C. Narayana Reddy
Cingireddi Narayana Reddy (29 July 1931 – 12 June 2017), better known as C. Narayana Reddy, was an award winning Indian Telugu poet and writer. Reddy had produced over eighty literary works including poems, prose-plays, lyrical plays, translations, and ghazals. He was also a professor, lyricist, actor, and politician.
|C. Narayana Reddy|
29 July 1931|
Hanumajipet, Hyderabad State
(now in Rajanna Sircilla district, Telangana, India)
|Died||12 June 2017
Hyderabad, Telangana, India
|Alma mater||Osmania University|
|Occupation||Poet, playwright, composer, artist, professor, politician|
|Awards||Sahitya Akademi Award (1973),
Padma Shri (1977),
Kala Prapoorna (1978),
Jnanpith Award (1988),
Padma Bhushan (1992),
Sahitya Akademi fellowship (2014)
Early life and careerEdit
Cingireddi Narayana Reddy was born on 29 July 1931 in Marumulu village of Hanumajipet in Karimnagar district, Telangana state (now in Rajanna Siricilla district, Telangana,India) to a Telugu family of Malla Reddy and Buchamma. His father was a farmer and his mother was a house wife. After completing his higher secondary education, he went on to study at the Osmania University, Hyderabad in 1949. Reddy studied in Urdu medium till his graduation as education in Telugu was not available under Nizam's rule. He took Telugu as his subject during his graduation. Reddy received his Master of Arts degree in 1954 and became a college lecturer in 1955. He received Ph.D. in 1962 on "Modern Traditions of Telugu" and became a Professor in 1976.:2
He did his primary, secondary and higher secondary in Urdu medium. He studied Telugu privately during schooling in Sircilla under the guidance and tutelage of Gurus Satavadhani Seshadri Ramana Kavulu of Machilipatnam. He was mentored by the legendary poet and Jnanpith awardee Kavi Samrat Viswanatha Satyanarayana of Vijayawada, the first principal of Karimnagar Government College (1959–61). After completing his primary and secondary education at his hometown, he moved to Hyderabad to pursue his degree education. He came to know of the Modern Telugu literary giants and read books written by Gurram Jashua, Sri Sri, Devulapalli Krishna Sastry.
Reddy's first published work was a poetry collection Navvani Puvvu (The Bashful Flower) in 1953 and later went on to publish several other works like Vennela Vada (The Monnlight Town, 1959), Jalapatam (The Waterfall), Divvela Muvvalu (Candle Bells, 1959), Ritu Chakram (Cycle of Seasons, 1964), Madhyataragati Mandahasam (The Smile of the Middle Class, 1968), and Mantalu Manavudu (Flames and the Man, 1970). His 1980 published poetic work Viswambhara (The Earth) received wide critical acclaim and has been translated into several Indian languages. The Sahitya Akademi appreciated it as "monumental work in free verse depicts the journey of man through the ages as he strives to attain spiritual, artistic, and scientific excellence.":3
Reddy's Nagarjuna Sagaram is a Buddhist epic poetry based on a heart-breaking love story of a lady Santisri who comes to study Buddhism and falls in love with a sculptor Padmadeva. His 1957 Karpura Vasantha Rayulu was an epic poem retelling the romance between the King Kumara Giri of Reddy dynasty and his court dancer Lakuma. The book was dedicated to Telugu historian Mallampalli Somasekhara Sarma whose main contributions were regarding the recording of Reddy history.
Bhimsen Nirmal translated Vishwambhara into Hindi as Viswambhara and his Telugu poetry collection Prapanchapadulu was translated into Sanskrit as Prapanchapadi by R. Sri Hari. Nirmal and Hari won the Sahitya Akademi Translation Award for these works in 1991 and 2001 respectively.
Along with poetry, Reddy also composed musical plays Ramappa (1960), based on Kakatiya dynasty and the collection of ten plays Narayana Reddy Natikalu (Play-lets of Narayana Reddy, 1978). He published analysis of modern Telugu poetry, its precursors, its progression through various phases and its modern day forms in Adhunikandhara Kavitamu Sampradayamulu Prayogamalu: Modern Telugu Poetry Tradition and Experiment. His 1997 published book Matti Manishi Akasam (Man Beyond Earth and Sky) consists of a long poem of around hundred pages.:3, 4 He wrote a few travelogues about his travels to various countries including a tour of Malaysia in Muchataga Moodu Varalu, about Russia in Soviet Russsialo Padi Rojulu and about the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and France in Paschatya Desallo Yabai Rojulu.:5
Reddy's first film as a lyricist was Gulebakavali Katha (1962) which was directed by Kamalakara Kameswara Rao. Reddy later went on to write more than 3000 film songs. His last song was for the movie Inkennallu (2011) which was directed by Syed Rafi.
