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Karimnagar is a city in the Indian state of Telangana. Karimnagar is a major urban agglomeration and fifth largest city(in Area) in the state. It is governed by municipal corporation and is the headquarters of the Karimnagar district[4][5] It is situated on the banks of Manair River, which is a tributary of the Godavari River.It is the fourth largest and fastest growing urban settlement in the state, according to 2011 census. It has registered a population growth rate of 45.46% and 38.87%[citation needed] respectively over the past two decades between 1991 and 2011, which is highest growth rate among major cities of Telangana.[6] It serves as a major educational and health hub for the northern districts of Telangana.[7] It is a major business center and widely known for Granite and Agro-based industries.It is also called as "City of Granites"[8][9]

Karimnagar
Elgandala Fort in Karimnagar
Elgandala Fort in Karimnagar
Nickname(s): 
The Nizam's City, City of Granites
Karimnagar is located in Telangana
Karimnagar
Karimnagar
Karimnagar is located in India
Karimnagar
Karimnagar
Coordinates: 18°26′13″N 79°07′27″E / 18.43694°N 79.12417°E / 18.43694; 79.12417Coordinates: 18°26′13″N 79°07′27″E / 18.43694°N 79.12417°E / 18.43694; 79.12417
CountryIndia
StateTelangana
DistrictKarimnagar
RegionDeccan
Established1905
Named forNizam
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • BodyKarimnagar Municipal Corporation
 • MayorSardar Ravindar Singh (TRS)
 • MLAGangula Kamalakar (TRS)
 • MPtba (tba)
 • Municipal CommissionerSatyanarayana
 • Commissioner of PoliceKamalasan Reddy
Area
 • City26.50 km2 (10.23 sq mi)
Area rank3rd (state)
Elevation
275 m (902 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1][2]
 • City297,447
 • Rank178(India)
5th (Telangana)
 • Density11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
489,885 (SUDA)
Demonym(s)Karimnagarites
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
505001 to 505010
Telephone code91-878-
ISO 3166 codeIN-TG
Vehicle registrationTS–02 / AP-15 (Old Number)[3]
Sex ratio981.4 /
Literacy89.9
Planning agencySatavahana Urban Development Authority (SUDA)
WebsiteKarimnagar Municipal Corporation

It has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.[10]

Contents

EtymologyEdit

During the Nizam era, the name Karimnagar was named for a village by an Elgandala Qiladar, Syed Karimuddin.[11]

HistoryEdit

Satavahana dynastyEdit

Kotilingala now in Jagtial district was the first capital of the Satavahana Kingdom (230 BCE–220 CE). Formerly known as Sabbinadu, inscriptions dating to the Kakatiya dynasty by kings Prola II and Prataparudra found at Karimnagar and Srisailam provide evidence of the area's rich history.[12]

Archaeological excavations in Pedda Bonkur, Dhulikatta and Kotilingalu show that the area was once ruled by the Satvahanas, Mauryas and Asaf Jahis.[13]

Modern eraEdit

It was previously part of Hyderabad State before 1 November 1956, Andhra Pradesh state till 2 June 2014 and became the part of newly formed state of Telangana by Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.

DemographicsEdit

Karimnagar UA population 
CensusPop.
19015,752
19118,34745.1%
19219,39912.6%
193110,90316.0%
194117,43759.9%
195123,82636.6%
196131,55432.4%
197148,91855.0%
198186,12576.1%
1991148,58372.5%
2001218,30246.9%
2011297,44736.3%
Sources:[14]

Karimnagar has a population of 297,447 within its corporation limits, according to 2011 census, making it the fourth largest city in Telangana state. Karimnagar Urban Agglomeration comprising Municipal Corporation and Urban Development authority of 4,89,885.City out growths include Bommakal (with a population of 9,031), Arepalle (6,987), Alugunur (6,164), Chinthakunta (3,437) and Sitharampur (3,017). Besides these outgrowths, there are many sub-urban areas on the outskirts, which are merged into corporation limits. It is the most densely populated city in Telangana, with a density of 11,114 persons per km2.

