (14 October 2007). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Leeds University Library. Leeds.ac.uk (15 October 2007). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Leeds University Library. Leeds.ac.uk (15 October 2007). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Leeds University Library. Leeds.ac.uk (15 October 2007). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- "Leeds univ computer clusters". University of Leeds. 28 February 2008. Archived from the original on 6 February 2009. Retrieved 31 October 2008.
- Research – Facilities – University of Leeds Archived 17 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine. University of Leeds. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- "Research and Innovation facilities". University of Leeds. 20 April 2009. Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- University of Leeds, School of Medicine. University of Leeds. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- University guide 2011: Medicine|Education|guardian.co.uk. Guardian (8 June 2010). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- University Subject Tables 2011. The Complete University Guide. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Homepage – Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust. Leedsth.nhs.uk (8 November 2005). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Homepage – Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust Archived 11 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Leedsteachinghospitals.com (8 November 2005). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- "University League Table 2020". The Complete University Guide. 1 May 2019.
- "University league tables 2020". The Guardian. 7 June 2019.
- "The Times and Sunday Times University Good University Guide 2020". Times Newspapers.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy.
- "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2019 - PP top 10%". CWTS Leiden Ranking 2019.
- "QS World University Rankings 2020". Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd.
- "World University Rankings 2020". Times Higher Education.
- "Teaching Excellence Framework outcomes". Higher Education Funding Council for England.
- "Research Excellence Framework results 2014" (PDF).
- "REF 2014 results". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016". Centre for Science and Technology Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
- "University of Leeds". The State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation and swissuniversities. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
- "Round University Rankings 2016". RUR Rankings Agency. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
- "SCImago Institutions Rankings - Higher Education - All Regions and Countries - 2019 - Overall Rank". www.scimagoir.com.
- The Royal Anniversary Trust Archived 5 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine. The Royal Anniversary Trust. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- "Leeds University – Guardian Education". The Guardian. London. 10 May 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- "End of Cycle 2017 Data Resources DR4_001_03 Applications by provider". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- "Sex, area background and ethnic group: L23 University of Leeds". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- "End of Cycle 2017 Data Resources DR4_001_02 Main scheme acceptances by provider". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- "Top UK University League Table and Rankings". Complete University Guide.
- "University league table". London: The Sunday Time. 22 September 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
- "University League Table 2018". Complete University Guide. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- "Which elite universities have the highest offer rates". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "International Students - University of Leeds". The Complete University Guide. Complete University Guide. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
- "Widening participation: UK Performance Indicators 2016/17". hesa.ac.uk. Higher Education Statistics Authority. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- "Where do HE students study?". hesa.ac.uk. Higher Education Statistics Authority. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "Universities with biggest shares of 2:1s and firsts revealed". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- IPCC Statement about the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. IPCC (29 October 2012). Retrieved 04 April 2004.
- "Europe – Study Abroad – University of Leeds". University of Leeds. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- Services, Corporate. "Text of The University of Leeds' Royal Charter". University of Leeds. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "Leeds University - Twentieth Report: 1924" (PDF). University of Leeds 1924 - Jowett and Sowry Ltd. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- "Report: University of Leeds - 1910". University of Leeds - 1910. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
Donations - Lupton, Darnton (the late), Harehills (Uncle of Arthur G. Lupton)
- "Noel Middleton 1878-1951". BBC News. 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
He (R. Noel Middleton) attended Clifton College in Bristol as a boarder before heading to Leeds University and qualifying as a solicitor.
- "Leeds University Union". Leeds University Union. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- Members. Aldwychgroup.org. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Leeds University Union – Homepage. Luuonline.com (9 August 2010). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- "NUS Awards Website". Nusawards.org.uk. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- The Students' Union Evaluation Initiative. Suei.co.uk. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- The Students' Union Evaluation Initiative. Suei.co.uk. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- "BUCS Points - BUCScore". www.bucs.org.uk.
- Elite Athletes and Scholarships – Leeds University Sport Archived 12 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine. University of Leeds. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- MCCU Cricket – Leeds University Sport Archived 27 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. University of Leeds. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Sports Clubs – Leeds University Sport Archived 3 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. University of Leeds. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Home – British Universities & Colleges Sport Archived 8 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Bucs.org.uk. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Facilities – Leeds University Sport. University of Leeds. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- University of Leeds, The new Brownlee Centre, accessed 13 January 2018
- "Sport section of the University's website". University of Leeds. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- University of Leeds Accommodation. University of Leeds. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- University of Leeds Accommodation Archived 24 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine. University of Leeds. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Bastille Interview (Part Two) - SPGtv. YouTube. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Myers, Marc. "For Mark Knopfler, a Red Guitar Started It All". WSJ. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
- "Top universities for producing millionaires". 13 October 2011. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
- "The return of Leeds's own Corinne Bailey Rae". www.yorkshireeveningpost.co.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
- Clout, Laura (17 September 2007). "Chelsy Davy arrives at Leeds University". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- "Cool places to go to college". The Independent. 17 August 2006. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- "crt, The essays in Black Victorians/Black Victoriana". Curate.tumblr.com. 22 February 2010. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- "Picture Peep behind the scenes". Fairsarefun.net. 6 January 1990. Archived from the original on 21 August 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- "Blue Plaques and Circus Skills: Pablo Fanque". Leedsuniversityunion.org.uk. 8 October 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- "University Partners - Division of Community and International Networking". Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman(UTAR). Retrieved 25 December 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of Leeds.|