Institute for Medieval Studies, Leeds
The Institute for Medieval Studies (IMS) at the University of Leeds, founded in 1967, is a leading research and teaching institute in the field of medieval studies. It is home to the International Medieval Bibliography and the International Medieval Congress.
Although Leeds University had seen lively intellectual activity in medieval studies throughout its history, the first formal precursor to the Institute for Medieval Studies was Leeds's 'Medieval Group', founded in October 1951. The group would gather to hear academic papers on relevant topics, preceded by 'sherry in the Chairman's room' and followed 'by supper'. Early chairs were John Le Patourel (1951–71), J. R. Wilkie (1971-77), and A. C. Cawley (1978–79); secretaries were K. W. Humphreys (1951–52), A. C. Cawley (1952-59), and William Rothwell (1959-?); and treasurers included G. R. J. Jones (1951–71). As of the 2018-19 academic year, Medieval Group still existed, within the Institute for Medieval Studies, run by a committee of both staff and graduate students under the aegis of Melanie Brunner, organising papers, workshops, and field trips.
The GCMS and IMB (1967-78)Edit
The inter-departmental community-building of the Medieval Group was consolidated in 1967, when Le Patourel led the establishment of the Leeds Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies (GCMS). Early directors included Le Patourel (1967–70), A. C. Cawley (1970-72), and R. L. Thomson (1972–77). The centre focused on offering an interdisciplinary MA degree in Medieval Studies that drew on the skills of scholars in a range of departments whose teaching tended to be separated by institutional barriers. It had an important role in building up Leeds's capacity to deliver postgraduate education. It was partly inspired by the recent establishment of the Centre for Medieval Studies, Toronto and a Medieval Studies MA at the University of Manchester under the guidance of J. S. Roskell. However, it lacked any dedicated premises for teaching or students and relied for its budget on petitioning individual departments for funds.
The foundation of the Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies took place alongside a wave of new activities among Leeds medievalists, most prominently the foundation of the International Medieval Bibliography (IMB) by Peter Sawyer, also in 1967. Related endeavours were the founding of the journal Northern History in 1966; the refounding of the medieval-studies-orientated journal Leeds Studies in English (1967) and associated book series Leeds Texts and Monographs (1966); hosting the first colloquium of the Société Internationale pour l’étude du Théâtre Médiéval (1974); and, in 1975, co-ordinating the staging of 42 pageants from the York Mystery Plays on the Leeds University campus.
The CMS, IMI, and IMC (1978-2003)Edit
In 1977, the Centre's first female director, Lynn Muir, was appointed (1977–82). In 1978 she removed the word 'Graduate' from the name of the Centre, making it the 'Centre for Medieval Studies', and in 1979 won a dedicated room for the Centre, which was christened 'The Le Patourel Room' and housed in a one-time church building which later became the home of the University's Workshop Theatre. Subsequent directors included Joyce Hill. In 1996, the first appointment was made to the Centre itself, when Mary Swan was made its Director of Studies. She oversaw, in 1999, the introduction of a Ph.D. programme run by the Centre, and in 2000 the shifting of the Le Patourel Room to the University's Parkinson Building, where, as of 2019, it remains.
In 1998, Leeds's Centre for Medieval Studies was described in the Times Higher Education as
Britain's largest: it boasts 38 staff and 60-70 students from 16 humanities departments, plus 14 medieval studies MA students. From this autumn a new PhD programme will teach palaeontology [presumably an error for 'palaeography'], medieval Latin, Hebrew and Greek — crucial tools for students of the period. Medieval studies finally seems to be emerging from its own Dark Ages.
Meanwhile, by 1994 Leeds University had established the International Medieval Institute (IMI) as a home for the International Medieval Bibliography. Under the aegis of the IMI's then director Simon Forde (1988–95), in collaboration with the Centre for Medieval Studies, the Institute launched the annual Leeds International Medieval Congress, which swiftly became Europe's pre-eminent medieval studies conference.
The IMS (2003-)Edit
In 2003, major restructuring took place, and the Centre for Medieval Studies and the International Medieval Institute merged to create the Institute for Medieval Studies, an independent unit within Leeds University's Faculty of Arts. These changes took place under the Institute's new director, Richard Morris (2003-2010). The institute now had a fairly large staff of its own, comprising the Director, lecturers (Mary Swan and Bill Flynn), the editorial team of the International Medieval Bibliography (led since 1996 by Alan V. Murray), and the organising staff of the International Medieval Congress (led since the 1990s by the Congress Director Axel Müller). However, it also counted among its members medievalists employed by schools across the University, as well as associate fellows from the Royal Armouries Museum and elsewhere in the wider Yorkshire medievalist community.