Karimnagar city has a literacy rate of 85.82%, which is highest urban literacy rate in Telangana state. Karimnagar urban agglomeration has a literacy rate of 84.93% which is almost equal to the National Urban average of 85%. The literacy rate for males and females for Karimnagar urban region stood at 91.06% and 78.69% respectively.[15][16]

Religions in Karimnagar[17][not in citation given]
Religion Percentage
Hindu
87.1%
Muslim
10.7%
Christian
1.3%
Others
0.9%

ClimateEdit

 
Dense Clouds over LMD Reservoir at Karimnagar

Karimnagar experiences dry inland climatic conditions with hot summers and cool winters.[18] The city of Karimnagar gets most of its rainfall from the Southwest monsoon. The summer season is extremely hot, but temperatures decline with the onset of the monsoons, and the winter season is generally cool. The most popular tourist season is from November to February.

The summer season starts in March and can continue through early June. During this period temperatures range from a minimum of 27 °C to a maximum of 39 °C. The highest recorded temperature in the area is around 44 °C. Nights are much cooler, and the humidity is around 50%. October and November experiences increased rainfall from the Northeast monsoon. During this time, daytime temperatures average around 30 °C. The winter season starts in December and lasts through February. During this time, temperatures range from a minimum of 20 °C to a maximum of 35 °C.

Climate data for Karimnagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
33
(91)
37
(99)
40
(104)
42
(108)
37
(99)
33
(91)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
34
(94)
Average low °C (°F) 16
(61)
19
(66)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
22
(72)
18
(64)
15
(59)
22
(72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.3)
8
(0.3)
43
(1.7)
17
(0.7)
41
(1.6)
162
(6.4)
204
(8.0)
126
(5.0)
133
(5.2)
75
(3.0)
48
(1.9)
18
(0.7)
907
(35.8)
Source: Sunmap

Civic administrationEdit

Karimnagar Municipal Corporation is the civic body that administers the city. It was constituted as a third grade municipality in the year 1952, as a second grade in 1959, first grade in 1984, special grade in 1996, selection grade in 1999 and finally upgraded to corporation in 2005.[11]

Despite of city growing in leaps and bounds, the area of the civic body remaining unaltered. Ever since the municipality was upgraded into corporation in 2005, the merger of adjoining villages on the outskirts with the Corporation was being met with wide opposition from local village authorities.[19][20]

HealthcareEdit

 
Apollo Reach Hospitals, Karimnagar

Karimnagar has evolved into a major health centre at the beginning of the 21st century because it is centrally located to all the near by Districts and Talukas like Jagtial, Sircilla, Ramagundam,Peddapalli, Kodimyal, Manthani, Huzurabad, Jammikunta, Husnabad, Choppadandi, Malyal and Gangadhara. Patients come from all over the surrounding districts. Government Civil Hospital is the dominant medical institution.[21]

CultureEdit

Telugu is the major language spoken in Karimnagar; Urdu is also widely spoken. The typical attire includes the traditional Chira and Pancha, and also modern dress styles. Karimnagar Silver Filigree is one of the local silverware handicrafts.

Religious worships and festivalsEdit

The spring festival of Bathukamma is typical in this region. Other major Hindu festivals celebrated in the region include Ugadi, Sri Ramanavami, Vinayaka Chavithi, Holi, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, Dasara, Deepavali, Sankranti, and Maha Sivaratri. Muslims in this area also celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Ramadan (ninth month of the Islamic calendar), Laylat al-Qadr (Shab-e-Qadr), Isra and Mi'raj (Shab-e-Meraj), Shab-e-barat (Mid-Sha'ban), Milad-un-Nabi (Mawlid) and Muharram (Day of Ashura). These are usually greeted with great pomp and ceremony. Christians in this area celebrate Christmas and Good Friday.

Raja Rajeshwara Swamy Temple at Vemulawada,[22] Narasimha Temple at Dharmapuri, Jagtial District,[23] Anjaneya Temple at Kondagattu, Jagtial District,[24] Veerabhadra Temple at Kothakonda and Swayambhu Narasimha Swamy Temple at Nustulapur are some of the prominent and famous religious destinations.[25]

CuisineEdit

Sakinalu is one of the many traditional snacks made in Karimnagar, especially for the Sankranti festival. They are made of rice flour and sesame seeds, and fried in oil. Biryani is a common cuisine of the state. Sarvapindi is another traditional snack native to the Telangana state.