Following literary works of Reddy have been published:
- Jalapatam (1953)
- Navvani Puvvu (1953)
- Viswageeti (1954)
- Nagarjuna Sagaram (1955)
- Narayana Reddy Geyalu (1955)
- Ajantha Sundhari (1955)
- Swapna Bhangam (1957)
- Karpura Vasantarayalu (1957)
- Tene Patalu (1957)
- Viswanatha Nayudu (1959)
- Divvela Muvvalu (1959)
- Vennelawada (1959)
- Geya Natikalu (1959)
- Vachnakavitha (Cini Kavi Manasnivali)(1959)
- Ramappa (1960)
- Cinare Geethalu (1963)
- Ritu Chakram (1964)
- Sama Darshanam (1964)
- Aksharala Gavakshalu (1965)
- Vyasavhahini (1965)
- Jati Ratnam (1967)
- Adhunikandhra Kavitvam (1967)
- Sampradaya Reethulu (1967)
- Madhyataragati Mandahasam (1968)
- Maro Harivillu (1969)
- Gandhiyam (1969)
- Meerabai (1969)
- Mantalu - Manavudu (1970)
- Mukhamuki (1971)
- Manisi - Chilaka (1972)
- Mandhara Makarandhalu (1973)
- Patalo Emindi - Na Matalo Emundhi (First Volume) (1974)
- Patalo Emindi - Na Matalo Emundhi (Second Volume) (1974)
- Marpu Na Tirpu (1974)
- Sikharalu Loyalu (1974)
- Tejassu Na Tapassu (1975)
- Taratarala Telugu Velugu (1975)
- Pagale Vennela (1976)
- Inti Peru Chaitanyam (1976)
- Bhoomika (1977)
- Narayana Reddy Natikalu (1978)
- Mathaanam (1978)
- Mruthuvu Nunchi (1979)
- Muthyala Kokila (1979)
- Viswambhara (1980)
- Soviat Rashyalo Padi Rojulu (1980)
- Maa Uru Matladindi (1980)
- Rekkalu (1982)
- Amara Veerudu Bhagatising (1982)
- Nadaka Na Talli (1983)
- Kalam Anchu Mida (1985)
- Telugu Gazallu (1986)
- Kavitha Na Chirunama (1988)
- Arohana (1991)
- Jathiki Upiri Swathantryam (1993)
- Drukpatham (1994)
- Bhoogolamanta Manishi Bomma (1996)
- Matti Manishi Aakasham (1997)
- Gadilo Samudram (1998)
- Vyaktitvam (1999)
- Dooraalanu Doosukotchi (2000)
- Muchataga Mudu Vharalu (2001)
- Prachatya Deshaloo Yabai Rojulu (2001)
- Samooham Vaipu (2008)
- Manisiga Jeevinchalani (2009)
- Viswam Nlo Unnapudu (2010)
- Nachoopu Repati Vaipu (2011)
- Vakkuku Vayasu Ledu (2012)
- Lethakiranalu (2013)
- Alalerthe Adugulu (2013)
- Ningikegire Chetlu (2014)
- Cinare Gazallu
- Kalam Sakshiga
- Udayam Na Hridayam
- Jathiya Kavi Sammelanamloni - Veevida Bhasha Kavithala - Anuvaadhalu
- Telugukavitha Layathmakatha
- Saptati Oka Liptaga
- Moving Spirit
- Rekkala Santhakalu
- Jwalaga Gevenchalani
- Konagotimida Geevitham
- Kalisi Nadiche Kalam
- Evi A Jeeva Nidhulu
- Thats What I'said (English)
Reddy won several awards for his literary work which includes the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1973 for his poetry collection Mantalu Manavudu, the Jnanpith Award for Viswambhara in 1988 and was conferred with the Sahitya Academy fellowship in 2014, the highest honor of the Sahitya Academy, India's National Academy of Letters. Reddy was also awarded an honorary Kala Prapoorna by Andhra University in 1978, the Soviet Land Nehru award in 1982, and the Raja-Lakshmi Award by the Sri Raja-Lakshmi Foundation in 1988, "Visishta Puraskaram" of the Potti Sriramulu Telugu University in 2011. The Government of India honored him with the fourth and third highest civilian awards, Padma Shri (1977) and Padma Bhushan (1992). He also won the Nandi Award for Best Lyricist twice for the song "Kantene Amma Ani Ante Ela?" from the movie Preminchu and "Idigo Raayalaseema Gadda" from the movie Seethayya.
- Suresh Krishnamoorthy (12 June 2017). "Jnanpith winner C. Narayana Reddy passes away". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "Sahitya Akademi Fellowship: C. Narayana Reddy" (PDF). Sahitya Akademi. 6 July 2015. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- Vishnupriya Bhandaram (12 April 2012). "Poetic parlance". The Hindu. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "C Narayana Reddy passes away: A look at his life". The Indian Express. New Delhi. 12 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Profile: C. Narayana Reddy". The South Asian Literary Recordings Project. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- Shu Hikosaka, G. John Samuel, Cannarttanam Paarttacarati (1992). Buddhist Themes in Modern Indian Literature. Institute of Asian Studies, Madras. p. 174. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- Amaresh Datta (1987). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: A-Devo. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 598, 919. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- The Text and the Context. Bhartiya Jnanpith. 1994. p. 59. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Akademi Translation Prizes (1989-2015)". Sahitya Akademi. 13 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "C. N. Reddy books". drcnarayanareddy.com. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Sahitya Akademi Award in Telugu". Sahitya Akademi. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "The Jnanpith Award: All the past awardees from 1965 to now". Outlook India. 25 July 2003. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "C. Narayana Reddy selected for Telugu varsity award". The Hindu. Hyderabad. 23 November 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2014)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 21 May 2014. pp. 37–72, 94–117. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- "Doyen of Telugu literature C Narayana Reddy dies in Hyderabad". Hindustan Times. Hyderabad. 12 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Telugu poet and writer C Narayana Reddy, a recipient of the prestigious Jnanpithaward, passes away". Financial Express. Hyderabad. 12 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.