During 2010-12, however, the Institute was moved into one of the Schools of the Faculty of Arts, the School of History, under the acting directorship of Graham Loud. The restructure coincided with the departure of the IMS's director of studies, Mary Swan, but was consolidated by the creation in the School of a new Chair in Medieval Studies, whose first appointee, Julia Barrow, took up both the chair and the directorship of the Institute in 2012. She was succeeded as director in 2016 by Emilia Jamroziak, who was succeeded in turn in 2019 by Alaric Hall.
The IMS has published the occasional journal Bulletin of International Medieval Research, edited by Alan V. Murray, since 1995 (ISSN 1361-4460). In 2020, it was announced that Leeds Studies in English would merge with the Bulletin to become Leeds Medieval Studies.
- The Drama of Medieval Europe: Proceedings of the Colloquium Held at the University of Leeds 10-13 September 1974, ed. by Peter Meredith, Leeds Medieval Studies, 1 (Leeds: University of Leeds, Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies, 1975).
- The Tristan Legend: Texts from Northern and Eastern Europe in Modern English Translation, ed. by Joyce Hill, Leeds Medieval Studies, 2 (Leeds: University of Leeds, Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies, 1977).
- The Passion de Semur, ed. by Peter Durbin and Lynette R. Muir, Leeds Medieval Studies, 3 (Leeds: The University of Leeds, Centre for Medieval Studies, 1981).
- A. J. Taylor, 'History at Leeds 1877–1974: The Evolution of a Discipline', Northern History, 10 (1975), 141-64 doi:10.1179/nhi.1922.214.171.124.
- Douglas A. Anderson, ' "An Industrious Little Devil": E. V. Gordon as Friend and Collaborator with Tolkien', in Tolkien the Medievalist, ed. by Jane Chance, Routledge Studies in Medieval Religion and Culture, 3 (New York: Routledge, 2003), pp. 15–25. ISBN 0-415-28944-0.
- R. L. Thompson, 'Preface', A Medieval Miscellany: Essays by Past and Present Members of the Staff Medieval Group and the Centre for Medieval Studies of the University of Leeds in Honour of Professor John Le Patourel, ed. by R. L. Thomson, Proceedings of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society. Literary and Historical Section, 18 pt. 1 ([Leeds]: [Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society], 1982), pp. 5-6.
- 'Medieval Group events 2018-19: A Year in Review', Institute for Medieval Studies News (7 June 2019).
- A. J. Taylor, 'History at Leeds 1877–1974: The Evolution of a Discipline', Northern History, 10 (1975), 141-64 (p. 163), doi:10.1179/nhi.19126.96.36.199.
- 'Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies: 1967-1978', 50 Years of Medieval Studies at Leeds (2017).
- 'Building a real centre: 1978-2003', 50 Years of Medieval Studies at Leeds (2017).
- Sawyer, Peter (2009). "The Origins of the International Medieval Bibliography: Its Unwritten History (as told by its Founder)". Bulletin of International Medieval Research. 14 for 2008: 57–61.
- Murray, Alan V. (2001). "Thirty-Five Years of the International Medieval Bibliography (1967-2002)". Bulletin of International Medieval Research. 7: 1–9.
- 'Mystery Plays at Leeds', 50 Years of Medieval Studies at Leeds (2017).
- 'Students, staff and activities: 2003-2011', 50 Years of Medieval Studies at Leeds (2017).
- 'Lynette Muir' (2007).
- Roberta Frank, 'An Appreciation of Joyce Hill', Leeds Studies in English, n.s. 37 (2006), 1-8 (p. 5).
- 'Renaissance of the Middle Ages', Times Higher Education (10 July 1998).
- Jean-Pierre V. M. Hérubel, 'Disciplinary Affiliations and Subject Dispersion in Medieval Studies', Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian, 23.2 (2005), 67-83 (pp. 68-69), doi:10.1300/J103v23n02_04To.
- 'Beginnings of the IMC', 50 Years of Medieval Studies at Leeds (2017).
- Simon Forde, 'IMC Memories', 50 Years of Medieval Studies at Leeds (14 June 2018).
- 'People of the IMC', 50 Years of Medieval Studies at Leeds (2017).
- 'Institute for Medieval Studies Newsletter', Bulletin of International Medieval Research, 17-18 (2012), 105-112 (p. 112).
- 'Institute for Medieval Studies mourns the death of Mary Swan (director of studies 1996-2011)' (22 October 2020).
- 'Minor Medieval News January 2017', Medieval Histories: News about the Middle Ages (4 January 2017).
- 'New Director of the Institute for Medieval Studies appointed' (8 August 2019).
- 'Moving forward: 2011 to now', 50 Years of Medieval Studies at Leeds (2017).
- 'LUU Medieval Society 2018-19: A Year in Review', Institute for Medieval Studies News (12 June 2018).
- Alaric Hall, 'Editorial Note', Leeds Studies in English, n. s. 49 (2018), [iii].