Notable personalitiesEdit

There are many people who made their mark in different fields such as, C. Narayana Reddy in literature and Gnanapeet award recipient, Chennamaneni Vidyasagar Rao ( Present Governor of the State of Maharashtra) in politics, N. Kumarayya, G. Ram Reddy, Anabheri Prabhakar Rao, Dadasaheb Phalke Award recipient, Paidi Jairaj, P V Narasimha Rao (ex-prime minister of India), Ponnam Prabhakar, ex-MP and K. T. Rama Rao.

TransportEdit

 
A train halts at the railway station in Karimnagar.

The city is connected to major cities and towns by means of road. State highways that pass through the city are State highway 1 which is also known as State Highway 1, Telangana Rajeev Rahadari connects with the Hyderabad-Karimnagar-Ramagundam Highway coal belt corridor, State highway 7 and 10, State highway 11[26] and National highway 563 which connects Jagtial-Karimnagar- Warangal- Khammam.

RoadEdit

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Bus Station, in the center of the city is the Second Biggest Bus Station in the State of Telangana, TSRTC operates buses to various destinations like Hyderabad, Warangal, Nizamabad, Bengaluru, Khammam, Tirupathi, Suryapet, Jagtial, Adilabad, Mancherial, Nirmal, Guntur, Nellore, Vemulawada, Bhadrachalam, Godavarikhani, Korutla, Manthani, Siddipet, Sircilla, Srisailam, Kothagudem and Kanigiri[27]

RailwayEdit

Karimnagar railway station provides rail connectivity to the city, located on the Peddapalli-Nizamabad section of New Delhi–Chennai main line. It is under the jurisdiction of Secunderabad railway division of the South Central Railway zone.[28]

EducationEdit

Karimnagar is a major education centre in North-western Telangana and has produced many renowned intellectuals, politicians, poets and technologists over several decades. Late Sri P.V. Narasimha Rao, former Indian Prime Minister, is among them. Another was Justice N. Kumarayya, who retired as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh and worked for five years as a Judge of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal beginning in 1980. He had the unique distinction of being the first Osmanian ever to become a High Court Judge in 1955, and later Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh in 1969. Many software students, born and educated in Karimnagar, have migrated to major metropolitan areas in India and across the globe.

Universities

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality". Karimnagar Municipal Corporatio. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  2. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  3. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook – Karimnagar" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 12, 364. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Karimnagar District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 50, 110. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Skewed Urban Development in Telangana". 50 (23). 5 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Welcome to Telangana Focus.com".
  8. ^ Dayashankar, K.M. "Industrial policy a shot in the arm for Karimnagar".
  9. ^ "Granite factories flourish in Karimnagar". 15 May 2016.
  10. ^ "Karimnagar replaces Hyderabad in Smart City plan". 17 June 2016 – via The Hindu.
  11. ^ a b "About Karimnagar | Karimnagar Corporation". mckarimnagar.in. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  12. ^ "About Karimnagar District".
  13. ^ "Tourism in Karimnagar". Tourism Karimnagar. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  14. ^ "Page Redirection". data.gov.in.
  15. ^ "Karimnagar Metropolitan Urban Region Population 2011–2019 Census". www.census2011.co.in.
  16. ^ "Primary Census Abstract Data Tables".
  17. ^ "Karimnagar City Population Census 2011 – Andhra Pradesh". census2011.co.in.
  18. ^ Weather conditions/Climate in the city of Karimnagar. Mustseeindia.com.
  19. ^ Reporter, Staff. "Opposition to merger of villages into civic body".
  20. ^ "10 Karimnagar villages to be merged with Corporation".
  21. ^ Major hospitals in Karimnagar. Ekarimnagar.com.
  22. ^ vemulawada, Lord shiva. "temple". Vemulawada Temple.
  23. ^ Temple, Sri Laxmi Narasimha Swamy. "Narasimha Swamy Temple". www.srilakshminarasimha.org/.
  24. ^ TEMPLE, Sri Anjaneya Swamy. "JAI Hanuman". www.kondagattu.org/index1.htm. Temple Developers.
  25. ^ "Welcome Sri Veerabadra Swamy Devasthanam, Kothakonda Temple.org, Bheemadevarapalli mandal in Karimnagar district". kothakondatemple.org.
  26. ^ Dyashankar, K.M. (20 June 2013). "For State Highway-1, double is trouble". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  27. ^ "Bus Stations". TSRTC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  28. ^ "Evolution of Guntur Division" (PDF). South Central Railway. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  29. ^ Satavahana University. Satavahana.ac.in.

External linksEdit